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A Tom Waits Primer

2020.09.24 04:03 Zhanteimi A Tom Waits Primer

Disclaimer 1: This is not an attempt at scholarly analysis of the music or a comprehensive exploration of biographical information.
Disclaimer 2: I don't recommend listening to Waits' discography all at once.

Personal interaction with the artist

Tom Waits is one of the few artists whose entire discography appeals to me, and his music is, in my mind, anchored not only to the time of day but also the activity I'm engaged in: that time of day being evening/night, and that activity being reclining with a drink in hand. I know that might sound a little bit cliche, but the early albums at least definitely favor that treatment. As I move through Waits' discography, though, being upright and sober is also an acceptable way to listen. Waits was an instant like for me and my family. My wife and teenage daughters adore his music, too, especially the dark cabaret stuff.

Overview of the artist

I'm not here to rehash encyclopedia entries and biographies about the man. The links are below for anyone who wants to dive in. tl;dr, though, Waits' 70s stuff is of the piano blues singesongwriter variety. It all goes down easy. Pretty simple and easy to define, mainly because this was before he met his wife, Kathleen Brennan, whom he married in 1980. His "blood and guilt" Irish Catholic wife had a massive influence on his styles going forward, and in my opinion, it was a positive influence, one that helped Waits spread his creative wings. Of course that influence wouldn't have gone anywhere if Waits wasn't already leaning in that direction. He just needed someone to give him the confidence to take the leap.
In the 80s, he went experimental, especially with the rocking Swordfishtrombones. Rain Dogs continued his experimental rock exploration, and he closed the decade with Franks Wild Years, in which he embraced the dark cabaret he'd only dabbled in on the previous two albums. He tried to set aside what he called "the embarrassing baby photos" phase of his career.
Then came the 90s (and early 2000s). Keep in mind that Waits is singesongwriter throughout his career. He is just adding other genres to that folk-esque backbone style of his. Experimental rock continues to dominate his discography at this time, too, but let's throw in some blues rock, vocal jazz, and some more of that dark cabaret Waits just does so damn well. I mean, Alice and Blood Money are basically theater pieces anyway!
Speaking of theater, Waits was involved in many cinematic and stage projects, his most famous being The Black Rider, but he not only wrote and performed theater pieces and film soundtracks, he was also a prolific side actor in many films. I know that sounds like an oxymoron, but he said it himself: "I'm not an actor. I'm just a guy who does some acting."
This is merely the briefest of overviews into the life of a somewhat private and aloof artist who was just as interested in spending time with his wife and three children as making music for public appreciation. If anything has caught your attention so far, and if you're not turned off by Waits' "hobo act", his "pastiche of poverty", Barney Hoskyns' Lowside of the Road: A Life of Tom Waits and Patrick Humphries' The Many Lives of Tom Waits might be a couple biographies you'll want to check out.
You might like him if...
  • you want something to soothe your soul while the whiskey burns your throat
  • you want the immediacy of singesongwriter
  • you want the confessional of the universal
  • you're an outcast
You might not like him if...
  • you don't like middle-class dudes playing a "hobo" act
  • you want something to easily sing along to
  • you want something innocuous in the background
  • you want something to pump you up

Similar artists and influences

When it comes to similar artists, perhaps it's better to look at the acts that had the biggest influence on Waits. First of all, when Waits was working at a restaurant, he would jot down notes of the diners' conversations, any snippet he found interesting, anything he could use for the everyman down on his luck feeling of his music. Men and women failing at life and yet still able to provide moments of piercing insight.
Waits said in an interview that his uncle's gravelly voice intially inspired him. He also rejected the hippie movement and adhered to the Beat movement of the 50s, finding solace in Kerouac's musings. In fact, he later collaborated with William S. Burroughs on a theater piece. Randy Newman and Dr. John were big musical influences on him, and after Brennan introduced Waits to Captain Beefheart, Van Vliet's style was huge. Of course, Bob Dylan's influence loomed large for Waits, as it did for many singesongwriters in the 70s, and Waits once said that if you want to know how to write a song, listen to Merle Haggard.
Last.fm attempts to provide a list of similar artists, but this is really just a matter of opinion. I strongly disagree with some of these picks, but here are the top ones: Nick Cave, Leonard Cohen, Bob Dylan, Neil Young, Captain Beefheart, Townes Van Zandt, Lou Reed, Tim Buckley, and Van Morrison. As far as I'm concerned, this is more a list of "if you like Waits, you'll like these" than "these artists are similar to Waits". I guess for me the one in that list the most similar is Lou Reed, not only because of his style but the sometimes sordid always ramshackle content of his music.
In a 2005 interview, Waits was asked to list his top twenty albums of all time. These were his choices, and perhaps there are some clear marks of influence herein:
  1. Frank Sinatra - In the Wee Hours
  2. Thelonious Monk - Solo Monk
  3. Captain Beefheart & His Magic Band - Trout Mask Replica
  4. The Rolling Stones - Exile on Main St.
  5. Gavin Bryars - The Sinking of the Titanic
  6. Bob Dylan & The Band - The Basement Tapes
  7. The Lounge Lizards - Lounge Lizards
  8. The Pogues - Rum Sodomy & the Lash
  9. Leonard Cohen - I'm Your Man
  10. Little Richard - The Explosive Little Richard
  11. James Brown - Star Time
  12. Various Artists - Texas-Czech Bands, 1929-1959
  13. Frank Zappa - The Yellow Shark
  14. Various Artists - Aria: A Passion for Opera
  15. Bill Hicks - Rant in E-Minor
  16. Various Artists - Prison Songs (Historical Recordings From Parchman Farm 1947-48), Vol 1: Murderous Home
  17. Marc Ribot - The Prosthetic Cubans
  18. Houndog - Houndog
  19. The Les Claypool Frog Brigade - Purple Onion
  20. Elvis Costello & The Imposters - The Delivery Man _______________________________________________

The Albums

This album list does not include bootlegs or other recordings not approved by the ever-litigious Tom Waits.
The Asylum Years (label formed in 1971 in LA, founded by David Geffen and part of the Warner Music Group).
  • Closing Time (1973). How many times have I heard this album by this point? It's like seeing the face of an old friend, getting a bit misty-eyed, and enjoying a warm hug from him. This whole album is an embrace. And he's got stories for you... all the things that happened since last you met. Waits has got an eclectic style to his storytelling, too, one you never get tired of hearing. He's just as comfortable going acoustic guitar as he is at sitting behind the piano and plinking out the blues. But Waits is at his best once he's got a few drinks in him and his music turns slowly like an inebriated carousel. Album art zip file link.
  • The Heart of Saturday Night (1974). Man, Saturday night’s a bitch. Sometimes it’s me putting on a tie, you putting on a dress, and we go out and laugh at the bloodshot moon in the burgundy sky. Other times it’s us fighting like cats and dogs, but that’s all right, I guess, since it’s raining cats and dogs, anyway. While you’re out catching your death walking, I’m so lonesome I might as well be a sailor in the middle of nowhere. Both of us stumbling into the heart of all that revelry and heartbreak. Shiver me timbers, but Saturday night can be a real bitch! Album art zip file link.
  • Nighthawks at the Diner (1975). This is a weird one. Is it technically a live album or technically a studio album? It's both. Kinda. They wanted to do a live album because that's where Waits thrived. Got him in that rare jazz mood where he can rattle off the coolest one-liners you'll ever hear. But the venues around town were "toilets" in the 70s, so they decided to just invite some people into the studio for two nights to do a live show--but they recorded it using studio equipment in a studio environment. So some people criticize this recording for being fake. Bohemian coffeehouse cool oozes from this album, Waits standing there with a drink in one hand, a cigarette in the other, as he swaggers and stumbles around the microphone, doing what he does best: lowering the temperature of the room with the coolest anecdotes around. Some real laugh-out-loud moments sprinkled here. Album art zip file link.
  • Small Change (1976). They say that’s Cassandra Peterson (Elvira, Mistress of the Dark), and that those are her real tits. Okay. Cassandra says it’s not her. Whom to believe? Now that that’s out of the way, how about that sour whiskey music? This album gets better with every listen. And how to listen? Just lie back on the sofa, close your eyes, and listen, which isn’t something we often do with music. But that's the treatment this one needs, especially on a cool, rainy afternoon. Small Change seems to me to be a track by track play of a piano player working at a blues bar who likes to partake of the firewater along with the customers, so by the end of Side A, he’s had one too many, and he has to blame it on the piano. Apparently this is a common occurrence, though, because he alludes to his bad liver later on. But everything will be all right, because his shift is just about to come to an end, and he’s looking forward to getting off work and going home to see his girl. The on-album persona aside, Waits did have a real-life drinking problem. Early on he joked that his only drinking problem was when he couldn't get a drink, but later in life he finally enrolled in Alcholics Anonymous. It's all fun and games until the booze threatens to destroy your life. NSFW outtake cover art.
  • Foreign Affairs (1977). First, there's the album cover. Something critics of Waits might point to and say, "See see! This is what I'm talking about. The pretension." Waits definitely was going for a cover that would represent the film noir mood of his music up to this point. But it's all an act, right? I mean, he's just some guy who grew up in a normal family in a suburban California neighborhood. Right? My rebuttal is: And? Is there no place for theater, for adopting a persona, in music? Waits deliberately lived in neighborhoods that reflected not only the poverty but the bohemian cool that pervades his music. And he's not just a singer; he's an actor, too, so he's got that theatrical sense about him. That's why his live shows use props. Bette Midler guests on this album... perhaps Waits' first misstep. Like his other albums, this one swims in drink. Funny thing about the cover, though: the woman thought she was Waits' girlfiend, but she wasn't. She was just one of the Troubador slags. Album art zip file link.
  • Blue Valentine (1978). It's Thursday night and close enough to the weekend for a drink. Besides, a little fire in your belly might shake off this damp chill. All her usual bull and excuses and best intentions are scribbled on a rain-soaked postcard in your mailbox. You take it and climb the stairs on dreams, and after your drink, you think you might fall asleep if only the sirens would start. Cover art.
  • Heartattack and Vine (1980). When you're so far gone in the liquor you think even the rain is a beverage. Anyway, it doesn't take much imagination to understand the implications of the album title, an obvious reference to Hollywood and Vine in Los Angeles, the very heart of the rise of cinema and all its attendant lures into the corruption of innocence. This album is certainly more blues guitar-driven than Waits' six previous recordings, bringing with it even sexier grit (that seems to be obsessed with prostitutes). Like pretty much all his other music, these songs are snapshots into the lives of seedy people who live in the quiet, dark, lonely hours between the closing of the bar and the opening of the circus. This is the final Asylum record, and Waits was contractually-obligated to write it since he owed the label seven albums. You might know Springsteen's cover of Waits' "Jersey Girl"... and I can't help but wonder if the "sha la la la la la las" are indicative of Waits' fatigue with his label. Album art zip file link.
Film Scores (I'm just going to knock them both out here, out of chronological order, since they're not initially connected to any of the label eras.)
  • One From the Heart (1982). Coppola lured Waits back to LA, taking him away from his newfound love for the NYC creative atmosphere, to write a soundtrack in the vein of Waits' earlier stuff, a sound the singer was trying to break away from. I like to think it was fate that brought him back to the West Coast, because if he'd not torn himself away from NYC, he never would've met his future wife (who worked in the film studio), and the latter part of his discography probably wouldn't have been as wonderful as it is. The beauty of that alone is, in my mind, worth the making of this overwrought, schmaltzy album. I'm sure Crystal Gayle is a fine singer, but her energy just doesn't work when mixed with Waits. There's just something about duets like this that drives me crazy. Like, the back and forth is just so cheesy? Don't think of this as a Waits album; it's a collaboration and as much a Gayle album, which, in my book, is a hard pass. This album is sanitized Tom Waits. Album art zip file link.
  • Night on Earth (1991). I feel that if people didn't realize this was a Waits album, they'd rate it higher. People bring baggage into a Waits listening experience, and if the expectations aren't met, well, there's bound to be some disappointment. First of all, Waits' voice is conspicuously absent througuhout most of this soundtrack, as the artist decided--unlike with One From the Heart--to focus on instrumentals. Thus this recording lacks the full Waits experience fans grew to love, providing more of an overall noir-jazz soundtrack feel than having anything specifically to do with the voice of the broken-down, boozing loner our itching ears want to hear. Album art zip file link.
The Island Years (label formed in 1959 in Jamaica [moved to London three years later], became part of the PolyGram group)
  • Swordfishtrombones (1983). Take an unshaven shuffle through the neon rain, with nothing but a pack of dirty playing cards and a lonely heart. Follow the slow parade drumming down some empty town street, remembering all the dirty details of the neighborhood. Dip into the desert a couple times while you’re at it and take in the snapshots of tragic lives, and if you’re thirsty, drink water from a swordfishtrombone. What the hell is it anyway, and is the water any good? Count the number of parties playing in the heads of people you pass every damn day. In Waits' real life, this is his big artistic break from the past, both creatively and professionally. He'd completed his Asylum contract, and this was as good a time as any to move away not only from his producer but his (swindling) manager. Waits and his wife took over managerial responsibilities themselves, and they seem to have done a better job with that side of the business as well. Brennan--his wife--also brings her influences to bear, including giants like Captain Beefheart. Asylum rejected this record, as it was a departure from his previous sound, so Waits took up Island's offer to release it. Album art zip file link.
  • Rain Dogs (1985). Take every undesirable yet attractive thing you read in a dime-store pulp novel and throw it into a pot stirred by an unshaven vagabond, and you get this bourbon-soaked album. Mad hatters and beat poets doing the polka on this postcard mailed from desolation row. Album art zip file link.
  • Franks Wild Years (1987). You’re a lonely, heartbroken truck driver going down a dark highway to drop off a load at an amusement park, but the park is abandoned with all the lights on and the rides operating. So you go wild, dragging your heels across the cracked pavement, looking up at the stars and growing ever more dizzy watching them wheel through their orbits. And the narrative of this album plays like a movie in his mind. Album art zip file link.
  • Big Time (1988). The recordings here were taken from two shows Waits did on separate days in November of 1987. Unlike Nighthawks, however, this is a true live album, part of the overall Franks Wild Years tour, not something contrived for a studio audience. Though Waits never goes full Bowie when it comes to on-stage roleplaying, the singer did adopt for a short time a kind of alter ego in Frank, referencing how he torched his house (in that short, spoken word track) before taking off for the big time. In keeping with the theatricality of the Frank concept, several dramatic audio effects were added in post-production, not only audience applause but also snapping fingers, boot stomping, train whistles, gunshots, and whatnot. Disregarding the post-production shenanigans, though, I find it interesting how some of these songs are re-imagined in a live setting. Waits was fascinated by the idea of the street preacher, and some of that comes out here. Can I get an "amen"?! Album art zip file link.
  • Bone Machine (1992). This album opens sounding like a bone machine, as if the percussion is being pounded out on the bones of people, the earth screaming like a mother forced to swallow her own increase, her children unable to escape the devouring dirt because we're all chained to her--all because one brother slew another, and the dust cried out for vengeance. Yet this is our home. For all its ugliness, it's beautiful. For all its grit and grime, it's smooth and clean. If you think of Earth as a hotel, you're gonna wanna complain to the manager. But if you think of Earth as a prison, it's pretty damn nice. This album won the Grammy for Best Alternative Album, and when Waits found out, he said to his friend, the filmmaker Jim Jarmusch, "Alternative to what?" Good question, Tom. Waits' wife co-wrote half the songs on this album, demonstrating Brennan's growing influence in the creative evolution of her husband. Album art zip file link.
  • Bone Machine: The Operator's Manual (1992). This is a long CMJ radio network interview with Tom Waits, featuring tracks from the album of the same name. Part 1, Part 2, and Part 3. This isn't an album, just an interview in which Waits explains what the album is about and the process of its creation and production. He says the albums started with the title, so in that sense, this is a concept. He wanted songs that would fit the title "Bone Machine", so songs that evoke a sense of horror, songs about the inevitability of death, since it is a fact that we all die screaming. And not only us, but everything. The earth first, and eventually the universe. There's no escape. One thing I love about this interview is how he describes songs like they're entities: he describes the creative process in such beautiful metaphorical terms, like when he talks about how a song is "sick", meaning a song isn't working in a certain context or a song is unfinished... it's "sick", and Waits, as a kind of doctor, has to diagnose the song's sickness and help it get better. He also talks about the listener's relationship to songs, saying that an individual song is like a bar of soap. You can hold it in your hand, and sometimes your relationship with the song lasts only as long as a bar of soap, and once it's gone, you move on to the next song. He discusses how his performance aesthetic is changing, too, going from a guy who sat at a piano to a more physical, animal show and how it's connected to the spirit of music that, in some ways, can work as a poltergeist. Perhaps this is connected to Waits getting older and getting angrier, which is why he thinks his percussion has improved. Because he gets to hit shit with more gusto. Waits mentions religion so many times in this interview, which I find interesting, as he's getting it from both his wife and his mother, and that influence finds its way onto the album in frightening clarity. Album art zip file link.
  • The Black Rider (1993). In some ways, this is like a lot of Waits' other work, but in other ways, it's completely different. It's got all his grit, of course, but as far as I know Waits doesn't have another operatic concept album like this. (He has the "Franks Wild Years" show, but it was never made into a concept album.) Also, this is the only time he strikes me as creepy (not throughout, just in spots). This album isn't as highly regarded as his giant albums, but I think it's worth anyone's time to give it a close listen. It'll make you wince until it goes down smooth and you're craving more. Basically, this is the creative result of a theatrical collaboration Waits had with a stage director and the famous Beat generation writer William S. Burroughs. This opera is a retelling of the German "Freischütz" myth, about a gunslinger who makes a deal with the Devil for a number of magic bullets that unerringly hit their targets. All but one. In a classic Faustian twist, there's one bullet that's under control of the Devil. In this story, a mild-mannered clerk makes the deal to win the hand of a huntsman's daughter. He must prove his worth as a hunter, and with the magic bullets he does, but on his wedding day, the final bullet under Satan's control kills the clerk's young bride. And in a Greek tragedy parallel, the clerk, like Orpheus in his inconsolable grief, disappears from society. Orpheus is driven to wandering and drink, and in the end he is torn apart by Dionysus' maenads. The clerk joins Satan's carnival, losing his heart, soul, and mind to the infernal pleasures of the circus. This work first appeared as a play in 1990 in Hamburg before being arranged into a concept album. Album art zip file link.
The Anti- Years (founded in 1999 in LA, a sub-label of the punk Epitaph, whose ethic is to treat artists like business partners, not slaves, a stance that clearly appealed to Waits)
  • Mule Variations (1999). Whenever I start a Waits album and try to write some of my thoughts down, I find it difficult to say much because I feel like I lack perspective. When you five-star pretty much an entire discography, you realize you're just a fanboy and therefore aren't sure you have anything useful to say. Here Waits is gritty once again, but it's like he's a hobo singing in some dirty alleyway, singing through a metal can, using whatever he's got within reach for percussion. (A connection to the bone machine?) This music sticks to me like hot summer, sticking to me like unshakable memory. Like most Waits albums, this one, too, is a cathartic experience, but unlike other Waits' recordings thus far, this one is "surrural", meaning the themes are about rural American life, but since they're stories told by Waits, they going to be a bit surreal, aren't they? Waits won a Folk Grammy for this one, having drawn heavily on blues field recordings as the main influence. Yeah, shows that the Grammys don't know their ass from a hole in the ground. Album art zip file link.
  • Alice (2002). Is there a greater opening track on any album ever, a truer poetic strike to the eyes that'll make you weep through the rest of the 48-minute journey? This entire album is wrapped in madness and death--is the narrator actually singing from beyond the grave (from beyond the rabbit hole)? Nothing creepier than a violin accompanying your soul on its descent into Hell, driven by suicide. Don't worry, though. They've got a jazz bar down there where you, being disembodied, will fit right in. Listen to the champagne laughs, gaze upon the strangled ebony curls, and know what it was once to be alive. This record's got history that goes beyond the mere studio production. Most of these songs were written for Waits' play, Alice, that he wrote with the same theater director who collaborated with him on The Black Rider. The stage Alice debuted in 1992, ten years before this album. So in a sense this album is more rooted in Waits' Island years, the little sister to Bone Machine and The Black Rider. Cover art.
  • Blood Money (2002). This album has one of my favorite Waits’ songs: “God’s Away on Business”. And if you’ve not seen the Cookie Monster fan video for this, do yourself a favor. I would kill to see one of these dark cabarets live, this one, incidentally, being songs from the Waits/Brennan theater piece, Woyzeck. I’d wear a cravat and a top hat to the affair. I’d put on eyeliner. One last thing: can anyone sing a lullaby like Tom Waits? He can tuck me in anytime he wants and tell me stories about how miserable everything and everyone is. Album art zip file link.
  • Real Gone (2004). Do you hear a keyboard (piano) anywhere on this album? Maybe I missed it somewhere, but I'm not hearing one. (Okay, I hear some now, but it's barely used.) This is all guitars, and percussion. Sounds like he's flirting with some of those popular indie rock sounds that swirled around the beginning of the century, yet this is typical Waits experimentation, so he makes whatever he's doing his own, transforming it through his dark meditations on sin. Brennan's influences are so strong here that she's basically become a co-songwriter at this point. Here, at the end of his career, the 70s Waits is finally, at last, dead. Some sinister, black ghost has risen in his place, grinning shamelessly. Though this is Waits' only studio album I don't gush over, I understand a little better what he was talking about in one of his interviews: about how he feels angrier as he ages, and how percussion sounds better because of it. If you follow the mule from Mule Variations, it'll lead you into the barn of Real Gone. And if you follow the mule, don't complain when you get dirty. Album art zip file link.
  • Orphans: Brawlers, Bawlers & Bastards (2006). Imagine Waits being your dad and having him tell you a bedtime story where you're all alone on the planet, the moon is a piece of rotten wood, and the Earth is an overturned piss pot. Imagine Waits being your zoology professor, revealing the brutality and grittiness of slavery and copulation at all levels of the animal kingdom, including you and your neighbors. Imagine Waits doing an album of nothing but Child ballads...oh man, I'm gonna send him a letter! (Seriously, whom do I write for Waits to see this idea?) This is not some kind of greatest hits compilation. Quite the opposite: it's got rarities and unreleased tracks, those orphaned songs that "fell behind the stove while making dinner". You ever clean out the gunk that falls behind the stove? It's greasy, grimy, and probably full of flavor if you could just be brave enough to try it. Them. Not "it". Though these were released together as a three-disc set, they were consciously separated along lines of influence and style. Brawlers explores the blues and consequently rock, Bawlers sees Waits diving into heart-wrenching ballads, and Bastards focuses more on his megaphone-toting, carnivalesque experimentation. Waits excels at all three, of course, but you can pick what to listen to based on your mood or interest. Album art zip file link.
  • Glitter and Doom Live (2009). Ol' Tom was an indefatigable pursuer of miscreants in the music, film, TV, and commercial industries, and after having successfully sued, like, four major corporations/outlets for using his songs without permission, Waits developed quite the reputation as someone not to be fucked with. He would hunt your ass down if you tried any funny business. Same went for this tour. He had his people require ticket holders to produce valid ID at the entrance to the show, and if the name didn't match the ticket, the concert-goers were denied entry. This was a massive "fuck you" to scalpers. Surely with Tom's litigious history and his tireless pursuit of integrity, the touts should've known better. I'm glad Waits did one last tour at the end of his career so we can hear him revisit his classics across all his albums. Not only the songs but the spoken-word anecdotal parts are snippets taken from ten different shows during the tour. So when you get to disc 2, don't think that Tom just stood there telling stories for 35 minutes straight. Album art zip file link.
  • Bad as Me (2011). All aboard Waits’ latest (last) studio album! The man is a national treasure, that’s all there is to it. He succeeds at pretty much everything he tries, even here in his 60s, still kicking ass like he did at the beginning of his career, because he based his style on a timeless cool. As always, he’s sometimes smooth as hell, other times wacky and not giving a single fuck. I wonder if this album will end up being the last leaf on his tree. I feel like there's a little bit of everything from Waits' career on this album, from the gypsy rusty-accordion sounds to the growling mud-wrestling vocals to the lonely heartbroken crooning to the feeling of spinning around in circles while staring up into the night sky of a pitiless universe where you then fall down drunk not on wine but on the inevitability of death. Album art zip file link.
Once upon a time there was a man who saw the world from the gutter and walked a mile in the tattered shoes of the hopeless. Once upon a time he kissed the world, and it made us cry. For auld lang syne.
Sources:
RYM
Wikipedia
The Guardian
Last.fm
The Tom Waits Library
All Music
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2020.09.24 03:02 TheIpleJonesion [EVENT] 2021 British Local Elections

May 6th, 2021
The 2021 British Local Elections are the closest Britain has ever come to a true, American-style, midterm. Because of the delays in elections caused by COVID-19, two different year’s elections have been pushed together. Contested are the regional legislatures of Scotland, Wales, and London (including the London mayorship) and almost 10,000 council seats representing over 200 councils in England, Scotland, and Wales. Furthermore, Cheadle, a key Lib Dem-Conservative battleground, is up for a by-election. Labour hopes to achieve broad gains to show they are ready for a parliamentary election victory after the twin Corbynist debacles of 2017 and 2019. The Conservatives hope to show that their mandate in 2019 is still broadly popular by limiting losses. The Liberal Democrats hope to recover from poor showings the last time these seats were contested, in 2016 and 2017, as well as gain Cheadle. The Greens hope to keep up the pan-European “Greenmentum” now that Britain is out of the EU and Corbyn is out of Labour. The SNP and Plaid Cymru hope to show that their respective regions demand independence or autonomy. Whatever the case, the elections are sure to be consequential.

English Local Elections

Council Seats- England
Party Old Seats New Seats Change
Conservative 2741 2032 -709
Labour 2,478 2460 -18
Liberal Democrats 819 1203 +384
Independent 733 815 +82
Green 66 345 +279
UKIP 59 1 -58
Resident’s Association 50 68 +18
Liberal 4 3 -1
Mebyon Kernow 4 22 +18
Health Concern 2 2 -
Yorkshire Party 0 2 +2
Others 0 3 +3
Total 7,620 7,620 -
Council Control- England
Party Old Councils New Councils Change
Conservative 65 51 -14
Labour 60 59 -1
Liberal Democrats 4 9 +5
Resident’s Association 0 1 +1
Green 0 1 +1
No Overall Control 29 37 +8
Total 158 158 -
London Assembly Election
Party Old Seats New Seats Change
Labour 12 11 -1
Conservative 8 6 -2
Green 2 3 +1
UKIP 2 0 -2
Liberal Democrats 1 5 +4
Total 25 25 -
London Mayoral Election
Candidate Party R1% R2% (if necessary)
Sadiq Kahn Labour 46.7% 60.4%
Shaun Bailey Conservative 22.4% 39.6%
Siân Berry Green 10.6% -
Luisa Porritt Liberal Democrats 20.3% -

Welsh Local Elections

Council Seats- Wales
Party Old Seats New Seats Change
Labour 468 338 -130
Independent 309 302 -7
Plaid Cymru 208 361 +143
Conservative 184 163 -19
Liberal Democrats 63 64 +1
Resident’s Association 15 4 -11
Llais Gwynedd 6 16 +10
Green 1 20 +19
Others 0 0 -
Total 1,254 1,254 -
Council Control- Wales
Party Old Councils New Councils Change
Labour 7 4 -3
Independent 3 3 -
Plaid Cymru 1 3 +2
Conservative 1 0 -1
Liberal Democrats 0 0 -
No Overall Control 10 12 +2
Total 22 22 -
Senedd Cymru Election
Party Old Seats New Seats Change
Labour 29 18 -11
Plaid Cymru 12 22 +10
Conservative 11 15 +5
UKIP 7 0 -7
Liberal Democrats 1 2 +1
Green 0 3 +3
Total 60 60 -

Scottish Local Elections

Council Seats- Scotland
Party Old Seats New Seats Change
Scottish National Party 431 501 +70
Conservative 276 240 -36
Labour 262 194 -68
Independent 168 178 +10
Liberal Democrats 67 75 +8
Green 19 32 +13
Orkney 2 5 +3
Dunbartonshire 1 1 -
Rubbish 1 1 -
Total 1,227 1,227 -
Council Control- Scotland
Party Old Councils New Councils Change
Scottish National Party 0 5 +5
Conservative 0 0 -
Labour 0 0 -
Liberal Democrats 0 0 -
Independent 3 3 -
No Overall Control 29 24 -5
Total 32 32 -
Scottish Parliament Election
Party Old Seats New Seats Change
Scottish National Party 63 71 +8
Conservative 31 25 -6
Labour 24 14 -10
Liberal Democrats 6 10 +4
Green 6 9 +3
Orkney 0 1 +1
Total 129 129 -

National Elections

Cheadle By-Election
Candidate Party 2019 Vote Share New Vote Share Change
Adam Thomas Conservative 46.0 36.8 -9.2
Rachel Wiggin Liberal Democrats 41.8 48.3 +6.5
Zahid Chauhan Labour 12.3 13 +0.7
King Top-Hat Loads of Beans Murphy Monster-Raving Looney 0.0 1.3 +1.3
Sammy Fillian Independent (UKIP Affiliated) 0.0 0.7 +0.7
LIB DEM GAIN

Results Write-Up

“I feel I am witnessing the dissolution of our nation before my very eyes,” said one shocked BBC reporter, as he summarized the results. Much of the nation felt the same. In Scotland, Wales, and Cornwall, nationalist separatist groups made significant gains. A large pro-independence majority in Scotland means an almost certain confrontation soon, even as unionist Orkney sends its first representative to Holyrood. Plaid Cymru, while not capturing a majority, seems poised to lead government in Wales. Mebyon Kernow has ridden an anti-conservative sentiment to a significant minority bloc in the Cornish Council.
Government formation in Wales is ongoing, but the most likely arraignment seems to be a Plaid Cymru-Labour coalition much like the One Wales coalition of 2007-2011, though led by Plaid Cymru this time. Some in Plaid Cymru, however, whisper of a pro-independence Plaid Cyrmu-Green coalition with unofficial external Labour support.
In Northern Ireland, an unnamed DUP MP privately admitted to a Spectator reporter that, “If the [Northern Irish Assembly] election had been today, we’d be speaking Gaelic right now.” A growing sense of eminent doom has afflicted the unionist community in Ulster.
The only unionist party that is celebrating the nights results are the Liberal Democrats. Strong gains in England, London (including a closer-than-expected third place finish for Mayor), Wales, Scotland, and in Cheadle show that the Liberal Democrats maintain a national presence and, while nowhere near leading a national government, remain a major third party. The Greens, ambivalent about independence, also held major gains. UKIP lost all but one of their council seats, though the party, now on its 10th leader since 2014, has not seemed to notice.
Prime Minister Johnson went uncharacteristically silent after the results, but, the next day he dutifully put out a statement thanking the good voters of Britain for their democratic input. At a press conference later on the 7th he acknowledged that, “the case for a single British state has not been made as well as possible,” though he ruled out any new independence referendums or a snap election.
submitted by TheIpleJonesion to GlobalPowers [link] [comments]


2020.09.23 20:50 NoCommunication7 Last night, i met Jack the Ripper

The last few months of my life have been hell, the corona pandemic and resulting restrictions, alll i can do is hope and pray there not here to stay, and its not easy to uphold tradition during this, even though the lockdown was easing i still wasn't happy and i was tired of Boris Johnson, no longer a symbol of britain, but a symbol of depression and suicidal thoughts to me.

I decided i had enough of social distancing, face masks and an apparent 'second wave on the horizon' so i started looking into something, i've always loved the victorian era, a much simpler, beautiful time where people like me were respected, and i love listening to those ASMR videos that are literally the opening of a bulwer-lytton novel, but i hatched a plan, a plan to get out of here to the era i love and a plan to do it whenever i wanted.

I started looking at old declassified CIA documents, the kind that make MKUltra look like a walk in the park, well that's just hype, MKUltra was just drug testing, the only thing creepy about it was the fact they used random people without consent, but what i was looking at was not MKUltra, it was from the 1940s and related to the time travel and teleportation expirements for warships, and after nights of searching, i come across what i needed, a secret device using materials once special, that are now everywhere, including aluminum, which is all i can say.

While working on the device i went on ebay and started amassing as much victorian coins as is possible, shillings, pennies, crowns, half-crowns, and sovereigns, which set me back quite a bit but it was worth every decimal penny.

Finally the machine was finished, a result of many nights of mathematics and complex calculations, so much so my parents thought i was mentally ill when they saw the nonsense on my casio and the sprawling network of graphs and flow charts across mutiple pieces of office paper.

Last night was the testing night, i cleaned my victorian silver in preperation and got into my best outfit, i fired the palm-sized machine up, emptied my pockets of all the decimal funny money, put the cleaned silver and gold in there, then i inserted a peice of victoriana into the machine, a penny, and ready to go, i fired my computer up and started one of those videos, shutting my door so i wasn't disturbed.

The machine emitted a blue aura as it did its magic, and some 20 minutes in i could feel the image on my computer screen projecting into my eye, another 10 minutes and nothing was happening, great, this was all a joke, i was getting ready to turn everything off when i felt, off, strange, werid, odd, sleepy, the image on my computer screen seemed to project out, wrapping around my vision, i felt drops of rain, freezing cold, on my overcoat sleeve, i could only but see white, i felt something hard below me, i heard talking and i finally came to.

I was in night time story victorian london, horse carriages going by, i saw people doing their jobs, i looked up, frantically searching for a clock, it was a little before eleven, the same time i started.

As i walked down the street it came to me that the air was clearer then i thought, and it didn't smell as bad as modern culture would suggest, the cobblestone road was inviting, and i saw a pub on the street opposite, i walked out to a point in the road and thought to myself 'Did people look left and right in victorian times?' i did anyway, common sense, but it felt so liberating, i wasn't in an era of controlled foot traffic, or mandatory facemasks, or social distancing, the gaslight was so yellow and the storm was not one i had seen in modern times, it was a true thunderstorm.

The pub was warm and welcoming, in there i saw the true victorian working class, young men and even children, and a lot of coal dust, but people were talking, socialising, with no regard to distancing or masking, a man walked in front of me and i backed off, only to realize what i had done, social distancing.

In-fact i was cursed with this COVID-19 fear, but i mustured up the courage to sit down at a table with some boys, they were cleaner then most, and looked irish, i introduced myself, the boys told me they were from belfast, but one was from dublin, i told them that i recently moved to london, it was a good excuse, the irish boys though, did try to play a few jokes on me, even what i believed was a well known victorian con involving a sort of slight of hand trick with a beer glass and a coin, to carefully swap it with a fake, but one point one of the boys produced a pack of playing cards from his dirty coat pocket and challenged me, to a game of 21, 'easy' i thought, 'these kids are drunk, i'm sober' and indeed at this point the boys were so drunk, he plopped a half-crown on the table and said he was the dealer, and indeed every single game i won, racking up half-crowns and crowns.

Even a half-sovereign, which i know got the boys in trouble, it was obviously a debt or something they stole from their parents, they also showed me irish money, and some other stuff.

But then one of them started to get suspicous, his face changed, looking at me, he said my clothes were too good, that i was a card sharp, the boys begun a drunk fight, and i walked away, no way was i getting myself into something like that.

But as i was walking out, i was stopped by a gentlemen, he was hysterical, had not seen in his wife in over 3 days, and that he heard of a lady of the night being murdered by a mysterious figure in the papers, i told him to get his act together and calm down, he ran past me, and i knew exactly what it meant, i looked at the clock, it was now 11:40 and i walked along the gaslit street, it wasn't long til something took my attention, i heard noise in an alley, and i saw a moving figure.

Whatever it was, was dressed in a long dark coat and appeared to be doing something with a young girl, he then got up and look at me, a blade shined in the orange light, a cockney accent called out 'Back off little bugger' 'Don' tell anyone!' but then i remembered i had brought a replica revolver cap gun along, made in the space age year of 2015, under the dark light, he thought the replica american weapon was real, i fired it into the sky, which let a cap off and he took off like an airplane in a hurry, leaving behind a dying young girl, mutilated, it was horrific, she said 'the man, the man was evil' and then she died, on the spot, i ran.

As i was running i could feel things changing, shifting, i tried to ride a hansom cab but the driver was skeptical of my cleaned silver, at that moment, the lights went out.

Everything faded to white as i recalled those rough irish kids, one of which was talking about some murder of a young lady, but as i waited, i woke up, it was now 1:41 AM, the video had finished playing, breaking the expierience, i shut everything off and went to sleep, today i looked at some articles about jack the ripper, i'm fairly sure it was him i saw, but i'm going back, i'm going to see, without changing the course of history.
submitted by NoCommunication7 to nosleep [link] [comments]


2020.09.21 02:32 NoMembership5976 Oxford street - london

Hi. I guess I'm just trying to find answers to what we all can't explain.
So this was in 2002 I had just finished college and gotten admission to a university in London. Being a foreigner I was excited.
When I got there I got a part time job at a very famous west-end retail store. Not an executive job but it paid the bills. I worked most days while studying. Usually night shifts and especially bon weekends. So I rarely had weekends spent at home and just relaxing. However, I love music a lot, especially in those days. Back then we didn't have the mp3 and iPod. Everything was still on vinyl or CDs. So I liked shopping for music 😅😂🤣. My favorite place to shop was the HMV store located at Oxford street. Even though I lived in North Finchley...I liked shopping there because it was always very hip and they had something new happening most of the time. PS it was on my way to work so I would pass there on my way to work.
So one Sunday I decided I would not work and just enjoy the day. So I went to the store to buy some new music. If you've lived in London you'll know from North Finchley is a straight road all the way to Oxford St. I'll spare you the details. Anyways on that day when I got out of the bus. The day was very sunny. It was around 1pm and as London is a tourist city, you'll know that is the peak hour. It's loaded with foreigners from cars and noises you can barely manage to walk. It was full of people. I am black and I'll be honest I think on that day I was the only black soul I saw in those streets. Either way the street was jammed with people.
I went into the store and I started trying the music album by album. I took me around 40 or maybe 1 hour to finish. On this day however I noticed a new clerk at the shop. A girl who always seemed to give me a curious look. She was there but not Everytime I went there. She was pretty alright 😉😏😜. But I never quite figured why she had that look on me. I never stole and always paid in cash Everytime I went there. And I was a regular. Anyways I decided to brush the thoughts away. All that was running through my mind was finding a quiet bar, getting a cold beer and putting my new music on full blast. I was a little Buble of joy. So after paying for my CDs I headed towards the exit door. Instill remember everything like it was yesterday.
When I got to the door... I could see from the inside that the street was full of people but once I got a the door...I felt like a sudden slight push from behind me. As if I had been pushed from behind and I tried to turn to look who had pushed me...the door just simply shut with a major bang. I couldn't see anyone from the inside. So after I few seconds of being amused...I took my CD player out...put on a new CD and just when I looked up that's when it hit me like thunder.
Everything and everyone was gone. I mean the street was completely EMPTY. THERE WAS NOT A SINGLE SOUL OR CAR ON THE STREET. This is Oxford St I am talking about. It's barely empty day or night. But on this mid-day there wasn't a single soul. I felt like I had been hit by a thunder. My knees got sooo weak I felt like falling on my knees. I wanted to cry to cry like a baby. I started shaking just staring at the empty Street which was staring back at me like a monster ready to devour a soul. My heart started to race, my mind was running wild with thoughts. I looked back at the door but it was closed shut. There was not a soul inside the shop that was previously full of people. I felt like I was going insane. It's like my soul wanted to jump out of my body and runaway and leave me for the dead. Something told me this was my end. Here...on this day...i was going to meet my doom. Trust me when I tell you...even a horror movie can't give you the feels of what I felt on this day.So I closed my eyes and prayed for God to give me the strength. I said "Lord, please I beg you to give me the strength I need now". Then I opened my eyes and slowly took one step by another towards my bus stop back home.
So slowly as I walked looking around at the shops and hearing the dead silence that was worse than being at a cemetery. After clearing one block I started seeing these men up high in the buildings. They were about four who were dressed in all black and long black coats. They kept appearing and dissapearing at different locations. Then on my left I saw one shop open it's doors. Then a lady came out of that shop. She was an elderly woman about her 40s or 50s maybe. She had thick muscle structure and had very white blond hair. She came towards me as my heart felt a kind of relief of seeing another soul. When she reached me, I was walking very fast. So she kept walking beside me. She kept talking in a language that I couldn't understand.
I am a very fast learner, so by this time I had already managed to understand the different english accents from Irish, Scottish and most you could think of. But, by the Gods I have no clue to what she was saying. She kept talking sooo fast and loud. I just couldn't understand what she was saying. Honestly I think a thought crept up in my mind that said "hail, is she mad or something???" . So we kept on walking side by side, one block after another, not saying a single word to each other, then about three blocks later, we took a turn to the right. About five steps in, still confused and still trying to grasp the reality of what I had just seen, I started to hear cars and horns and noisy people in the street. I turned around and that's when my mind completely blew away.
The street was full of people and cars and noises as if nothing had ever happened. I stopped walking and just froze there staring back at the street. I just couldn't believe it. This lady was still next to me trying to pull me and talking in this weird language. I don't know whether I pulled my hand away from her or what happened but just then I turned to look at her...SHE WAS GONE. Now I was really confused. My mind was just racing in ways I can't imagine. I wanted to go back and see whether what I had seen was imagined but something told me you know better!
So I went to my bus stop, got on my bus and went home to drink myself numb of that experience. To this day I have no clue what was that I had just seen or experience.
If any of you know or have gone through the same then please kindly leave a comment below.
This is one of the many weird and strange things that happened when I was there. I will be posting as many as I can remember here as time goes.
We live in a strange world. Till again. Peace out. ✌🏿👍🏿💪🏿
submitted by NoMembership5976 to Glitch_in_the_Matrix [link] [comments]


2020.09.21 01:31 NoMembership5976 OXFORD STREET - LONDON

Hi. I guess I'm just trying to find answers to what we all can't explain.
So this was in 2002 I had just finished college and gotten admission to a university in London. Being a foreigner I was excited.
When I got there I got a part time job at a very famous west-end retail store. Not an executive job but it paid the bills. I worked most days while studying. Usually night shifts and especially on weekends. So I rarely had weekends spent at home and just relaxing. However, I love music a lot, especially in those days. Back then we didn't have the mp3 and iPod. Everything was still on vinyl or CDs. So I liked shopping for music 😅😂🤣. My favorite place to shop was the HMV store located at Oxford street. Even though I lived in North Finchley...I liked shopping there because it was always very hip and they had something new happening most of the time. PS it was on my way to work so I would pass there on my way to work.
So one Sunday I decided I would not work and just enjoy the day. So I went to the store to buy some new music. If you've lived in London you'll know from North Finchley is a straight road all the way to Oxford St. I'll spare you the details. Anyways on that day when I got out of the bus. The day was very sunny. It was around 1pm and as London is a tourist city, you'll know that is the peak hour. It's loaded with foreigners from cars and noises you can barely manage to walk. It was full of people. I am black and I'll be honest I think on that day I was the only black soul I saw in those streets. Either way the street was jammed with people.
I went into the store and I started trying the music album by album. I took me around 40min or maybe 1 hour to finish. On this day however I noticed a new clerk at the shop. A girl who always seemed to give me a curious look. She was there but not everytime I went there. She was pretty alright 😉😏😜. But I never quite figured why she had that look on me. I never stole and always paid in cash everytime I went there. And I was a regular. Anyways I decided to brush the thoughts away. All that was running through my mind was finding a quiet bar, getting a cold beer and putting my new music on full blast. I was a little Buble of joy. So after paying for my CDs I headed towards the exit door. I still remember everything like it was yesterday.
When I got to the door... I could see from the inside that the street was full of people but once I got to the door...I felt like a sudden slight push from behind me. As if I had been pushed from behind and I tried to turn to look who had pushed me...the door just simply shut with a major bang. I couldn't see anyone from the inside. So after a few seconds of being amused...I took my CD player out...put on a new CD and just when I looked up that's when it hit me like thunder.
Everything and everyone was gone. I mean the street was completely EMPTY. THERE WAS NOT A SINGLE SOUL OR CAR ON THE STREET. This is Oxford St I am talking about. It's barely empty day or night. But on this mid-day there wasn't a single soul. I felt like I had been hit by a thunder. My knees got sooo weak I felt like falling on my knees. I wanted to cry like a baby. I started shaking just staring at the empty Street which was staring back at me like a monster ready to devour a soul. My heart started to race, my mind was running wild with thoughts. I looked back at the door but it was closed shut. There was not a soul inside the shop that was previously full of people. I felt like I was going insane. It's like my soul wanted to jump out of my body and runaway and leave me for the dead. Something told me this was my end. Here...on this day...i was going to meet my doom. Trust me when I tell you...even a horror movie can't give you the feels of what I felt on this day.So I closed my eyes and prayed for God to give me the strength. I said "Lord, please I beg you to give me the strength I need now". Then I opened my eyes and slowly took one step by another towards my bus stop back home.
So slowly as I walked looking around at the shops and hearing the dead silence that was worse than being at a cemetery. After clearing one block I started seeing these men up high in the buildings. They were about four who were dressed in all black and long black coats. They kept appearing and dissapearing at different locations. Then on my left I saw one shop open it's doors. Then a lady came out of that shop. She was an elderly woman about her 40s or 50s maybe. She had thick muscle structure and had very white blond hair. She came towards me as my heart felt a kind of relief of seeing another soul. When she reached me, I was walking very fast. So she kept walking beside me. She kept talking in a language that I couldn't understand.
I am a very fast learner, so by this time I had already managed to understand the different english accents from Irish, Scottish and most you could think of. But, by the Gods I have no clue to what she was saying. She kept talking sooo fast and loud. I just couldn't understand what she was saying. Honestly I think a thought crept up in my mind that said "hail, is she mad or something???" . So we kept on walking side by side, one block after another, not saying a single word to each other, then about three blocks later, we took a turn to the right. About five steps in, still confused and still trying to grasp the reality of what I had just seen, I started to hear cars and horns and noisy people in the street. I turned around and that's when my mind completely blew away.
The street was full of people and cars and noises as if nothing had ever happened. I stopped walking and just froze there staring back at the street. I just couldn't believe it. This lady was still next to me trying to pull me and talking in this weird language. I don't know whether I pulled my hand away from her or what happened but just then I turned to look at her...SHE WAS GONE. Now I was really confused. My mind was just racing in ways I can't imagine. I wanted to go back and see whether what I had seen was imagined but something told me you know better!
So I went to my bus stop, got on my bus and went home to drink myself numb of that experience. To this day I have no clue what was that I had just seen or experienced.
If any of you know or have gone through the same then please kindly leave a comment below.
This is one of the many weird and strange things that happened when I was there. I will be posting as many as I can remember here as time goes.
We live in a strange world. Till again. Peace out. ✌🏿👍🏿💪🏿
submitted by NoMembership5976 to ParallelUniverse [link] [comments]


2020.09.17 19:31 Kbluey Portugal September 2019

So welcome to the new subreddit! I'm super excited and I figured - why not kick us off with my last major trip.
Quick Summary The hills are legit mini-mountains and they are everywhere! Wear sensible comfortable shoes. Spend as much time as you can on the southern coast of Portugal. Spend as much time as you can in/near Porto. Don't skip Sintra, but do go at an off-peak time. If you like port or wine - the Douro valley is a must. Ubers are super cheap. Budget hotels have incredibly hard uncomfortable beds, so splurge a bit if you'd like a good night's sleep. If you have to cut down on time somewhere - do less of Lisbon (not that it's not lovely.)
Below is a review of my trip to Portugal in September of 2019. I spent the first few days solo on the southern coast and then met up with some friends who flew into Lisbon and we spent time there and in Porto before all flying back home together. We are all single in our mid 30s if that helps :) Costs below are listed in US Dollars unless otherwise noted.
(Photos all taken by me btw)
I booked the majority of my trip on tripmasters.com (I have done many trips through them) The total cost of the portion of my trip booked at tripmasters was 1,347.63. That included round trip international flights, the train from lisbon to porto, the hotel in porto and travel insurance. I traveled for a total of 13 nights.
Part 1: The Southern Coast
  • I flew solo from of Austin, Texas on Monday, August 26, 2019 to Faro, Portugal (with a short layover in London.) The Faro airport is crazy tiny, it's basically just a hangar in a field. They bus you from the tarmac quite a ways to the terminal. I found my luggage and just sort of wondered out of an open door. No one even spoke to me hah. I didn't realize later on that not having a stamp in my passport when I was attempting to fly home at the end of my trip might be problematic - so probably tip number one, make sure someone somewhere in faro stamps your passport haha.
  • I pre-booked a one way private car transfer (on a site called Yellowfish) from the Faro airport to the town I was staying in - Albufeira, Portugal. The private transfer was worth it for me - since I was solo, I knew I was going to be travel-tired and it was super low stress. The driver waited outside for me with my name on a sign. Easy Peasy. The cost was ~37.82 usd.
  • In Albufeira I stayed at the Vila Branca - which was like a budget style hotel. I'm not one who requires fancy hotels, so it served it's purpose for me perfectly. However, I will note - the bed was like sleeping on a concrete slab. I never felt anything like it. I had the worst time even laying on it or sleeping. I thought that initially it was just this hotel - but I ran into this in all my portgual hotels. The hotel however was was a quick 5 minute walk down to the beach elevator and about a 10-15 minute walk down to the nightlife. Don't get me started on the walk back though, holy crikey the hills! It's basically a cobblestone vertical climb back up. Tip: It's absolutely stunningly beautiful but don't even try to be wearing heels, wear cute sensible flat shoes for the love of pete. The nightlife in Albufeira is amazing, crowded and crazy and highly entertaining. It reminded me a little bit of new orleans, lots of balconies and open style bars and clubs. I was solo but I no trouble finding a good time. I wandered into some pubs and chit chatted with new friends - I went to nightclubs and danced, I found a karaoke bar and did some karaoke to a mostly empty room haha. Great times abound.
  • One of the main reasons I decided to even go to the southern coast of Portugal was so I could visit the famous Benagil Cave near Lagoa. I had done enough research to know that access to the cave is by water only but I also saw that it might be possible to swim from the beach. It looked like lot of the boats aren't able to even go inside of the cave - depending on the crowds and you also can't get off the boat to hang out in there and I knew I wanted to take my time there so I decided against a boat. I also so there were nearby paddle board and kayak rentals but research showed they were incredibly expensive for what looked to be a very short trip. Ultimately I wasn't sure what my plan was specifically to get into the cave but regardless I hopped in an uber from my hotel to the benagil beach. Once I got to the beach I saw how short the swim truly was. You swim out from the beach and around an outskirting of rock and around the other side of the rock - I'd say if you put your mind to it about 15 of minutes of hard swimming - but I took my time. I prepared in advance for the possibility of a swim by bringing myself a simple tiny blow up floaty to help me out - and I'm grateful I did. The swim is short but the current is strong and that water is breathtakingly cold, legit if I hadn't wanted this so badly I couldn't have made it! I blew up my floatie and onwards and I went, I think my body went numb from the cold so that worked out haha. So a kayak might just be worth the cost. When I tell you that this cave is one of the most amazing things I have ever seen in my life you better believe it. Tip: You 100% want to be there as early as humanly possible, I'm talking sun-up. Because it will get crazy crowded with boats going in and out and a billion people all getting those photos for the gram.
  • After I was done at benegil, I swam back to shore and decided to do a little walk. I walked from the benegil cave over to the Marinha beach. I was a little nervous that I was lost during several parts of the walk but I trusted google maps and I'm so glad I did this. Stunning stunning views over the caves and ocean. It was possible to walk down to the beach here via some stairs and I sort of wished I had done this but I was pretty tuckered out so I hung around for a while, enjoyed walking along the cliffside and the views and when I was done here, I called an uber back to my hotel in Albufeira.
  • I had so much fun on the shoreline that I ultimately did decide to book a boat trip. And it was so worth it. I got to see the entire shore line of caves, we popped into the benagil cave where I had swum the day before. We even got to see dolphins! It was one of the more pricey things I did but so very much worth it. I booked here: https://xridealgarve.com/ the entire shoreline is full of caves and just endless beauty. The boat ride is fun too, wave hopping and all that. Don't forget the dramamine!
  • Additionally I was looking on airbnb experiences for something adventurous to do and I ended up finding a guy that does paramotor rides. So I talked myself into and out of doing this a few dozen times and ultimately I found my lady-balls in the bottom of a few glasses of wine, and I ended up following through with it. It was one of the scariest but amazing things I have ever done. https://photos.app.goo.gl/7UzVYQC7f9rjbXs19 & https://photos.app.goo.gl/Hbvx5Wk1GdiBXLYj8 Unfortunately this experience is no longer listed on airbnb :( but if you can find anything similar it was incredible.
Part 2: Lisbon
So after my beautiful time down on the coast, it was time to figure out the best way to get from Albufeira to Lisbon where I was meeting up with 3 other friends from back home in Austin to continue our adventures in Portugal.
  • There were lots of transport options from Faro to Lisbon but I didn't want to have to go all the way back to Faro so I got to digging and ended up finding a direct bus straight from Albufeira to Lisbon for cheap - score! I found booked the bus on https://www.omio.com/ it was a lovely relaxing bus ride and I enjoyed it.
  • I booked an airbnb to share with 2 of my 3 friends in Lisbon, our 4th friend booked their own airbnb about a half a block down the street. The initial airbnb I booked was on first site, incredible - beautiful and spacious - albeit however.. after spending the first night there, the worst of the worst happened, on of my friends woke up with bedbug bites on her arms and legs! Shit. We didn't see a lot of bedbugs and we searched - but we did find several adult ones. Our thought was that they had treated for them and not waited enough time to let them be killed off. Not sure, but all we knew is that we were out of there. It was a real shame because it was such a beautiful place. So unfortunately we lost most of this day learning how to use a portugese laundry mat.
  • While we were at the laundrymat we worked with the owner and airbnb (who was a nightmare and kept telling us that it as and all that and found another airbnb down the road that was decently nice but definitely not as cool. It was also a 5 floor walk up, with the last flight of stairs basically being a vertical climb and it was a bitch with the luggage - no lie. Also, one again with the insanely hard mattresses, I ended up so uncomfortable I slept on the couch in the living room.
  • Our first night in lisbon we stumbled upon this lovely Moroccan restaurant https://www.tripadvisor.com/Restaurant_Review-g189158-d792971-Reviews-Flor_da_Laranja-Lisbon_Lisbon_District_Central_Portugal.html and they gave us one of the absolute best meals we had. Delicious family style served food and it was so so good.
  • Since my friends had just flown in they were exhausted but I was already acclimated and we were staying in the "party district" so I decided to go find myself some fun. Found a little irish pub with some live music around the corner called Cheers, made some friends had a grand ol time and stumbled my way back to the airbnb.
  • The next day with my friends rested up the 4 of us hopped into a teeny tiny uber haha and headed off to Belem to see the sites. There were some other transportation options but honestly - Ubers in portugal were SO SO SO cheap and we were splitting them 4 ways, it was the most economical for us. My friends elected to wait in the very long line to go inside and explore the Belem tower interior, I was happy exploring the outside and sipping wine by ocean side. They enjoyed it but and said the views were incredible. It was a crowded and touristy area to be expected, but I think it's definitely worth a visit to the area if you have the time.
  • We also walked over to the Mosteiro dos Jerónimos and wandered around the gorgeous grounds and interior (free to go inside but I think you have to pay to upstairs maybe? we didn't bother) It was beautiful and peaceful I'm not usually one for the religious stuff but the architecture of this place was outstanding.
  • Often times when looking for where to eat we just pull up google maps and wing it. This night we happened upon DesNorte and I wasn't feeling much of the menu so I decided I was going to eat cheese and wine for dinner and when I tell you that I enjoyed the hell out of that it's an understatement. I ordered desert as well and I was a happy happy girl. No lie, cheese wine and dessert here was one of my most favorite meals :)
  • That night we hit up the area for pubs and fun and had a fantastic time popping in and out of places that looked like fun. Lots of drinks and lots of fun memories with friends some of which are a slight bit hazy :)
  • The next morning - raring to go we wandered off in search of breakfast. We were struggling a bit and in a hurry so we ended up at a place called Zenith and to be honest - the walk there was the best most beautiful part. This place is a chain and it just reminded me of every bougie hipster brunch place I'd already seen in Austin. It was fine, it was food but meh.
  • We spent the rest of the with some general sight seeing in Lisbon, we wanted to take the yellow tram but the line and crowd was ppppuuuuureeee madness so we noped away from that situation.
  • Ended up finding a super cute micro-brew pub called Duque and we sat outside and proceeded to enjoy some amazing local brews and people watching hanging out.
  • For lunch we ate at the TimeOut Market - which is basically a food hall and it was absolutely awesome. I had some kind of a duck curry and chef's kiss it was stellar.
  • That evening we tried again for the yellow tram but another crowd we didn't want to handle. We popped up google and there was a rooftop bar across the street we figured - why the heck not. Rooftop Bar - Hotel Mundial was a bit wonky to access (due to interior hotel construction that may be finished by now) but we made it and were rewarded with relatively cheap drinks and stunning sunset views of the castle and the town.
  • That night we found an amazing tapas place for dinner called Tapa Bucho and we ate allll the things :) Highly recommended. The wait was long but they serve you wine/sangria from the doorway while you wait, it was fun to be out there chatting and making friends.
  • It was of my travel friends birthday so we got a bit tipsy and decided to head to Pink Street where we were told we could find a portugese "gentlemens' club" because we're good friends haha. Well unfortunately the gentlemen clubs down there costed a toooon of money for entry (I get it, they're expensive anyway and we were in a touristy area) and we're good friends but not that good haha. So moved along and accidentally ended up in an all male burlesque club - that's a story for another time but we had some beers and, wandered around the area and popped in and out of places and ultimately ended up in some rowdy irish pub down there. Great, albeit somewhat fuzzy times were had! :) I think the pink street would have been cool to visit on an off peak time but we just didn't make it back to the area.
  • The next day - we were tuckered out - so we decided a beach day was in order. We stopped at the local bodega and grabbed some snacks and booze and packed our bags. There were transportation options but we were a bit worn out and wanted to be lazy so we piled into an uber and took at 30 minute ride out to Pria de Carcavelos. Somehow we forgot towels and spent way too money purchasing beach towels from a beachside stand that was sketchily located inside a tunnel haha. It's the ugliest towel I've ever seen, I spent to much money on it but it gives me a great smile and laugh every time I break it out at home for the pool or the lake. Either way we had a great time drinking our Super Bock and spending the day on the beach. Super cold water, not quite as cold as the southern coast but brrrrrrr! We ate dinner at one of those places on the beach (La Plage I think it was called), the food was unremarkable but the sunset was spectacular.
  • My overall take on Lisbon - the hills are legit. Flat comfortable shoes and you will thank yourself later. There were times when we were a short walk away but opted for an uber because we just could not climb another hill haha. Ultimately - Lisbon was a fun city but sort of felt like a lot of metropolitan european cities I had been to before. It was super easy to navigate and friendly but I don't know that I'd go back and spend a ton of time vacationing there, I think it'd be a great place to live though :)
Part 2B: Sintra
  • Our last day in Lisbon we grabbed the train from Lisbon to Sintra. It was cheap and took < 1 hour. We missed the first train of the day and got the second, boy I sure wish we'd been on the first. Sintra is SO SO worth the trip but because we only did a day trip we were pressed for time and things were super crowded. If could go back and do it again, I'd take 1.5-2 days for lisbon and just not be rushed. Or at the very least I'd catch that first train out.
  • Our first stop was - us hoping to knock out the most crowded thing - the palace. We hopped on a harrowing bus that wound it's way up into the high high hills around hairpin turns. If you have an unsettled stomach, - take dramamine ha it was an incredibly beautiful ride up there though. BIG TIP Purchase your tickets for the Palace BEFORE YOU GO!! We bought our palace tickets here: getyourguide.com. Otherwise the first line you'll wait in for hours is the one to purchase tickets. I opted to only buy the exterior grounds pass ticket - my friends bought the one that included the interior tour of the palace. I'll be honest, I've seen several palace interior tours and they've never really been my thing so I was happy with that. And frankly, I think I made the right choice here haha. My friends waited in line for their palace tour for over 2 hours - while i was free to wander the amazing grounds at my leisure. Climb out to the terraces and all of that wonderfulness. It was also much more expensive to tour the inside. It's probably worth it if you have never seen the interior of a one of these types of places but I was super happy to skip it. No lines for me haha :) Whatever you do, the palace is not to be missed - it is truly special just try your best to aim for early or late or off peak.
  • After the palace we hopped back on the bus (which is basically a glorified hop on hop off experience) and headed to the Quinta da Regaleira - a gothic style castle with the famous well. This property was amazing - and one of my highlights in the trip to portugal. Wandering about the tunnels and caves and beautiful paths - I legit could have spent an entire day here happily.
  • A lot of people make the 3rd stop in Sintra the Castelo dos Mouros (the one that resembles the great wall of china) but we just simply ran out of time. So we grabbed a quick bite and caught the last train back to lisbon.
Part 3: Porto
I think I fell in love with Porto's charm the moment I got off the train.
  • The next day - it was off to grab a train to Porto. The Alfa-Pendular train journey takes 2h40min. A single ticket on the Alfa Pendular Train from Lisbon to Porto costs €44.30/€31.70 but the cost of my ticket was included in my tripmasters package purchase. The train station was easy to find but a little wonky to navigate. We asked for some help and got it all sorted out.
  • In porto my 3 friends ended up at one hotel and I ended up a different one. My hotel was the Porto Dormus and I don't recommend it. It's in some crazy paradoxical location between 4 one way streets that ubers cannot find and it was kind of far away from places, oh and yet another hard as rock bed. We spent time most of the hangout time at my friends hotel - The hotel premium porto downtown. They had softer beds (still not by a lot but definitely some) and a cute little roof top bar that was the perfect place to chill or wind down and have a nice glass of wine and watch the sunset.
  • On our first day in Porto we mainly wandered around town - through a street fair, took in the sites, played cheesy tourist, and of course had to take a silly but so pretty gondola ride across the river, found a spot to have a francesinha sandwich and let me tell that was a gastronomical adventure that shouldn't be missed (or taken lightly ha!) The buildings and tile and street art just absolutely beautiful, I could have been happy doing nothing but just walking around.
  • We walked up to the Porto Cathedral and my friends paid to go inside. I went to find a beer :) I wandered around the corner and found the cutest little cafe called Taberna da Sé with the most amazing views and waited for my friends to get done at the cathedral.
  • Then it was time to get down to business and drink some port. We really had no clue what to look for or what we were doing ha, so off to the google maps. We found a place called Pocas that was open late and looked fantastic. We got a tour+sampling there and it was super awesome. We got to see the old port, and storage and the guy that fixes the barrels and then we got to drank. Since it was late, we basically had the place to ourselves and it was magical. Our guide was amazing in teaching us all about port. We stuck around basically until they (lovingly) kicked out out haha.
  • Our next day in Port was my birthday!! And one of my favorite things (and my friends too) is finding small breweries or local boozeries if you will and it turns out that Porto is really up and coming in the microbrewery age! So a brew-crawl seemed like the perfect way to see more of the city and spend my birthday. So I found a few that looked good and mapped out the most efficient route to hit them up. Our first stop was A Fábrica da Picaria - the "first" microbrewery in porto - which opened in 2018 :) The service was lovely, we were the only ones there and we sat out on the back patio. We also went to fabrica nortdada - which was much bigger brewpub and had a huge selection of fun and unique beers. Eventually we ended up at Levare Craft Beer - which was an absolutely beautiful setting. Large and welcoming with a secret garden style patio.
  • That night it was my turn to pick my birthday dinner and I felt like I needed tapas in my life. So off to the googles. We ended up at RUA Tapas&Music Bar - which was like eating tapas in a night club :) Disco lights, live music, good food, fun fun times.
Part 3B: Pinhao
We wanted our final day in portugal to be relaxing but special. And based on our conversation back at Pocus (the port place ) we thought - why not go see how port is made and spend a day hanging out drinking some wine and relaxing. Our guide at the Pocus tour was kind enough to give us some instructions on what train to take and what places to visit in Pinhao (the town where the vineyards are.)
  • So on our final day in Portugal, we woke up found some quick breakfast (egg tarts yum!!) and grabbed the train to Pinhao. Pinhao is very small and easily walkable. The train dropped us off and we walked over to Quinta do bomfim. They seated us in a beautiful room for our tasting. After our tasting we took a tour and after that was finished, we moved out to the patio and kept on ordering wines and port from the menu. I could have sat there for the entire trip, the views were incredible.
  • After lounging about at bomfim we decided to walk across the bridge to Quitna Das Carvalhas. Where we had more tastings and another beautiful tasting room to enjoy.
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2020.09.17 13:02 closeprotections Close Protection London Close Protection Services London

Close protection – is a concept that has been known for ages – it has been with us since early days of humankind and now its condition is more than satisfactory. Since time immemorial, people have tried to protect their wealth, assets, as well as their own health, life, and welfare. By means of the transfer of gathered goods, wealthy individuals have been paying other parties to protect them, their families, and possessions from others. As a general rule, young, notably strong, and grim-looking individuals have been considered perfectly suitable for such a job. The idea behind such a choice has been to scare away a potential adversary by taking advantage of the very looks of the guard. The aforementioned state of affairs has been observed for the consecutive ages. Wealthy landowners and kings created their own trusted guards (in ancient times and during the medieval age, those were troops designated to protect the authorities; later on, they were transformed into elite soldiers). Aside from serving representative and managerial purposes, such individuals were required to take care of their master and his beloved ones. In the 11th century England, during the Battle of Hastings, King Harold assembled a group of troops to protect his life and widely understood health condition. One may consider them to be the ancestors of modern bodyguards. As both civilization and society progressed, there were an increasing number of various organizations and people. Therefore, the risk of attack was significantly higher. Numerous authorities attempted to discourage potential aggressors from committing a crime by introducing severe forms of punishment. It must be noted, however, that there was still the question if it was enough to protect high authorities and the wealthy from the effects of outside attacks. The protection-oriented market has been developing to be – at some point – dominated by professional soldiers. The said progression has made it possible for police officers to investigate and deal with common, less dangerous crimes only. Together with technical revolution and the increasing social awareness, the number of citizens not satisfied with the current order skyrockets. It is likely to cause radical groups aiming at the change of the existing ruling paradigm to occur. This in turn may lead to anarchy and the increase in people willing to put their antisocial theories and plans into effect. The latter may start from sabotaging the work of others and demolishing valuable devices, but it may also end up in killings. If such a thing happens, one may openly talk about terrorism. The unusual social situation boosts the demand for personal protection. Both the army and police focus on securing the wellbeing of those of high position in the country. The rest of the threatened society must protect itself. The demand identified above has given rise to a new profession – a security guard. In the past, it was performed in a more or less organized fashion and that is why the effectiveness of arising task achievement varied. The attempt on Tsar’s Alexander the Second life on 1st March 1881 is a perfect exemplification of the formulated thesis. The ruler in question was attacked by the members of Narodnaya Volya at 2:15 P.M. A bomb was thrown under the carriage, but its explosion did not harm either the tsar or the horses. Alexander the Second, together with his companion including secret police representatives, started to assess damages. It was a mistake. At 2:20 P.M, yet another bomb was detonated. Its accuracy was notably higher as it managed to severely injure the tsar. He died relatively quickly, even with professional care he was under. At this point, it must be indicated that the demand for close protection increases. However, the perception of it is in a significant number of cases rather faulty, leading to pitiful outcomes. As it was hundreds of years earlier, modern people tend to hire grim musclemen to protect them, disregarding the fact that their intellectual level and possessed knowledge are negligible. Formerly, a test had to be passed in order for a person to be considered a bodyguard. Unfortunately, it does not hold true anymore. On numerous occasions, we can observe security guards stylized to look like stats of action movies, with the lack of intelligence written all over their faces. To give them justice, such people may also perform exceptionally well – up to the time they encounter a real attack. Unprofessional guards may be employed to protect rock stars or boxers. Real bodyguards of today are, however, highly skilled and motivated. They are trained to prevent rather than to counteract, as it may be too late in the latter case. Such people are capable of estimating potential risk and juxtaposing it with the resources at their disposal that may minimize it. Modern security guards are physically active, as well as skilled in giving first aid and driving a car defensively. They can fight without using any weapon – especially by taking advantage of psychology and persuasion. Such people are proficient in at least two languages and are characterized by an above-average intelligence level. The described model of a security guard is perfectly suited to current conditions and the needs of individuals hiring them.

VIP close protection over the world – organizations specializing in personal protection. One of the most famous and at the same time – the oldest organized bodies dealing with close protection was created in the 19th century. It was the American United States Secret Service. The USSS was created in 1865 as the US Treasury Law Enforcement Agency. Secret Service is the oldest national agency focusing entirely on investigations. Initially, their only task was to protect the economic structure of the country by means of preventing governmental cheques and bonds from being counterfeited. The mission was followed up to 1901, when president William McKinley was attacked in Buffalo (NY state). The assault resulted in appointing the Secret Service by the US Congress to protect the newly elected president, Theodore Roosevelt. In 1906, the Congress finally adopted the act on the responsibility of the Secret Service for the safety of the White House. Since 1950, the protection has been extended from presidents and first ladies only to vice-presidents as well. Before the murder of John F. Kennedy in 1963 and senator Robert F. Kennedy in 1968, the Secret Service had been a relatively small organization, employing as many as 284 agents. The discussed events translated directly into its rapid development. Currently, it is stated that over 5000 employees work for the Secret Service. Separate branches of the organization are located all over the United States, in Puerto Rico, and in other places all over the world (Paris, Lyon, London, Bonn, Rome, Milano, Hong Kong, Montreal, Lefkosa, Bogota, and Manila). The representatives of the organization are both secret agents (serving protection and investigation-related roles), as well as uniformed units responsible for the safety of the White House and diplomatic outposts. They maintain law and order by means of the network of both foot and motorized patrols, as well as of fixed posts. Such people also support other branches of the Secret Service. A wide scope of professional is also employed therein – those are electronics, engineers, communication experts, protection-related professionals, and IT workers. The Secret Service protects the president with his family, vice-president, elected vice-president, candidates for the said posts (from the 120th day before the elections onwards), former president, his children up to 16, as well as heads of other states staying in the USA in order to realize international missions. The unit of the Secret Service liable for taking care about the safety of the president in the White House fulfills its duties in identical uniforms. Due to the said fact, the Secret Service is sometimes referred to as the Uniformed Division. Its tasks also include the protection of president’s mansions, diplomatic outposts in Washington, and places alike located within the borders of the USA.

Another known formation is the Swiss Guard (Latin: Cohors Helvetica) which was for the very first time gathered on 22nd January 1506 by the then pope – Julius II. Its major aim was to protect the spiritual successor of Saint Peter and his palace. The pope wanted to grant himself protection from the enemies and avoid a political murder. In 1512, the Guard secured Vatican against French soldiers. The Defendants of the Church, as the representatives of the discussed formation were also called, had to face the biggest trail while taking care of pope Clemens VII during the invasion of Roman emperor, Charles V. The boldness, discipline, and resourcefulness of the representatives of the Guard made it possible to save the life of the pope, even though about 600 bold men died in the process. To commemorate the event, a solemn vow of the newly appointed guards takes place every year on 6th May. Each of the Swiss guards-to-be holds a banner in his left hand and raises his right hand with the thumb and two other fingers in an upright position (it is the symbol of the Holy Trinity). Then, the new soldiers promise to protect the pope and – to die in his defense if necessary. The representatives of the Swiss Guard are chosen from men between the age of 19 and 25 living in one of Swiss cantons (basing on contracts with Zurich and Lucerne). Each of them has to be at least 174 cm (5 feet and a half inch) tall and be an unmarried practicing Catholic (according to a special letter issued by the local bishop). Candidates for the service are properly trained, including teaching them how to use firearms, side arms, as well as how to defend themselves and establish proper contacts with other people. One of the items of the list is the proper usage of halberd. Currently, the number of soldiers in the Guard is estimated to circulate around 120, including officers, junior, and senior soldiers. They serve in the formation from two to twenty-five years. It must be also indicated at this point that officers and senior sergeants may be granted by the pope the right to enter into a holy matrimony. Aside from their characteristic outfit, soldiers are additionally equipped with halberds and Renaissance swords – those are the symbols of formation’s tradition. Nowadays, they are also fitted with firearms, tear gas, and excellent communication-oriented devices. With its almost five hundred years of heritage, the Swiss Guard is one of the oldest active defense-oriented groups in the world. One may assume that it will last until Switzerland and the Catholic Church exist.

Yet another example of a close protection-focused formation is the Cedrug Order, the major task of which is to take care about the ruler of Tibet – Dalai Lama. It comprises of national spiritual authorities who organized themselves in a form of an order. Thanks to strict upbringing, their physical strength is much higher than the one of secular officials. Therefore, the former are the most trusted soldiers caring about the safety of the leader of the nation. Cedurg School is located in the left wing of Potala – the palace of Dalai Lama, which is in turn situated in the Holy City of Lhasa (eastern Tibet, Kyitsu river valley). Every Tibet citizen is allowed to enroll to the school, but only chosen ones are granted the privilege to join the Order. For several hundred years, there have been a limited number of monks allowed, namely – 175. Only selected candidates have been worthy enough to defend the powerful Dalai Lama. Those are especially bold, tall, and muscular men. The representatives of the Order earned their name in 1959, when they protected the king of Tibet against Chinese adversaries.

One of the biggest organizations in the world established to consociate and train bodyguards is the International Bodyguard Association (IBA). The IBA was established in 1957 in Paris by major Lucien Victor Ott. Major Ott had been closely connected to the French Foreign Legion in Algeria since his early childhood. He had been born and raised in the said country. In 1947, he joined the French Special Forces and took part in France-Indochina war. Furthermore, he was the participant of the battle of Dien-Bien Phu that ended with the defeat of the French forces. He was being injured and captured by Vietminh. After a bold escape, he decided to join forces with the French Military Intelligence (Deuxieme Bureau). Major Lucien Ott got famous due to, inter alia, perfect securing of president Charles de Gaulle against the OAS terrorist organization. Thanks to him, 30 prepared attacks were foiled, 11 of which were aimed directly at the head of the state. After the death of the creator of a modern bodyguard profile, major Ott, one of his students – James G. Shortt took care of the management of the IBA. As a young man, he had joined a cadet school. Later on, he had become landing operation troops officer and a member of the elite SAS (Special Air Service) unit. Moreover, during his service, he also taught soldiers in Afghanistan the art of Mujahedeen war. Currently, he teaches security guards, police officers, and soldiers all over the world in the IBA branches. The main aim of the organization is to properly prepare bodyguards-to-be to properly perform their duties. It is not an entity employing such individuals, but those who have presented exceptional skills may become members of royal, diplomatic, or personal guards recommended by the IBA. Coaches being the representatives of the organization trained bodyguards in Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania, as well as helped during the Baltic Crisis between 1989 and 1991. The qualifications of the International Bodyguard Association are exceptional, international, and backed by the documentation concerning the organization of training sessions for the military, governmental authorities, police, and private bodyguards all over the world. Such undertakings have been continuously performed since 1957. The IBA also operates and trains willing individuals in Poland. Its branch was established in the said country in 1992. The basic training offered to candidates includes 60 hours of comprehensive preparation divided into six consecutive days. After its completion, the candidates are required to undergo the so-called refresher once a year. It is one of the conditions of the membership in the IBA.

Another training organization worth mentioning is the ESI - Executive Security International. It must be highlighted that it is one of the biggest and most appreciated American companies oriented towards training personal protection guards. Its second name is as follows: Bodyguard Training Academy for Executive, Dignitary and Celebrity Protection. The ESI was formed at the beginning of the 80s by Bob Duggan – martial arts expert and master in Hwarang Do. Its creation had been preceded by the establishment of the very first bodyguard training program by the Martial Arts Academy in Aspen, Colorado. The ESI, being one of the USA’s private schools, offers its students over 2000 hours of education with regard to protection, investigation, data gathering, company and individual security, etc. The training unit of the organization is situated high up in the mountains and is run by skilled professionals. Fun fact – film writer, Tracy Keenan Wynn, cooperates with the ESI. His preeminent task has been to create scenarios of situational exercises. While writing them, the said individual takes advantage of real life situations and attacks, such as assaults on Aldo Moro, John Paul the Second, kidnapping of Hans Martin Schleyer by the RAF (Red Army Faction), and scenarios alike. The ESI collaborates with corporations operating in the close protection branch of industry, as well as with the police and military. The organized training sessions are top secret. No journalists are allowed to enter the Aspen unit. Due to the fact that the ESI is a private school, it may provide professional training to civil, police-related, and military institutions all over the world.

The citizens of Israel have never had the chance to feel safe in their country. The issue of safety has been always treated seriously there. Aside from a constant Israel-Arab world conflict threat, the Israelis have been the subjects of terrorist attracts, both within the borders of their country and outside it. Jews and Americans are most frequent victims of operations organized by highly skilled terrorist groups. Taking into account the impact the Russian mafia has on Israel, the amount of care put on widely understood safety is fully justified. The Israeli Special Forces protect their citizens by means of intelligence and security-oriented undertakings. They host training sessions in various organizations preparing bodyguards, providing the adepts with the experience gained during the service. Most famous units of the said kind in Israel are undoubtedly the ISA - International Security Academy and the ISS - International Security School.

ISA is an international organization established and managed by former leaders, police instructors, and special service members. The very first unit of the ISA was formed in Latvia as a training and advising agency for both governmental and private security guards belonging to the Baltic States and the countries of the former USSR. The fact that the ISA is not exclusively Israeli in character is proved by the figure of the organization chairman, major Urlich Wegener – the creator and very first leader of German Border Control Service called GSG 9. The team of instructors and coaches also has international roots. The credo of the organization is that the preparation of the individuals for the proper protection of others is the key. Such people have to be offered highest quality training, extensive knowledge, and practical background. The ISS training programs are based predominantly on the experiences gained in Israel and in other countries, as well as while training people for the purpose of protecting VIPs over the world. Individuals, governmental authorities, and large-size corporations have been taking advantage of the services provided by the ISA/ISS.

At the moment, civil bodyguards are also involved in close protection. The safety of the individuals hiring them, as well as their possessions depends highly on the qualifications of the former. Quite frequently, those are former policemen, soldiers, or special force members. However, a number of inexperienced adepts would like to start their adventure with personal protection as well. Are they bound to fail in their attempts? It is not always so. The most crucial component affecting the effectiveness of the training is one’s psychological preparation. It is a commonly known fact that it is exceptional in former police officers and troops. However, it is a common belief that one can be trained how to perform the job of a bodyguard, just as it is possible to teach a person how to shoot or be properly engaged in melee combat. It all depends on one’s motivation and willingness to achieve success in the industry. Regulations to date limit the training process of a security guard to the moment of being awarded with a license. In order to perform his tasks properly, such a person has to constantly improve his skills and qualifications.

Phenomena connected with the need of utilization of close protection techniques – Terrorism/Terrorist. It goes without saying that terrorism is one of the biggest threats of today’s world. While analyzing the severity of attacks and their scale, one should not doubt that VIPs should be at all possible occasions protected against the aforementioned forms of assault. In order to assess the threat a given problem pose, its specificity must be identified at first. The notion of „terrorism” was for the first time in history used during the Conference of the International Criminal Law Association in Brussels, in 1930. To date, there have been approximately 200 various definitions of the phenomenon in question. While trying to grasp its characteristic features, one will face a number of limitations and difficulties. One of statements of historian Walter Laqueur has to be touched upon here. While asked why he has been avoiding formulating an unequivocal definition of terrorism, he replied: „For 50 or so years, people are constantly trying to understand the idea behind terrorism. It is a phenomenon having different forms, depending on its place of origin and epoch. How can one find common ground between Russian revolutionists from the end of the 19th century and Al-Qaida anarchists?

Terrorism is mainly based on the utilization of force or threat in order to achieve political or ideological goals. It is hard to say something beyond that. Terrorism is like pornography – it escapes logical classification, but if one sees it – then it becomes apparent.” It is hard to argue with the statement, as it perfectly shows the complexity of the phenomenon in question. For the purpose of this publication, a strict definition of terrorism is not needed. All that is required is the utterance formulated by Walter Laqueur stating that terrorism can be most fully perceived through its manifestations. Terrorist acts are undoubtedly illegal, as they are based on kidnapping people and forcedly taking control over means of communication, economic sabotage, attacks, robberies, demanding ransom to finance organization’s own activity, posing threat to life, health, and freedom of authorities, and kidnapping people from outside the area in order to gain publicity (especially journalists, priests, voluntary workers). One may also indicate the usage of explosives and firearms in public areas and poisoning certain spots by means of radioactive materials and chemicals. Longin Tadeusz Szmidt additionally pointed out that terrorism has always been strictly connected with crafty and hard to identify methods of killing the leaders of nations. While describing the phenomenon of terrorism as a threat for the protected person, one should also point out and indicate its sources. The following are enumerated: - social and economic sources that are directly connected to economic crises, social tensions, social and national discrimination, as well as with the perception of dissonance between the factual reality and the one presented by the media; - historical and political sources. They have their beginning in severe social reactions, demanding full democratization and respecting human rights; - sociological sources that may be related to the atmosphere typical for a given country or the so-called spirit of violence; - psychological sources stating that a significant part of terrorists is highly mentally unstable which is additionally combined with the overly high self-esteem. When it comes to the area of attack, the following are proposed by the experts: - land terrorism (the major threat area for VIPs and the key one for security guards), - air terrorism (personal protection is then entrusted to the authorities managing planes, airports, etc.), and – maritime terrorism (tasks and responsibilities are then similar to air attacks). While taking into account the type of terroristic activities, one may distinguish: bombing-based, nuclear, biological, chemical, technical, cybernetic (attacks on IT networks), and narcotic-oriented (narcotic cartels undertakings) terrorism. The highest threat for VIPs is undoubtedly the first type, namely – bombing-based one. Close protection-oriented undertakings should therefore incorporate the knowledge on paradigms effective during a bomb attack. They will be discussed in further sections of this publication. It is exceptionally difficult to argue with the thesis that we must be protected against terrorism. The same applies to VIPs. The importance of the latter is also worth discussing, as the threat is much higher when a top authority is attacked than when the assault poses threat to a pop star or a wealthy businessman. However, it does not limit the necessity to analyze and counteract terroristic attack threat. It may directly impact the safety of the person a given security guard is responsible for.

Crime is also one of the issues that may endanger protected VIPs. Up to the beginning of the 80s, Poland had been considered to be one of the safest countries in Europe. Law enforcement bodies had been numerous and properly financed there, and crime forecasting, prevention, and penalizing schemes had met all the European standards. However, at the end of the discussed period, the myth of threat-free Poland started to crumble. The effects of crime fighting scene were becoming gradually more negligible. The said state of affairs was predominantly caused by the decreasing trust in law enforcing organizations, as well as by the rapid increase in crimes committed by the citizens. Another important aspect that must be taken into account were economic and political changes taking place in 1989,the liberalization of economic activity, and the emergence of free market. Some individuals possessed unimaginable riches, whereas others were exceptionally poor. In order to survive till the next day, the latter searched for the answer in crimes, leading to the occurrence of the phenomenon commonly known as organized crime. According to official data from 2001, within the borders of Poland, there were over 400 organized crime groups consociating approximately 45 thousand people. They were generating profits by means of goods smuggling, selling stolen cars, producing and marketing narcotics, counterfeiting national currency, commuting bank frauds, selling firearms, and – what is of exceptional importance from the point of view of VIPs – demanding ransom. Criminals induce fear in the society, especially due to using terror and blackmailing. They do not hesitate to kidnap others or kill them. Such individuals resort to brutal treatment, such as beating, torturing, drowning, etc. All those factors combined directly translate into wealthy representatives of the society feeling threatened. What is more, criminals frequently tend to attack the family of a VIP as well, in order to convince him to perform a given action. Therefore, children, wife, and beloved ones of such an individual must be highly protected.

Popularity/Fame –The threat of attack may be in some cases linked to the popularity of a given human being. When a VIP is in isolation, then he may only receive unwanted phone calls or be nagged by photographers. The problem arises when he has to leave his place of permanent residence or workplace, as well as when he is in a publically accessible place. Danger may still be low, but the inquisitiveness of journalist may quickly become overwhelming. Fans or supporters of a given sportsman or artist may cause havoc in order to touch their idol or get hold of any item belonging to him or her. Of course, there is also the risk of serious injuries or even death (let us take John Lennon as an example) – it cannot be neglected. That is why famous and popular individuals should by all means care about their safety. The matter also concerns politicians who are widely recognizable and controversial. In politics, there are no limitations. Opponents may even resort to killing a representative of the other side to impose his or her right on others. Elected politicians tend to have close protection, but care should be additionally exercised to care about those running in elections. Such VIPs may be ridiculed by the crowd or the opposition (by throwing eggs or pouring water over the candidate), leading to the end of their political career. The role of security guards should in the aforementioned cases not be limited to physical protection only. They must also keep information about VIP’s family, realized projects, and operation profile confidential. The image of a famous person highly depends on the bodyguards being in his immediate surroundings. The manner of their operation, professionalism, and knowledge are top priorities there.

Attack on person – By definition, attack on person is the attempt to kill someone, steal his or her possessions, as well as to kidnap him or her. The criminal action in question has a long history, as assaults have been made throughout the consecutive ages. Their goal has been to achieve a political, economic, or cultural aim. Attacks on person may lead to tremendous changes in the society, which is perfectly depicted by the killing of John Kennedy and Icchak Rabin. In the majority of cases, however, such an attack does not have significantly far-reaching consequences. In order to be effective, bodyguards must answer themselves the following questions – why do criminals attack? How do they attack? How may the assault look like? Therefore, it is highly advised to specify the motif, methods utilized, and consecutive stages of one and every attack on person. Taking into account motifs, one must bear in mind that all the assaults have their agenda. No attack is made voluntarily, without forethought. In the following sections, most common causes of the aforementioned activity are going to be enumerated:

Revolutionary or political ones – organized groups (frequently consisting of fanatics) attack others in order to force the society to change the existing system or overthrow the current government (in the attempt to choose a new one). Their victims are often the authorities ruling the country. The attackers, who follow their revolutionary or political agenda, try to win the sympathy of other representatives of the society. Long before the planned attack itself, they distribute leaflets blaming current rulers for the widespread injustice. According to their belief, the elimination of the elites in power would bring positive outcomes for the whole country. Such an action was performed in Armenia in 1999, where members of the government were shot dead during one of their meetings. The terrorists informed that their death would improve the national situation.

Economic – terrorists claim that their potential victim is responsible for the poor economic condition of the country, company, or a group of people. In the majority of cases, economic attacks take place in countries where there are extreme disproportions between the wealthy and the poor. It must be taken into consideration, however that it is not always the case, as the assessment of the attackers tend to be highly subjective. Quite frequently, the cause of the assault is the personal conviction that the unsatisfying economic condition of the terrorist is the result of actions performed by the victim. It pushes the attacker into thinking that killing him would aid the situation.

Personal – In this case, the wrongdoers are motivated to make an attack due to jealousy, vengeance or other personal causes. Those people in many cases have notable personality disorders, manifesting themselves especially in the inability to control their behavior. The aforementioned state also leads to the failure to distinguish reality from fiction. A perfect exemplification of the motif in question is shooting Zuzanna Leśniak and an artist – Andrzej Zaucha by Yves Goulais in 1991. The trigger there was jealousy.

Ideological – The terrorist is convinced that the victim chosen by him has been threatening the values and principles followed by the attacker. The said rules are often of significant importance for both the group he belongs to and for himself personally. Ideological attacks on a person may be religious or social in character. The first case is oriented towards killing a religious person in the attempt to make it impossible for him to achieve his goals. The second scenario relates to the willingness to eliminate the leader of a given social group. Quite frequently, the additional agenda is to make the organization the terrorist is a part of more memorable and popular in the media. Free publicity is an additional benefit then.

Psychological – The most commonplace group of attacks. Modern psychology claims that every person using firearms, stabbing others with a knife, or taking advantage of explosives has been struggling with mental problems. The motif is of negligible importance, as the attacker may justify his actions with revolutionary, economic, or personal goals, but the fact is that the driving force is the inability to perceive the world correctly. The assassination of Bill Clinton in 1994 illustrates the above bluntly. Francisco Martin Duran stated that he had attacked Clinton to destroy the mist connecting him to an alien entity. Apparently, Duran wanted to eliminate the mist in order to save the world. Attacks considered as crimes may be triggered by a myriad of factors. Among them,there are: - clashes between the representatives of a crime organization, willingness to demonstrate one’s power or threat the victim (attempt to force the latter to pay ransom or forget about debts), - desire to kill suspects that may endanger one’s business, - attempt to exert pressure on certain individuals or to threaten them for their professional achievements (relates to, inter alia, attorneys and tax collectors).

Attack methods to be considered by security guards. Close range attack. It may be performed by means of utilization of: - firearms, - melee weapon (knife, bayonet, dagger), - chemical substance (for example: toxic substance, such as hydrochloric acid). There are no exceptional skills needed to successfully attack a person, as almost everybody can use a knife or a dagger to a satisfactory extent. The same goes with firearms, the utilization of which is as difficult as driving a car. The aforementioned types of weapons can be transported to the place of the assault with ease. The characteristic feature of this attack type is the fact that the wrongdoer is situated maximally several centimeters away from the victim. The difficulty here is directly connected with the inability to improvise the act. It must be preceded by a prolonged observation of the subject, learning his or her customs, daily routine, places he or she visits, and the protection type he or she uses. Only after drawing proper conclusions from the examination, can the terrorist attack the victim. Marek Papała, a police commissioner, was killed due to a close range attack in 1998, Warsaw.

Long-range attack – in this case firearms are often used, especially rifles and carbines. It is not an uncommon situation to learn about an attacker who has used a sniper rifle fitted with professional laser and optical aiming devices. The distance between the wrongdoer and the subject of the attack is commonly higher than 5 meters. The former must also be much more skilled than a close range attacker, as he has to be capable of utilizing a professional gun in an effective manner. The death of John Kennedy in Dallas on 22nd November 1963 was the result of the attack form in question. Lee Harvey Oswald, who was a former marine soldier, shot his subject from a storage located several meters away from president’s cavalcade. To perform the act, he used Mannlicher-Carcano, cal. 6.5 mm rifle. The proficiency of the attacker was proven by the fact that he fired three shots and only one of them missed the target.

Attack with explosives – it requires notable skills, for the wrongdoers has to build a bomb before performing the attack. He must also know how and where to plant the explosive, how to situate the fuse inside and where to detonate it. Such a person also has to be familiar with the effects of explosion. Assault on Margaret Thatcher on 12th October 1984 showed how patient and clever can an attacker taking advantage of explosives be. Patrick Magee, a member of Irish Republican Army, moved into the hotel where the British prime minister was expected to stay 24 days before the said fact. Every single day, he worked meticulously destroying the wall and placing a 50-kilogram explosive inside the hole. The bomb was then fitted with a timer. It exploded when Miss Thatcher was considered to wash herself in the bathroom – the attacker was perfectly acquainted with her customs. She would have died if she had not received a document to be read. The explosive was detonated five floors above the bathroom located in the apartment of the „Iron Lady”. Six other people died as a result, but the suspect managed to avoid the clever assassination.

If you are looking to hire close protection in London do not wait and contact us immiedletly for professional bodyguard services in London.
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2020.09.16 19:51 StevenStevens43 From the temple of Apollo to The "green isle of Islay".

From the temple of Apollo to The
Error:
In this article, i am going to attempt to correct, what i think is a scholarly error.
It begins with the son of Belinas, who was the focus of attention in my last article, "Brennos & Sack of Rome".
Gurguit Barbtruc:
Garguit Barbtruc is the legendary son of Belinas.
Garguit Barbtruc
Gurguit Barbtruc (Welsh: Gwrgant Farfdrwch) was a legendary king of the Britons) as accounted by Geoffrey of Monmouth. He was the son of Belinus and was said to have found a home for the Irish people.
Belinas:
His father sadly passed away whilst fighting in Greece.
He committed suicide after receiving horrific injuries.
He might actually have been thrown off a tower in flames.
Later years
When Belinus finally died, he was cremated and placed on top of a great tower he had created. He was succeeded by his son Gurguit Barbtruc.
Link for photo#/media/File:Naxos_Sphinx_with_humans_for_size.jpg)
Temple of Apollo
Delirium:
Many poems attribute the enchanting music made by priests at the temple of Apollo.
Apparently the festivities would whip up a frantic delirium with loud screams and cries and the priests would turn the cries in to music.
Sounds like the temple of Apollo was used for capital punishment.
I wonder if this is how Belinas suffered his horrific injuries?
Temple of Apollo)
The Temple of Apollo, god of music, harmony and light, occupied the most important and prominent position in the Delphic Panhellenic Sanctuary. The edifice with the partially restored colonnade visible today dates to the 4th century BCE; it is the third temple built at the same place. The famous oracle, the Pythia, operated inside the temple, the location chosen, according to tradition, due to a sacred chasm beneath the site emitting vapors, which were inhaled by the Pythias, who then entered a state of delirium and uttering inarticulate cries, which were then turned into equivocal oracles by the priests.[1]#cite_note-:0-1)
Link for photo
Bladud jumping from Temple of Apollo
Bladud:
It is likely that King Bladud of Loegria was the first ever person to receive this honour.
Divination, wing and death
The tale claims that he also encouraged the practice of necromancy, or divination through the spirits of the dead. Through this practice, he is said to have constructed wings for himself and to have tried to fly to (or from) the temple of Apollo in Trinovantum (London)
Link for photo
Bladud
Isle of Ireland:
Now, enough of Garguit Barbtruc's fathers possible death.
An absolutely sensational claim is made, regards to Garguit Barbtruc.
According to translations of Irish legends, Garguit Barbtruc gave the Basclenses, under the leadership of Partholoim, the Isle of Ireland.
Gaurguit Barbtruc
On the return voyage, Gurguit came across a fleet of thirty ships of men and women, called Basclenses, under the leadership of Partholoim. They had been exiled from Spain and sought a new land to live in. Gurguit did not allow them to settle in Britain but he gave them the isle of Ireland to settle,
357-345 BC Further conflict in region:

Now, i will begin by stating, that it is not in the slightest bit unbelievable that Garguit Barbtruc, on his way back from Denmark, may have encountered a fleet of Gauls fleeing Iberia during this period.

Between 357 and 345 BC there was a huge war going on in those regions, and after initial success in sacking Rome, the Romans were beginning to win again, in this region, and the Gauls were being pushed out.
By 347 BC, they had been pushed out.
357-345 BC
There was single combat between a Gaul and a Roman, which the latter won. That was followed by a battle, which the Romans won. The Gauls scattered among the Volsci, and some of them went to Etruria and others to Apulia. The consuls then joined the other legions to deal with the Greek fleet. There was no battle, and the Greeks were kept offshore. Eventually, the Greeks ran out of the water and left.[51]
In 348 and 347, there was peace.
Celtiberian wars:
The depopulation of Celtiberians from the Iberian peninsula went on right through from the first Greco invasion in 600 BC, until the Celtiberian wars.
Early history of Iberian peninsula
The Greeks are responsible for the name Iberia, apparently after the river Iber (Ebro). In the 6th century BC, the Carthaginians arrived in Iberia, struggling first with the Greeks, and shortly after, with the newly arriving Romans for control of the Western Mediterranean. Their most important colony was Carthago Nova (Latin name of modern-day Cartagena).[7]
The peoples whom the Romans met at the time of their invasion in what is now known as Spain were the Iberians, inhabiting an area stretching from the northeast part of the Iberian Peninsula through the southeast. The Celts mostly inhabited the inner and north-west part of the peninsula. In the inner part of the peninsula, where both groups were in contact, a mixed culture arose, the Celtiberians. The Celtiberian Wars
Link for photo
Celtiberian suicide
Isle of Islay:
Now, it is unlikely that legends are referring to Ireland.
More likely the Isle of Isley, which is an Island on the North Irish coast, which evolved in to a gaelic speaking Irish Dal Riata stronghold
Islay
Islay (/ˈaɪlə/ (📷listen) EYE-lə; Scottish Gaelic: Ìle) is the southernmost island of the Inner Hebrides of Scotland. Known as "The Queen of the Hebrides",[7] it lies in Argyll just south west of Jura and around 40 kilometres (25 mi) north of the Northern Irish coast. The island's capital is Bowmore where the distinctive round Kilarrow Parish Church and a distillery are located.[8] Port Ellen is the main port.[9]
Islay is the fifth-largest Scottish island and the eighth-largest island of the British Isles, with a total area of almost 620 square kilometres (240 sq mi).[Note 1] There is ample evidence of the prehistoric settlement of Islay and the first written reference may have come in the 1st century AD. The island had become part of the Gaelic Kingdom of Dál Riata during the Early Middle Ages
Link for photo
Isle of Islay
Portnahaven:
And Portnahaven,
on Isle of Islay, likely derives it's name, from where the legendary Partholoim landed.
Portnahaven
On the return voyage, Gurguit came across a fleet of thirty ships of men and women, called Basclenses, under the leadership of Partholoim
Link for photo
Portnahaven
Guithelin:
Now, when Garguit Barbtruc died, he was succeeded to the Albion throne by Guithelin.
Gurguit Barbtruc
Gurguit died peacefully and was buried in the Caerleon, a city he built up from the time his father founded it. Guithelin succeeded him to the kingship.
Port Ellen:
Port Ellen is the main port for Isle of Islay, a word almost definitely derived from Elin.
Islay
Port Ellen is the main port.[9]
Caerleon:
Now, what about the claim that Garguit was buried in Caerleon?
What proof is there that Belinas left Garguit the Fortress of Caerleon? After-all, Caerloeon is in Wales/Cambria! Not Albany.
Caerleon
Caerleon (/kərˈliːən/; Welsh: Caerllion) is a suburban town and community) on the River Usk[4][5] in the northern outskirts of the city of Newport, Wales. Caerleon is of archaeological importance, being the site of a notable Roman legionary fortress, Isca Augusta, and an Iron Age hillfort.
Link for photo
Caerleon
Caerleon:
Well, you see, when Cornwall conquered Loegria (England),, Albany (Scotland) allied themselves with Cambria/Wales, and also this new kingdom (Northumberland), whilst fighting this invasion.
But Dyfnwal killed both the king of Cambria and Albany.
It would appear, after the deaths of the two kings, Staterius of Albany's son, Belinus, inherited both the Cambrain kingdom, and kingdom of Albany.
Also the kingdom of Northerberland would be dissolved with the death of Brunnias, and would fall back in to the hands of Albany.
Legend
Dyfnwal was the King of Cornwall during the war created in the power vacuum left by Porrex I. He was braver and more courageous than all the other kings in the war. He defeated Pinner, the king of Loegria. In response, Rudaucus, king of Cambria, and Staterius, king of Albany, allied together and destroyed much of Dyfnwal's land. The two sides met in battle and were stalemated. Dyfnwal then took 600 of his men and himself and dressed themselves in the armour of the dead enemies. They led a charge deep into enemy lines where they killed the two kings.
Government:
Now, it appears that no King was put on the empty Loegria throne.
Instead it appears, that instead of a King, government was placed in the City of trinovantium (London).
Likely with the kings of Cornwall and Albany acting as house of Lords.
Guithelin
Guithelin was a legendary king of the Britons) as accounted by Geoffrey of Monmouth. He became king after the death of Gurguit Barbtruc.
He ruled liberally and temperately for his life. His Queen consort was an artisan and noblewoman named Marcia. When he died, his wife took over the government as regent for their son, Sisillius II.
Link for photo
Westminster
The Green Isle of Isley:
Name
and Eilean uaine Ìle – the "green isle of Islay"[18]
Edits:
I have made a few minor edits to this article, to include some additional information i found with farther research, and also to make a few minor corrections.
I have not been able to provide a source for every little change i made, but i will however be covering all this in the next article.


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2020.09.12 10:52 JawaScrapper SUPERQUIZZ!! All the best quizz from Su'nday, Moa'nday & Yui'sday! PART 3: Lyrics & Songs knowledge!

Hi, kitsune! Here are a selection of the best quizzes we had in the special member threads! This thread will be permanently linked in the special member threads, so it will be easy to come back to it. Here the links are permanent.
 
Good luck and have fun!
 
 
 
QUESTION (Lyrics) 1
About the lyrics of "Catch me if you can", can you complete the lyrics here?
"Ooi ! Moo ii kai ? Moo ii kaai !?"
here is the song with the good answer, and here is the Du-metal blog page about the song (also with the good answer by the way).
 
 
QUESTION (Lyrics) 2
In one song we have these lyrics:
kokoro no oku no heya ni hitori. ("In a room deep inside my heart, I stayed alone.")
Do you know from which song this lyrics are?
here is the translation on the Du-metal blog with the good answer, and the song itself official version ; Sonisphere 2014.
 
 
QUESTION (Lyrics) 3
"Break"
 
 
QUESTION (Lyrics) 4
"Demone chotto weight"
 
 
QUESTION (Lyrics) 5
"MONEY! MONEY! MONEY! MONEY!"
 
 
QUESTION (Lyrics) 6
"M"
 
 
QUESTION (Lyrics) 7
"We aaaaaare..."
 
"We are..."
 
 
QUESTION (Lyrics) 8
"Oh Baby"
 
 
QUESTION (Lyrics) 9
between light and darkness, I stayed alone
 
 
QUESTION (Lyrics) 10
" yon yon "
 
 
 
QUESTION (Lyrics) 11
Kami sama
 
The answer above gives you the name of a song. The song is about girls trying to get money and presents from their dad. There are several tactics used by the girls to get what they want from their poor dad. Amongst the following tactics, which one is NOT in the song.
 
 
QUESTION (Lyrics) 12
Here are some lyrics in Japanese and their translation in English...
 
So... Can you match the original lyrics with its english translation? Of course for those who speak Japanese it will be easy...
 
 
QUESTION (Lyrics) 13
Fill the gap
In the depth of our heart,
The hot ...... is burning.
It is our resistance
 
 
 
QUESTION (Lyrics) 14
can you guess from which song are these lyrics? Note: the lyrics inside the [] are the chorus.
 
Ich konnte nicht mehr träumen
Zwischen Licht und Dunkelheit blieb ich allein.
Wer verletzt wurde war nicht nur ich,
sondern auch diejenigen, die mich beobachteten. Ihr seid es gewesen.
Selbstvertrauen, [Habe es!]
Ich konnte es nicht haben . [Nicht geschlagen zu werden!]
Ich hielt mich Versteckt
[Ich mag nicht gefunden werden !]
bis gestern. [Gestern ist vorbei!]
Aber Lebewohl zu meinem gestrigen ich.
[Bye- bye!]
 
So... which song it is? You can do it!
 
Ok... for those who speak German it was really easy, right? Next one: can you guess from which song are these lyrics?
 
Je ne peux même pas rêver
Je reste seule entre lumière et obscurité
Je n'ai pas été la seule à être blessée
Mais toi aussi, qui a pris soin de moi
La confiance (aie la) je ne l'ai pas (ne te fais pas battre)
Je continue de me cacher (je n'aime pas être trouvé) jusqu'hier (hier)
 
 
 
QUESTION (Lyrics) 15
we'll see if you can recognize a Babymetal lyric from another bands' lyrics!
Ok first one: Omae no sono konjoo tataki-naosu zo. [I will beat your ill-nature into shape]
 
Second one:
Omae wa mou shindeiru. ["You are already dying"]
 
Third one: mayoikondemo mata saki e tozasenai omoi wo [Even if you get lost, just go ahead from the feeling that can't be closed ]
 
Last one: umoreta toki tomado omae wa akumu wo samayo, chi no kifuruwasu noise de omae no kokoro kowashite yaru [You're lost in buried time, you're wandering around in nightmares, Your heart will break within the quaking noise ]
 
 
QUESTION (Lyrics) 16
From which song are these lyrics?
"Watatata taata"
 
"Cutie Style!"
 
"Maada da yo"
 
"Hitasura seiya soiya tatakau-nda"
 
"Kao de waratte kokoro de naite "
 
Dying the eastern sky true red,
the light of signal fire
tells the end of the darkness of solitude.
It's a new guidepost.
 
 
The waning moon has lit up
the insanity rampant in the shade.
The laughter resounds around.
It bares its fangs and its eyes gleam.
I can't escape from it.
 
 
In the song "Catch me if you can", what is the move they are doing on the lyrics "guru guru kakurenbo"
 
 
 
 
SONG KNOWLEDGE
 
 
 
 
QUESTION (Song knowledge 1)
From which song these lyrics are from?
Red tears overflow
and dye the night sky
 
 
The answer above gives you a song name. This song has been released in June 2013, and was coupled with an another song in the regular edtion. Which one?
 
During the Legend 1997 show, a special version was played. This version included some usual features. From the following possibilities which one was NOT part of this live version?
here is the Du-metal blog page dedicated to the song in the quiz with the good answer and more. Finally, here is the song in its Legend 1997 shape and the standard version!
 
 
QUESTION (Song knowledge 2)
Let's speak about Gimme choco! You all have seen the official video on YouTube (more than 115 000 000 views in April 2020!). Directed by Ryosuke Machida, the music video was filmed during the first live performance of the song. Do you know which live performance it is?
 
 
QUESTION (Song knowledge 3)
"Doki Doki Morning" was originally released in April 2011 on a Sakura Gakuin album. Do you know the name of this SG album?
 
 
QUESTION (Song knowledge 4)
Let's speak a little bit of Road of Resistance.
 
When this tune was performed for the first time on 2014 November the 8th (in London), many people thought it was written by DragonForce (a British power metal band) because it resembled DragonForce's tunes too much. The fact, however, is that Sam TOTMAN & Herman LI, the guitarists of DragonForce, took part in the studio recording of this tune.
These infos are a shameful copy/paste from Du-metal Blogspot
 
Originally the song was meant to have a different name. Do you know which one?
here is a link to the Du-metal's translation of Road of Resistance, featuring the good answer.
 
 
QUESTION (Song knowledge 5)
Let's speak a little bit about Doki Doki Morning, would you? Formerly "Do・Ki・Do・Ki ☆ Morning"), the song was released in Japan as an independent DVD single on October 22, 2011, serving as the first single off the debut album Babymetal.
According to Su-metal, the video director, Shimon Tanaka, wanted something particular for the video. Do you know which one?
here is the Suzuka diary with the good answer, and also let's have the song itself and the Du-metal blog page about the song!
 
 
QUESTION (Song knowledge 6)
About Ijime, Dame, Zettai :
How many version(s) of the single?
 
Somehow a famous woman, French historical figure from the Middle-Ages, is (loosely) associated with the song. Do you know who?
 
 
QUESTION (Song knowledge 7)
"Headbangeeeeerrrrr!!!!!"
This song's music has been written and arranged by a member of another Japanese band than Babymetal. Do you know which band?
here is the song.
 
 
QUESTION (Song knowledge 8)
You all know the song "Awadama Fever" right? However, did you know that this song has had a temporarily name? Do you know this name?
 
 
QUESTION (Song knowledge 9)
Let's speak a little bit about Uki Uki Midnight, would you?
"Uki Uki ★ Midnight" has been described by Barks as a sequel to the song "Doki Doki ☆ Morning". Arranged by Yuyoyuppe, the song contains elements of metalcore and dubstep, along with segments of pop melodies and death growls. Notably, the bridge contains elements of a famous and old lullaby...
Do you know which Lullaby it is?
 
here is the song and the Du-metal blog page dedicated to the song translation.
 
 
QUESTION (Song knowledge 10)
You surely know that Moa & Yui wrote the "Song 4" under the label of Black Babymetal. Do you know in what circumstance it happened?
 
There is a little anecdote linked to this event. Which one?
 
In the lyrics, the number 4 is associated with several things. Amongst the following answers, which ones are NOT associated with this number? You have to find 4 good answers!
 
 
QUESTION (Song knowledge 11)
Let's speak a little bit of the song karate, will you?
In an article published in Rolling Stone (april 27, 2016), we are told that Babymetal watched some videos to get inspiration about the practice of Karate. According to the description given by the girls, they likely have watched one of this little girl's video on You Tube, However, there is one other source of inspiration about Karate, this time a movie. Do you know which one?
here is the article on Rolling Stone with the good answer.
 
 
QUESTION (Song knowledge 12)
Let's talk about the song Megitsune - or as we sometimes see "MegiSTune", like in the official Babymetal YT channel (check the description section, the first line of the big text, I think this mistake has been copy/pasted on ALL the videos from the channel haha).
 
Megitsune has been released as a single in?
 
In the following answers, which one is FALSE?
 
The additional versions of this single have a different one syllabic name for each, but if you put all this names together it forms a Japanese word. Do you know which one?
 
here is the wikipedia page about the song Megitsune with the good answer, and the song itelf.
 
 
QUESTION (Song knowledge 13)
 
What is the longest Babymetal song?
 
 
QUESTION (Song knowledge 14)
 
If I say "Sentimetal Night", you think of...
 
there is a different version of this song, included in the album of Sakura Gakuin and was performed in the graduation ceremony of Sakura Gakuin. This version is called the "Vega mix version". Do you know what is different in this version?
here is the songso adorable! and the dedicated translation on the Du-metal Blog-spot with the good answer and more knowledges about the song.
 
 
QUESTION (Song knowledge 15)
Kirai daaaaaa" ("I dislike")
 
The song given by the first question has an intro, which is a quotation. Do you know where it comes from?
 
Ok and do you know what exact quotation it is?
 
 
QUESTION (Song knowledge 16)
"Headbanger":
The single was released in two versions: a standard edition, available via CD and digital download, and a physical limited "Head" edition, which contains the CD as well as a "neck corset" (actually a cervical collar) for headbanging training (safety first!). However, do you know that both editions of the single actually feature TWO songs: "headbanger" -"face A"- and one another -"face B". Do you know what is this other song?
 
In short the lyrics evokes a story about a 15 years old concert-goer girl. Normally, in japanese "15" translates with "jûgo" (jû=10 ; go=5) but here we have "一五” ichigo, literally "one-five"... Why? Why did the author changed the usual way to say "15". What is the reference here?
 
During the live performances Legend "D" Su-metal Seitansai at Akasaka Blitz on December 20, 2012, and Legend "1997" Su-metal Seitansai at Makuhari Messe on December 21, 2012, a remix titled "Night of 15 mix." was performed, containing more elements of electronic music. The former took place on Suzuka Nakamoto's actual fifteenth birthday, while the latter was the opening song for the concert. Afterwards this remix has been renamed: do you know how?
 
here is the Du-metal page dedicated to "headbanger" with the good answer.
 
 
QUESTION (Song knowledge 17)
 
Akatsuki.
Ok, first question, a simple one: What does "Akatsuki" means?
 
"Akatsuki" is linked to a X-Japan song. Do you know which one?
 
There is in an unusual version of the song, do you remember? One of this difference was about lines that are skipped in the lyrics... Actually even some verses were skipped. So... amongst the following verses, which one WAS skipped in the special version?
 
 
QUESTION (Song knowledge 18)
 
The song of the 4 has a special version. This version was released in the «Apocalypse edtion» of the first album. Do you know the name of this special version?
 
In this version, a part of the lyrics is different. However, because of a close similarity in the text, the changed lyrics link the song to another special version of a Babymetal song. Do you know which song?
here is the Du-metal blog page dedicated to the song in the quiz with the good answers and the song in its special version.
 
 
QUESTION (Song knowledge 19)
 
Can you guess from which song are these lyrics?
 
don't worry, don't worry
Now we're going to reborn
Set me free
 
 
The answer above gives you a song. This song is STRONGLY connected to another Babymetal song. Do you know which one?
 
And finally, the nasty question: in the lyrics you have the line: "We are The Destinies", as well as the title includes "The Destinies" and also let's add the fact that the girls are three. So, because of all of that, "Destinies" is likely to be a reference to...
here is the Du-metal blog page dedicated to the song with the good answer ; and the song itself
 
 
This one was long and tough! Congratulations you made it to the end! So here are some goodies for you!! Album from 2010-2014 & Album from 2016
submitted by JawaScrapper to BABYMETAL [link] [comments]


2020.09.11 22:44 RingedMysteries The curious crash at Tuskar Rock, Irelands worst Air Crash remains unsolved. Official theories range from metal fatigue to military accident and cover up. With two investigations spanning 30 years the truth behind the Crash of Air Lingus flight 712 to this day is unknown.

This is part of a series of write-ups & documentaries I'm doing going from nation to nation covering each nations most prominent mysteries, the first 'season' begins with Ireland. My first entry can be found here on the Kerry Babies. More info at the bottom.

Here is the story of the Tuskar Rock Air Crash, a Crash which to this day remains unsolved despite two investigation spanning 30 years. The cause of the crash i speculated to be from structural weakness, to bird strike, mid air collision and military accident.
The Day of the Crash.
The morning of the 24th of March 1968:
Plane: Viscount Type 803 EI-AOM
Captain: Bernard O'Beirne First Officer: Paul Hefferman
*Later audio inspection concluded the initial interpretation to be incorrect, the call actually said 12 thousand.
At 11:10 London advised Air Lingus flight 362 to descend and search West of Strumble yet no crash site or signs of survivors were found. Between 11:13 and 11:25 efforts were made to make radio contact with the flight but to no avail. At 11:25 a full alert was declared. Both UK and Irish officials began a hectic search, but no signs of crash were located on the first day. The following day the 25th of March ships from the UK had sighted the wreckage and recovered 13 bodies 6 nautical miles north-east of Tuskar Rock. A total of 13 bodies were recovered over the next few days, there were no survivors.
A total of 57 Passengers and 4 crew perished in the crash.
[Source 1970 investigation].

The 1970 Investigation.
A huge issue with this crash is the lack of any Black Box or flight recorder. Despite being invented in 1953 this flight didnt have one and across Ireland it wasnt common for airplanes to have one. This left investigators without a key piece of evidence which could have helped massively.
Initially the flight crew were examined-
Captain Bernard O'Bierne: Was aged 35 years at the time of the crash and served 3 years in the Irish Air Core from 1953 to 1956. Joined Air Lingus in 1956 and was trained on multiple aircraft such as: Viscounts, Boeing 720-048,707 to name a few. Captain O'Bierne had a total of 6683 flying hours, of which 1679 were on Viscounts. 25% of his total flight time were on Viscounts.
First Officer Paul Hefferman: Was aged 22 years at the time of the crash. He completed training with Airwork services in Perth 1965, Joined Air Lingus in 1966 as he held a commercial Pilots licence and successfully passed the Viscount course. Paul Hefferman had a total of 1139 hours of flight, 900 of which were on viscounts he was fresh in the role but rapidly gained experience. Just before the crash Hefferman had become a licensed Senior Commercial Pilot.
No red flags were recognized in their work history or personal life, although the crew were young there was a lot of experience including military with considerable flight hours overall. specifically on the viscount making up a total of 2579 hours being 32% of their combined flight time.
Aircraft Records and Wreckage -
The investigation moved on to the aircrafts records and the crash site. The records showed there to be nothing out of order with its certificate of airworthiness being given just a month earlier on February 1968 which would be valid to February of 1969.
The debris of the wreckage was analysed heavily, the aircraft was totally demolished by te violent impact at sea and was clearly unsurvivable. The bulk of the wreckage was found in the same 39 Fathoms of water (71 meters) as all parts were lying in very close proximity. Approximately 60-65% of the aircraft by weight was recovered. This included major parts of three engines and only a few of the fourth. All propellers were recovered as well as the complete primary structure of the wings. Parts of the fin and rudder were recovered. Basic visual inspection showed no sign of fire or explosion, with no signs of pre-impact damage to any of the engines or propellers.
However there were two items of note, an Elevator Spring and the Auto Pilot. Which will be fully reviewed later.
Post Mortems -
Lastly post-mortems from the 14 bodies recovered from sea, in all cases there was evidence of gross damage to vital organs with severe head and leg injuries. No evidence of drowning in any case, no evidence of combustion and no significant quantity of carboxyhaemoglobin.
Analysis -
The 1970 investigation focused on the two stand-out items of the wreckage firstly the spring tab which proved to be most curious.
This all could be associated with a structural failure to the elevator or of the tail as a whole. Yet no other evidence of massive pre-crash structural failure was found and it was deemed the spring could not have come undone itself but would have required an external force.
The second item being the auto-pilot was found to have suffered damage which could not have been caused by the impact. Yet once conditions were recreated and damage was replicated (specifically in the pitch datum motor potentiometer) it was found that this particular defect could not have been the initiating cause of the crash. As it does not create a hazardous condition on its own, and only has a minor effect on the flying characterists of the airplane.
The investigators had generated a string of events which could have brought down the plane. An unknown major event effected the plane and displaced the spring which effected flight capabilities drastically, causing a spin and rapid descent and finally impact. The 1970 report concluded with 'For a reason that cannot be determined from the eviddence available, the aircraft went into a spin or spiral dive or similar manoeuvre at 17 thousand feet.
30 years later a new investigation was opened which may have found more questions than it answered.
[Reference 1970 report]
The 2000 investigation.
The 2000 investigation did not conduct any further physical primary research yet reviewed the original case and all pieces of the investigation while opening new lines of questioning into multiple different areas. This investigation examined the likelihood of separate causes of this type of crash in the Viscount. This was done by examining similar Viscount crashes, the investigation found the three highly likely initial causes of the crash are as follows:
Door Strike: This theory believes the door separated from the plane and struck either the tail or the wings. Viscounts suffered from a number of Door defects, a study conducted by the 2000 investigation found that in the 10 years before the crash there were 20 non-fatal door malfunctions/separations.
Bird Strike: This theory is built upon the crash of Viscount 754D, which was due to a bird strike at 6000 feet over the United States. One Swan struck and penetrated the port tail causing massive structural weakness leading to the planes crash, similar to Flight 712 the wings on this airplane were mostly intact at the crash site.
Flutter: Viscount 812 operated in Indonesia and was witnessed ‘Shuddering’ subsequently the starboard elevator, then the port side of the tail were observed separating from the aircraft. This chain of events occurred due to fatigue of a spigot in the elevator.
Structural Failure: There a number of prominent structural failures regarding the fuselage which occurred under similar conditions which were reviewed, as well as a notable crash of another Viscount was brought down due to metal fatigue leading to structural failure. This too was considered a high possibility.
Mid-Air Collision:
The 2000 investigation brought up new lines and questioning and theories which were initially considered bizarre or were overlooked by the 1970 investigators. The theory of a mid-air collision became so strong after a brief review it was officially investigated. This was due to eye-witness accounts making the presence of another aircraft to be inescapable and undeniable. A number of eyewitnesses described a similar object flying at low altitudes which could not have been the Viscount. Similarly photos were taken of a wreckage at sea (by a civilian) which was not the Viscount, and were given to Authorities but were subsequently lost and were never officially reviewed. This wreckage sank after approximately 2 hours and was never located. These accounts were originally ignored as they were given by uneducated people and provided inaccurate time frames.
-DRONES-
Drones were first examined.
Tuskar Rock is Roughly 90 nautical miles from LlandBedr a British Military Airfield from which drones are launched. The Drones in use at the time being the (JINDIVIK) and the (METEOR) had ranges of 400 and 100 nautical miles. Both drones can reach tuskar rock and both have a flight ceiling of over 17000 feet in all conditions.
There are two possible scenarios; the first suggests that a ‘near collision’ occurred at 17000 ft, with the drone leaving undamaged but by reason of evasive manoeuvre or wake of turbulence the Viscount goes into a spin setting into motion the crash. If the drone survives however it could not have been described as low flying as it would have continued its course at 17 thousand feet until as the drone cannot be guided at this distance from Llandbedr.
The second scenario suggests the drone was also damaged, and thus its trajectory could not have been predicted. However the ability for the drone to correct its flight course at low altitudes after receiving damage is highly unlikely and this theory was considered to be incapable at identifying the aircraft.
-MISSILE-
The only possible missiles for a mid-air collision were the medium and long range surface-to-air missiles launched from a ship or a land based RAF missile such as a Bloodhound.
However the Sea Slug missile would be the most likely culprit if it were to be a missile and had a range of 15 nautical miles and was equipped on 6 British ships HMS Devonshire, Hampshire, Kent, London, Glanmogan.
A direct collision would be ruled out due to no evidence of fire or explosion on the airplane yet a near collision was considered which could have caused evasive maneuvers or turbulence which initiated the crash. Yet none of the 6 British ships which were equip with this missile was in the area on March 24th and so the possibility of it being a missile is considered low to none.
-Manned Aicraft-
Finally the possibility of a mid air collision with a manned aircraft was officially considered and examined.
Rumblings of a secret training session were identified by Irish Authorities. This was a joint training session between German and British forces in the general airspace of the crash on the 24th of March 1968. These rumblings opened up the possibility for a catastrophic event occurring during training which at the time could not be confirmed by either the British or the German authorities as bilateral military activivity was covered by ‘Defence secrecy’.
The factual basis of this rumor is a phone call given by a Royal Air Force operations officer to a fellow Irish officer to keep the Irish aircore on the ground and not fly in the vicinity that day. The 2000 team inquired with both the RAF and the German Air Force yet both denied any air activity on this day.
A separate rumor which was caught by investigators was that the US military industry and Navy were conducing a demonstration or testing flight including three assets: A Drone, a Plane controlling the drone both which would have taken off from RAE Boscombedown. The theory being either the plane or the drone had a near collision with the Viscount.
The basis of this rumor was the presence of a Canberra (A British Bomber) in the search area on March 24th, which would have put it in close proximity to the Viscount.
The 2000 investigators built a potential timeline to include these possibilities: (condensed)
However a lot of the evidence surrounding this theory is not entirely concrete and the trust worthiness of the eye-witness statements could be considered weak by some, and no eye witness actually saw the collision. The investigators went as far to compare this theory to the inverse of a 'Murder without a corpse'.
[2000 Investigation]
Closing remarks
The Crash at Tuskar Rock was devastating and really did get the attention of the nation. The cause of the crash has never been directly identified and the absence of Black Boxes shows how technologically behind Ireland was at the time.
Most likely it was a door strike, bird strike or structural fatigue. However even the investigators could not entirely rule out the possibility of a military mishap and a cover-up.
Usually when discussing these types of accidents it is very easy to forget the human aspect and the very real world impact these events cause. The truth is members of the deceased families are still alive today and still searching for answers, a single family lost both the mother and sister in this crash.
This was the curious crash at Tuskar Rock.
If there are any questions which I might be able to answer I will.
This is part of a larger series I began work on in quarantine, if you would like the link to the documentary I created which was made using radio and video from the time can be found below.
All sources are below, for the most part the 2000 & 1970 investigations make up the bulk of my research. They are dense, technical documents which can prove to be a difficult read. Many other sources were used for contextualization. The two below were the ones I found most useful.
DOCUMENTARY:
[Ringed]
SOURCES:
[1970 investigation]
[2000 investigation]
[50 Years on]
[1999 Article]
submitted by RingedMysteries to UnresolvedMysteries [link] [comments]


2020.09.10 16:12 IndieheadsAOTY Album of the Year 2014 #10: Azealia Banks - Broke With Expensive Taste

Album of the Year 2014 #10: Azealia Banks - Broke With Expensive Taste
Hello everyone and welcome back to Album of the Year 2014, the daily series where the users of indieheads talk about their favorite albums of 2014. Up today, u/tropikhana makes their series debut talking about Azealia Banks' long-anticipated debut album, Broke With Expensive Taste.
November 7th, 2014 - Self-Released/Prospect Park
Listen:
YouTube
Spotify
Apple Music
Background
Broke With Expensive Taste, the debut album from Azealia Banks, seemed like it would never arrive. After years of delays and label issues, and well after the release of the Fantasea mixtape and 1991 EP in 2012, Broke With Expensive Taste was finally born on the 7th of November 2014, in what could almost qualify as a surprise release. Both in the conventional Beyoncé’d sense of the word, and in the sense that: this album is real, and it’s here. I had never been so excited about the release of an album, and may never be again. And not only was the album finally here: it was also undeniably excellent, even for some of the most hardened Azealia Banks sceptics.
Released independently, the album works not only as a showcase of everything Azealia had been in the years the album was recorded (2011-2014), but also of her capabilities as an artist. A multifaceted, immensely talented artist with an even more immense creativity. Across 16 songs, Azealia glides effortlessly between styles and tones - why so many continue to doubt her versatility is beyond me. There is one feature here, from Theophilus London, but you would barely notice. This was Azealia’s moment. And God, it was a long time coming. Even if only for a few days in November 2014, it felt as if Azealia’s talent and artistry was finally being recognized for what it was.
Review by u/tropikhana
The album opens with ‘’Idle Delilah’’, a theatrical, larger-than-life song which was (is?) supposedly part of a fable Azealia was writing, recounting the story of ‘’a slave master’s inquisitive daughter’’ (more about that here). It’s strange, it’s unconventional, it’s somehow a perfect opener to the first ever album from Azealia Banks. Next comes ‘’Gimme A Chance’’, a fan favourite from the pre-’’212’’ days, now revamped into some kind of hip-hop/salsa hybrid, with Azealia rapping in Spanish. This is probably the point where any casual listener realizes they have no idea what they’re in for.
Track 3 is ‘’Desperado’’, maybe my personal favourite from the album. It’s Hot 97, my name is Peter Rosenberg, and, uh we're gonna get to some new music right now. This is a record called "Desperado". The production, taken care of by M.J. Cole, is perfect - the song, with samples from the New York City subway among other things, is chaotic, busy and fast. I do think this one is a bit underrated in Azealia’s catalogue. Possibly even better than the song itself is the transition into ballroom-esque ‘’JFK’’ - Azealia does not miss. God, I love nothing more than a good song transition, and these two songs are perfect. "JFK" contains a feature with Theophilus London, not that anyone’s presence was particularly necessary here - Azealia absolutely dominates this song with a confidence that even most of the rest of the album can’t match.
Track 5 is ‘’212’’. Has a song so instantly timeless ever existed? Nine (oof) years after its release, this song continues being fresh, packing the same punch it did when it first came out. Every. Single. Time. It was the perfect introduction we could’ve gotten to Azealia Banks. It’s also undoubtedly one of the best songs of the 2010s, as we were kindly reminded in last year’s onslaught of lists. The bridge. The final chorus after the bridge. The way the song fades out. Whew! On a personal note, I’m consistently and repeatedly surprised at the crowdpleasing potential of this song. I don’t think I have ever been in a group of people where its presence isn’t enthusiastically welcomed. "212": Connecting People. I do however have to give an honourable mention to the mother who took it upon herself to angrily call into Irish radio station RTÉ in 2012, complaining that this was the most vulgar song she had ever heard and expressing her shock that this was the state of music in 2012. Hope she’s well!
‘’Wallace’’ is another whimsical, fun track where Azealia’s creativity shines through. Speaking of creativity, this song actually received an interactive music video back in 2015 - more about that here. The lyrics and flow here are meta-Azealia, in the best way. While it’s not my favourite on the album, it’s a very welcome addition. Track 7 decides to give the listener a jolt: ‘’Heavy Metal and Reflective’’, the single that finally indicated that maybe the album was coming, is two and a half minutes of pure energy. Azealia’s delivery here is unrelentless, with samples of scenes from Blade Runner giving some dramatic effect. Not to say ‘’it’s Azealia at her best’’, but... it’s Azealia at her best. Also, there is just something so fun about the lyric ‘’I'm in every city / They say hello to the head bitch’’, or maybe I’m just easily entertained… Maybe both.
‘’BBD’’ is another personal favourite of mine. It’s probably the most conventional song on the album, but that’s not a bad thing. One of the most gratifying things about Azealia Banks is her capacity to switch between more established hip-hop styles (here, a pretty standard trap backing) and the more experimental. Where this song really shines is the second verse. Whew, it’s maybe one of my favourite Azealia verses ever, actually. ‘’I’m bringing out the dyke in her’’ will always be a bit of a giggle. Fittingly, the song’s cold atmosphere segues into ‘’Ice Princess’’, probably one of the instant standouts from the album. And while I don’t love this song as much as I did in 2014, it’s an undeniably great track. Built over a sample of DJ Morgan Page’s ‘’In The Air’’, it’s another great example of Azealia’s propensity to effortlessly mix styles. Bonus points for the video, where Azealia is some sort of animated snow Medusa with backup dancers? I suppose? I don’t know, it’s cute, I like it.
Now, let’s talk about ‘’Yung Rapunxel’’. Released in April 2013, still in the wake of ‘’212’’’s massive worldwide success, I feel like it was poised to be some kind of follow-up. And while it does have the abrasiveness of ‘’212’’, it could at best be some kind of evil cousin. This song is insane. Set over a choppy, industrial, almost gabber-esque beat, Azealia raps and shouts her way through four minutes of chaos. An oasis of respite comes in the bridge, complete with a little Mary J. Blige sample (‘’So tired… tired of all this drama…’’) before exploding back into the final chorus. The song never settles down, it just ends, still kicking and screaming. It’s just an immensely fun, great song. It also gave us this timeless GIF from Coachella 2015. Cultural patromony imo. Oh, and it has a great music video - she was lucky to release it in 2013, because that way it even got the whole ‘’illuminati imagery’’ analysis treatment that was raging at the time. Too relevant!
Track 11, ‘’Soda’’, is an anomaly in Azealia’s catalogue. It’s easily the most raw, poignant song she’s released. The song uses the classic trick of putting sad lyrics to a cheery backing, all while Azealia addresses themes of drug abuse and mental illness. ‘’I'm trying to hide behind tired eyes, I sigh / I'm tired of trying to try not to cry.’’ It’s a key song in Azealia’s discography, a well-needed reminder that behind the internet beefs and scandals, Azealia Banks is a person, a person with bipolar disorder on top of the same personal struggles we all have. It shouldn’t need to be said, but unfortunately it does. The quickness with which people dismiss celebrities’ humanity is alarming, even moreso in the internet era, and scarily so in the case of Azealia Banks. ‘’Soda’’ has without a doubt earned its place as one of the all-time fan favourites.
‘’Chasing Time’’ is a house, Euro-popish number, and to be honest, my least favourite on the album. It is, though, a very decent song, and may have lured in some more pop-inclined listeners to the album. Despite this, it’s probably the only song on the album I would call non-essential. This is not the case of track 13, ‘’Luxury’’. Rescued from the 2012 Fantasea mixtape - it was too good not to make the album - it’s a welcome addition to Broke With Expensive Taste. It’s expertly produced, and probably one of Azealia’s songs with the most universal appeal. Honestly, it’s the kind of song where you forget how good it really is. I’m about to get up and listen to it now. A classic maybe. And again, great music video, under which I found the very accurate comment: ‘’she sounds how perfume smells.’’ Here? I get it.
Aaand we’re back to the weird stuff. ‘’Nude Beach a-Go-Go’’ is a cover of an Ariel Pink song, whom Azealia always liked. It’s unexpected, it’s silly, it’s fun. I love it, I love that it’s here. It’s probably the kind of decision that would baffle a casual listener, but fans have known for years about Azealia’s long-standing admiration for this kind of white man indie rock (See: her great "Barely Legal" cover). Hope she liked the new Strokes album, the fans seemed to like it, so good for them I guess. Anyway, it’s a fun song, the kind of thing that few other hip-hop artists would dare. That’s why we have Azealia Banks: to do the things no one else is willing to try (also see: Yung Rapunxel II mixtape from last year - come back to me and let me know what you thought.)
The album closes out with the sister songs ‘’Miss Amor’’ and ‘’Miss Camaraderie’’. They’re both great songs, although I do prefer ‘’Miss Amor’’, the extraverted, outgoing sister. ‘’Miss Camaraderie’’, though, is a firm fan favourite, and a perfect way to close the album. And what an album.
I told myself before writing this piece that I’d try not to mention Azealia’s infamous internet presence - which is, I must say, near impossible. Azealia’s art is so eclipsed by this presence that merely the sight of this piece will probably shock or entertain more than a few. It’s understandable. If there’s one thing you take away from this write-up: give Azealia Banks a chance. If you want, of course. I’m not forcing anyone, nor do I want to. But this album and this woman’s music in general were such an important part of mine and many others’ formative years, and this album will forever be in my heart. No matter what Azealia says or does. We don’t choose these connections we make with music, and we don’t always get to choose to break them, even if we wanted to. Understand that Azealia Banks is a complex person, like us all. That she is a young American black woman raised in an abusive household. And most of all, consider taking away from this piece that she is an extraordinary artist, who despite endless obstacles and pitfalls, managed to deliver one of the best, most thrilling albums of 2014, and one of the very best albums of the 2010s. Will we ever get another Azealia album? Hopefully. I really am hopeful, even as the follow-up to Broke With Expensive Taste has itself been delayed countless times. But even if we don’t, would I be mad? With this album, Azealia left her mark on music, her mark on her era, her mark on millions of listeners, and maybe an even deeper mark on a few thousand like me who will treasure this album forever. Don’t dismiss Azealia Banks.
Favourite Lyrics
Darling Miss Delilah
While you're wasting your days alone
All your friends are hired, all your friendships are fading.
  • "Idle Delilah"
Assassinate the look - murdering the gown
Fashion-Killa, the body dipped in brown.
  • "JFK"
Why you procrastinating girl?
You got a lot, but you just waste all yours and
They'll forget your name soon (name soon)
And won't nobody be to blame but yourself, yeah.
  • "212"
I’m in every city, they say hello
To the head bitch.
  • "Heavy Metal and Reflective"
Tits out with your wife, n—, I’m bringing out the dyke in her.
  • "BBD"
I'm trying to hide behind tired eyes, I sigh
I might survive the nighttime, I might die
I say soda soda, I'm a high roller.
  • "Soda"
AZ stay talking that sick sadistic shit.
  • "Yung Rapunxel"
Talking Points:
  • Did Broke With Expensive Taste get the credit it deserves?
  • Does Azealia Banks get the credit she deserves?
  • Had Azealia Banks been a man, could her career have taken a completely different trajectory?
  • Azealia Banks’ influence on 2010s pop culture and music - it’s bigger than many would like to think.
  • And finally, where does Broke With Expensive Taste land on your 2014 lists?
Thank you to u/tropikhana for their write-up! Up tomorrow, we've got u/kappyko scheduled to talk about another debut, Christine & the Queens' Ch\*aleur Humaine*. In the meantime, discuss today's album in the comments below where the schedule for the rest of the series and every write-up so far will be posted.
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2020.09.08 23:18 clemaneuverers The book, "The Protocols Of The Learned Elders Of Zion", first published circa 120 years ago, is said to be a "fabricated antisemitic text", a "hoax", a "forgery". Recent research I have done leads me to believe that this is not the case and it is actually a genuine document. Long post!

Russian edition 1912
American english edition, 1, 2
It was declared a forgery which means there was an original document somewhere.
–Eustace Mullins
First, a link to the wikipedia page for the protocols so those interested can see how much of what you're about to read is omitted from there:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Protocols_of_the_Elders_of_Zion
The book in which they [the Protocols] are embodied was first published in the year 1897 by Philip Stepanov for private circulation among his intimate friends. The first time Professor Sergius A. Nilus published them was in 1901 in a book called The Great Within the Small and reprinted in 1905. A copy of this is in the British Museum bearing the date of its reception, August 10, 1906.
All copies that were known to exist in Russia were destroyed in the Kerensky regime, and under his successors the possession of a copy by anyone in Soviet land was a crime sufficient to ensure the owner's of being shot on sight. (source):
The best evidence of the genuineness of the Protocols is that in March, 1917 the Bolshevik Revolution took place in Russia and one of the first things done upon the Jewish Bolsheviks taking power was to destroy all copies of Professor Sergius A. Nilus’ book, The Great Within the Small, by. That book, which was first published in Tsarskoe-Tselc (Russia) in 1901, contained The Protocols of the Learned Elders of Zion. All copies of the Protocols that were known to exist in Russia were destroyed during the Kerensky regime. The law followed by Kerensky’s communist successors to power was that the possession of a copy of the Protocols by anyone in the Soviet Union was a crime punishable by being shot on sight
...Professor Nilus was arrested by the Cheka (Russian Secret Police) in Kiev. He was imprisoned and tortured. The Jewish president of the court, told Professor Nilus that the brutal treatment he received was as retribution for "having done them incalculable harm in publishing the Protocols."
[2011] Solving the Mystery of Babylon the Great by Edward Hendrie
The attack on the Protocols in the 1920’s proved above all else the truth of their contention; it showed that the standing organization for suppressing public discussion of the conspiracy had been perfected in the intervening 120 years . Probably so much money and energy were never before in history expended on the effort to suppress a single document.
[1956] The Controversy of Zion by Douglas Reeds
In 1865 the Jewish Rabbi RZEICHORN, made a speech in Prague. The speech was published 11 years later by Sir John Radcliff, who was assassinated shortly after its publication and it became almost extinct for years. Here are a few passages;
"With Gold one can buy the most upright consiences, with Gold one can fix the value of every stock, the price of every merchandise, one can loan it to states that afterwards one holds at ones mercy.
"Already the principle banks, the stock exchanges throughout the world, the loans to all governments are in our hands. "The other great power is the press. By ceaselessly repeating certain ideas, the press in the end makes them considered as truths. The Theatre renders similair services, every where theatre and press follow our directives. By an indefatigable campaign in favour of the democratic form of government, we will divide the Gentiles amongst themselves in political parties, we shall thus destroy the unity of their nations, we will sow the seeds of discord. Powerless they will have to accept the laws of our bank, always united, always devoted to our cause.
"The possession of land has always procured influence and power. In the name of social justice and equality, we will divide the great properties; we will give small fragments to the peasents who desire it with all their heart, But who will soon be indebted to us by the very exploitation of these properties. Our capital will enable us to be the real masters.
"Let us use all force to replace the circulation of gold by that of paper; our banks will absorb the gold, and we shall decide what then what value the paper money will have, this will make us masters of every mans existence. "We will promise to the workers salaries they have never dared to dream of, but we will also heighten the price of all necessities, so much so that our profits will be even greater.
"By our jokes and attacks we will render their priests ridiculous and eventually odius, their religion as ridiculous, as odius as their priests. We shall become the masters of their souls. But above all, let us get control of education, of the schools. By them we will spread the ideas that are useful to us, and we will mold the childrens brains as we wish".
David Icke writes, in his book "The Trigger" (2019), of the above quotes from Rabbi Rzeichhorn:
Make of that what you will because I can't prove authenticity, but
(a) you have the right to be aware of this information and
(b) there can be no doubt as we observe the world that the plans laid out in the Protocols, by the Sabbatian-Frankist Illuminati and attributed to Rabbi Reichhorn have happened or are happening.
This is so patently obvious that agents of Sabbatian-Frankism, some knowingly, some dupes, have employed the usual fall-back, fit-every-situation technique of condemning as 'antiSemitic' anyone who points this out and asks any questions about the plan described in the Protocols. I am not saying this is all a 'Jewish plot' - I am saying it's a plot by the Sabbatian-Frankist Death Cult that hates and despises Jews and Judaism as it hates and despises everyone else, and that this cult is part of the wider global satanic cult that infests every culture, race and country. On Sabbatian-Frankism I am at one with rabbis such as Marvin S. Antelman and many others.
The Protocols, whatever their origin, have been dismissed as a forgery since the articles by Irish writer Philip Graves in the London Times in 1921 which were also carried by The New York Times. Graves claimed the Protocols resembled a satire on Napoleon III by French lawyer Maurice Joly called Dialogue aux enfers entre Machiavel et Montesquieu ('Dialogue in Hell Between Machiavelli and Montesquieu') published in 1864. This is where the story usually ends. The Protocols were proved to be a forgery in The Times in 1921 - move along now, nothing to see here.
There is, however, other background to consider. Phillip Graves was a captain in British Army Intelligence who worked with 'Lawrence of Arabia', another British agent, who manipulated Palestinian Arabs to drive out the Ottoman Empire and open the way for the new Israel to hijack their land. Graves' uncle was Sir Robert Windham Graves, a British Consul in Turkey and financial advisor to the Turkish government who worked for Civil Intelligence in Cairo, Egypt.
The writer of the articles in The Times was connected to British Army Intelligence and there's more. Peter Grose, a writer with the Council on Foreign Relations, revealed in his 1994 book, Gentleman Spy: The Life of Allen Dulles, that Philip Graves' 'source' for the articles was a 'Russian emigre' provided to him by ... Allen Dulles. What a coincidence. Dulles, a Council on Foreign Relations stalwart, later CIA chief and instigator of the satanic MKUltra mind control horror, 'discovered' his man while stationed at the US Embassy in post-Ottoman Turkey.
The end of the Ottoman Muslim empire (brought about by World War I) was crucial to the establishment of Israel because it included Palestine. Peter Grose said The Times extended a 'loan' to the 'emigre' on the understanding that it did not have to be paid back. An Internet commentator said of the Allen Dulles 'scoop':
This was quite an accomplishment for a young American embassy employee, to both prove the major anti-Jewish plan for world domination was a forgery as well as unilaterally keeping Lenin out of the United States so he could be transported to Russia to begin the communist revolution. Strange coincidences like this seemed to follow both Dulles brothers during their long careers in 'public service' - or should we say 'serving the Anglo-American interests headquartered in the City of London'.
Dulles and dodgy are interchangeable words and Rabbi Antelman said that the Council on Foreign Relations is America's most powerful pro-Israel lobby group and controlled by Sabbatian-Frankists.
The Times articles that trashed the Protocols were written by a British Army Intelligence operative using an unnamed source provided by the infamous liar and manipulator Allen Dulles and the source secured a loan from the newspaper he would not have to repay. Oh, nothing to question here, then. Now shut up you 'anti-Semite'!
Colin Holmes, a lecturer in economic history at the UK's Sheffield University, claimed to have identified the Dulles emigre as Michael Raslovleff, a 'self-identified anti-Semite', who gave the information to Graves because he didn't want to 'give a weapon of any kind to the Jews, whose friend I have never been'. Surely having a document circulating that was alleged to be proof of a 'Jewish plot' is what an 'anti-Semite' would want rather than seeking to trash its legitimacy? Anyway, that's some background and people will have to decide what they think.
–David Icke, "The Trigger", 2019
After reading the above from Icke I had renewed interest in the Protocols and started to do a little research.
Wikipedia is "certain" that the Protocols are a "forgery"; here is what they have to say:
Source material for the forgery consisted jointly of "Dialogue aux enfers entre Machiavel et Montesquieu" (Dialogue in Hell Between Machiavelli and Montesquieu), an 1864 political satire by Maurice Joly; and a chapter from Biarritz, an 1868 novel by the antisemitic German novelist Hermann Goedsche, which had been translated into Russian in 1872.
Interestingly, however, when one looks up Herman Goedsche and his book Biarritz (again, on wikipedia), one reads:
In his 1868 book Biarritz, Goedsche plagiarized a book by the French satirist Maurice Joly, The Dialogue in Hell Between Machiavelli and Montesquieu
Also "Dialogue aux enfers..." itself appears to be somewhat plagiarized:
Umberto Eco considered that Dialogue in Hell was itself plagiarised in part from a novel by Eugène Sue, Les Mystères du Peuple.
Interesting, what is going on here? But let's continue. Wikipedia says:
Identifiable phrases from Joly constitute 4% of the first half of the first edition, and 12% of the second half
[Australian researcher Peter Myer comments on the above:]
[“Cohn's (whose research the wikipedia entry makes use of) arithmetic is incorrect. The word-count of the parallel passages from the Protocols as listed by Bernstein, is 4,361, while the word-count of the Protocols is 26, 496. That is, the parallel passages comprise 16.45% of the Protocols; this is substantial, but still less than one sixth of the total.”]
So... where does the rest of the book come from?
Back to Wikipedia:
A major source for the Protocols was Der Judenstaat (1896) by Theodor Herzl, which was referred to as Zionist Protocols in its initial French and Russian editions. Paradoxically, early Russian editions of the Protocols assert that they did not come from a Zionist organization.
Stepanov is said to have published the Protocols first around the same time as Herzl's book was published. That's awfully tight timing.
Curious.
The wikipedia page makes no mention of the original Philip Stepanov publication, or Stepanov himself (big omission), but the source authors the page quotes from do. Interesting that.
Time to look into this Stepanov character.
No Wikipedia page that I can find.
The first thing I found was this:
He said that the "Protocols" was not Jewish-Masonic but a Zionist document secretly read at the Zionist Congress in Basle in 1897. (This especially is a foolish notion since an affidavit written by Philip Stepanov, the first publisher, proves that the "Protocols" was first brought to Russia two years before that Congress took place.) source
Two years before!? How can a book that heavily relies on plagiarizing from a book published in 1897, be published two years before in 1895?
I went hunting for this affidavit, and found quotes from it in another document.
A bombshell document...
...that I shall now quote from extensively (source at the end):
According to Philip Stepanov, formerly Procurator of the Moscow Synod, Chamberlain, and Privy Councillor, a copy of The Protocols was given to him in 1895 by his neighbour Maj. Alexis Sukhotin, Marshall of the town of Orel, who had been given his copy by Mlle Justine Glinka. (Sworn statement of Philip Stepanov, dated 17 April 1927).
Glinka, the daughter of a Russian general, had been in France since 1884, working for Gen. Orgevskii, secretary to the Minister of the Interior. Joseph Schorst, a Jewish member of the Mizraim Masonic Lodge in Paris, was in her employ, and offered to obtain a document which became known as The Protocols of the Learned Elders of Zion. Schorst later fled to Egypt where he was murdered. Returning to Russia, she gave a copy of the Protocols to Alexis Sukhotin, who showed it to Stepanov and Professor Sergius A. Nilus.
In wishing to refute the later allegation that The Protocols were formulated at the 1897 First Zionist Congress in Basle, Herman Bernstein, an early debunker of The Protocols, cites Stepanov’s sworn statement, the handwritten original being reproduced in Mrs Leslie Fry’s book Waters Flowing Eastward. Bernstein states:
"…This account of the history of the Protocols in Russia is accompanied by a facsimile affidavit made in 1927 by Philip Stepanov, one of the two friends to whom Sukhotin first showed the Protocols in Russia. Stepanov's telltale affidavit, translated from the Russian, reads as follows:
"In 1895 my neighboring estate owner in the province of Tula, retired Major Alexey Nikolayevitch Sukhotin, gave me a handwritten copy of the 'Protocols of the Wise Men of Zion.' He told me that a lady of his acquaintance (he did not mention her name), residing in Paris, had found them at the home of a friend of hers (probably of Jewish origin), and before leaving Paris, had translated them secretly, without his knowledge, and had brought one copy of that translation to Russia, and had given that copy to him, Sukhotin.
"At first I mimeographed one hundred copies of the Protocols, but that edition was difficult to read, and I resolved to have it printed somewhere, without mentioning the time, the city and the printer; I was helped in this by Arcady Ippolitovitch Kelepkovsky, who at that time was Privy Councillor with Grand Duke Sergey Alexandrovitch; he had these documents printed at the Provincial Printing Press; that was in 1897. S. A. Nilus reprinted these Protocols in full in his book, with his own commentaries.
"Philip Petrovitch Stepanov, former Procurator of the Moscow Synod Office; Chamberlain, Privy Councillor, and at the time of the publication of that edition, Chief of the district railway service of the Moscow-Kursk railway (in Orel).
"This is the signature of a member of the colony of Russian refugees at Stary and Novy Futog. "Witnessed by me, Stary Futog, April 17, 1927. "Chairman of the Administration of the Colony, "Prince Vladimir Galitzin." (Seal)
–(Herman Bernstein, The Truth About "The Protocols Of Zion": A Complete Exposure, 1971, pp. 37-40. Bernstein quotes from L. Fry's book Waters Flowing Eastward).
...there are internal indications that The Protocols date well prior to 1900-01. For e.g. a reference to "the Panama scandal" of 1888 which caused a furore in France during the 1890s. Also had The Protocols been contrived by Golovinsky ca. 1900 (see source below for more info) or at least sometime after 1896, it seems reasonable that anti-Semites would draw widely on references to Zionism, the First Zionist Congress taking place in 1897. However, there are no references to Zionism at all in The Protocols. The initial opinion of Nilus et al that The Protocols were not derived from the Zionist movement, but from a Jewish faction of Masonry, were correct.
It is particularly interesting that Cohn [historian Norman Cohn, quoted extensively in the wikipdeia entry] bases his refutation of The Protocols on the assertion that they are plagiarised from Maurice Joly’s Dialogues in Hell, and refutes the notion that The Protocols could emanate from the Alliance Israelite Universelle, yet fails to make any mention of the close association that existed between the Alliance’s Adolphe Cremieux and Joly. After all, most of the publicists for The Protocols seem to have considered the association, but Cohn, eager to nick-pick on various details, neglects refuting these most damning connections. Both Cohn and Bernstein were fully aware of Joly’s associations with Cremieux and with Masonry as stated in Mrs Fry’s book Waters Flowing Eastward (both mention the book) yet they say nothing of these associations. We must therefore assume that Mrs Fry’s assertions regarding Joly, Masonry and Cremieux are correct.
Whilst we shall shortly deal with the alleged parallels between passages of The Protocols and Joly’s work, we shall first deal with background of Joly that Cohn, Bernstein et al conspicuously avoid. Joly (1831-1878) had a family background in Masonry from his maternal grandfather. Studying law, he secured a post in he Ministry of the Interior. In 1860 he founded a newspaper, Le Palais, for lawyers and attorneys. The principal stockholders were: Jules Favre (Mason who served in the Gambetta Government, the so-called Government of National Defence, which arose after the fall of Napoleon III in 1870), Desmaret (Mason), Leblond (Mason), Adolphe Cremieux, Mason and head of the Alliance Israelite Universelle, a member of the Gambetta Government, of whom more later), Emmanuel Arago, Mason, serving with Gambetta), and Antoine Berryer (apparently the only non-Mason around Joly).
Joly’s politics were self-described as "socialist", with the need to accept "extreme means". With Cremieux he shared a hatred of Napoleon III. However what The Times, as well as subsequent critics of The Protocols do not mention is that Joly’s polemic against Napoleon III was itself predated by a similar work entitled Machiavelli, Montesquieu, Rousseau, which was written by Jacob Venedey and published in Berlin in 1850. Therefore, Joly was continuing a certain polemical line of thought rather than inventing it. If there are similarities between Joly and The Protocols, then there are also similarities with Venedey. All three for instance refer to the Hindu God Vishnu in parallel passages.
According to the expert testimony of Col. Fleischhauer at the 1935 Berne Trial, Joly was himself Jewish, his name having been originally Joseph Levy, Joly being concocted out of four letters of his true name. This testimony was said to have caused a sensation in the courtroom. When the plaintiffs produced a "baptismal certificate" to prove that Joly was not Jewish, it was dated December 1829, i.e. several years prior to Joly’s real date of birth according to his own account.
Since Venedey, a communist, takes a position antithetical to Joly, his champion being Machiavelli, we can see here a dialectical process in operation, that was brought to revolutionary perfection by Marx and the communists, and has arguably been used by the ‘Elders of Zion’. The dialectical strategy consists of promoting tension in society to achieve change. This includes the promotion of ideas and movements seemingly antithetical to ones own aims in the short term to advance long-range aims. Hence, the seemingly contradictory and self-destructive phenomenon of international bankers financing supposedly anti-capitalist revolutions to bring down traditional societies, as we shall see in due course. That the dialectical process is operative here can be inferred from the fact that Cremieux was the mentor of both Venedey and Joly. Hence the seemingly contradictory, antithetical positions of Venedey and Joly represent two sides of the programme of the ‘Learned Elder’.
Venedey (1805-1871) was a Jew who sought refuge in France, due to his revolutionary activities in Germany. He was removed from Paris by the police, but was able to return due to the intercession of Arago (whom we have seen was to become a stockholder in Joly’s newspaper) and Francois Mignet, both friends of Cremieux. Venedey was closely associated with Karl Marx and helped establish the Communist International, and was also active in the Masonic order Bauhutte.
Masonry, Illuminati & The Rite of Mizraim
Mrs Fry and other authorities on The Protocols have claimed that the documents were taken from a Lodge of the Masonic Rite of Mizraim, by one of its Jewish members, Joseph Schorst. Whilst this suggestion is of course rubbished out of hand by Cohn et al, once again the Protocols deniers remain strangely mute as to the role of both Cremieux and Joly in Mizraim.
Cremieux was a prominent member of Mizraim as well as Scottish Rite Masonry and the Grand Orient. Cremieux was a member of the Supreme Council of the Order of Mizraim. He also became Grand Master of the unified Grand Orient and Scottish Rite Masonry.
The Aegpytian Rite of Mizraim or Misraim was founded in Milan, Italy in 1805 and transferred to France in 1814. Mizraim is Hebrew for Egypt. Its origins reach back to the cabalistic magician Cagliostro, who was an initiate of the Illuminati. But the Misraim-Rite was (and still is) not accepted by Regular Freemasonry.
In 1862, another irregular rite, the Memphis Rite was introduced to the USA. On 4th June 1872, John Yarker introduced the Memphis-Rite to England. Under his jurisdiction, Memphis and Misraim came together. This unification was called The Antient and Primitive Rite of Memphis and Misraim, or Memphis-Misraim.
In 1902 Theodor Reuss, a German espionage agent, gained sanction from Yarker to install the Scottish Rite (33 degrees) and the "irregular" MM-Rites (90 and 97 degrees) in Germany. In 1917, Reuss introduced some of the Scottish Rite and MM degrees into the Ordo Templi Orientis, an occult society founded in 1906. This OTO was to be taken over by the infamous "Black Magician" and self-declared "Great Beast 666", Aleister Crowley. Crowley, a cabalist, was to write his own manifesto for a "New World Order", which he called The Book of the Law, expounding a Nietzschean doctrine of "Force and Fire" on the ruins of Christianity. Crowley saw his movement as being a continuation of the Illuminati and counted its founder Adam Weishaupt among a long list of "saints". A major difference of course is that Crowley did not have the resources and influence of Organised Jewry.
In 1870 the Rite of Mizraim was established in England under the authority of Cremieux. Bro. Little, one of those at the founding conference of Mizraim in London, on 28 December, stated:
"…Brother Cremieux, however, as a proof of his willingness to assist, sent to the meeting his diploma as a member of the French Grand College of Rites, and this diploma was placed upon the table during the proceedings, and was examined by several out of the hundred Masons present. It was also understood that Brother C.'s diploma invested him with the power to found rites or orders recognized by the Grand Orient of France (the Rite of Misraim being one)…"
The Freemason reported that a
"Supreme Council General of the 90°, had been regularly formed here 'under the authority conveyed in a diploma granted to the Illustrious Brother Cremieux, 33° of the Rite Ecossais, and a member of the Grand College of Rites in France.'"
Bernstein and Cohn rubbish any such notion of Masonic involvement in any conspiracy, including involvement in the French Revolution. This repudiation is necessary on their part, since Masonry plays a major factor in the conspiracy expounded in The Protocols. We shall consider the role of Masonry and the Illuminati in due course. Suffice it here to cite several eminent sources that can hardly be said to be anti-Semitic. Benjamin Disraeli, the Jewish Victorian era Prime Minister of Britain and intimate of the Rothschild banking dynasty, one of the mainstays of Jewish world influence, states in terms themselves reminiscent of The Protocols:
"When the secret societies, in February 1848, surprised Europe, they were themselves surprised by the unexpected opportunity, and so little capable were they of seizing the occasion, that had it not been for the Jews, who of late years unfortunately have been connecting themselves with these unhallowed associations, imbecile as were the governments the uncalled-for outbreak would not have ravaged Europe. But the fiery energy and the teeming resources of the children of Israel maintained for a long time the unnecessary and useless struggle. If the reader throws over the provisional governments of Germany, and Italy, and even of France, formed at that period, he will recognise everywhere the Jewish element. Even the insurrection, and defence, and administration of Venice, which, from the resource of statesmanlike moderation displayed, commanded almost the respect and sympathy of Europe, were accomplished by a Jew - Manini, who by the bye is a Jew who professes the whole of the Jewish religion, and believes in Calvary as well as Sinai, 'a converted Jew', as the Lombards styled him, quite forgetting, in the confusion of their ideas, that it is the Lombards who are the converts - not Manini."
Secondly we have a remarkable statement from Leon Trotsky, the Jewish revolutionary who became commander of the Red Army and with Lenin the most powerful man in the USSR:
"It was during that period that I became interested in freemasonry. ... In the eighteenth century freemasonry became expressive of a militant policy of enlightenment, as in the case of the Illuminati, who were the forerunners of the revolution; on its left it culminated in the Carbonari. Freemasons counted among their members both Louis XVI and the Dr. Guillotin who invented the guillotine. In southern Germany freemasonry assumed an openly revolutionary character, whereas at the court of Catherine the Great it was a masquerade reflecting the aristocratic and bureaucratic hierarchy. A freemason Novikov was exiled to Siberia by a freemason Empress. . I discontinued my work on freemasonry to take up the study of Marxian economics. ... The work on freemasonry acted as a sort of test for these hypotheses. ... I think this influenced the whole course of my intellectual development.".
Note that Trotsky not only refers to Masonry as a major factor in revolutionary ferment, but how it had also infiltrated the hierarchy of the old order it was about to overthrow, and that both the Illuminati and the Italian Carbonari were involved. Yet Bernstein and Cohn dismiss such sentiments when expressed by Robison et al as "fantasy". Bernstein also opines that the Illuminati were a "rival" of Masonry and did not survive its banning by the Elector of Bavaria. As we shall see, this opinion is naïve at best.
Thirdly, Bernard Lazare traces the Jewish influence on Masonry and the Illuminati, as follows:
"…It is true of course that there were Jews connected with Freemasonry from its birth, students of the Kabbala, as shown by certain rites which survive. It is very probable too that in the years preceding the French Revolution, they entered in greater numbers than ever, into the councils of the secret societies, becoming, indeed, themselves the founders of secret associations. There were Jews in the circle around Weishaupt, and a Jew of Portuguese origin, Martinez de Pasquales, established numerous groups of Illuminati in France and gathered a large number of disciples, who he instructed in the doctrines of reintegration. The lodges which Martinez founded were mystic in character, whereas the other orders of Freemasonry were, on the whole, rationalistic in their teachings. This might almost lead one to say that the secret societies gave expression in a way to the two fold nature of the Jew, on the one hand a rigid rationalism, on the other that pantheism which… often ended in a sort of Cabalistic theurgy. There would be little difficulty in showing how these two tendencies worked in harmony; how Cazotte, Cagliostro, Martinez [de Pasquales]… were practically in alliance with the Encyclopaedists and the Jacobins, succeeded in arriving at the same end, the undermining, namely, of Christianity."
The Protocols (if obtained in 1884) refer to the Panama Canal scandal years before the scandal had become public knowledge (in 1892). Therefore whoever wrote The Protocols must have had inside knowledge of high powered financial manipulation.
We have already noted that The Protocols did not originate with the Zionist movement. This was the original opinion of Nilus and others, although subsequently modified after Zionism became an influential movement among the Jews. In fact, the majority of the most prominent figures of World Jewry were opposed to Zionism, and some Orthodox Jews are still antagonistic on the basis that Israel was not to be recreated until after the advent of the King-Messiah.
The principal allegation levelled at the supposed forgers of The Protocols is that the purpose is to foment "anti-Semitism". However, the following is a remarkable passage from The Protocols in which it is said that "anti-Semitism" serves the purposes of the "Elders of Zion" in keeping the Jewish masses herded under their leadership.
As one might say today, this seems to be something of a "protection racket". The Jewish masses are being milked of millions of dollars every year to fill the coffers not only of Israel but of numerous "Jewish defence" organisations such as the Anti-Defamation League, which continually feed the Jews the line that a pogrom or a new "Holocaust" is just around the corner if Jews don’t keep donating. Here is what The Protocols say about "anti-Semitism". It is surely a strange passage if the authors are anti-Semites wishing to incite pogroms:
"Nowadays if any States raise a protest against us it is only pro forma at our discretion, and by our direction, for their antiSemitism is indispensable to us for the management of our lesser brethren. I will not enter into further explanations, for this matter has formed the subject of repeated discussions amongst us." (Prot. IX)
There is much, much more to this story; what I have quoted above are abridged excerpts.
The full document is a fascinating read and you can read it here:
The PROTOCOLS of ZION In Context By Dr. K. R. Bolton (PDF)
"But you yourselves perfectly well know that to produce the possibility of the expression of such wishes by all the nations it is indispensable to trouble in all countries the people's relations with their governments so as to utterly exhaust humanity with dissension, hatred, struggle, envy and even by the use of torture, by starvation, BY THE INOCULATION OF DISEASES, by want, so that the goyim see no other issue than to take refuge in our complete sovereignty in money and in all else. But if we give the nations of the world a breathing space the moment we long for is hardly likely ever to arrive."
Protocol 10
The Protocols of the Learned Elders of Zion
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2020.09.07 15:46 clemaneuverers "Sabbatean-Frankism", "The Synagogue Of Satan" or "The Cult Of The All-Seeing Eye" – David Icke refers to it as "The Death Cult". Its' influence can be seen in everything from 9/11 to the recent "Antifa" unrest.

Last year, David Icke released a voluminous tome about 9/11 titled "The Trigger". At 900 pages it's a long read that details much about the event, but the real meat and potatoes, IMO, comes in the later pages of the book, when he begins to detail the historical personages, movements and events that would end up creating a society where an event like 9/11 would be possible to pull off "in secret", a compartmentalized society where the true perpetrators (and methods) would remain unpunished or even unacknowledged to this day.
Even events happening today, such as the "antifa" unrest, have their direct roots in this "Death Cult".
What follows is an abridged excerpt from "The Trigger", from the chapter entitled:
"What The Censors Don't Want You To Know"
Sabbatai Zevi and “Sabbateanism”
A major departure from mainstream Judaism began with a new cult or sect in the 17th century and this is of fundamental significance to the modern world, ultra-Zionism and 9/11. This cult hiding within Judaism and later Zionism is known as ‘Sabbatianism’ or ‘Sabbateanism’. In many ways this cult - with a later addition called ‘Frankism’ - is ultra-Zionism although most ultra-Zionist Israel-right-or-wrong advocates and fanatics will not be aware of this. Compartmentalisation is the golden rule.
The founder of the cult that controls events in Israel to this day was Sabbatai Zevi (1626-1676), a Sephardic rabbi, occultist and black magician who proclaimed he was the Jewish messiah.
Zevi's cult was 'the largest and most momentous messianic movement in Jewish history' since ancient times and much of the Jewish population fell for it.
The Sabbatian cult was supposed to have ended with Zevi' s demise, according to mainstream Jewish history. This suits the Sabbatians who are still very much with us and operating from the shadows in their satanic form while offering a very different public face. Sabbatians and their associated Frankists are world class infiltrators - that's their route to control and they have infiltrated all the world's major religions including Judaism.
Sabbatai Zevi promised his followers that they would return to their alleged homeland in Palestine to establish a Jewish state and here we have the origin of modern-day Zionism
Sabbatai Zevi's cult sought to usurp traditional Judaism and literally invert everything it stood for. A day of fasting became a day of feasting, for example. Traditional religious teachings and laws, sexual taboos and the concept of right and wrong were all turned on their head as Zevi advocated that doing evil was to be encouraged and celebrated without guilt. Scholars have referred to this as a 'transvaluation' within Jewish culture turning accepted norms on their heads and promoting a belief that the violation of the sacred became a sacred duty. ‘Do not kill’ became ‘do kill’ and a Sabbatian 'prayer' was 'Blessed be they who permit the forbidden'. Redemption thorough sin was the sales-pitch.
Modern Satanism is the same with its inverted anything-goes celebration of evil. Sabbatian-Frankism, Satanism, human sacrifice religions of Sumer and Babylon fuse into one force and stalk and control the corridors of global power. Sabbatianism has become known by some researchers as the 'Synagogue of Satan'.
Since all things would be permitted in the age of the messiah, Shabbatai declared many of the old restrictions of the Torah no longer applicable. He abolished the laws concerning sexual relationships. He eventually declared that all of the thirty six major biblical sins were now permitted and instructed some of his followers that it was their duty to perform such sins in order to hasten the Redemption.
Look around at the world today and you see this happening - including clear efforts to make sex with children (a 'norm' in the Cult) legal and acceptable. The name Sabbatai relates to the Hebrew word for Saturn and also to the devil-worshipping 'Witches' Sabbath', or Sabbat, which corresponds with the major ritual days of Satanism. These include May 1st (Beltane), and Halloween.
Enter Jacob Frank
The Sabbatian movement and belief-system was expanded and made even more satanically extreme in the 18th century by Jewish dark occultist Jacob Frank (1726-1791). He was born Jacob Leibowicz in an area of Poland that is modern Ukraine. Black magician Frank claimed to be the reincarnation of 'messiah' Zevi and biblical patriarch Jacob. He posed as a Turkish Sephardic Jew called 'Frenk' - Yiddish for Sephardic Jew - and this eventually became Frank. This deeply psychopathic man was an advocate of human and animal sacrifices, the dark occult and sex with children.
Frank said that 'Lucifer' was the true god. Sabbatian-Frankists were told: 'Do What Thou Wilt'. This was the anything-goes no matter what the effect on others 'philosophy' of Satanists like British occultist Aleister Crowley (1875-1947) who was an expression of the same satanic web. Jacob Frank said:
I did not come into this world to lift you up but rather to cast you down to the bottom of the abyss ...
The descent into the abyss requires not only the rejection of all religions and conventions, but also the commission of 'strange acts', and this in turn demands the voluntary abasement (degradation) of one's own sense of self, so that libertinism [no morality] and the achievement of the state of utter shamelessness which leads to a tikkun [fixing/rectification] of soul are· one and the same thing. 'Anything goes' includes paedophilia, human sacrifice and incest because depravity to Sabbatian-Frankists is a form of worship while compassion and empathy are sacrilege. Imagine what lack of compassion and empathy it would take to pull off 9/11 and Sabbatian-Frankism was the force behind those attacks.
Sabbatian-Frankism is behind the manipulated wars which are to them a mass blood sacrifice ritual - as was 9/11. Once you understand the mentality running the world you understand what happens in the world. We see the Death Cult's obsession with inversion in the inverted symbols of the Dark Occult in the form of the inverted cross and pentagram and with the dove which means 'peace' to the public mind but to them it is the symbol of the Babylonian goddess Semiramis in all her forms and names.
The late America-based Rabbi Marvin S. Antelman said in his two-volume work “To Eliminate the Opiate” that Frankism is 'a movement of complete evil'. Jewish professor Gershom Scholem agrees in The Messianic Idea in Judaism:
“In all his actions [Frank was] a truly corrupt and degenerate individual ... one of the most frightening phenomena in the whole of Jewish history.”
Rabbis preaching traditional Judaism excommunicated Frank and his supporters as heretics. This just drove them underground and into the realms of covert manipulation. Sabbatian-Frankists are also known as Zoharists because they are led by the Zohar, a group of works considered by many to be the most important in the mystical Kabbalah. Zohar in Hebrew means 'splendour', 'radiance' and by extension 'illuminated'. This is the symbolism of the lighted torch held by the Statue of Liberty (the Babylonian goddess, Semiramis) and of Lucifer 'the light bringer'. Jacob Frank, like Zevi, believed that the Torah, the central document of Judaism, was no longer relevant and should be superseded by the occult Zohar.
Frank, again like Zevi, said that particular elite people (i.e. them) are exempt from the moral law and therefore the laws and commandments of the Torah did not apply to them. They preached the inversion in which what had formerly been prohibited would now be encouraged and even done through compulsion no matter how despicable - the more despicable the better. Sacrifice, incest and sex with children were included.
A war to these people is a mass human sacrifice and something in their inverted minds to be desired and celebrated. Frank believed - as did his followers - that human society had to be overthrown and destroyed. They wanted 'the annihilation of every religion and positive system of belief' despite being outwardly religious themselves. Their aim was to infiltrate religions and destroy them from within and the same with the human values of society in general.
Now ... recognise that world today?
This is hardly surprising given that Sabbatian-Frankists and Satanists are running the show. In keeping with their techniques of manipulation, the desired end had to be achieved secretly so that no one would see where the source of destruction was corning from. They hid themselves within all religions and no religions and one of their prime covers has been Judaism and Jewishness.
Jewish writer and researcher Clifford Shack, author of “The Sabbatean-Frankist Messianic Conspiracy Partially Exposed”, said:
'Jacob Frank was not a big fan of the Jewish people.'
Rabbi Marvin Antelman describes in “To Eliminate the Opiate” how Sabbatian-Frankists established their own fake systems to appoint rabbis that appear to be the genuine article while pursuing a very different agenda. Antelman described them as 'barbarians' who masqueraded as rabbis. He said these same Sabbatian-Frankist groups continue to Christianise Judaism and Judaise Christianity (Christian Zionism) with the ultimate aim of destroying both. The planned replacement is Sabbatian-Frankist Satanism which is why its symbols, methods and ways of life are gathering all around us.
The Red Shields
Enter at this point one of the most powerful and important names behind Sabbatian-Frankism and ultra-Zionism - the House of Rothschild banking and financial dynasty. Jewish researcher Clifford Shack's research leads him to believe that the Rothschilds are related to Sabbatai Zevi. The scam of lending people money that doesn't exist- 'credit' - and charging interest on it can be traced at least to Babylon and on through the Knights Templar secret society and Italian banking families like the de Medicis into Europe. The system was honed and globalised by the Rothschilds. Jewish bankers were able to dominate the emergence of banking and finance wherever they located because their religion allowed the charging of interest on 'money' (credit), a system known as 'usury', while Islam and Christianity (for a time) condemned it.
Dark Occult Rothschilds have been the drivers of ultra-Zionism and much of the Hidden Hand structure and it is hardly a shock that satanic occultist Jacob Frank and his Sabbatian-Frankism formed an alliance in 1773 with Mayer Amstel Rothschild and the Jesuit-educated Jew, Adam Weishaupt, who later became (in public) a Protestant. The origin of his name AdamWeis-haupt apparently breaks down to mean “the first man to lead those who know”.
The Catholic Inquisition jailed Frank for 13 years after his arrest in 1760 when the truth about his Sabbatian-Frankist infiltration of Catholicism was uncovered. After his release he headed for Frankfurt, home city of the Rothschilds, and their alliance was formed. Frank was given the title of Baron and became a wealthy nobleman with a big and gathering following of Jews in Germany, the Austro-Hungarian Empire and other European countries. Rothschild-funded Adam Weishaupt established the infamous Rothschild-Frank Bavarian Illuminati, firstly under another name, in 1776. The Illuminati' was (is) based on the “Zohar” or “radiance”, “illumination”, “the light bringer” and the organisation set its sights on world control in league with the wider Web.
Weishaupt was a Sabbatian-Frankist infiltrator posing as a Jesuit within the Roman Church after apparently being persuaded by Mayer Amschel Rothschild to join the “Frankist crusade”. Illuminati ambitions for world domination and revolution came to light in 1785 when a horseman courier called Lanz was reported to be struck by lighting and in his saddlebags were found extensive Illuminati documents laying out the plan for world domination and revolution and confirming the connection to Weishaupt.
The Rothschild/Frank-directed Illuminati would be involved in widespread society-changing manipulation and violence (death rituals) including the French and American Revolutions (the network was operating before its official formation in 1776). Rabbi Antelman in “To Eliminate the Opiate” connects the Illuminati to the Jacobins who were a central player in the French Revolution and the Bund der Gerechten or League of the Just which was the manipulative force behind the emergence of communism/Marxism.
Antelman pointed out that there has not been a single Communist government in which religion is allowed to be practiced freely without interference. The 'Bund' morphed into the International Communist Party and Communist League which produced the Communist Manifesto of Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels in 1848 and spawned the mass-control system known as Marxism.
Violent revolution is the Sabbatian-Frankist Illuminati calling card. The Illuminati-Jacobins were behind 'The Terror' in France in 1793 and 1794 when Jacobin Maximillian de Robespierre and his Orwellian 'Committee of Public Safety' killed 17,000 'enemies of the Revolution'. September 11th was just another notch on the bedpost for the Sabbatian-Frankists and their bloodlust.
The death-toll of communism and Marxism alone can be counted in hundreds of millions worldwide. Illuminati imposition by death and terror both directly and through its connected offshoots would transform human society. Wars in the aftermath of 9 /11 are simply modem examples of a clear pattern through history with the same network manipulating from the shadows. This is what happens when empathy and compassion are deleted.
Rabbi Antelman in his studies of the Illuminati and League of the Just concluded:
”Contrary to popular opinion Karl Marx did not originate the Communist Manifesto. He was paid for his services by the League of the Just, which was known in its country of origin, Germany, as the Bund der Geaechteten.”
Antelman said the text attributed to Marx was the work of other people and Marx 'was only repeating what others already said'. He describes Marx as' a hired hack- lackey of the wealthy Illuminists'. Karl Marx (1818- 1883) is famous for a description of religion as the 'opium of the people', hence Antelman called his books, “To Eliminate the Opiate” - or eliminate religion by infiltrating them and tearing them apart from within so the openly satanic religion of Sabbatian-Frankism can take their place. Antelman further connects Marxism to the 'Rhodes-Milner-Rothschild nexus' and to the Rockefeller dynasty.
The former is the network of satellite organisations spawned by the Rothschild Round Table secret society in London which went on to create the Royal Institute of International Affairs, Council on Foreign Relations, Trilateral Commission, Bilderberg Group and Club of Rome. Antelman notes that Marx's original mentor, Sabbatian Illurninist Moses Hess, was a first cousin of Sabbatian Leopold Zunz and he said the Zunzs were 'an integral part of the Schiff family'. The name 'Schiff', a family that lived in the same house as the Rothschllds in Frankfurt, is of central importance to much of what followed including the Russian Revolution.
Hess was a French-Jewish philosopher who founded Labour or Socialist Zionism which appears to be in conflict with far-right Zionism while in truth Sabbatian-Frankism ultimately controls both. Rabbi Antelman writes that the later falling out between Hess and Marx was all staged. The Sabbatian-Frankist Illuminati modus operandi was - and still is - to infiltrate, take over and destroy organisations (governments, religions, political parties etc.) while posing as supporters and even leaders of them. Karl Marx was born Jewish but his family converted to Christianity in the way of Sabbatian-Frankist infiltrators and he attacked Jews, not least in his book, A World Without Jews.
Jacob Frank and his movement did the same because SabbatianFrankists hate Jews while posing as protectors of them. You can see the seamless links unfolding here which connect Sabbatian-Frankism to the Rothschilds, Illuminati, Jacobins of the French Revolution, the 'Bund' or League of the Just, International Communist Party, Communist League and the Communist Manifesto of Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels which would lead to the Rothschild-funded Russian Revolution.
Those who say the global conspiracy is a 'Jewish plot' are missing the deeper truth and making life easier for the Sabbatian-Frankists by pointing at the wrong villain. The destruction and absorption of Judaism and Jewishness is only one front in the Sabbatian-Frankist satanic war on the world. Agents and activists of this interbreeding cult have infiltrated all religions (to ultimately delete them) and controlled global finance and corporations to enslave the target population in debt and dependency. They have bought and hijacked so much of the mainstream media, not least in satanic Hollywood, and dictated political policy from the shadows through donations and other manipulation. Covertly instigating wars and then funding all sides to the desired end is a speciality.
Sabbatian-Frankists were the real force behind 9/11 which, in turn, has led to so many wars. The Web is what connects outward 'Jews' like William Kristol and Robert Kagan, co-founders of the Project for the New American Century, and non-Jews like Dick Cheney, Donald Rumsfeld and John Bolton. Others only 'find out' about their Jewish backgrounds when they have secured public office.
Madeleine Albright, Bill Clinton's 'we think killing half a million Iraqi children is worth it' Secretary of State, had 'a shock' while in office to find that she comes from a Jewish background which she wasn't aware of (lie). Michael Dobbs of The Washington Post reported that Albright's parents were Jewish converts to Catholicism (a classic Sabbatian-Frankist theme). Strange then that it was subsequently revealed that she had received letters years before - including one from the mayor of her father's hometown ~ revealing all this.
Skull and Bones John Kerry, Obama' s Secretary of State and a presidential candidate in 2004 against Skull and Bones George W. Bush, had the same surprise news. Israeli newspaper Haaretz reported:
Senator John Kerry, with his mother's New England patrician pedigree and his Irish last name actually has a grandfather who was born a Jew in the former Austro-Hungarian Empire. The news was a revelation to Kerry himself, who only found out about his Jewish roots while running in the 2004 presidential election.
The 'elite' are obsessed with their family histories yet neither Kerry or Albright knew this?
A declassified document released in 2015 by the US National Security Archive and the Center for Nonproliferation Studies at the Middlebury Institute of International Studies in Monterey revealed that Kerry's father, Richard Kerry, then a US embassy official in Oslo, played a role in the covert sale of Norwegian heavy water to Israel (through the United Kingdom) for Israel's nuclear 619 programme under a secret agreement made in 1959. Kerry's paternal grandfather, officially known as Frederick A. Kerry, was actually born Fritz Kohn in what today is the Czech Republic before changing his name ahead of emigration to the United States a century ago. The politician's grandparents converted from Judaism to Catholicism at the turn of the 20th century.
Many Jewish families changed their names when they crossed the Atlantic. Rabbi Antelman described the mode of operation employed by Sabbatian-Frankists in the United States today:
The Frankists today no longer call themselves by that name. The organisation has grown into an international group labelled by outsiders as the Cult of the All-Seeing Eye... They have expanded from Judaism, Islam and Christianity to six religions, adding on Buddhism, Confucianism and Hinduism as well. In the United States they are most active in Boston, New York, Washington and San Francisco. Their ranks and sponsors include some very famous people, numbering diplomats, senators, governors and clergymen in their ranks ... in Jewish circles, they dominate the Reform movement at many levels and the Conservative movement at the highest level.
Antelman added that Sabbatian-Frankists dominate the AntiDefamation League (ADL) and its creator B'nai B'rith, the self-appointed 'voice of Jewish people'. He said that B'nai B'rith was founded in New York by twelve Jewish-born German Sabbatian Bundists who emigrated to the United States in the 19th century and by 1860 already had 50 lodges. Antelman named other Sabbatian-Frankist fronts as the American Jewish Congress, Federations of Jewish Charities in many American cities and a clique within in the National Lawyers Guild. Two techniques employed to protect the common identity of Sabbatian-Frankists is for advocates to attack each other in public to give the illusion of separateness and different opinions and to condemn aspects of the Death Cult's agenda while secretly working to that end. The foundation technique of the cult is to set the human population at war with itself in every area of society while it pulls the strings of all sides from the shadows.
For a continuation of tracking this "Death Cult" into the modern day, I highly recommend an excellent blog post which methodically tracks it's "evolution" under the title of "Timeline Of The New World Order"
submitted by clemaneuverers to conspiracy [link] [comments]


2020.09.07 14:13 Madbrad200 The 2020 /r/Grime Survey results are in! Who's the best grime artist of all time? Who's the worst MC? What's the best instrumental ever made?... & more

Hello everyone,
For anyone who does not want to read the post but just wants to see the charts with all the results, here's an imgur album with everything detailed below https://imgur.com/a/u3BRgYV
As you may know, about a month ago we hosted a demographics survey to get better feel of the communities userbase. Some of the results to said questions were already neatly arranged by google docs, but the majority were not, so here is the results to all questions of the survey.
Below, I have also linked pie-charts or bar-charts for each and every question to easily visualise the data. In brackets will be the number of people that mentioned that as their answer, e.g USA (40) means USA was mentioned 40 times. Yizzy (11, 6.6%) means Yizzy was mentioned 11 times, making up 6.6% of all answers.
A couple of questions have been shifted around. One or two aren't here simply due to a lack of responses.

Part 1: Questions about grime music

Starting off with the fun part! These questions were all aimed at what /grime thought of grime music, eg the best songs, producers, projects artists, etc or what introduced users to grime music.
0.0.1 Describe grime music in 3 words!
The last question on the survey was to describe grime music in 3 words - here's a word cloud of that result (the biggest and most centred words were mentioned the most).
The most common words used were Electronic, energy, fast, British, aggressive, street, hard, garage, music, hard, dirty, bass, dark, underground, urban, flows, bars, bass.
0. How long have you been listening to grime?
Majority of /grime has been listening to the genre for 3-5 years (90 responses in total), however it's followed pretty closely by people who've been listening to grime for 6-10 years (86) or 11+ years (85 in total). Therefore, 171 of responders have been listening to grime for 6 years or more.
0.5. Where do you listen to grime music?
This question was mostly aimed at streaming services. It appears the majority of grime is using Spotify (79.9%!), with only 11% getting their grime from YouTube, and 6% from Soundcloud. I was expecting much higher numbers for YouTube tbh
1. What was the first grime song you listened to?
The responses to this were quite varied. The pie chart has been split up so that only songs that were mentioned 2 times or more are shown. Of these, Skepta - Shutdown (mentioned 22 times) appears to be the most popular song that introduced users of /grime to grime music.
  1. Skepta - Shutdown
  2. Skepta - That's Not Me (16)
  3. Jme - Man Don't Care (14)
  4. Stormzy - Shut Up (12)
  5. Dizzee Rascal - I Luv U
Interestingly, Shutdown also has the most upvoted post out of all of these songs (213, which is more than the others have ever received).
2. Who is the worst grime MC?
Jammer wins this one by a large amount. I think that's a shame because his mixtapes are pretty great!
  1. Jammer (30 votes, 18.1%)
  2. Yizzy (11, 6.6%) & Discarda (11, 6.6%)
  3. Subzee (9, 5.4%)
  4. Shorty (8, 4.8%)
3. Who's your favourite grime MC (that has released music in the past 5 years)?
With nearly double the amount of votes, Jme takes the crown as /grime's favourite grime MC (that has released music within the past 5 years)!
  1. Jme (64 votes, 19.3%)
  2. Kano (38, 11.5%)
  3. Wiley (35, 10.6%)
  4. Skepta (29, 8.8%)
  5. Ghetts (26, 8.5%)
I wonder if Jme lurks here?
4. What's your favourite grime crew (that has released music in the past 5 years)?
BBK pretty expectedly won this vote. The Square, which sadly is no longer a thing, came third - I wonder how they would be ranked if they were still around?
  1. BBK / Boy Better Know (88 votes, or 48.6%)
  2. YGG (27, 14.9%)
  3. The Square (14, 6.6%)
  4. Newham Generals (8, 4.4%)
5. Who's your favourite grime producer (that has released music in the past 5 years)?
  1. Sir Spyro (31 Votes, or 15.7%)
  2. Lewi B. (17, 8.6%)
  3. Swifta Beater & Rude Kid (13, 6.6%)
  4. Skepta (9, 4.6%)
  5. Teddy Music (8, 4.1%)
6. Who's your favourite DJ?
Honestly surprised DJ Oblig did not make the top 5, but these are all deserving regardless. Sir Spyro takes the top spot by a fairly large margin.
  1. Sir Spyro (35 votes, or 25.5%)
  2. Slimzee (14, 10.2%)
  3. Logan Sama (13, 9.5%)
  4. Spooky Bizzle (8, 5.8%)
  5. DJ Maximum & GRANDMIXXER (7, 5.1%)
7. What's your favourite grime song (with at least 1 MC) from the past 5 years?
Kano not only makes the list twice, but takes both first and second spots! Wiley might also make the list twice, depending on which version of 3 Wheel-ups people were voting for. We need more back-to-back tracks like Deja.
  1. Kano x Ghetts x D Double E - Class of Deja (27 votes, or 13.6%)
  2. Kano - 3 Wheel-up's (11, 5.6%)
  3. Wiley & Devlin - Bring Them All / Holy Grime (9, 4.5%),
  4. Skepta - That's Not Me and Sir Spyro x Teddy Bruckshot x Lady Chann x Killa P - Topper Top (6, 3.0%).
8. What's your favourite grime release (album/mixtape/ep/etc) from the past 5 years?
Pretty much what I expected from this question, honestly. I wonder if Grime MC will hold up in 5 years as much as the others have?
  1. Wiley - Godfather (39 votes, or 18.8%)
  2. Jme - Grime MC (28, 13.5%)
  3. Skepta - Konnichiwa (16, 7.7%)
  4. Kano - Made In The Manor (14, 6.7%)
  5. Jme - Integrity> (12, 5.8%)
9. Who do you think is the best grime MC of all time?
Think most would agree this result is pretty good?
  1. Wiley (63 votes, or 25.6%)
  2. Kano (47, 19.1%)
  3. Ghetts (28, 11.4%)
  4. Skepta (21, 8.5%)
  5. D Double E (20, 8.1%)
10. What do you think is the best grime crew of all time?
Almost an even-split between BBK and Roll Deep!
  1. BBK / Boy Better Know (58 votes, or 34.3%)
  2. Roll Deep (54, 32%)
  3. N.A.S.T.Y. Crew (16, 9.5%)
  4. Meridian Crew (10, 5.9%)
  5. The Movement (6, 3.6%)
11. Who do you think is the best grime producer of all time?
Wiley takes the crown as both the best grime MC and best grime producer of all time, according to /grime.
  1. Wiley (51 votes, 36.2%)
  2. Sir Spyro (14, 9.9%)
  3. Skepta (9, 6.4%)
  4. Swifta Beata (8, 5.7%)
12. What do you think is the best grime instrumental of all time?
This result shouldn't be too surprising, as all of these are pretty much always included in 'best instrumentals' lists.
  1. Wiley - Morgue (25 votes, or 13.8%)
  2. Rebound X - Rhythm & Gash (16, 8.8%)
  3. Treble Clef - Ghetto Kyote (13, 7.2%)
  4. XTC - Functions On The Low (10, 5.5%)
  5. Danny Weed - Creeper & Prince Rapid - Pied Piper (8, 4.4%)
13. What is the best grime song (with at least 1 MC) of all time?
  1. Dizzee Rascal - I Luv U (16 votes, 10%)
  2. Lethal Bizzle - Pow (14, 8.6%)
  3. Kano - P's & Q's (12, 7.5%)
  4. Dizzee Rascal - Stop Dat (6, 3.8%)
14. What is the best grime release (ep/album/mixtape/etc) of all time?
BIDC takes the crown here by a rather large margin. Something of note is that 3/5 of the projects in the top 5 are recent projects, rather than old.
  1. Dizzee Rascal - Boy in da Corner (56 votes, or 34.8%)
  2. Wiley - Godfather (15, 11.2%)
  3. Kano - Home Sweet Home (11, 6.8%)
  4. Jme - Integrity> (10, 6.2%)
  5. Skepta - Konnichiwa (7, 4.2%)
15. Who is the most underrated grime MC of all time?
Trim is the correct answer btw
  1. Manga Saint Hilare (16 votes, or 9.5%)
  2. Kamakaze (8, 4.8%)
  3. Trim (7, 4.2%)
  4. Merky Ace (6, 3.6%)
16. Who is the most overrated grime MC of all time?
  1. Stormzy (27 votes, or 16.1%)
  2. Wiley (18, 10.7%)
  3. Skepta & Jme (12, 7.1%)
  4. Chip (10, 8%)

Part 2: General demographic questions

The boring(?) part! This part was to get a feel of who makes up the community, as well as two general music questions at the end. As seen below, the vast majority of users are from the UK (210/1 out of 325), 54 of which are from London. The community is overwhelmingly white and Male. The majority of users on /grime are somewhere between 18-30, while the split between 'single' or 'in a relationship' is almost even.
The last two questions are difficult to summarise, so see those below.
1. What country are you from? (click link to see chart of results)
  1. United Kingdom (210/1)
  2. USA (40)
  3. Australia (15)
  4. Canada (10)
  5. Sweden (6), New Zealand (5), and Norway (5) are the next largest group
Probably no surprise at all that the majority of the subreddit is from the UK (210 out of 325).
2. If you are from the UK, what region of the UK are you from?
  1. London (54)
  2. South East England and North West England (both 25)
  3. East Midlands and West Midlands (both 20) are the second and third largest regions represented in /grime.
  4. South West England (17)
  5. East of England (14)
I was curious how this one would turn out and pleasantly surprised the subreddit is majority London-based by a large mile. The rest of England is fairly evenly represented here. Scotland (only 8 users), Wales (7), and Northern Ireland (2), are heavily outnumbered.
3. What is your gender?
  1. Male (305)
  2. Female (18)
  3. Toaster (1)
Lol
4. What ethnicity or race do you most identify with?
  1. 74.8% white (if we include responses that stated 'Irish Traveller', Greek, NZ/European, English, and Albanian, then it becomes 76.3%)
  2. 7.6% Asian/Asian British
  3. 6.4% mixed
  4. 5.5% Black (4.3% Black African, 1.2% Black African-Caribbean)
I wonder how this compares with Grimeforum, rwdforum, vip, puregrime, etc. I think it largely reflects the general demographics of reddit so not overly surprising.
5. How old are you?
Unfortunately I did make a mistake here and not allow anyone to select that they were in their 40s, which may have fudged the numbers somewhat. With that in-mind, it appears most users are somewhere between 18-30 (266 results fall into this age group in total, 100 of which are between 22 and 25). The results here are similar to those in the 2015 survey.
  1. 22-25 (100)
  2. 18-21 (89)
  3. 26-30 (77)
  4. 16-17 (23)
  5. 31-35 (20)
6. What is your relationship status?
Surprisingly a pretty even split.
  1. Single (55.4% of users chose this answer, or 181 users total)
  2. Unmarried but in a relationship (117 or 35.8%)
  3. Married (27 or 8.3%)
7. Other than grime music, what other music genres do you listen to?
This question garnered some extremely varied responses. It was open-ended, so responders could mention as many genres as they felt like.
The most popular genres mentioned, predictably, was Hip Hop (with 130 mentions) and Rap (63) making up 18% of the responses in total. Following those, UK Garage (45), Drill (48, plus 6 that specified UK Drill), DnB (Drum & Bass) (47), Rock (45), Metal (43), R&B (37), Pop (36), House (30), Indie (29), Jazz (28) & various smaller responses.
8. Excluding grime artists, what musicians do you listen to?
This chart is pretty unreadable due to how varied it is. There are a few artists that stood out a bit however that /grime listens to, namely Kanye West (of which 3.5% of responders mentioned, 43 people in total), Kendrick Lamar (2.9%, mentioned 36 times), Eminem (2.2%, mentioned 27 times) Dave (1.6%, mentioned 19 times), MF Doom (1.2%, mentioned 15 times), and Denzel Curry (1.0%, mentioned 13 times).

Part 3: The /grime Questions

This part was primarily aimed at finding out what users thought about /grime itself.
1. Did you know grime had a discord server
60.7% of you are missing out on our Discord server! Come check it out https://discord.gg/xhsw4UR - we chat about life, music, grime, literally anything, as well as hold occasional events such as 8vs8 clashes and cyphers. Just a general place to hang out.
2. How long have you known about the /grime subreddit?
131 responders have known about /grime for less than a year. That's around 41.1% of responders, meaning that almost half the subreddit is relatively new to the community. Only 8 responders (2.5%) have been here for 7 years or more. 174 responders have been on the subreddit for 2-6 years (54.8% in total)
  1. Couple of years (33.5% of responses or 108 in total)
  2. 7-12 months (27.0% of responses or 86 in total)
  3. 3-6 years (21.3% of responses or 68 in total)
  4. 1-6 months (11% of responses or 35 in total)
3. Who's your favourite /grime user?
Overwhelming answer for Madbrad200 with 61.8% of the vote, 34 responses in total. Next is HarryBlessKnapp with 9.1% (5 responses), HYPERMASCULINE1 with 7.3% (4 responses), and GrimeMemeSaviour with 5.5% (3 responses).
Do I win a medal or something?
4. How often do you visit /grime?
Most grime users visit the subreddit a 'few times a week' (40.3%, or 129 responses in total). 18.8% visit daily, while 21.3% visit a few times a month.
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2020.09.07 13:30 HedgehogJonathan Ersa Uryun - a mother missing in Ireland

As I could find not a single thread on her, I try to open this topic here.
Esra Uryun (38) vanished in the early morning hours back in 23 Feb 2011 in Clondalkin, a suburban town in South Dublin. She was married for seven years and had one kid, a two year old son. In that morning, she told her husband, she'll go to the local shop (to grab a milk, I have read somewhere) and will be back before he has to leave for the day. She drove off in their family car and never came back. Soon, the husband reported her missing. Esra is described as 5'3" / 160 cm in height, slim to average build, with dark hair and green eyes. When last seen she was wearing black leggings, white Nike trainers, and a dark top. That same evening, they found her car with her purse in the booth. No trace of her has ever been found.
Timeline:7.15 am: Esra leaves her home in Clondalkin (stated by the husband) 7.50 am: CCTV footage captures her car entering roundabout located five minutes’ drive from her home, but it is impossible to see who is in the car on any of the camera sightings. 8.40 am: The vehicle is caught again on cameras, this time in Bray. It enters the car park in front of the town’s seafront amusements, exits it almost immediately, only to return and parks in the only blindspot. It almost has an accident with another car, but that car driver has never been identified. 10 pm: Last signal picked up from Esra’s phone, by a mast in nearby Greystones. The phone was never recovered. 11pm: Esra’s car vis found parked on Bray’s seafront.
The first theory was, that she committed suicide, as the location of her car would have enabled her to use the ocean for this (there is somewhat of a cliff on the seafront, but I hope locals can draw more light to this). But no body has been found, the timing is off (suicide committers usually don't want people to be looking for them too quickly, therefore it would make more sense to use the time when his partner was at work or asleep, but judging by the CCTV she would have been still driving around as her husband was already late, she was due to return shortly because her husband needed their car to get to work) and there is no known history of depression or red flags (a bit late for post-partum depression to kick in, she had just given a shopping list to her sister in London and her mum was going to travel to spend some time with her family the next day).
No-one has ever publicly suspected the husband, but as he was the last to see her, he of course will be thought of as well. The rest of the family of the missing lady does not seem to suspect him, but it is reasonable to point out that the one actively looking for the missing lady to this day is her sister, not husband (who might just believe the suicide theory, which would make it stronger). It has also been written in news, that as the husbands contacts the police several times that day, he also mentions that Esra liked to visit Bray with the family - this could both, indicate trying to cover up or trying to hint to a suicide, but could also mean, that she just chose a well-liked place for a suicide and the husband had no idea.
Killed by a stranger theory is statistically always the least likely, but here are a few odd things. Her car is seen a 5 min drive away more than half an hour later, but it is not returning home after shopping, but going to Bray. If she decided to go and kill herself, what was she be doing during those minutes? Her handbag was found in the booth. This just feels odd. The car is parked in a CCTV blindspot. This feels like it was done on purpose, but this would not be needed for a suicide. Could be a coincidence as well. If she killed herself in that morning (as no-one has seen her walking there) and used the ocean to do so, how did the phone ping in the ocean until 10 pm? The sister pointed out, that her case was somewhat similar to Graham Dwyer's victim Elaine O'Hara (vicitims age, locations, timings, initially thought to be a suicide), but I don't think anything came from this.
And to muddy the waters even more, her car keys (with photos of her family on the keyring) turned up in a chip shop near her home in December 2011. Her husband said, they had lost a set of keys in August 2010, six months before she disappeared, but those keys had been there only for a few months. We have no information of how many car keys there were nor do we know of any DNA evidence neither on the keys, in the car or anywhere else.
Links of an article and a video:
https://www.independent.ie/irish-news/womans-relentless-quest-to-solve-the-mystery-of-her-sisters-disappearance-37847144.html
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=O1EkZK6ChIk
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2020.08.24 12:01 Fun_withDirt Maeve Quigley, Divination Professor [Update]

Professor Quigley's Office

General Information

Name: Maeve Cliodna Quigley
D.O.B: 13 June (Gemini)
Age: 29 years old
Gender: Female
Born & Raised: Ballycastle, Northern Ireland

Appearance

Faceclaim: Felicity Jones 1 2 3
Height: 5'03"
Other: She has a single tattoo, on her wrist; a small tattoo of a celtic knot. It is deeply personal to her, a sign of her old druidic heritage. She typically wears long sleeves and/or watches or bracelets so that it is not easily visible in a professional setting.

Personality

Overview: Maeve is a friendly, optimistic, and warm hearted woman. Resourceful and confident, she is the type of person who perseveres, works hard, and refuses to quit. She is a dedicated person when the topic interests her, and her mind is a steel trap when it comes to recalling even obscure details when it comes to her passions. With everything else, well…she can be quite forgetful. Absent minded and a bit of an airhead, Maeve owns a Rememberall and has intended to buy a planner but has never gotten around to it.
Many see her as eccentric and somewhat strange, seeing omens and signs in the most innocuous of things. She talks somewhat quickly and often trails off, getting lost in thought or in some other tangent. She is a reader of the Quibbler, and some see her as gullible or naïve. That isn’t entirely accurate; she’s simply open minded and willing to believe to a fault.
She has a love of history and old things, instilled in her by her mother, who is a noted cursebreaker. She has worked as an Antiquarian for many years, and keeps clippings of her mother's exploits. She has a number of antique trinkets that her mother has gifted her over the years. They’re fairly innocuous things, but she displays them proudly.
Quidditch is another passion of hers. Her family are noted Quidditch players for the Ballycastle Bats, and her father and, more recently, her little brother are professional players. Because of this, Quidditch was always a topic of conversation in the house when she was growing up and she’s never given up following the professional standings. She sometimes get tickets to home games during the holidays.
Overall, she is a warm hearted and kind woman who deeply cares for her students and is passionate about the subject of Divination and all of its facets.

Magical Information:

Blood Status: Half-Blood
Wand: Pear wood / Dragon Heartstring Core / 11 ¼ inches / Pliant Flexibility
Patronus: Pine Marten
School of Learning: Hogwarts School of Witchcraft and Wizardry
House: Hufflepuff – Maeve always worked hard and did become a Prefect in her time, though she never made Head Girl. Which is fine. That’s fine. It’s fine.
Magical Skills --
  • Divination: Maeve always excelled at the art of Divination. During her time at Hogwarts, she earned top marks in the class and became close to her professor, serving as an aid for her during her 7th year. She is exceedingly talented at interpretation and has an encyclopedic knowledge of hundreds of divination methods. She uses many of them on a regular basis in her normal life, and sees many omens and signs in the world around her where many others wouldn’t. While she never had a job involving divination, she is most passionate about that as a subject.
  • Charms: Charms, especially fun charms that makes things dance, float, or change their color, are a specialty of hers. It was another subject she always earned high marks in and a subject which she enjoyed.
  • Flying: As the daughter of a professional Quidditch player, Maeve has always longed to fly and excelled at it once she started learning at Hogwarts. She took the skies regularly and started playing Quidditch for the Hufflepuff team starting in her 4th year as a Chaser. She played every year until her graduation, and was noted for her reflexes and awareness on the broom.

Family:

Mother: Moira Glenn, a muggleborn cursebreaker of Gringotts Wizarding Bank. She was a Ravenclaw that fit the old stereotype—bookish, shy, and intelligent. She became a Cursebreaker soon out of Hogwarts, keeping up with her school friend Alaric Quigley through letters for several years. Eventually, the two ran into each other over Christmas holiday in London and have been together ever since.
As a mother, Moira is a caring and considerate woman who was very invested in her children’s academic advancement. She bought them all sorts of “early learning” media. She made sure that Maeve and her brother Edmund were exposed to culture and new things as often as possible, which Maeve appreciates as an adult.
She was away for a month at a time every other month while Maeve was growing up, due to her work abroad as a cursebreaker. It was always a special time when mother was home, and unlike Edmund, Maeve has never held it against her mother. Moira has been surpportive of both of her children’s interests and aspirations.
Father: Alaric Quigley comes from a wizarding family and was the longtime, now-retired Keeper for the Ballycastle Bats. The Quigley family has a long and proud Quidditch tradition, one which his son Edmund Quigley (new Seeker for Ballycastle Bats) has carried on.
Alaric was a Gryffindor, like most of his family. He was popular in school and was known for his impulsiveness and his sense of humor. He was always kind to the less popular kid, especially Moira Glenn, who he was partners with in Potions during his third year, which cemented their friendship. After Hogwarts, he pursued a Quidditch career (like his father and older brother) and maintained contact with Moira. The two would eventually marry after several years.
Being the only parent in the household for half the year, Alaric is much closer to his children, emotionally speaking. He is a warm, caring, and jovial man who always loved his kids and made sure they knew they were loved. He was always supportive of his kids, though he was disappointed Maeve never tried to play for the Bats. Maeve, even as an adult, is still daddy’s little girl.
Family History:
The Quigley family is a proud Irish family, with connections to ancient druidic circles in the area. The family is fluent is the Gaelic language, and still observe a number of old Celtic traditions. Outside the world of Quidditch and their ancient druidic blood, the Quigley family has no particular importance in the Wizarding World. They did not play any real role during the Second Wizarding War, though they are proud of having defied the Death Eater movement. Really, the whole thing kind of blew by them entirely.

Personal History:

Early Life: Maeve grew up in Ballycastle, Northern Ireland, a half-wizarding community. She had friends from both worlds, though her best friend was a muggle named Will. She spent a lot of time exploring the beach, searching for interesting rocks or trying to find buried treasure or hidden caves along the coastline. She knew about magic and her druidic heritage growing up, celebrating each solstice and a number of other ancient holidays every year with her family.
Hogwarts Years: She was sorted into Hufflepuff and excelled academically. She wasn’t as popular as her father and academics didn’t come to her as easily as her mother, but she worked hard to get good grades and she had a small circle of close friends. She tried to extend a warm, welcoming hand to the lonely kids, making one lifelong friend in a Slytherin boy named Thomas Kettleburn.
During her school years she played as a Chaser for the Hufflepuff Quidditch team, and her hard work eventually earned her a spot as a Prefect.
Post-Hogwarts: After graduating, Maeve immediately started an internship to become a cursebreaker. She worked in the field at first, but found she excelled as an Antiquarian; one who can decipher and identify the things the cursebreakers recovered.
She did most of her work from London, where she’s lived for the last nine years. The former Divinations professor, her old mentor, has recently retired and, apparently, has nominated Maeve to take her place, a request Maeve gladly and humbly accepts.
She has spent an entire year as the resident Divination professor, a job she loved very much and she has grown fond of her students. She is excited for her second year teaching at Hogwarts and plans to make it even better than the first!

Currently:

Near the end of summer, Maeve has returned to the castle to get ready for school. She's settled in and has decided to stroll through Hogsmeade for the afternoon. It's such a lovely, quaint village.
submitted by Fun_withDirt to PotterPlayRP [link] [comments]


2020.08.24 03:31 Readerstein [Sweet Nola] - Chapter 10

Chapter 1
Nola lolled around her bed unable to sleep. The flight to San Francisco was today.
Over the past two weeks, Nola and Ben exchanged texts frequently and excitedly, looking to hear back from the other's opinion. "Was this too much?"," How about this?”, “Can we make it there if we only spend one hour here?" Nola rolled around on her bed in bliss and anxiety. Nola had only had the twenty-four working holiday a year to go abroad and last year she used it on nursing Allie when he came up with a high fever. Ben had never gone abroad but for one time, when he moved to Ireland from Morocco at the age of five. This chance was a once in a lifetime journey for both of them. Neither of them have been to the American continent.
She decided to get up and head over earlier than planned to Ben's home. She learnt that he lived in the city centre, close to the bus station that they would take to Dublin airport.
It was 6am. She texted Ben she was going to head over now. She got an instant reply. He was also lolling around his bed unable to sleep.
After washing herself, she dressed up in her khaki shorts and slipped on a plain white t-shirt. She decided to go with glasses instead of her usual contact lens. She grabbed her packed backpack, double checked her wallet and passport and headed out to his home on her bike.
She arrived near his housing estate in fifteen minutes. The map on her phone showed a short cut through a rather shady looking alleyway. She got off her bike and walked through the alleyway that was behind a shopping complex. It was an alleyway filled with rubbish. There was a thrown out mattress that she had to roll her bike over, some hypodermic needles lay broken with glass shatterings on the basalt, rubble everywhere and there was a shopping trolley filled with empty paint cans. This was a side of the city she never seen before. She felt like she was walking through the Detroit of Ireland.
At the end of the alleyway, she made a couple more turns to his housing estate. It was an apartment block. She located his one on the ground floor. The curtains were drawn back but the lights glowed through the sides. She rang the doorbell. She heard the shuffling of chains and keys behind the door. It clinkered and clattered seven times before the door opened up. The dawning morning light lit up Ben. He wore a loose white t-shirt decorated by faded bones of a ribcage. Nola suddenly realised that she had only ever seen him wear two t-shirts, a black one with red skulls and a hole due to thinning of the fabric after many washes and this white one with a faded ribcage. We could go shopping when we get there, she thought and then abandoned the thought as it felt overly girly.
"Hi~” she smiled at figuring out his wardrobe.
"Hi," he smiled back, unable to help himself, "early for once." It was a depreciative joke to themselves as they were both always late to class. She chuckled.
She entered. The apartment was empty save for a couch and a tiny TV. She dropped her backpack beside the couch. There was still two hours to go before their bus leaves for the airport.
"Your house is so vacant."
"That's good. It used to be so filthy here; occupied by hoarders," he smiled slyly to himself. "Not anymore now. Did you eat?"
"No. I was thinking we'd get the earlier bus to the airport and eat at the cafés there."
"I was thinking of that too."
Both felt a slight anxiety having not gone on a trip of this scale. Nola wanted the window seat of the bus but fell asleep for the entire journey. They relaxed at the café in the airport. She talked about her work before she went to college which interested Ben because he never worked in an office.
The flight steward passed Ben his boarding ticket over the check-in desk. She typed Nola's ESTA visa information next. The steward furrowed her eyebrows and called for assistance. The new steward explained the situation.
"This can't be right! I checked the government visa website and it said I was clear! The e-mail said so as well."
"I can check you into Oslo right now. You will need to apply for another one and see if it gets approved by the time you get there for your flight change to the US."
"You got to be flipping kidding me!" she cried out.
Ben could only look along mortified at the predicament. They had spent weeks planning their activities, chatting with each other; they were both ecstatic for this day, until now.
"Looks like this US holiday is going to be turned into a Norwegian holiday," Ben joked.
"Not over my dead grandfather's body."
She applied for a new visa as they walked through the gates and checkpoints, typing frantically on her smartphone.
"Oh god, it's so hard on this little thing," she complained.
"Well, you better hurry up. We're nearing boarding the flight."
Nola was just about able to submit her new application while they stood in line to board the plane. Turns out there was free Wi-Fi on the airplane.
"Oh, look. There's free Wi-Fi here on the plane." Ben laughed.
Nola, dishevelled at the whole ordeal, was not at all impressed. "Well, it still takes time though. I hope four hours is enough for it to go through."
The second visa was approved by the time they landed. When they tried boarding the next flight, again the computer rejected it.
"You got to be joking! Again?!" she looked at Ben to see him laughing manically. His despair had transcended to acceptance. Nola lost it and started laughing in front of the steward processing her new ESTA visa.
In the end, a higher ranked steward came along and conjured some black magic into the computer system and she was let onto the flight. The rest of the journey went smoothly without any more hitches.
"I thought this was the Land of the Free. I have never had visa troubles before," Nola commented. "They scammed me to pay for two visas."
The flight ticket was covered for Nola by her company but the accommodation wasn't. Cheapskates, she thought. Being poor and crushed by poverty, Ben booked himself the cheapest hostel. It was ten dollars a night in San Francisco. It was a price he could not turn down in a city known for exorbitant rent prices and homeless people.
They dark sky was starting to reveal a cloudless, azure blue by the time they reached Civic Center where their hostel was located. They left at 6am and arrived at 6am. It was like time travelling, Nola said.
They passed a street with a rancid smell filling the air. There was no doubt what that foul smell was. A hobo lay sprawled akimbo on the pavement. Ben and Nola tiptoed on the road around the hob but not before Ben insisted on taking a photograph of the unsightly sight. Nola would also take candid pictures of Ben from time to time like when she photographed him photographing the hobo. It would make for good memories to look back at.
They were playing a game where they counted every hobo they seen. The count was currently at five. An average of one per street so far. Ben would exclaim an archaic phrase every time they spotted one. This time it was, 'Goodness gracious.'
"I think this is it,” he said looking at the map on his phone. They reached the alley street where their hostel was. They passed by two more homeless black men under the doorways. Standing between them and the hostel was a homeless, dishevelled hag with two large dogs.
"Yikes," Ben said, stopping at the sight of the two beasts and their hobo tamer. "Those dogs look vicious."
Nola assessed the situation. The dogs had spotted them and sneered. Then they barked a fearsome sound that echoed off the walls of the alley. Nola could feel the barking reverberating in her bones. The hobo beast tamer wore a dark, filthy trench coat. What colour it originally was, Nola could not say. One touch of the fabric and you would contract some unnamed diseases. Her face was muddy with dirt that was its skin and her hair was strangling down her face. She was a black, scrawny lady and laughed a witch’s laugh at the barking of the horrendous noise.
"GEH! GEH! GEHEH!" the hobo witch cackled a lung cancer sounding laugh. She was missing a few teeth. "You scared? GEH! GEH! GAAH!"
“So this is why they carry guns in America,” Ben said as he snapped a picture with his Sony camera. The flash from the camera shook the hobo beast tamer witch, making her shriek and covering her eyes. One of the dogs was also shocked into blindness. It whined and ran the other way, dragging the hobo witch and its brother beast away.
"Wow, nice exorcism!" Nola said gleefully. Ben let out a shrug.
A toad like man with multiple chins sat behind the reception desk in the hostel. He had his mobile on one hand and the house phone on the other and spoke interchangeably back and forth the two phones. On one, he spoke furiously in Hindi while the other, he spoke English in a thick Indian accent. While still on the two phones, he told them it was fine to drop the bags in the closet beside him and come back at 10am for check-in.
They walked around the area and saw a market with stalls ran by Asians. Probably Chinese, thought Nola. They all looked the same so it was hard to determine which East Asian they were. They came across two vagrants preforming street music between the stalls. One was slapping randomly on an electronic keyboard without rhythm. The keyboard wasn't plugged into anything. The other banged his tin can with a spoon with a steady catchy beat. Together they produced a cacophonous hobo symphony for the onlookers. Ben videoed the hobos this time.
Past the market, they came onto a magnificent plaza and at the end stood a building that resembled a weathered, grey White House. Each side of the road was flanked by an aisle of London plane trees.
Nola did a jumping pose for Ben to snap with his camera. It was the right choice to invite Ben, it was like having a personal photographer and a travel logger. He was also a beautiful model to the photos she kept taking of him.
They went back to the hostel afterwards after exploring the city randomly by foot. A new Indian man met them behind the reception. He led them to their rooms. They started to see why the hostel was cheap, dirt cheap. The carpets were filthy with dirt and crumbs, the wallpapers were peeling off, there were a worrying number of flies and other insects, a barefooted, skanky hippy girl walked barefooted across the crusty carpet and a sick musty smell lingered in the air. The middle-aged Indian unlocked the door to the room for them. It needed to be turned exactly right and accompanied by a hard shove to wrench the door open. He left Ben and Nola with the key and prodded back downstairs.
"I don't know about this place," Nola said.
"It's only ten dollars in San Francisco," Ben told himself. "It's a good deal," he said unconvincingly. Nola thought she saw desperation in his eyes.
He flipped up the bed sheet to lay them and found brown muddy looking dirt underneath the bed sheets. Ben retched at the sight prompting Nola to look over only to make the same retching sound.
"That's it. We're out. I'm paying for a five star hotel for the both of us."
"No, you see. We put these white sheets over the be- I'm joking let's get out of here."
Ben insisted that he would pay as well so they ended up in a compromise to stay in a five star rated hostel instead.
Before they left, they used the WI-FI to book the new hostel. They made some excuse to the receptionist and cancelled the remaining days. The Indian was nice enough that he only charged them for half the cost of the first day. As they trekked to their new accommodation, they passed by underground hobo blackmarkets on the footpath. The hobo auctioneer asked the other ragged hobos want they needed and told them he'd get it for you to trade. It was a bartering system. Street lights and neon signs lit up the tents of homeless people on the streets. The tents only covered half of their bodies and their legs stuck out. Car lights flashed by an alleyway to reveal hobo dumpster diving. Two homeless people stood bare footed on top the heap of the rubbish hill like kings. The dark shadows shouted joyously and danced. All these homeless black men, and the rare woman, were quite a sight to behold for the two country bumpkins.
"This is what I imagined India to be like," Ben said, "what a sight."
Nola agreed. What a sorry sight indeed. It was an eye opener.
They rang the bell at the hostel and spoke through the comm to verify themselves. They found the new hostel to be incredibly stylish. The lounge was decorated in a Victorian style; large leather armchairs, bookshelves filled with thick books, vintage style lamps and other antique furnitures. It was an entirely different world from the outside.
They took a much needed shower in the new hostel and slumped in exhaustion onto their bunk beds. The biggest plan for their trip was tomorrow to see what they thought was the most important sites of San Francisco. They planned to visit Muir Woods, The Golden Gate Bridge and rounding off the journey at Fisherman's Wharf.
Nola woke up with great relief that the place they stayed in now was actually liveable for human beings. She dressed up in her khaki shorts and put on a fashionable loose black t-shirt that exposed her shoulders. One of her favourite clothes.
She looked down at the bunk bed below to find the curtains opened and Ben sitting there playing on his phone. She dropped her hat on him to spook him. He looked up unfazed and greeted her. He was begging to be tousled in Nola's mind.
After they brushed their teeth in the sink in the bedroom, they went down the spiral staircase to the basement where the kitchen and laundromat room were. The fancy hostel proved well worth for its modestly priced value. It provided an all-you-can-eat breakfast buffet.
Nola looked unwell.
"What's wrong? Not hungry?"
There was a plate of toast and a small bowl of strawberries and blueberries on her plate.
"Buffets and I go way back. I shoved myself so much that I got a form of buffet PTSD."
"Uh-huh..."
They left at 9am and took the bus to Marin City. There were only four buses for the entire day from Marin City to Muir Woods. They walked around Target and sat at Starbucks for an hour until the next bus came to take them to Panoramic Highway. In the bus was a fat, scruffy bearded man riding with them. He would wipe the sweat from his forehead every few minutes. Ben guessed he was a software engineer. Nola couldn't help but chat with the fat American to see if what Ben assumed was true. It was. He started talking about the redwoods seeing they were tourists. The man told them about how the redwoods stretched for miles and miles. How there was a massive one with the width of a motorway known only to a few surveyors of the land. The location was kept a secret.
He bid them farewell when he got off the little white bus. Ben told her that the next stop was theirs using the GPS on his phone.
They were up in the mountains where the canopy of forests faded into a haze in the great distance. They hiked down through the woods to Muir Monument. The weather was dry and hot but the two didn't mind it since they were both physically fit, Nola with her boxing and Ben with cycling. They found it adventurous and a welcome break from the constant gloom of the Irish weather.
They reached the bottom and saw and saw an ominously looking wooden gate surrounded by looming tall trees behind. There was a reception building on the right side to the gate.
"I read about this online. You don't need to-"
Nola was already through the gate, meters ahead.
"Com'on!" she called out waving back.
Ben ran towards her. Yes, of course. Time was a limited commodity, especially if it meant that missing their next bus would leave us stranded here until 9pm.
They walked through the magnificent forest park, admiring the massive girth of some of the redwood trees. Most were actually of an average girth with a taller than average height. Ben was a bit disappointed at this as he was imagining they were all massive abomination sized trees.
"You didn't study Irish right?"
"Yeah, I only moved there with my family when I was eight so they let me off. Thank heavens," she said.
"Yeah, it's mandatory if you are born there. I was young enough that I had to learn the dead language." He paused to take a picture of a large tree. "Muir is the Irish word for forest," Ben said. "Kinda cool right, my Irish has finally come in useful for etymology purposes all the way over in America." He smiled smugly at himself, proud that the dead language was finally good for one thing and probably the only thing it would be for the rest of Ben's life. Nola gave a genuine compliment to him.
As they walked deeper in, they reached a point where the path led into different hiking trails. The sign gave out the difficulty of the course. They decided on the longest and most difficult path to challenge themselves. The path would wound back to the top where the highway was. Ben made sure that the downloaded map on his phone showed that they could make it back in time. It didn't but if they ran, they could make it.
They trudged up a hilly path, always climbing higher. They were left alone in these paths, not a tourist in sight. They hogged the serenity of the forests all by themselves. At one point, the path became so narrow that they walked in single file in silence. She looked above and saw the familiar shifting patterns of leaves, the rustling sounds of them, the cries of birds and gushing of brooks. The forest brought her back to her childhood, when she played with her sisters and neighbours. A distant memory she had forgotten.
They reached a three way path with a sign.
"Boss?" she asked.
The moment Ben took his hands out of his pocket, his small rectangular microcomputer somersaulted in the air before smacking screen first into the trunk of a tree. They stood with dead fish eyes as they witnessed the spectacle. A crow cawed and rustled the leaves of the impacted tree as it flew off.
Ben walked over and picked up his phone. The screen was shattered and gave off an accurate reflection of his inner thoughts. He turned the screen on.
"How is it?" Nola's voice was tight and she was grimacing in pain.
"I've fixed broken phone screens before. All you need to is order a LCD off the Chinese eBay and unscrew the components onto the new screen. Apply some isopropyl to glued components to free them. It typically takes about one to two months for the screen to travel through the seven seas to Ireland. You don't have to worry about customs since the screen will cost less than twenty euro," Ben paused in reflection, "I can't fix it until then. So do you have the maps downloaded on your phone?"
"No, I don't."
"Oh, right," Ben thought for another second. “That’s not good." There was a bus they needed to catch and they needed to know the way.
They stood in front of the sign that read Bootjack Trail, Troop Trail and TCC Trail. To them it was a sign that pointed to three directions, left, slightly less left and right. The bus was scheduled to be coming at 6:15pm and the bus after was scheduled to be at 9:15pm. They had been walking for over three hours from the entrance gate. It was 5:30pm right now. Tracking back was not a viable choice if they wanted to catch their bus. The only way was forward, but which way, there was no way of knowing.
"Do you remember anything before your phone shattered?"
Ben's thought hard, his caterpillar thick eyebrows furrowed on his handsome face. "No."
They both knew that once they set on a path there was no heading back. There was no time. Nola looked at Ben who had a poker face.
"Don't worry," she said. "This is what makes holidays exciting. When plans go haywire, that's when the fun begins." A night under the forest and stars with Ben, hunting bears, scavenging berries and sleeping on hammocks made of bear hide, not a bad night. If worst comes to worst, we'll hitch a ride, the American way.
"There's no time. I don't think we'll even make it to the bus stop if we set out now."
A man in his late-forties with grey sideburns appeared behind a tree. He wore a safari hat, carried a walking stick and more importantly, he had a map on the other hand. Ben ran up to him in relief.
Nola slowly walked over to them, her plans foiled.
"I'm telling ya, take this route down," the seasoned looking hiker pointed on a yellow route that did a loop around the mountain side. "There I'll head back and I can drop you off Marin City."
Holy jellybeans, no, Nola thought. He came from the top and was just starting his hike. It would take at least three hours and by then they could have gotten the next bus.
She then saw that the route to the bus stop on Panoramic Highway was a lot more than a thirty minute walk. They wouldn't make it in time.
"Alright, thanks. Let's go," Ben said. "We'll take this route."
They left the man and headed to the right route. They picked up a fast pace.
"There's no way we'll make it to the bus stop," Nola said, her hope gone. "We were too far."
"Yeah, we said we could run." Ben said coolly. They didn't factor in how tired they got after three hours of hiking. "I don't think we have the energy. I have a backup plan though. The route we're on has a side path that leads to the highway."
She realised his intention and laughed. "That's your plan?"
"There is a flaw. There was a fork after the bus stop we got off from the map. If the bus isn't coming back from the road on our side of the mountain, where we're heading now, then we'll be stranded."
They reached the mountain highway with still a long distance to go until the bus stop. It was 6:00pm, the bus would reach its stop at 6:15pm. The minutes ticked on. Every ten seconds, Nola would turn her head back to see if the bus was coming. They walked on the left side of the road beside the drainage. To the right was the endless sea of redwoods. She felt thirsty. Nola was out of her water, Ben passed his to her. She drank it without wiping the mouthpiece.
"Wait, wait!"
"The bus?!" She looked back.
"No. Aren't you going to wipe it first?"
"No." She looked directly into his eyes as she took a sip. Nola saw him blushing while he shuffled with his camera bag, stuffing his camera back in.
It was 6:18pm. They didn't even make it to the fork in the road and the bus hadn't passed their mountainside road. The heat was sweltering and her back was soaked. Nola felt despair. It was over. She was sure of it until she looked at Ben waving frantically.
"Yes!" Ben shouted back to Nola. "Look, Nola! We're saved!"
Nola screamed joyously and jumped and waved like a deranged lunatic. Ben kept his usual cool but was grinning widely.
The bus stopped on the side of the road, letting them on. When they got on, they realised they didn't have enough small change for the fare. There was an American man with an Asian lady and a whole group of children on the bus. The chivalrous American man paid for both of their fares.
"What a kind and hot American man," Ben whispered to Nola. Nola lay as exhausted as a drunkard but still had remaining conscious to snicker at his joke. It was a joke right? She was too exhausted to think anymore.
Just to test and tease him, she rested her head on Ben's shoulder.
"Wake me when we get there." she dozed off, smiling in her sleep.
Chapter 11
submitted by Readerstein to redditserials [link] [comments]


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  2. The Irish House Party - Uilleann Pipes - YouTube
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  5. Time To Say Goodbye - A brilliant busker in Dublin - YouTube
  6. How to do a basic reel step for Irish set dancing - YouTube
  7. Irish dance tutorial for Riverdance — The Gathering - YouTube
  8. The Pogues With The Dubliners - YouTube
  9. London Irish Series1 Episode 1 - One Handed Pub Quiz ...
  10. Booze & Glory - 'London Skinhead Crew' - Official Video ...

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