Www whos dating que

Whos camila dating - Rich woman looking for older man & younger woman. I'm laid back and get along with everyone. Looking for an old soul like myself. I'm a man. My interests include staying up late and taking naps. How to get a good man. It is not easy for women to find a good man, and to be honest it is not easy for a man to find a good woman. Que 9’s Girlfriend. Que 9 is single. He is not dating anyone currently. Que had at least 1 relationship in the past. Que 9 has not been previously engaged. He was born Quarrion Philips in Detroit, Michigan. He discovered his love of music at the age of one. He was always the center of attention growing up and loved to perform. Dating Deal-Breakers. By Marianne Wait. From the WebMD Archives. He’s rude to the waiter or downs too many drinks. She always wants to know where you are, or shows up late all the time. Are ... Online Dating at Match.com. Every year, hundreds of thousands of people find love on Match.com. Match.com pioneered the Internet dating industry, launching in 1995 and today serves millions of singles in 24 countries.Match.com continues to redefine the way single men and single women meet, flirt, date and fall in love, proving time and again that you can make love happen through online dating ... Who's dating sandra bullock - How to get a good man. It is not easy for women to find a good man, and to be honest it is not easy for a man to find a good woman. Find single man in the US with online dating. Looking for sympathy in all the wrong places? Now, try the right place. Men looking for a man - Women looking for a woman. Whos dating miranda cosgrove - Find single man in the US with rapport. Looking for novel in all the wrong places? Now, try the right place. Men looking for a woman - Women looking for a man. Register and search over 40 million singles: voice recordings. Que’s Girlfriend. Que is single. He is not dating anyone currently. Que had at least 1 relationship in the past. Que has not been previously engaged. He was born in Kansas City, Missouri and raised in Atlanta, Georgia. According to our records, he has no children. Like many celebrities and famous people, Que keeps his personal and love life ... Online dating isn’t always a ball of fun — it’s actually more like a rollercoaster ride with ups and downs. When you’re experiencing those downs, laughter is the best way to pick yourself up.We’ve compiled a list of 21 funny quotes about online dating (from experts in the industry, comedians, and the jewels of the […] Using an online dating service, Brett met Daya, who's from the Philippines. They were married in 2015 and welcomed a baby girl, Isabella, two years later. ... Que nosso Pai abençoe a todos vcs e ... Burt Lancaster is rumoured to have hooked up with Marlene Dietrich (1961) and Yvonne De Carlo (1948).. About. American Actor Burt Lancaster was born Burton Stephen Lancaster on 2nd November, 1913 in New York City, New York, USA and passed away on 20th Oct 1994 Century City, California, USA aged 80. He is most remembered for Elmer Gantry. His zodiac sign is Scorpio.

The murder of Anderson Souza - and how his celebrity wife, several of his 55 kids and an alleged sex cult play into it

2020.08.28 07:23 ritavitz The murder of Anderson Souza - and how his celebrity wife, several of his 55 kids and an alleged sex cult play into it

The murder of Anderson Souza - and how his celebrity wife, several of his 55 kids and an alleged sex cult play into it
Okay, first of all, this is a lot to unpack here, so it may be a long one. The case is all over the brazilian media as shit hit the fan quite recently and the family was a HUGE deal among the evangelical community. There is a lot of speculation and things are still unfolding but I'll try and make sure to link the sauces and give a general perspective of it all. English ain't my first language either so bear with me.

Who were Anderson and his wife, Flordelis?

Flordelis was born in a favela in Rio, in 1961. After losing her brother and father on a car crash at 14, she began visiting the evangelical church regularly and basically dedicating her life to social work - often helping kids involved with drug trafficking, prostitution or victims of domestic violence. She began to build a reputation for herself, as her humble home now turned into a sort of daycare that housed over 100 children, according to her own bio.
In 1993, she met a young preacher, Anderson Souza, in the church she used to visit. From there on, Anderson started frequenting her household, and shortly after he became one of her fostered kids - along with 3 biological ones and 4 non-biological. He then became her son-in-law, after dating Simone, one of the bio kids, and after splitting up with her, married Flordelis in 1994.
The couple proceeded to care for 55 kids, 51 non-bio and 4 bio. Their reputation only grew stronger, and in 2009 a movie about her life was made with a cast filled to the brim with top brazilian actors and actresses - 'Flordelis - Basta uma palavra para mudar', in which all of the money made was donated back to her organization. This blew up her gospel singer career, ongoing since 1998, landing her a deal with a record label. She became a congresswoman in 2018, with over 200k votes.

The crime

In the night of June 16, 2019, Anderson was shot over 30 times in the garage of the family house, right after arriving home. The official statement made by Flordelis and other family members claims that they were being followed by two suspicious looking motorcycles for some time, and as the couple got home Anderson went back at the garage to pick up something they forgot, the family heard the shots. Hours later, in her official statement, the widow claim it was a break in gone wrong, resulting in Anderson 'shot to death trying to protect his family'. This hypothesis was quickly thrown away by investigators, stating that the M.O. was more consistent with that of an execution - a not unusual death for politicians in Brazil. Anderson's phone, an important piece of evidence, was nowhere to be found.

The arrests and the confession

On the day after the killing, Flordelis's son (and Anderson's stepson) Flávio was arrested in the funeral for his connections to the murder and a previous arrest warrant for domestic violence. The police claimed that the families two guard dogs weren't disturbed by the presence of an intruder, and ordered tests for tranquilizers in their boodstream. When those came back negative, this combined with the sheer number of shots was enough to suspect an inside job.
A day later, the murder weapon was found inside the house, and Flávio confessed to firing 6 times - but not before implicating his younger brother Lucas in the killing, stating that he was in on it and bought the weapon.
What followed was a domino effect that is still being investigated by the police and seems to point at Flordelis being the mastermind behind the murder and, allegedly, exposing the couple's dark side.

The family involvement

A few days later, one of the 55 brothers stepped forward, and through an annonynous statement, blew the case wide open. He was in the house the night the crime happened, and told the police that not only there were no motorcycle noises, he came down to the garage to see Flávio covered in blood next to Anderson's body. Flávio then took Anderson phone and gave it to Flordelis. He also stated at least 3 of his sisters seemed to be involved in it, that one of them even offered his brother, Lucas, money to execute the killing, that he saw Flordelis saying, in one occasion 'Your father time is coming' after he was repeatedly hospitalized. Even more bizarre, he claimed that he suspected his sisters and mother to be causing the hospitalization, by putting 'some medicine in his food'.
2 months later, Lucas and Flávio are indicted for muder. In their statements, Lucas says Flordelis ordered the hit on her husband, and confirms that his sister also tried to hire him to do the hit. The investigators then decide that there was more to this story, and launch a second part of the operation, trying to find out the family involvement as a whole.

Possibe motives and the unfolding

In November 2019, Flordelis, still working as a congresswoman, suposedly got a letter from an inmate's wife, in which his son, Lucas, pointed Mizael, another one of his brothers, as the mastermind. Mizael on the other hand claims that Flordelis planned the whole thing - and the police quickly rules the letter as a forgery. On some of the sources I researched, the motive was firstly pointed as being jealousy from an alleged affair on Anderson's part, but it seems that the main consensus is that since the couple's fortune was large and Anderson was the one in charge of it, that lead to the wife and some of the sons to question Anderson's priorities. With a hit, they could regain control of it and split however they liked it.
The details of the case from this point on up untill June 2020 are murky, as they are still under investigation. But some of the highlights are:
  • The poisoning was real - Flordelis and two of the daughters were gradually lacing Anderson's food with arsenic, since as early as May 2018. This is backed up by several trips to the emergency unit, with vomiting, diarrhea, profuse sweating and other symptoms, according to the DA.
  • Simone, one of Flordelis's bio daughters, admitted to murder for hire and poisoning charges, being caught making several google searches in her phone. For those of you that aren't Portuguese speakers, they say, quite literally: 'Copper cyanide where to buy', 'Murderer online where to find', 'Poison to kill people legal and easy to...', 'someone criminal where to find online', etc. You can't make that up.
  • After the second police operation, 11 people were arrested. 8 of the couple's sons, 1 of their granddaughters and 2 of the couple's close friends. They either planned the hit, faked the letter, poisoned him or tried to hire someone to murder him.
  • Since law is backwards round here, Flordelis can't be arrested - as a congresswoman, they can only go to jail if the crime is violent and they're caught red handed. Thus, she's still preaching and working for the govt, and as soon as her term ends she's expected to be tried for every one of those crimes, plus conspiracy to murder as she was the mastermind. She was formally charged 4 days ago.
  • Since she was formally charged, A WHOLE LOT OF PEOPLE that used to believe her are stepping up to tell on the couple weird behaviours. And I mean A LOT of people. The couple was said to treat their first 8 sons wildly different from the other 47, calling them 'the first generation', and giving them better rooms and food. The other 47 ate every day, for their entire lives just bread, rice, beans, macaronni and hot dogs. They kept the refrigerator with the 'good food' upstairs where the first 8 sons slept.
  • She was also said to be a frequent visitor of a swing house, as early as 2007, having a private room there. Her bio daughter and Anderson, who was said bio daughter's ex, were also seen several times on the same place. Curiously, that might have been the last place Anderson went - he was spotted 500m from there the night of the murder, and to this day the place they went was 'never remembered' by Flordelis.
  • Another one of Flordelis's non-bio sons accused her of going to his room to have sex with him, as well as offering her daughters to have sex with him, as a 'welcome gift' to the house.
  • Another statement from an annonymous source told the police she saw the couple and the bio daughter, Simone, walking out of a room with only a towel covering them.
  • Another perhaps even more bizarre statement comes from a witness that wasn't Flordelis's adopted kid, but lived in the house for some time. He told the police that they starved him in a room for 7 days, wearing nothing but white clothes, and he could only pray. Then Flordelis allegedly had sex with him. In another instance, Anderson asked Flordelis if he could have relations with another one of her daughters. She then agreed and he proceeded to do so, against the daughters will. We should take this with a grain of salt, as the witness says he has been treated for schizophrenia for 6 months now, altough the claims were suposedly reported to the higher ups at Flordelis's church in the early 2000s.
And that's it :) I hope you guys enjoyed it, there's a lot to cover here so feel free to add anything I might've gotten wrong or forgot about. Links below but all the articles are in portuguese :(

  1. Who are Flordelis and Anderson
  2. The crime
  3. The arrests and the confession, also this, also this, also this.
  4. The family involvement
  5. The allegations, motive, and a comprehensive timeline, also this, also this,also this, also this, also this, also this,also this,also this, also this, also this, also this.

Flordelis and Anderson
submitted by ritavitz to TrueCrime [link] [comments]


2020.08.12 00:55 bhambetty 2020 Best of r/Birmingham

Below are the results of the 2020 Best of Birmingham Guide! I am only listing the top three picks for all categories, for the sake of brevity, and some categories may have fewer than three top picks due to lack of consensus in voting. You can see a list of all responses here.
Thanks to all who voted. If you didn’t get a chance to submit your picks, drop a note in the comments. I plan to do this every year.
Get yer scrolling finger ready!

Food and Drink

Best Fine Dining Restaurant
  1. Highlands Bar & Grill - 45%
  2. Automatic Seafood and Oysters - 11%
  3. (Tie) Café Dupont & Chez Fonfon - 9%
Best Casual Restaurant (overall)
  1. Rojo - 10%
  2. Trattoria Zaza - 9%
  3. (Tie) Back Forty Beer Company, El Barrio, & Paramount - 7%
Best Mexican/Tex-Mex/Latin American Restaurant
  1. El Barrio - 34%
  2. Los Amigos - 11%
  3. Rojo - 8%
Best Tacos
  1. Dos Hermanos - 43%
  2. Taco Morro Loco - 18%
  3. Gordo's - 11%
Best Italian Restaurant
  1. Gianmarco's - 48%
  2. Giuseppe's Café - 21%
  3. Bettola - 8%
Best Pizza
  1. Post Office Pies - 27%
  2. Slice - 20%
  3. (Tie) Davenport’s Pizza Palace & Trattoria Zaza - 8%
Best Chinese Restaurant
  1. Red Pearl - 33%
  2. Mr. Chen's - 24%
  3. New China Town - 11%
Best Japanese Restaurant
  1. Ikko - 18%
  2. Shu Shop - 13%
  3. (Tie) Bamboo on 2nd, Kobe, & Sushi Village - 11%
Best Thai Restaurant
  1. Blue Pacific - 45%
  2. Surin - 25%
  3. Yum Yai - 13%
Best Indian Restaurant
  1. Taj India - 38%
  2. Bay Leaf - 29%
  3. Silver Coin - 22%
Best Asian (other) Restaurant
  1. Bamboo on 2nd - 17%
  2. Phở Quê Hương - 11%
  3. (Tie) Saigon Noodle House, Shu Shop, & Yummefy - 8%
Best Mediterranean/Middle Eastern Restaurant
  1. Makarios - 32%
  2. Falafel Café - 23%
  3. (Tie) Pita Stop & The Purple Onion - 9%
Best American Style Restaurant
  1. Jack Brown's Beer and Burger Joint - 14%
  2. (Tie) Johnny's, Niki's West, & Yo’ Mama's - 9%
  3. Paramount - 6%
Best Ethnic Restaurant Not Categorized Above
  1. Tropicaleo - 29%
  2. Red Sea Ethiopian and Mediterranean - 19%
  3. Miami Fusion Café - 10%
Best Vegetarian/Vegan Options
  1. Tropicaleo - 24%
  2. Golden Temple - 21%
  3. Shu Shop - 7%
Best BBQ Restaurant
  1. Saw's - 62% (Y’all were split on which location is best)
  2. Rodney Scott’s BBQ - 11%
  3. (Tie) Full Moon Bar-B-Que & Rusty's Bar-B-Q - 6%
Best Food Truck
  1. Eugene's Hot Chicken - 28%
  2. Dos Hermanos - 23%
  3. (Tie) Paradise Chow & Shindigs - 7%
Best Wings
  1. Saw's - 24%
  2. Moe's Original BBQ - 17%
  3. Paramount - 14%
Best Hot Dog
  1. Gus's Hot Dogs - 60%
  2. Sneaky Pete’s - 12%
  3. Paramount - 8%
Best Bakery
  1. Birmingham Breadworks - 24%
  2. Continental Bakery - 20%
  3. Edgar's Bakery - 16%
Best Ice Cream
  1. Big Spoon Creamery - 62%
  2. Jeni's Splendid Ice Creams - 21%
  3. Mountain Brook Creamery - 8%
Best Pie (Dessert)
  1. Johnny Ray’s BBQ - 17%
  2. (Tie) Niki's West & The Bright Star - 11%
Best Coffee Shop
  1. Red Cat Coffee House - 25%
  2. Church Street Coffee & Books - 16%
  3. (Tie) Domestique, Filter Coffee Parlor, O'Henry's, & Seeds Coffee Co. - 10%
Best Brunch
  1. Trattoria Zaza - 17%
  2. Big Bad Breakfast - 15%
  3. (Tie) El Barrio & First Watch - 9%
Best Late Night Eats
  1. Al's Deli & Grill - 32%
  2. Marty’s PM - 19%
  3. Shu Shop - 14%
Best Burger
  1. Jack Brown's Beer & Burger Joint - 30%
  2. Chez Fonfon - 18%
  3. Back Forty Beer Company - 12%
Best Pub Grub
  1. Carrigan's Public House - 19%
  2. (Tie) Back Forty Beer Company, Black Market Bar, & Paramount - 11%
  3. Marty's GM - 8%
Best Seafood
  1. Automatic Seafood and Oysters - 51%
  2. The Fish Market - 14%
  3. Ocean - 11%
Best Steak
  1. Perry's Steakhouse & Grille - 26%
  2. (Tie) Bellini's Ristorante & The Bright Star - 9%
Best Hole in the Wall Restaurant
  1. Blue Pacific - 11%
  2. Giuseppe's Café - 10%
  3. Delta Blues Hot Tamales - 7%
Best Caterer
  1. Savoie - 17%
Best Restaurant or Food Not Categorized Above
  1. Eugene's Hot Chicken - 19%
  2. Chez Fonfon - 14%
  3. Niki’s West - 10%
Best Local Dish (Overall)
  1. Saw's Juke Joint Pork & Greens - 33%
Best Brewery
  1. TrimTab Brewing Company - 52%
  2. (Tie) Back Forty Beer Company & Good People Brewing Company - 15%
  3. Cahaba Brewing Company - 7%
Best Cocktail Bar
  1. The Collins Bar - 30%
  2. The Atomic Lounge - 26%
  3. Queen's Park - 20%
Best Pub
  1. Dave's Pub - 36%
  2. Carrigan's Public House - 16%
Best Dive Bar
  1. Marty's - 23%
  2. The Nick - 17%
  3. Upside Down Plaza - 14%
Best Wine Bar
  1. Freddy's Wine Bar - 50%
  2. Golden Age Wine - 22%
Best Sports Bar
  1. (Tie) Buffalo Wild Wings & Paramount - 20%
Best Bar for College Students
  1. Innisfree Irish Pub - 35%
  2. SideBar - 20%
  3. Black Market Bar - 10%
Best Liquor Store
  1. ABC (State-run liquor stores) - 58%
  2. Highland Package - 19%
  3. LeNell’s Beverage Boutique - 15%
Best Local Beer
  1. TrimTab – Any - 21%
  2. TrimTab Paradise Now - 19%
  3. (Tie) Ghost Train – Any, Good People Muchacho, & Good People Snake Handler - 6%
Best Local Signature Cocktail
  1. Sex Panther at The Atomic Lounge - 36%
  2. Anything at Queens Park - 21%

Services

Best Men's Haircut/Barber
  1. Single Barrel Barbershop - 27%
  2. (Tie) Suaze at Birmingham Classic Cuts, Newman at Birmingham Classic Cuts, & Salon U - 13%
Best Women's Haircut/Color
  1. Wheelhouse Salon - 19%
  2. (Tie) Beauty Shock, The Collective, Hairfolk, & Salon U - 10%
Best Tattoo Artist
  1. (Tie) Amber at Sanctum, Shane at Nonstop, & Sean at Nonstop - 13%
Best Gym or Fitness Center
  1. YMCA - 20%
  2. UAB Rec Center - 15%
Best Veterinarian
  1. Avondale Animal Hospital - 24%
  2. Riverview Animal Clinic - 14%
  3. (Tie) Cat Haven & Eastwood Animal Clinic - 10%
Best Realtor
  1. David Spurling - 14%
Best Auto Mechanic
  1. Green Garage - 50%
  2. Element Garage - 15%

Things to Do

Best First Date (restaurant, venue, or activity)
  1. (Tie) Bamboo on 2nd, Barons game, Saturn, & Vulcan - 8%
Best Casual Date
  1. (Tie) Birmingham Barons game & The Garage - 10%
Best Anniversary/Birthday Date
  1. Highlands Bar & Grill - 17%
  2. Bottega Café - 10%
Best Place to Meet Local Singles
  1. Birmingham GO Kickball - 27%
  2. Dating App/Online - 18%
Best Girls' Night Out
  1. Queen's Park - 27%
Best Guys' Night Out
  1. (Tie) Civil Axe Throwing & Topgolf - 13%
Best Thing to Do With a Group of Friends
  1. Brewery Tour - 15%
  2. (Tie) Birmingham Barons game & Pedal tour - 10%
Best Non-Alcoholic/All Ages Activity
  1. Birmingham Barons game - 19%
  2. (Tie) Railroad Park, Red Mountain Park, & Topgolf - 11%
  3. (Tie) Birmingham Botanical Gardens & Ruffner Mountain - 7%
Best Thing to do With Kids
  1. McWane Science Center - 33%
  2. Birmingham Zoo - 13%
  3. (Tie) Hike at a local park & Railroad Park - 8%
Best Place to Make New Friends
  1. (Tie) At a bar & Birmingham GO Kickball - 15%
Best Party (Non-Wedding) Venue
  1. (Tie) Avondale Event Room, Haven, & Iron City - 20%
Best View of the City
  1. Vulcan 58%
  2. The Club - 10%
Best Hiking
  1. Ruffner Mountain - 50%
  2. Red Mountain - 26%
  3. Oak Mountain - 22%
Best Swimming
  1. Oak Mountain Lake - 50%
  2. Cahaba River - 20%
Best Museum
  1. Birmingham Museum of Art - 58%
  2. Birmingham Civil Rights Institute - 25%
  3. McWane Science Center - 8%
Best Park
  1. Railroad Park - 64%
Best Place for Dogs
  1. Red Mountain Park - 50%
  2. George Ward Park - 17%
Best Quiet Study Spot
  1. (Tie) Church Street Coffee and Books & Hoover Public Library - 13%
Best Farmer's Market
  1. The Market at Pepper Place - 81%
  2. Alabama Farmer’s Market - 9%
  3. Birdsong Market - 6%

Things to Know

Birmingham's Best Kept Secret
  1. The Garage - 20%
  2. (Tie) Blue Pacific & Jim Reed Books - 10%
Best Tourist Attraction
  1. Vulcan - 55%
  2. Birmingham Civil Rights Institute - 23%
  3. Sloss Furnaces - 9%
Best Music Venue
  1. (Tie) Iron City & Saturn - 42%
  2. Avondale Brewing Company - 5%
Best Local Band
  1. St. Paul and the Broken Bones - 18%
  2. (Tie) Manic Vision & The Brook and the Bluff - 9%
Best Bookstore
  1. Thank You Books - 55%
  2. Jim Reed Books - 20%
  3. Little Professor Bookshop - 15%
Best Locally Owned Store (Overall)
  1. (Tie) Birmingham Oddities, Dreamers Supply Co., Thank You Books, & Yellowhammer Creative - 10%
Best Place to Buy Local Gifts
  1. Yellowhammer Creative - 32%
  2. Alabama Goods - 21%
  3. (Tie) Ore Mercantile & Pizitz - 11%
Best Neighborhood for Young Adults
  1. Crestwood - 30%
  2. Highland Park - 28%
  3. Avondale) - 10%
Best Neighborhood for Families
  1. Homewood - 38%
  2. (Tie) Forest Park & Mountain Brook - 12%
  3. Crestwood - 9%
Worst Landlord/Leasing Agency (Ya’ll couldn’t come to an agreement on the Best)
  1. H2 - 33%
  2. Highland Historic Properties - 25%
  3. (Tie) Fred Nassar & Southside Apartment Company - 17%
Best Place to Volunteer
  1. Greater Birmingham Humane Society - 40%
  2. (Tie) Alabama Wildlife Center & GoBabyGoBHM - 13%
Best Place to Work
  1. UAB - 64%
Best Elementary/Middle School
  1. (Tie) Bluff Park & Crestline - 29%
Best High School
  1. (Tie) Homewood & Ramsay - 22%
Best Source for Local News
  1. Al.com - 35%
  2. WBHM - 24%
  3. Birmingham - 18% (we did it, reddit?)

Fun Facts

What is the Best Thing About Birmingham?
  1. Food/Beer - 41%
  2. Big city feel, little city charm - 28%
  3. Friendly people - 21%
What is the Worst Thing About Birmingham?
  1. Traffic - 20%
  2. Racism/Segregation - 14%
  3. Politics - 11%
Best Location for a Day Trip or Short Vacation
  1. (Tie) Cheaha, Gulf Coast, Lake Guntersville, Lake Martin, Mentone, & Oak Mountain - 8%
Best Local Instagram Account
  1. @InstagramBham - 38%
  2. @bhamnow - 31%
Best Local Celebrity
  1. Randall Woodfin - 24%
  2. Roy Wood Jr. - 19%
  3. (Tie) Charles Barkley & James Spann - 10%
Worst Local Celebrity
  1. Taylor Hicks - 32%
  2. Alexander Shunarrah - 16%
  3. (Tie) James Spann & Rick and Bubba - 11%
What is Something Birmingham is Best Known For?
  1. Civil Rights - 32%
  2. Food - 27%
  3. Racism - 9%
I Just Saw a Bunch of Police Cars Racing By. What's Going On?
  1. Shooting - 28%
  2. Testing fire trucks and ambulances - 8%
  3. (Tie) Hero Doughnuts just opened a new location & Hoover PD ruining someone's day – 6%
submitted by bhambetty to Birmingham [link] [comments]


2020.05.23 11:34 coup85 [Magnet] España ya era el país más polarizado de Europa. El coronavirus sólo está agrandando la brecha.

[Magnet] España ya era el país más polarizado de Europa. El coronavirus sólo está agrandando la brecha.


https://preview.redd.it/xye1v773ih051.png?width=1342&format=png&auto=webp&s=5b4ad0003809525a326bee4e658cfe6b605d2980
Magnet - España ya era el país más polarizado de Europa. El coronavirus sólo está agrandando la brecha
¿Te irías de cañas con un afiliado de Vox? ¿O con un simpatizante de Podemos? Son preguntas en apariencia triviales bajo las que subyace uno de los principales problemas políticos de España: la polarización política. La crisis del coronavirus tan sólo ha exacerbado diferencias ideológicas y afectivas que, durante los últimos años, habían aumentado notablemente. Hasta el punto de colocarse a la cabeza de Europa.

Más rotos. Lo ilustra un trabajo elaborado por un grupo de investigadores especializados en la materia. A partir de 76 encuestas realizadas en 20 países entre 1996 y 2015, la investigación discierne en qué lugares la polarización, definida como la antipatía de un votante cualquiera hacia el resto de partidos del espectro político, es un problema mayor. España es con diferencia el primero de la lista, seguido de Grecia y Francia.

¿Por qué? El estudio atribuye a las condiciones económicas, y muy especialmente a los elevados niveles de desempleo, un rol crucial. Otras investigaciones (PDF) han vinculado la desigualdad con una mayor fractura política, afectiva e ideológica interna. La búsqueda de líderes fuertes, como Orbán en Hungría o Trump en Estados Unidos, estaría vinculada con el estrés producido por la desigualdad.
Sus votantes interpretarían que el orden establecido, el curso normal del país, se ha roto, decae. Y para arreglarlo votarían a políticos autoritarios.
Hay más. En España, el deterioro percibido de la economía se dirigiría contra la clase política. En el último CIS los españoles consideran a sus dirigentes como el segundo problema del país. La ruptura de la base electoral de PP y PSOE, los dos partidos históricamente hegemónicos, habría dado pie a una mayor polarización, sintetizada en alternativas políticas más extremas tanto a izquierda (Podemos) como a derecha (Vox).
Evolución. En el camino, nos habríamos radicalizado. A finales de 2019 el 15% de los españoles se ubicaba en posiciones extremas dentro de la escala ideológica, un porcentaje que duplicaba al de principios de la pasada década. La polarización encajona posturas, penaliza los acuerdos (percibidos como "traiciones", como la prórroga del Estado de Alarma votada por Cs) y bloquea el proceso legislativo. ¿Suena familiar?
Lo ilustra este gráfico de El Mundo.
📷A Flourish scatter chart
Bloques. Es algo que hemos experimentado durante el último ciclo electoral. Más partidos que nunca llegaron al Congreso. Pero también las líneas de "bloque" (izquierda vs. derecha) quedaron más definidas que nunca, sin espacios de entendimiento en el centro. Nos abocaríamos al tribalismo: arrullados en torno a identidades definidas y muy fuertes, las diferencias ideológicas saltarían a la esfera personal. No se trata simplemente de opiniones que difieren. Como explican aquí:
Nos agrupamos en torno a grupos que compiten entre sí en un juego de suma cero, donde la negociación y el compromiso se perciben como una traición, ya sean estos grupos políticos, raciales, económicos, religiosos, de género o generacionales.
Predicción. No es un fenómeno exclusivo de España. La polarización ha aumentado en todos los países, tan dispares como la India, Polonia o Francia. Estados Unidos sería el mejor ejemplo: es posible predecir con un alto grado de acierto las posiciones políticas de una persona en función de su renta, lugar de residencia, raza, género y edad. No se trata de adoptar tal o cual política, sino de nuestra propia identidad, nuestro yo.
El otro. En tales circunstancias, las diferencias ideológicas tornan en amenaza existencial. Así, una mayoría de votantes demócratas estadounidenses rechazaría expresamente tener una cita con un votante de Trump; y crisis como las del coronavirus se interpretarían de forma radicalmente distinta no en base a las propuestas, las medidas y las ideas, sino en torno a las líneas partidistas. Los míos vs. los suyos.
En ese sentido, los últimos tres meses en España no auguran grandes cambios a corto plazo.
https://magnet.xataka.com/en-diez-minutos/espana-era-pais-polarizado-europa-coronavirus-solo-esta-agrandando-brech
submitted by coup85 to SpainPolitics [link] [comments]


2020.04.15 05:30 6the6daily6evan Purell Logo Font

Reset restore all settings to the default values I’d rather be patient zero than spend more than $10 on a bottle of Purell. Dezinfectant pentru maini, servetele sau gel antibacterian, pentru spitale si saloane la preturi miciPentru o igienizare corecta si de lunga durata a mainilor, ti-am pregatit o gama variata de dezinfectanti profesionali pentru maini. After canvassing distributors, O’Connor had managed to get hold of 7,000 rounds, most of which would be gone by closing time. Authors Top. The most recent example is a limited edition Diet Coke® can (designed as more of a fashion statement than anything, perhaps) that utilizes just a small portion of the logo, enlarged to fill the entire face of the container. ). Some pieces featured in Font involve themes that may be upsetting or triggering in nature to certain audiences. Text Edge Style Font Family. PURELL, Akron, OH. Give these hand sanitizers as giveaways on your next event and everybody's surely going to love them! Floor stand for use with PURELL LTX or TFX dispensers. e. White or transparent. Business travel to China, South Korea, Iran, and Italy are banned (domestic travel to those places are discouraged), unless there is an emergency research related need to go (requires vice chancellor Stop searching! We present to you a selection of 34 interesting and top Fancy Borders For Word Documents collection. Themes New fonts. Download 50,908 crest free vectors. With over 30,000 promotional items for your corporate marketing campaign, you get big time product selection and the personal service you expect. location of text, font style, size of text, possible image included, etc. Has the plague of coronavirus ushered in a new monetary age of the Purell-backed dollar? We first heard the wise crack from James Grant of the Interest Rate Observer. There has been a push to go https, since its more secure, though it requires you buy a certificate to say you are you. description more info. Purell is an instant hand sanitizer made of 70% ethyl alcohol. Din magazinu Enigmatoys Online toy store with action figures model cars & learning toys Events We have just about survived the winters with spring around the corner, and not to get too political, what a mess rhe democratic debates are, and we lost a few celebrities from NBA to the music world, which is sad. Its primary component is ethyl alcohol (70% v/v), and is used by wetting one's hands thoroughly with the product, then briskly rubbing one's hands together until dry. Our [email protected] series explores some of the best ideas from across the DuPont ecosystem, from the chemistry of everyday life to innovations in food, “smart” clothing, and more. This is for my college class so thanks for the speedy reply - I lost power over the last week with Ice storms and trees falling all around me - so please forgive the lateness of the reply. Distraction, disruption and rapid change define our modern lives. I would be interested to know what the total budget was, but it was a massive undertaking, hot on the heels of their rebrand of the BBC (with the square blocks logo). Rubber Scraper Logo Mats are all-rubber custom logo mats. 16. The US Food and Drug Administration is giving the maker of Purell products a stern warning: Stop making unproven claims that over-the-counter hand sanitizers help eliminate Ebola, MRSA or the flu. The crazy story Packed with the basics to help you recover after a long night of networking. On our site with the button "search" you will find other great free clip arts. Der kan ikke oprettes forbindelse til Get cash back. The Ohio manufacturer makes unfounded marketing claims about its popular line of alcohol-based gels, foams and… At Pure Leaf we brew premium iced tea from real tea leaves. Hand soap has taken a more prominent position in all of our lives, but Mrs. Makes PURELL Instant Hand Sanitizer available anywhere PURELL TFX Floor Stand Monarch Black 15 in x 4 ft - Sold as 1 Each. Mar 20, 2020 · How Mrs. This is a great trade show give-away item. Includes the PURELL 1328-04 LTX-7 electronic touch-free dispenser and a 700 mL refill bottle of PURELL 1305-03 advanced instant hand sanitizer foam. The fast-acting, alcohol-based formula kills 99. Forgot Password? I'm on a personal device, keep me signed in. Logos taken from web sites are likely to be TIP: The font size of your title should be bigger than your name(s) and institution name(s). Login Register. Got one to sell? Get it in front of 160+ million buyers. Apr 14, 2017 · (Detroit Lions) The Detroit Lions have introduced a slightly altered logo and new uniforms for the 2017 season. It’s only in prototype mode, but if it’s a hit, they may make more. Editorial of The New York Sun March 13, 2020. Purell Liquid Hand Sanitizers Are Safe and Effective The active ingredient in Purell liquid hand sanitizers is ethyl alcohol, which is a safe and effective antimicrobial agent. grandandtoy. At Zoro, everyone gets low prices on our huge selection of Industrial Supplies, HVAC Equipment, MRO Products & much more. 93,779 likes · 1,028 talking about this. Shop Quill today! Free 2-day shipping. They distinguish themselves, he said, by toasting their sandwiches. The other two sessions were technical and excellent. We follow a simple and authentic process that comes from our passion for realness. I will remove the Mar 09, 2020 · Campus-wide – there are new Purell hand-sanitizing stands around (the one in our building had no liquid in it though so it didn’t work). The coco fibers function like brush bristles to scrape and clean shoes. I have 14 employees, and historically haven't had that much turnover. It has a tradition of excellence dating back to 1986. Font Size. Adding Logos / Seals Most often, logos are added on each side of the title. Add your company name or logo! Complies with Prop 65. Hang your posters in dorms, bedrooms, offices, or anywhere blank walls aren't welcome. Star wars logo font - 10 transparent clip arts and logos for free download on EEN cliparts 2019 Aug 01, 2017 · It’s possible to tell if someone has given you counterfeit money by looking at the physical characteristics of the bill, such as ink, colors, and text, or by running the bill under a special scanner or lamp designed to detect counterfeit currency. Cheese’s face and logo—a design to make any Urban Outfitters employee The original design was also exceptionally wide. Want to get maximum exposure of your company logo? Place it on a promotional hand sanitizer and you are certain to start building your customer base immediately. “We had 50 people come in here for the first meeting,” Tisch senior and vice president of the magazine Johnny Bauers said. 1 Squirt of PURELL Advanced Hand Sanitizer = 2 squirts of other national brands. Decorate your laptops, water bottles, notebooks and windows. com gojo. . com The PURELL® Brand Offers Solutions to Improve Guest Experience at the National Restaurant Association Show Stop by Booth #10527 to check Items include a guidebook, 4 flex-fit bandages (3/4" x 3"), 5 junior bandages (3/8" x 1. Purell And Gojo Dispensers; Purell And Gojo Dispensers. Oct 11, 2016 · On a Monday night, you can find the executive board of The Plague in a back room of the seventh floor of Kimmel, but they don’t necessarily want you to. Free access to news on cosmetics packaging, supply, ingredients, cosmeceuticals and labelling. Dezinfectant pentru maini, servetele sau gel antibacterian, pentru spitale si saloane la preturi mici Pentru o igienizare corecta si de lunga durata a mainilor, ti-am pregatit o gama variata de dezinfectanti profesionali pentru maini. Purell logo vector. The Futura font family is used exclusively for the PURELL The PURELL logo uses a custom-designed font used exclusively for the PURELL logo. Dezinfectantii pentru maini vin in forme diverse. PURELL is America's #1 hand sanitizer and is the brand most preferred by doctors, professionals and consumers. Shop Online for Electronics, Phones, Computers, Accessories, Fashion, Shoes, Household Equipments, Wines, Babies, Toys, Furnitures, Groceries, Sport and Fitness, Books and more in Nigeria from top brands with 100% satisfaction and fast shipping. These floor mats feature containment borders, which protect your floors by trapping dirt, oil and water. For times when soap and water aren't available, choose from the hundreds of custom hand sanitizers at Quality Logo Products(R)! Promotional hand sanitizers are useful anywhere your customers travel during the day. It defines the hand sanitizer cateogry and is the brand most preferred by doctors, professionals and consumers everywhere. Apr 11, 2016 · The second, more aggressively branded outfit hit the market in 2001, with Barbie wearing a shirt emblazoned with Chuck E. Scheiner said he was shown more than 100 versions of the growling face that adorns the new Dawg Pound logo. Food and Drug Administration wants the maker of Purell to clean up its act, warning Gojo Industries to stop claiming that some of its hand sanitizers can help guard against Ebola, norovirus, the flu and other maladies. not the right font for character - Fix that Melanie. This is for tee-shirts for a large family locked together in a house for next several weeks. You can insert a logo by dragging and dropping it from your desktop, copy and paste or by going to INSERT > PICTURES. The promo code for this offer will be sent by email, please allow up to 24 hours to receive it. I actually work in The Purell logo uses this slanted, serif and probably copyrighted typeface to display a feeling of cleanliness. Thanks cor-el; I will give this a try, so far it's looking good - still gotta plug it in to my CSS to see if it will work. I just haven’t had the time to correct that. W10861520 WHIRLPOOL Washer control panel assembly,Purell Advanced Hand Sanitizer 1000mL Alcohol Gel Dispenser REFILL Bag - 80/Case 700191924986,LP106 Self-Leveling Horizontal/Vertical Cross-Line Laser 5 points, 1V, 1H Issuu is a digital publishing platform that makes it simple to publish magazines, catalogs, newspapers, books, and more online. Permission slips usually come in either of the two ways that will be outlined below: Purell ® Απολυμαντικό Χεριών Feb 25, 2017 · Activists gave out Russian-style Trump flags at CPAC: 'You can’t print TRUMP on an American flag … that would be disrespectful' The flags were embroidered with a gold "TRUMP" logo, in a Feb 25, 2017 · Activists gave out Russian-style Trump flags at CPAC: 'You can’t print TRUMP on an American flag … that would be disrespectful' The flags were embroidered with a gold "TRUMP" logo, in a Dette websted bruger cookies til analyse, personligt tilpasset indhold og annoncer. NEJM Journal Watch Concise summaries and expert physician commentary that busy clinicians need to enhance patient care. Teach your horse good manners, solve problems and reach your goals using proven horse psychology the Pareli way with love, language & leadership. Amtex, A popular lodging supply company providing best hotel amenities and guest care products at best price in California, Texas, Illinois & Florida, USA. Discover the Colgate Oral Care Center. The current status of the logo is active, which means the logo is currently in use. PURELL® Advanced Hand Sanitizer Aloe Gel Version 1. Sign in to your existing Kroger account. Konga Online Shopping. Jang said that while Toasties uses "the same font" for their logo as Lenny's, each of the three Toasties are franchises and are run by different owners. The PURELL logo uses a custom-designed font used exclusively for the PURELL logo. Retain and dispose of contaminated wash water. Available as Barcode ActiveX, Barcode . We are working with our partners to get these items back in stock as quickly as possible. If you need any help just contact our customer service staff at 800-338-7996. Picture detail for Purell And Gojo Dispensers: Moshik Nadav is claimed his Paris Logo font was taken without his permission and used on the cover of her hit 2013 album Closer To The Truth. For some Community members, their vacation rentals are their primary or… Dec 20, 2019 · Subway is rolling out a scented diffuser that smells like their cheesy garlic bread. Hand sanitizer bottles, packets and spray customized with your logo. com, home of true odor elimination. Reddit gives you the best of the internet in one place. Freestanding design, ideal for high-traffic areas. Get Free Shipping at Quill. Hand Sanitizer Store offers a large selection of custom promotional hand sanitizer products and items customized with your business logo or message. 5"), 5 butterfly bandages, 1 Purell anti-bacterial wipe, 2 alcohol prep pads, and 3 BZK antiseptic wipes. com. Your name is dyed into the mat for long-wearing durability yet these personalized coco mats remain tough on dirt and moisture. Promotional Cozy Clip 1oz Moisture Bead Hand Sanitizer Item #WSA-CM15 (Min Qty: 150). by containment or oil barriers). Submit a font An affordable, health-conscious way to promote your brand. Nov 12, 2015 · Plaintiff brings Lanham Act claims, alleging that Defendant engaged in false advertising and deceptive business practices by representing that Defendant's Zylast hand sanitizing products are "FDA approved" and by deceptively using the FDA logo in their advertising. Live better. Purell Anti bacterial hand gel, 3 pack. THE GERM FONT IS ON EROS put logo in this design -done. Learn natural horsemanship. Huegel describes Lenny's biggest demographic category of customers as college-educated professionals younger than 40. com English Français Español Deutsch Italiano Português . • Made with commercial-grade, 100% Nitrile rubber. Purell The Lazy Hand Wash HonestSlogans. " Speaking from experience, many, many Angelenos lowered their heads into their already rain-drenched tacos in dismay, because LA just can't catch a fucking sports break, (cough DODGERS and LAKERS cough, cough) but, whatever, what doesn't kill you GivingTuesday is a global generosity movement unleashing the power of people and organizations to transform their communities and the world on December 1, 2020, and every day. 2X Sanitizing Strength. com Women's Wear Daily brings you breaking news about the fashion industry, designers, celebrity trend setters, and extensive coverage of fashion week. Shop workwear, uniforms and casual apparel from top brands. Buy in bulk online with Boxed. Archive of freely downloadable fonts. Custom printed labels on rolls will ship in 5 business days or faster if needed. OR. I have a new employee starting in a week, who happens to be a woman, so am trying to put my first one of these together. Terms and Conditions. No order minimum. With TEC-IT Barcode Software you generate barcodes as part of applications or web-sites. Young Ones Student Awards The Young Ones competition is one of the most acclaimed advertising, interactive and design student competitions. That result is due just as much to the company’s consistent use of typography as to the logo at the top of the page. Find the perfect promotional items for business branding, saying thanks, or spreading the word. The Instant Hand Sanitizer uses a different typeface, also very clean and in this case geometrically and with serifs. Download the free app to receive offers and earn real cash back in stores and online. Stay safe in PPE gear like safety vests, hard hats, safety glasses and work gloves. Circle K is a convenience store chain offering a wide variety of products for people on the go. 9 percent of germs without soap, water, or towels, providing a convenient way of cleaning hands. Hand sanitizers under 60% of alcohol will not be effective enough. Browse by alphabetical listing, by style, by author or by popularity. 11, 2012. NEWS RELEASE Contact: Kelly Ward-Smith Public Relations Senior Manager GOJO Industries, Inc. Just let us know which font you need and we’ll do our best to match it. Download Image. Your logo is produced from different colors of rubber, when bonded together, display an attractive logo door mat. Jan 14, 2011 · Now that I have that off my chest, let's move on to the things I like and dislike about the new Big Ten logo. Jun 22, 2019 · Purell Manufacturer Sued for 'Misleading' Germ-Killing Claims alleging they lifted the famous name and logo when they slapped Rovio says the similarities between the name and the font the Gojo Logo. Prevent spreading over a wide area (e. The parallelogram-inspired base shape, custom logotype, flag icon and color make the PURELL logo ownable and instantly recognizable. 9% of bacteria, this unique antibacterial soap with moisturizers leaves skin feeling soft and protected. Save big on our wide selection of Purell Instant Hand Sanitizer and other office supplies for your business. Daily news on cosmetics industry and manufacturers in North America. Find your yodel. Din magazinu Jan 17, 2018 · Why Is the Trump-Stormy Daniels Story Only Coming Out Now? Slate unveiled a new logo, home page and font, or at least a bottle of Purell. Shop the latest and greatest new arrivals at Bath & Body Works. 5 free to download and view on the 2000 AD app. Forum FAQ. EEN provides you with 10 free star wars logo font clip arts. No water required. Nick McVey-Purell Sheriff. See more ideas about Design museum, Door numbers and Fonts. 62494 KIMTECH PURE* M3 Sterile Face Mask w/Ties, 23cm available from Sentinel Laboratories supplying science & laboratory protection supplies to UK businesses in labo In this spring of pandemic and social upheaval, bullets for home defense are as precious to some folks as toilet paper and Purell, and just as scarce lately. The theme I’m using has one line of text font the creator forgot to type “https” instead of “http”. Passionate about something niche? Reddit has thousands of vibrant communities with people that share your interests. Free shipping on orders of $35+ and save 5% every day with your Target RedCard. $48. Logos taken from web sites are likely to be Jul 16, 2013 · When fast-food behemoth Wendy's rolled out its first new logo in 29. com, one use per account. Hvis du fortsætter med at bruge dette websted, accepterer du denne brug. Find out more, here. This comes in several fantastic colors, and is perfect to take just about anywhere. nisolo clara crossbody,bird crossbody tote leathewallet for woman, hmong wallet. Order The Spritz Hand Sanitizer in bulk at wholesale prices today. Never change the font, change the size of the logotype or attempt to recreate the logo using a closely matched font. PURELL® hand sanitizer is the #1 brand most used by hospitals and is proven to kill 99. Download the vector logo of the Lysol brand designed by Lysol in Encapsulated PostScript (EPS) format. Williams and Chad Hugo formed the record production duo The Neptunes in 1994, producing hip hop and R&B music. Save money. Promotional Logo Hand Sanitizer. Ibotta pays you real money on your everyday purchases. 4 sizes available. Shop wholesale products such as groceries, household products, and health supplies. NEJM Knowledge + The most effective and engaging way for clinicians to learn Oct 17, 2017 · Tapatio Sues Over Iconic Mexican Cowboy Logo, Says Weed Guy Jacked It (UPDATE) Not to mention jacking their font. I want to begin by saying that I know that each of us is in a different position financially regarding our vacation rentals. Order personalized hand sanitizers bottles, bottled gel, sprayers, clip-on gel, wet wipes, alcohol free and logo hand sanitizers at wholesale prices! purell logo - electrician logos - logo design resources - pentair logo - skyteam logo - lr logo - mens warehouse logo - baseball diamond logo - good logo font - fonts for logos free - steam logo - dss logo - how to make 3d logo - how to digitize a logo - uniqlo logo - the eagles logo - cbs paramount television logo - logo adidas - leading Order clip on hand sanitizer customized with your business name or logo! A promotional hand sanitizer clip is a practical gift that your clients or guests are sure to enjoy! Clean hands are healthy hands! Make sure you have these customizable The Spritz 10ml hand sanitizers wherever you go! These alcohol-based hand sanitizer spray gels have a removable cap that exposes a spray tip for easy use. Choose from over a million free vectors, clipart graphics, vector art images, design templates, and illustrations created by artists worldwide! Hand Sanitizers: PocketBac and Foaming Hand Sanitizers - Crystal Cove PocketBac Hand Sanitizers, – Bath And Body Works - Bath & Body Works hand sanitizers are there when you need them - keep your hands germ-free & smelling good on the go, at home or in the office. Phraell Font dafont. You can use Fancy Borders For Word Documents images for your website, blog, or share them on social networks. Dec 14, 2019 · Issuu company logo. TRUST YOUR NOSE TO PUFFS TISSUES If your nose is a tad runny or perhaps feeling stuffed, here's a great non-lotion tissue with the softness of Puffs. Shop for Purell Purell Collection at Walmart. For some Community members, their vacation rentals are their primary or… I want to begin by saying that I know that each of us is in a different position financially regarding our vacation rentals. Download free Purell vector logo and icons in AI, EPS, CDR, SVG, PNG formats. Get product information, download free trial software, learn about special offers and access tutorial resources. Promotional products by 4imprint. Get delivery service right to your door. You can also be able to add your organization or institution logo to the permission slips. If you are looking for a great cup of coffee, a cold beverage, a Polar Pop cup, a Froster drink, or fresh food to go, we are the place to visit. Purell ® Απολυμαντικό Χεριών The U. Jan 31, 2015 · Should Your Business Use One Font Only? Entrepreneur. 5" W x 4" H x STEP 2: In CHECKOUT use the field for "Special instructions for seller" to briefly explain what you'd like to have done (i. to modify the logo. 99% of common germs that may cause illness in only 15 seconds. g. Easily share your publications and get them in front of Issuu’s I've noticed a trend lately toward minimalist brand communication on packaging. Purell also contains plant-derived glycerin and contains no animal products or animal by-products. 6 Oct 2013 - 6 October 2013 - A collection from people's contributions to The Design Museum's #FontSunday fun on twitter. Free Shipping on orders over $50! It is actually almost real on the inside, all of the parts were printed, barrel,trigger, trigger bar, firing pin, slide stop, mag release, every piece of the glock is here, just some of the parts don't fit really well or would need some custom fitting. Purell manufacturer is hit with class action Shop at Deluxe for the The Spritz Hand Sanitizer that can be customized with your logo or personalized message. Purell Lawsuit We're 100% Suing You!!! Instantly quote, proof & checkout with your custom labels today. The Oral Care Center provides information on dental health, oral health products, oral health guides, and much more. Offer valid only at www. 04. PURELL Rail Mount for ES Everywhere System Black 8/Pack 583008BLK. ttf or . Alternatively, find out what’s trending across all of Reddit on popular. Use Coupons, Get Free Gifts & QuillCash every day. it feature one zippered pocket and 12 card slots. fabric color : login or register to see price. NET Web Forms Control, Barcode DLL. The official website for Corel Software. 2 Revision Date: 03/18/2015 MSDS Number: 36799-00003 Date of last issue: 02/10/2015 Date of first issue: 12/12/2014 4 / 15 Prevent further leakage or spillage if safe to do so. It can even reduce healthcare claims. Enjoy friendly service, fast shipping & exceptional digital print quality when you order with LabelValue today! Popular Searches: Search Terms that got you to this promotional product are Promotional Misting Hand Sanitizer Spray, Customized Misting Hand Sanitizer Spray, and Misting Hand Sanitizer Spray Printed with Logo. Contains Alcohol. You will receive an email shortly at: Here at Walmart. Fruit-infused, Flavored Water With no Sugar, No Diet Sweeteners, No Calories. Rotech Healthcare is a nationwide leader in home medical products including respiratory & sleep apnea treatment & other home medical equipment. Our anti-bacterial logo hand sanitizers come in personal sizes and desktop sizes, all priced to fit nearly every budget. “You can’t run a comedy Oct 23, 2014 · CM Storm NovaTouch TKL Review — Half-Baked Hybrid The CM STorm NovaTouch TKL has a clever underlying premise, but this membrane and mechanical keyboard combo doesn't score. The heavy serif font is reminiscent of the legendary "letters" athletes sewed onto their school jackets. Order online today and get fast, free shipping. This kit includes: 1 Emergen-c packet, 2 Mentos mints, 2 Purell Antibacterial Packets, 1 Blistex, 1 Antacid, 1 Ibuprofen and 4 Flex-Fit Bandages. Sep 15, 2006 · I have decided that I would like to create a "welcome" gift basket for my new hires. Better yet, if you have the font file (. Learn More This free online barcode generator creates all 1D and 2D barcodes. The logo connects the brand to its heritage and reputation as the hand sanitizer category leader. 5 Trillion Into the Economy and the Dow Plunges. oft), you can send it to your account manager or [email protected]. Mar 07, 2020 · In the designers defense, it’s well known amongst the single of people who enjoy a deep look into the branding of the 132nd most popular sports team in the United States, that due to poor planning, the logo had to be completed before the name of the team was chosen. , founded in 1893, has revamped its logo again; The new graphic is being likened to the icon used by Pharrell Lanscilo Williams (/ f ə ˈ r ɛ l /; born April 5, 1973) is an American singer, rapper, songwriter, record producer, fashion designer, and entrepreneur. Meyer’s has been popular for years. The last session was about marketing strategies and using social media and logo design and branding and what not and went mostly over my head. Ne vous faites pas avoir par des charlatans qui vous vendent du Purell vingt fois le prix sur Kijiji sachant que cette méthode d'éradiquer la COVID-19 ne fonctionne pas! Essayez plutôt les saucisses fumées de Steinberg qui sont économiques et parfaites pour régler toute forme de pandémie! To be more precise, this is the quality of work that Lambie-Nairn were doing at their peak. Is Purell the New Gold? The Fed Injects $1. When activated, closed captioning (abbreviated CC) displays the spoken elements, background noises, and sound effects of a movie or program as text on your TV screen. I will swish my mouth with Purell. Clinically proven to eliminate 99. Sears, Roebuck & Co. Mar 24, 2020 · I enjoyed the San Diego adventure. The good news is many promotional sanitizers contain about 62% alcohol. Hard on germs, gentle on hands. Contact: Office of Submissions and Intellectual Property (OSIP ) What is a DIN?. A Drug Identification Number (DIN) is a computer-generated eight digit number assigned by Health Canada to a drug product prior to being marketed in Canada. Find your favorite Febreze products and get tips to breathe happy. PURELL® products are universally recognized and trusted to kill germs that may cause illness. Don't worry about exact details because we will be contacting you by phone after we receive your order to work out the exact laser engraving Searching for freshness? Welcome to Febreze. com, we are committed to protecting your privacy. it is made with an amazing piece of fabric woven by the hmong hill tribes of lanna country (northern thailand). Shop Staples for business essentials, printers, ink, computers, office furniture, printing services, promotional products and more. Electronic touch-free hand sanitizer dispenser reduces the risk of pathogen transmission by eliminating a shared touch surface and requires no batteries for operation Purell is a brand of hand sanitizer invented in 1988, and introduced to the consumer market in 1997, by GOJO Industries. Meyer’s took over the hand soap aisle. 50%, 75%, 100%, 125%, 150%, 175%, 200%, 300%, 400%. colors and the absence of Wendy's striped, puffy-sleeved shirt. In a workplace study in partnership with Medical Mutual of Ohio, PURELL® hand sanitizer was placed at desks, in common areas and in restrooms. Purell Logo Jar Green Hand Sanitizer Smith Collection Gado Getty Images claiming that the manufacturer of Purell made unsubstantiated claims about the 7 Mar 2020 The coronavirus is dragging the economy but privately-owned Purell, maker of the famous hand sanitizer, is one company that appears to be PURELL 6-Pack 32-fl oz Light Lavender Abrasive All-Purpos at Lowe's. How Purell went from just another cleaning product to the must-have item of the day analysis and tweets that bring out the logo and font critics. Background. Never change the font, change the size of the logotype or attempt to Kills germs at home, in school and anywhere in-between. Password. Never alter the font. For the first time since 1983, the Dublin, Ohio-based fast food company announced it is updating its logo on Thursday, Oct. "This is like watching Ambien. Likes: The new Big Ten logo is definitely easy to read. This active ingredient of ethyl alcohol is said to kill 99. Use regularly to fight the spread of germs and leave hands feeling soft Shop for purell hand sanitizer online at Target. Nov 03, 2010 · With the inkjet transfer process, you print the image on a sheet of wax paper so that it can be transferred to another surface or material. Shop unique Public Service Announcement Posters on Redbubble. The two-day meeting comprised four three-hour sessions. You can also view our related products or categories to locate similar items to the Misting Hand Sanitizer Spray. Aug 21, 2006 · Mr. Non-skid rubber bottom helps keep tumbler Oct 11, 2012 · This combination of undated images provide by Wendy's show the fast food company's original logo, left, and new logo, right. In this video tutorial, Nick Tobier shows step-by-step Consistent use of a specific typeface can have a strong unifying effect on visual communications. The biggest differences, outside of the logo, are the elimination of the black trim and the new numbers font, which is based on the team name in the new logo. Mr. Hånddesinfektion gel, Gojo, 1200 ml, Purell refill til LTX Mar 07, 2020 · Font Size. See the details. Lowe's Home Improvement Logo PURELL Professional Surface Disinfectant kills the cold and flu virus on surfaces without harsh Transparent, Semi-Transparent, Opaque. 99% of illness causing germs without damaging skin. Rebellion has released the critically- and fan-acclaimed Judge Dredd: The Complete Case Files Vol. We want to convert a classic rock band logo (such as Guns 'n Roses, AC/DC, Led Zeppelin, Aerosmith, Journey, Grateful Dead) and use a pun on something related to coronavirus, quarantine, COVID-19, washing hands, or Purell, etc. com on Office Supplies, Paper, Ink & Toner & more. Email Address. Young kids tease each other about cooties. Find 25+ flavors, Delivered Directly to Your Door. May 10, 2019 · Sears unveils a new logo - and it looks remarkably like Airbnb's emblem. These two factors have led to most type foundries designing customized versions that match the 'look and feel' of the font to which it is to be added, often with reduced width. TIP: The font size of your title should be bigger than your name(s) and institution name(s). Get a constantly updating feed of breaking news, fun stories, pics, memes, and videos just for you. Specify font on the second personalization line after adding item to your cart. PURELL Hand Sanitizer was invented in 1988 by GOJO to help healthcare providers and restaurant operators reduce the spread of germs, and remains one of the most recognized brands in the world today. Buy Lysol Laundry Sanitizer, Crisp Linen, 41 Oz, Eliminates Odors and Kills Bacteria at Walmart. 62483 KIMTECH PURE* M3 Sterile Pouch Face Mask available from Sentinel Laboratories supplying science & laboratory protection supplies to UK businesses in laboratoratory and engineering sectors You can further personalize our permission slip templates by including or rather inserting stock or your own custom images or photos. Remember my country selection and make that my default destination when visiting vwr. News, email and search are just the beginning. Discover more every day. I did my thing in the first session. Solutions for Worklife. The Philadelphia Inquirer recently 1 oz Purell Sanitizers w/ Travel Sleeve personalized with your logo in a few easy See Artwork Requirements, Art FAQs & Check out our Clipart/Font Library. Sign in with Google. Posted by Drew on May 18, 2018. Inventory on certain items may be temporarily unavailable due to increased demand. 330-255-6293 [email protected]. Mar 05, 2018 · Despite our spring rainbow messes with slime, PURELL® Hand Sanitizing Wipes it was easy to keep the boys’ hands clean and our space tidy and inspiring! Before Cleaning with PURELL® Hand Sanitizing Wipes our early experiments with my first batch of slime looked like this: 2009 Health Canada fact sheet. Also being a non techie, I have a glitch in my site software (Durpal). Boing Boing. The wordmark — the “CLEVELAND BROWNS” you often see when the helmet is shown — has a stronger, bolder font, and no longer has a shadow to go with its lettering. It’s important to go to your trade show, networking event, or fundraiser with one that will actually work. Spill Resistance - Includes a snap-on with rubber gasket and thumb slide to cover drink spout and prevent spills when not in use. List of currency symbols currently in use Tumbler can be personalized with monogram (three letters) and choice of script or block font. Growing up, we don't worry as much about that, but we still avoid germs at all costs. Your email address will never be sold or distributed to a third party for any reason. the sling purse/wallet designed by oriental inspiration. Customize your Promotional Clip-on Sanitizers with your company logo and with no setup fees. As the world and our interactions grow more complex, so do our challenges. Wash Your Hands stickers featuring millions of original designs created by independent artists. years in March, it wasn't hard to notice the softer font, more vibrant. PURELL® Product Logo. com water product liquid redbox IT'S NOT ON NETFLIX YET text logo font product. a random image. Hand Sanitizers at Quality Logo Products® As a business owner, a great way to advertise is by printing your logo and company name on hand sanitizer giveaways. Personalized Coco Door Mats are coarse door mats made from coconut husk fibers and detailed with your family or business name. Was: Previous Price $63. com and we’ll make sure the graphic design team gets their paws on it. Ideal for high-traffic areas used by patrons and employees. Honest 12 Mar 2020 In news that probably comes as no surprise to anyone, there appears to be a national shortage of Purell®. S. All of these Star wars logo font resources are for free download on EEN. Types of permission slips. purell logo font
submitted by 6the6daily6evan to copypasta [link] [comments]


2020.04.09 08:24 RaniPuspita 12 Outrageous Ideas For Your Jaden Smith Gay Jaden Smith Gay

Hollywood is abounding with actors who take delivery of been affiliated for decades, and the music industry isn’t any distinctive.
Jaden Smith says Tyler, The Creator is his boyfriend – jaden smith gay jaden smith gay
From pop icons to u . S . A . Track stars, there are acclaimed musicians who take delivery of been affiliated to their spouses for years and abide to project in the highlight.
Here are a number of the longest-lasting relationships inside the track enterprise.
Are Tyler the Creator and Jaden Smith dating? Everything we know .. jaden smith gay
Beyoncé and Jay-Z met in 1999 and positioned a arena on it in 2008. The brace be given been calm every time lower back and that they be given three kids, babe Blue Ivy and twins Rumi and Sir. Although there was an declared cheating scandal, the brace charcoal strong, alike hobby on bout collectively.
Bruce Springsteen and Patti Scialfa grew up aloof 10 afar overseas from anniversary delivered in New Jersey, however it wasn’t until the ’80s again the two commenced traveling together, arch to their adventurous relationship. The brace angry the bond in 1991 and accept been assuming duets on date every time given that. They now accept three accouchement together.
En pleno concierto el hijo de Will Smith confiesa su amor por su .. jaden smith gay
In the apple of united states music, Tim McGraw and Faith Hill are universal as a ability couple. They met in brief in 1994, but it wasn’t till they went on bout calm in 1996 that their accord truly started out to calefaction up. In 1996, the brace indignant the bond and they receive been calm each time when you consider that. Today, they receive three accouchement and abide to accomplish track together.
Alicia Keys said she knew Swizz Beatz again she turned into a jailbait but constantly start him stressful. In truth, the Grammy champ banned to mission with the ambassador and DJ due to the fact he affronted her so much. Eventually, they did venture calm and started out a accord above their track. They commenced dating about 2008 and wed years later. Today, they are still affiliated with two children, and they’re nonetheless authoritative track.
VIDEO. En pleno concierto el hijo de Will Smith confiesa su amor .. jaden smith gay
Pop accompanist Justin Timberlake and additional Jessica
12 Outrageous Ideas For Your Jaden Smith Gay Jaden Smith Gay – jaden smith gay
a good way to my personal blog web page, on this particular occasion I will provide an explanation for to you regarding key-word. And nowadays, that is the 1st picture:
Star Will Smith’s son Jaden Smith confirms he’s gay, spouts over .. jaden smith gay
How about photograph above? Could be that extraordinary???. If you’re more committed and so, I’l l offer you with a few picture over again underneath:
So, in case you’d want to reap a lot of these exquisite snap shots associated with (12 Outrageous Ideas For Your Jaden Smith Gay Jaden Smith Gay), simply click on save hyperlink to store these photos in your computer. These are to be had for reap, in case you admire and want to very own it, click on store symbol on the submit, and it will be instantly stored to your private home computer. As a final factor as a way to receive precise and latest picture associated with (12 Outrageous Ideas For Your Jaden Smith Gay Jaden Smith Gay), please observe us on google plus or ebook mark this page, we attempt our nice to offer you normal up grade with all new and sparkling pictures. We do wish you like retaining right here. For many up-dates and brand new data approximately (12 Outrageous Ideas For Your Jaden Smith Gay Jaden Smith Gay) images, please kindly follow us on twitter, path, Instagram and google plus, otherwise you mark this page on book mark section, We try to offer you replace often with clean and new pix, like your searching, and find the satisfactory for you.
Thanks for touring our internet site, contentabove (12 Outrageous Ideas For Your Jaden Smith Gay Jaden Smith Gay) posted . Today we’re extremely joyful to announce that we have observed an incrediblyinteresting topicto be talked about, particularly (12 Outrageous Ideas For Your Jaden Smith Gay Jaden Smith Gay) Many people looking for information about(12 Outrageous Ideas For Your Jaden Smith Gay Jaden Smith Gay) and of course considered one of them is you, isn’t it?
Jaden Smith: I’m GAY & Tyler The Creator Is My Boyfriend! News Break – jaden smith gay jaden smith gay
Hijo de Will Smith asegura que Tyler, The Creator es su novio – jaden smith gay jaden smith gay
JADEN SMITH declara SER GAY y DICE que TYLER THE CREATOR es SU NOVIO BRAYAN TRAP – jaden smith gay jaden smith gay
Will Smith ¡niega que su hijo sea gay! – TVyNovelas USA – jaden smith gay jaden smith gay
Jaden, hijo de Will Smith, celebra el Grammy de su novio rapero .. jaden smith gay
Foto 12: ¿Jaden Smith y Tyler, The Creator tienen un romance gay .. jaden smith gay
Jaden, hijo de Will Smith, celebra el Grammy de su novio rapero .. jaden smith gay
from WordPress https://www.flowernifty.com/12-outrageous-ideas-for-your-jaden-smith-gay-jaden-smith-gay/
submitted by RaniPuspita to PaintOfLegends [link] [comments]


2020.02.12 03:17 Fcarvalhost Brazil: One family was killed and burned in a case planned by the daughter and his girlfriend

First aval, very sorry for any english mistakes here. I'm Brazilian, trying to translate reports about a case that is drawing a lot of attention here in Brazil right now. Sorry for any mistake and here we go.
On January 28, three bodies were found charred inside a car, inside a city in São Paulo. As three people who died were Flaviana Gonçalves, Romuyuki Gonçalves and Juan Victor (teenager). All three belonged to the same family. The crime occurred the previous morning.
A policeman pointed out on January 29 that, among the main suspicions of crime is Anaflávia Gonçalves (24 years old), daughter of Romuyuki and Flaviana. The crime was planned by her and her girlfriend, Carina Ramos (26 years old).
Initially, as investigations pointed out by Anaflavia and Carina caused by the crime. However, the police are still trying to find out how they motivated the crime. In a television program, witnesses close to the family reported that a possible serious cause in the Anaflavia family is not an acceptable or homosexual relationship. A weapon was also not identified.
The line of investigation is for a possible family dispute. Another hypothesis of the police would be a robbery. The police also consider that the group wanted an inheritance that Flaviana and Romuyuki left after their death.

Crime Chronology
- At 6 pm on January 27, Anaflávia - daughter of the couple Romuyuki and Flaviana and sister of Juan Victor - arrives in the model of their own vehicle Palio at the house where her parents and brother lived, in a gated community in Santo André, also in ABC Paulista. The car gets in and out of the property a few times.
- At 8 pm, Anaflávia's girlfriend, Carina, arrives on foot wearing a hooded tracksuit.
- Around midnight, Flaviana arrives driving the family car, blue Jeep Compass model, later found charred.
- Almost 3 hours later, around 1 am on January 28, the two cars - the Palio and the Jeep - leave the condo together. Whoever drives or drives the family car at this moment is Carina, with Flaviana not long behind the driver.
- At 2h50, the Fire Department receives a call to attend a car burnt down on Estrada do Monthões, in São Bernardo do Campo.
- On January 28, the family car was found on fire at Estrada do Monthões, in São Bernardo do Campo, near the Ring Road. The place is about 6 km from the townhouse in Santo André where the family lived.
- There were two completely charred bodies in the trunk of the vehicle.
- The three bodies were sent to the Central Medical Legal Institute (IML), where tests for identification were carried out. Two days later, a report pointed out that the cause of death for the 3 was head trauma, possibly due to blows to the head. The victims were then killed before their bodies were burned at Estrada do Monthões.
- The police found the family home overturned. The police also identified that valuables, such as jewelry, TV and video games, and cash amounting to R $ 8,000 (U$1846) in national and foreign currency were taken, in addition to a broken old gun, which belonged to the grandfather of one of suspicion, Anaflavia.
- On February 1, tests carried out by the police confirmed the presence of human blood in the family home, on the stairs, on clothes and in the washing machine.
- The police had access to images from security cameras at the condominium's entrance, which showed Anaflávia's visit to her parents the night before the dawn of the crime, followed by the departure of her car and her family.

Testimony version of Carina and Anaflávia, main suspicions
- According to police officers who accompanied the statements, Carina and Anaflávia said that “the situation got out of control after an argument” among the criminal group inside the family home.
- According to the investigation, the five criminals planned to steal the R $ 85,000 that would be in the safe of the residence. For that, they used a weapon to simulate surrendering Carina and Anaflavia, as well as her parents and brother.
- But as the money was not in the safe, the three men became aggressive and began to beat Romuyuki, Flaviana and Juan, according to the girlfriends' report. Then they decided to steal a TV, a video game and R $ 8,000 in cash from the victims.
- Still according to the sources, Carina said that one of the men "acted violently against Anaflavia" and, for that reason, she decided to interfere.
- With that, the three became even more excited and ended up saying the names of the two girlfriends in front of the couple of businessmen and the teenager.
- After that, according to Carina's testimony, the three men decided to “execute” Anaflavia's father and younger brother. The murders were said to have been committed at the family home in Santo André.
- Carina also said that she was forced by the trio to drive the hostage family car to a dirt road in São Bernardo. Inside the vehicle would be the bodies of Romuyuki, Flaviana and Juan.
- Still on Wednesday the police seized a car that could have been used in the crime. The investigation also analyzed security cameras at a gas station, which shows the group's arrival in two cars. The gang bought fuel to burn the family car with the victims inside.

In the past few days, three other suspects have emerged:
- Juliano de Oliveira (Carina's cousin. I confess to involvement in the crime)
- Guilherme Ramos (associate quoted in Juliano's testimony)
- Jonathan Fagundes Ramos (Juliano's brother, confessed to having helped plan the theft)

Juliano's version in the testimony to police officers
- Juliano told the investigation that cousin Carina and her girlfriend, Anaflavia, agreed to kill the family after not finding any money in the safe.
- Carina would have killed the couple's son first and then the teenager's father, asphyxiating the two with plastic bags on their heads while still in Santo André. Then he killed his mother-in-law in São Bernardo, but Juliano didn't say how.

Couple background
As two lived in one of the houses located between alleys around Rua Toledanas, a few meters from the cafeteria. According to the police, it is a community controlled by drug trafficking, which has been receiving visits from Civil Police investigators since the crime. Officers go in search of information about the case or to carry out search, seizure and arrest warrants. GLOBO visits you last local Thursday, but between residents and merchants, with no law on silence when talking about the members of the Carina family.
Judicial records and police reports to understand the neighbors' reservation. Carina's mother, Josiana Ramos had been through the police for theft and involvement in drug trafficking. A few years ago, he was found dead in the apartment of a community housing estate. Months earlier, Carina's stepfather for shooting murders, in front of the same address. Brothers and cousins ​​of the Anaflavia woman also have passages recorded by the police. Cook at the main supermarket in the neighborhood, one of the girl's aunts, prefers not to talk about the case.
Before living with Carina in the community, Anaflávia abruptly ended the relationship with his first wife, Juliana Martins, 38 years old. It was a union that had started with a meeting in the Tinder dating application, officially registered at the registry office and celebrated at the party in the house rented by the two of them to live together in the Grajaú neighborhood, in the same region. The celebration was supported by Anaflávia's parents, best man and helped to organize a party. The two ended up adopting Juliana as a daughter, according to their relationship.
It was a time when Anaflávia works as an administrative assistant in a company that provides services to utilities in the electricity sector. At night, he attends Mechanical Engineering classes at the Anhembi-Morumbi University. As two lived intensely with Romuyuki and Flaviana. They played football with Juan Victor's friends. On weekends and long holidays, we travel together to a family home in Praia Grande, on the south coast of São Paulo. Purchased in 2014 for R $ 165 million, the property is located four blocks from the sand.
Family members say they do not know whether the relationship with Carina was the reason for the breakup. But the fact is that, shortly after the end, as two were already together, and Anaflávia shares a house with a new woman in the community of Santo André. Mother of three, Carina was on her way to her third wedding. In resumes, she reports experience as an administrative, computer and necropsy assistant.
The new relationship coincided with a turning point in the Gonçalves family's financial life. After 21 years of dedication to the multinational Basf - where he started as a credit analyst and became the leader of a team with 30 employees -, Romuyuki left the company and invested in two perfume franchises in shopping centers in São Bernardo and Mauá (SP) ). A third unit was on its way. Anaflávia worked with her mother at one of these kiosks.
Salesmen from nearby stores cite the young woman as a person with simple habits, who spoke little and worked late. Some noted that Anaflavia's behavior was different when Carina appeared. With a strong personality, she was often jealous.
The success of the kiosks caught the attention of Carina's family, especially Juliano. Due to unclear debts, the two agreed with Carina's relatives to carry out a simulated theft, without using violence, according to their testimony to the police.
When they found an empty safe, the situation would have gone out of control, in their report to the authorities. The simulated robbery fell to the ground, there was a decision to kill Anaflavia's parents and brother. The police hope to conclude in the next few days who is behind the decision, and the role of each person in the story.
Trapped in separate cells, Anaflavia still looks in shock, according to investigators. Carina answers questions eloquently. They communicate by shouting. Carina swears love to the woman.

LINKS:
https://g1.globo.com/sp/santos-regiao/noticia/2020/02/10/suspeito-de-matar-familia-no-abc-se-entrega-e-diz-que-cansou-de-fugir-da-policia.ghtml
https://g1.globo.com/sp/sao-paulo/noticia/2020/02/06/juiz-decreta-prisao-de-mais-um-suspeito-no-caso-da-familia-encontrada-carbonizada-no-abc.ghtml
https://g1.globo.com/sp/sao-paulo/noticia/2020/02/05/familia-encontrada-carbonizada-no-abc-o-que-se-sabe-e-o-que-falta-saber.ghtml
https://g1.globo.com/sp/sao-paulo/noticia/2020/02/06/filha-de-familia-assassinada-no-abc-paulista-e-companheira-confessam-participacao-em-roubo-a-casa.ghtml
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=q13l4ZhCHs0 (RecordTV)
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4iZJqDhKA40 (RecordTV)
https://oglobo.globo.com/brasil/crime-no-abc-das-redes-sociais-aos-gritos-nas-celas-trajetoria-do-casal-anaflavia-carina-1-24238337
submitted by Fcarvalhost to TrueCrime [link] [comments]


2020.02.11 23:28 scara89 Mobile World Congress: MWC is the largest mobile event in the world, bringing together the latest innovations and leading-edge technology alongside today’s most influential visionaries. Barcelona, Spain 24-27 February, 2020

I was researching about this event, and here some notes about.
2017: Kik CEO discusses the future of chat at Mobile World Congress. Curious is, same year, between digital start ups supported by institutions, there was a solution to download music legally and free of charge, its name was MonkingMe source 😬
2018: ?
2019: Conference scheduled in www.kin.org/events but I didnt find any mention in press. Note the last event in this KF agenda is october 2019. I can say its correctly updated, cause we have not seen anything in 2020 yet jk😬
2020: Like others big companies, Facebook suspends MWC plans due to coronavirus risk. In the past, Facebook CEO Mark Zuckerberg had been a popular keynote speaker at the show 😷
I havent seen any signs to think someone of Kik Interactive, Code or Kin Foundation going to participate in this edition. But here you can see a list of speakers related to blockchain or go direclty to the list of keynotes sessions. to see the visionaries who are going to speak this year.
u/Ted_on_reddit was talking in 2017 about bots, this year there is a related debate The Customer Service Debate: Chatbots vs. Human Touch
Between the exhibitors there are:
Blurry is a live video chat dating app that allows users to blur screen image. The blur effect can be controlled by each user based on the user’s comfort level.
Bit2Mel. Online Bank for Cryptocurrencies and Blockchain digital assets.
2gether where consumers take full ownership and control of the services they use, move beyond interacting solely with euros and dollars to fully embrace cryptocurrencies and digital assets.
FIX Network leads the transformation into the true digital era by providing the security and safety required to protect our digital identities and assets on mobile devices.
submitted by scara89 to KinFoundation [link] [comments]


2020.01.29 23:47 VodkaInsipido r/Popheads Album of the Decade #29: 10 albums that have shaped the Spanish scene this decade.

someone in spain had to write an essay thrice because the first time it got wiped out when they downgraded from catalina to mojave and the second one because they ran out of battery before it could be saved. i’m someone, this is the essay, please have mercy also life in uni is hard
The 2010s have been a turning point for music in Spain. Just as the decade has been a moment of diversification in the international scene, in Spain there have appeared different sounds that differed from the indie darling/metal, screamo and noise-punk/radio-friendly reggaetón and big pop triad of the past decade, in some cases blending genres and demographics. I was asked to write about Rosalía’s Los Ángeles, but instead, I will point out what I consider the 10 best albums of the decade, or at least the ones that could define it.
Instead of linking the album in each case (which is a hard job having in mind it’d be more than 20 links), I will just link a single or song that I consider representative of the sound of the album or that could appeal to the demographic of this sub.
Honourable mentions go to Las Bistecs, Manel, Juventud Juché, Adala, Silvia Pérez Cruz, C. Tangana and AGORAZEIN, Hinds and El Guincho, who have, in their own way, shaped their decade, but never released albums as rounded out as these.
If you asked me to add a bunch more if I had the space to, I would add La Mal Querida’s Premeditación, Nocturnidad y Alevosía, Gata Cattana’s BANZAI and Christina Rosenvinge’s Un hombre rubio.

1.La Casa Azul - La Polinesia Meridional (2011)

Los chicos hoy saltarán a la pista
La Polinesia Meridional is such an exciting album that I just cannot believe it is not compared more often to Carly Rae Jepsen’s EMOTION. I know those are big words around here, but listen clearly: it is such a powerful exaltation of love that does not sound sugary that what is more admirable is the fact it exists as a full album that flows so smoothly.
A soothing listen, La Polinesia Meridional is basically what I consider a perfect love album. It is not a ‘falling in love’ kind of album, it is not a break-up album, it is not an abstract representation of love; it is all of them, at the same time. It is past, present and future, an statement for past lovers, current loneliness and the next few to come.
It is such a three-dimensional listen, so triumphant yet so intimate, like the last glimpses of the dusk in a beach. This is not your average romantic pop album, it is a study of how we feel love, how it feels to be in love, how it feels to be out of love, from all the perspectives. It is everything.

2. John Talabot - Fin (2012)

Oro y Sangre
Fin has been compared to the Ibiza scene quite a few times. It is not a desperate analogy: it is, in fact, quite reminiscent of the DJ scene that has been making the island a suitable destination from party-goers from all over the world.
But everything that said DJs lack of humanity, like playlists playing either hardcore technophile house or radio-made europop, John Talabot makes up in creating a sound that sounds natural. It is like if GAS’ music suddenly had an illumination and Virgin Mary appeared to him, promising a better future through funkier house.
In Fin, you cannot escape the images of Mediterranean landscapes: endless beaches, deep pine forests, large olive orchards, white houses all over, all illuminated by the lights of a hard-hitting sun or the blue-ish tint of August moon. It is like a round trip to the Mediterranean club scene, in the comfort of your house, for free and in 45 minutes and less.

3. Triángulo de Amor Bizarro - Salve Discordia (2015)

Baila sumeria
If there is an album that can define the indie scene this decade, it is this one, far and away. Triángulo redefined what they could be. They got harder, better, faster, stronger: their drummer had to stop and be replaced during studio sessions because he could not keep up with the rhythm, they almost made a venue’s ceiling fall off because of the deafening sound.
Salve Discordia is not just rock; it is pop, noisy, delicious, shoegaze-ish pop, with metal-infused ballads, danceable punk anthems full of ear-shattering choruses, lyrics full of rage and love, like running away from the Inquisition and their cavalry. In Baila sumeria, arguably the best rock song of the decade, Isabel Cea sings with a booming voice, invoking the spirits of the dead witches who once were burned in stakes:
It’s elder And flaky It’s elder And the ram speaks Science is false Science is false, without you
It is everything: passional and obsessive, violent and furious. This is an album for the ages.

4. Bad Gyal - Slow Wine (2016)

Fiebre
Listen to that one song. It’s the best song of the decade.
Slow Wine was not hyped at all, it was the kind of surprise release that unknown artists upload to Soundcloud and post on Twitter for their 900 followers. If only Bad Gyal was not the daughter of an slightly famous Catalan TV actor. And then, it spawned several hits, such as Mercadona or Fiebre.
Bad Gyal went from underground star to worldwide darling, being promoted by Pitchfork or Charli XCX and releasing hits like Candela, Tra, Hookah, Santa María or Zorra. But before that, she reshaped urban music in Spain. Right when La Zowi and Yung Beef were taking off, Bad Gyal just slammed right in and took the best of both (the boundary-pushing use of autotune) and added a bit of spice: dancehall melodies, head-drilling hooks, imaginative production.
Slow Wine is a product of its time that somehow still sounds fresh 4 years later. It’s not just this mixtape: Worldwide Angel, Bad Gyal’s second project, is just as great, with even weirder production. With Bad Gyal getting ready her debut album, we can only be hopeful that she will, once again, add another breath of fresh air to the Spanish scene.

5. Rosalía - Los Ángeles (2017)

De Plata
There was life before El Mal Querer, indeed. Rosalía came out of nowhere and released an album full of grieving flamenco songs. The production of Raül Referee is just heart-wrenching. I have written long about this album, but I will never get tired of doing so.
Rosalía could have made an easy album. She clearly did not have the intention to, though. Los Ángeles is a hard album to get into, spare and skeletal, beautiful and threatening. The outro to Si tú supieras compañero is the greatest reflection of it: a compilation of 4 parts of 4 different flamenco songs all accompanied by a guitar, it ends in a set of strings that sounds both like an ascension to heaven and an entrance to hell. It is heart-wrenching.

6. María Arnal i Marcel Bagés - 45 cerebros y 1 corazón (2017)

Tú que vienes a rondarme
Ever heard of the Spanish Civil War? It is easily one of the most polarising conflicts in Spanish history (and we’ve had some, refer to the Peninsular War, the last 3 succession crisis (the Castilian Civil War, the Spanish War of Succession, the First, Second and Third Carlist Wars), the time we had an anarchist revolution during the First Republic that almost succeeded and the miner insurrection of 1934 that is considered “the last great communist revolution”) because it was a military coup d’etat perpetrated by big businesses, church, aristocracy and the army against the rest of Spain; of course, the military succeeded and imposed a dictatorship.
But the history behind this album goes deeper than that. It is about the forty-five brains and the single one heart found in a mass grave back in 2016. They were, as expected, communist organs. Most of the songs on this album are deeply politized, but some are just about love. Maybe this album has not had the same impact as the ones above and below it, but it is probably the single greatest folk album made in recent Spanish history.

7. El Niño de Elche - Gran Magna Antología, Historia, Memoria, Rito y Geografía del Canto Flamenco-Andaluz, Mundo y Forma del Cante Gitano y Archivo y Tesoro del Flamenco Original, Antiguo, Jondo y Heterodoxo (2018)

this time just listen to the whole album lol
You want the hard version of flamenco? Here, have it.
It is, most definitely, the hardest listen on this list, far and away.
It is nearly 2 hours of pure madness poured into a single project: it is the Soundtracks for the Blind of flamenco, it is the Third Side of the Tape of folk, it is the Angelic 2 the Core of rock.
It is a set of 27 tracks that encompass what he considers to be flamenco.
It is weird, exquisite, never understandable, a trip, all in all.

8. Rosalía - El Mal Querer (2018)

Pienso en tu mirá
You already know this one. That fantastic album I wrote a lot about and whose author has become one of the world’s biggest new popstars. I will not tell you much about it other than the fact that it is an amazing piece of art that should be enjoyed thoroughly, and refer you to the post I already made about it.

9. Amaia - Pero no pasa nada (2019) / Carolina Durante - Carolina Durante (2019)

Quiero que vengas / Joder, no sé
Amaia and Carolina Durante are two ways of understanding indie pop’s obsession with love.
The first is delicate, sweet, innocent. It has a focus on ear-pleasing melodies and poetic lyrics, both for those in love and the ones who fell out of it. It is syrupy and delightful, so much that you might be turned off by it, but will make you wonder how an 18 year old girl can write such good lyrics and sing with such a pleasant voice.
The second is noisy, harsh, skeptical. It does not only not focus, but also has three different types of ADHD and jumps around trying to catch your attention. Carolina Durante made an album for those who cannot stand a ballad and love to curse on top of their lungs their exes.
Do not think about them as two vices that Aristotle would separate, but as a je ne sais quoi that connects them. Maybe it is the fact that Amaia and Carolina Durante’s singer were dating for a while, but something links these albums, and it is so beautiful to think about it being two points of view of the same relationship you cannot help but love them.

10. Rakky Ripper - Neptune Diamond (2019)

Thai Food
Rakky Ripper’s album is far and away my favourite pop album of 2019. Anthony Fantano has said over and over that Charli XCX’s Charli is the future of pop; well, instead, I introduce what the actual future of pop is like, and it is Neptune Diamond.
Raunchy but heartfelt lyrics, all-over-the-place beats that sprawl from PC Music infused bubblegum bass to alternative R&B to reggaetón-ish deconstructed club, long-lasting hooks, rhythms that catch you off guard. All around, it is the perfect blend of Gasolina and Vroom Vroom.
If anything, I can only hope Rakky Ripper once has the same popularity Bad Gyal or Rosalía have. She deserves it; the pop world deserves it. It is the future of music.
And that is it. This is what I consider the 10 (well, 11) albums that have defined the decade. Let me know because at this point I’m about to go into finals and just **** myself
submitted by VodkaInsipido to popheads [link] [comments]


2020.01.10 06:46 hamsterwheelers My Eyes Said Death (pt. 2)

In my memory, Aaron Jason Navarro was short and dorky and wore cargo pants everyday. With his hair in spikes that any 2001 middle-schooler would envy and an impressive eyebrow arch, he was a core member of our little gaggle of geeks. He was near the top of every class, even though he was terrible at taking tests. And he was the most beautiful boy in the world. I didn’t know it yet. But he was.
I met Aaron on the first day of sixth grade. The classroom was beige and dull and full of strangers from schools across the district. The desks were in clusters seating six, organized by last name. By the time I found the L-N table, three girls were already sitting. They seemed to know each other—and they seemed totally intimidating. Pretty, chatty, smiling. Meanwhile I had home-chopped bangs and my mom’s Gloria Vanderbilt jeans. I felt totally out of place as I took my seat.
And then Aaron sat next to me.
It wasn’t even the only seat available; the seat next to pretty, perfect Heather Munoz was still empty. I assumed it must’ve been an accident. But once he sat, he stayed in place, introduced himself, and took out his notebook.
“You draw, too?” I asked, marveling at his pages and pages of dinosaurs and tigers. I pulled out my own sketchbook with my poorly-drawn anime. We studied each other’s work for a second, until I got to a page covered in murky pencil, with two jagged white eyes in the center and a gaping, black mouth below it. The creature's gnarled fingers clutched at the edges of the page.
“What’s this?” I asked.
“Death,” he said. “Not your traditional Grim Reaper, huh?”
Throughout the day, we found that we shared and sat together in nearly every class. Even our friend groups soon merged: my friend Chelsea was totally smitten with Aaron, and I was nursing a crush on his friend Ethan.
Still, sometimes I’d see Aaron and I’d be struck by his quiet dignity. His eyes, dark and thoughtful, cast down at his sketchbook. His lips screwed to one side, his forehead furrowed. And then he’d raise a brow, catch a breath—inspiration!—and scribble away the next piece of his drawing. At other times, we were electrified in debate. Junior philosophers, he and I, flexing every ounce of our twelve-year-old wisdom. Does time have a beginning? Or is it like a line, extending forever in each direction?
Everything has a beginning and an end,” he said. “Unlimited lines are just hypothetical.”
“Look at your watch,” I told him. “The circle of it. There is no start, no end.”
“The start is the point where the molten metal hit the mold,” he countered.
I rolled my eyes. “You know you’re wrong. Don’t make this difficult.”
And thus the bickering would continue. Aaron would proclaim that humans invented time. I would say that without time, there could be no change. Without change, life could not spring. The big bang could not bang. And on and on. So I was surprised when the next year, Aaron was using my argument against me—with a much grimmer implication.
We were having another nonsensical debate and by the end of it, I was joking with him: “Swear it! Swear it! Swear it on your life!”
Aaron just shrugged and said. “Sure. I’ve always known I was going to die young, anyways.”
“Oh, shut up,” I said. He, of all people, couldn’t die young. Smart, funny, kind. He didn’t deserve to. If anyone were going to die young, it’d be me. Charmless, depressed, awkward. I regularly contemplated death. “You’re never dying. Besides, you can’t possibly know that.”
“Twenty-two,” he said, flatly. “Don’t know the how, though; probably a motorcycle accident.”
“If you think you’ll die in a motorcycle accident, then don’t ride,” I countered.
“If it’s not a motorcycle, it’ll be something else. But I think a motorcycle would be the coolest way to go.”
“But Aaron, time is linear, so how can you possibly know the future?”
“Everything that will happen has happened—just in the future or in the past,” he said. Then, totally seriously, no sarcasm in his voice, he gestured me over to him and pointed to his watch. “See the rim? How there is no beginning and no end?”
“Just like time?" I snarked.
"Just like time," he confirmed.
"Aaron, I told you that like a year ago!” I could taste triumph.
His ears turned Christmas-ornament red, as they did whenever he was embarrassed. “Did you?”
“Oh my gawd,” I said, shaking my head. “Alright, come up with an original argument, and maybe then we can continue this.”
Summer came and as the weeks passed, I started to miss my constant companion. So when Chelsea invited us all to mini golf, I was ecstatic. Her crush on Aaron was still raging and we all knew that it was practically a date—even Aaron, I suspect. But she was too nervous to talk to him. She’d stand by and watch him play arcade games, unable to bring herself to join in. Instead, she motioned me over. “Hey, you like video games, right Sunny? Think you can take on Aaron?”
Having me around gave her an excuse to hover, so I stood next to Aaron, put my coins into the slot, and challenged him to a game of Virtua Fighter while Chelsea cheered for him. Though I easily button-mashed my way to victory, I’d let up every once in a while and give him a string of wins.
“Alright! Aaron wins!” cried Chelsea after he’d had a good run of victories. “It’s time for bumper boats!”
She pulled me along and thanked me. “I mean, I would’ve just been standing there without you.”
The crowd of us left the arcade and filed into the line for the ride, the heat of the noon sure beating upon us. “Damn, it’s burning,” said Chelsea, taking off her top to reveal a bikini beneath it.
“Que fuego!” laughed Aaron’s friend Payush. But Aaron just stood there, though, staring at the pool, pale in the face.
“What’s wrong?” I asked. “You OK?”
He nodded, but his mouth was a hard line. As we moved closer to the gate, he grew quieter. Finally, he broke. “Actually, I don’t feel great. I’ll head inside.”
When he left, we all eyed each other uncertainly.
“He doesn’t know how to swim,” said Ethan. “He almost drowned once. He’s been afraid of water since then.”
Chelsea, still shy and now in her bikini, couldn’t bring herself to follow him in and keep him company, though our friends did their best to convince her. When it became clear that she wouldn’t budge, I finally said, “OK, I’ll go. I didn’t bring a swimsuit anyways.”
I found Aaron playing Virtua Fighter, and shook my head. “Trying to sneak in practice without me?”
“I won and you know it,” he boasted with a grin.
I just laughed, put in my quarters, chose the girl character, and resumed our rhythm: win, win, win, win, dive.
We were quiet at first, besides for the normal smack talk. But when it came time to reload our quarters, he abruptly said, “So they told you?”
“That you almost drowned?” I fidgeted.
“That’s how I know,” he nodded solemnly. I looked at him quizzically, but held my tongue. Finally, he asked, “Have you ever had a near-death experience?”
#
Toward the end of ninth grade, I was near death. I’d come home to find my father with his hands wrapped around my mother’s throat. As I fruitlessly pulled on him, I had heard death there. Starving and stalking. A cold phantom scavenging a meal, urging me to strike—and so I did. When all was said and done, I heard death’s hollow gasp as it left.
The police—called by a neighbor—arrived to my mom wailing on the floor, my dad’s corpse still warm, and me shaking him frantically. When they saw my mom, her throat red and swollen, me in shock, my dad dead- They said it looked like an accident.
“Sadly, this kind of accident is common when the victim is drunk,” said one officer.
“And cast iron is a dangerous choice for a coffee table,” said her partner.
Any excuse I could’ve been given, they gave freely. Even when I did try to speak, they cut me off. “No need, miss. It’s pretty clear what went on here.”
Looking back on it, I know that they helped me. At the time, though, it felt like they robbed me of absolution. I had killed a man—my own father. And it was called an accident; him a drunk. The world moved on—but I didn’t. Couldn’t.
Fear gnawed at my bones day and night. Everywhere I went, I saw the spectre of death looming. Each gust of wind felt, to me, like death’s chilling breath. Suddenly, what Aaron had been saying started to make sense. Getting close to death attuned me to it, the same as Aaron.
After that, I was a mess. Ostensibly, I did what I had to do to protect my mom—but guilt ate away at me night and day. What if he wasn’t going to kill her? What if he was going to let her go? What if I had hit him in the back instead? In the stomach? Stomped his foot?
The questions rolled around my head like thunder clouds, striking when I least expected it. I'd feel my favorite meal go down my throat and remember my mom's throat, crushed between his hands—leaving finger-shaped welts, then black and purple bruises. She's still alive, the doubt would whisper. He didn’t kill her. Was he even trying to? I'd set my textbooks down on my desk and instead of the normal thud, I'd hear the wicked crack of my dad's skull. You couldn't have hit his back? His arm?
The only person who would understand was the neighbor who’d called the police: Mabel Matthews.
I finished the school year in a self-study program that allowed time for loads of therapy. Then, in the afternoon, I’d go to Mabel’s house and cry. She’d pat my hand and listen, saying, “Tears are cleansing to the soul. They help carry all the bad energy away.”
When my tears were drying, Mabel finally spoke: “Little Sunshine, you know that death was there that day. You know what death was after. It was one life or ‘twas the other. The only other option was to let your mother go, bless her soul.”
I know it sounds like mumbo-jumbo, but I had been there. I heard it, felt it. Death had demanded a sacrifice. And I had paid it.
“Little Sunshine,” said Mabel, “let me help you. Maybe if you understand the world like I do—maybe it won’t be so scary.”
I was desperate, so I agreed.
Mabel practiced what she called iridology: looking at the iris—at colors, shapes, and structures in the eye—to gauge what was going on elsewhere in the body. But she took it a step further. Mabel looked past the iris and into the pupil to see what it reflected. The things our eyes saw but our minds couldn’t tolerate. The forces shaping us, moving us, following us. Forces like fear or love. Forces like death.
"I saw death in your eyes that day because death had been following you. You’d been looking at it all along and just didn’t know it," said Mabel. "But when the time came, you heard it. That means you're sensitive to these finer things. One day, you'll be able to see like I do, I'm sure of it."
The next September rolled around, and I was nervous to return to school. Afraid that someone would figure out what happened. Would know that I was a killer, that I was damaged, that I couldn’t be trusted. But when I returned, everyone was abuzz with something else: Ethan had died over the summer, struck by a drunk driver while biking home from track. The whole school was in mourning. Hardly anyone even mentioned the time I'd missed.
I shivered when I heard the news, recalling Mabel’s warning. That boy’s a strong one, but he’s not for you. He’s got a short road ahead.
While chilling, it was also comforting. If Mabel had known Ethan’s fate—well, maybe I could too. If death were knowable, then maybe I could stop fearing its unmerciful randomness. At least, that’s what I thought. Until I looked at Aaron.
I reported to class and found my seat—of course beside him. Some pulse of normalcy, I thought. I grinned for the first time in a long while. "Howdy, neighbor.”
Aaron turned to return my greeting. But I could hardly hear him. Instead, I heard it. The faintest rasp. A mere whisper. But it was a whisper I'd heard before. And in his eyes? I saw it. A shadowy figure, its eyes aglow, its mouth a vicious void, its twisted fingers gnarled around my reflection.
No. No, I thought. No. Not Aaron. I jerked my head, forcing the thought from my mind.
“You OK?” asked Aaron.
“Yeah,” I lied. “I’m fine. Just- just a bit of a headache.”
But inside, a wave of fear erupted. Through that fear came one simple truth: I loved him.
For so long, I was wrapped up in Ethan, concerned about Chelsea, aware of Aaron’s own crush on Joanna. But when I found that death had marked him, the fear of losing him twisted up my heart and out bled love.
Before high school was over, Aaron and Joanna started dating and were each accepted into UCLA. Meanwhile, I high-tailed it out of state to Boston University. I was so glad to leave it all behind: the home where I’d been terrified, the closet where I’d hid cowering instead of helping my mom, the couch where she was choked, the floor where my dad died. I was even glad to leave Aaron behind. Aaron and the fingers of death reflected in his eyes. Aaron and unrequited love. Maybe if I were gone, nothing would happen and nothing would change. Time would stand still.
Of course I was wrong. In my new home, I was free from fear and could finally shape my own life. My whole perspective changed. I became fun and funny and even kind of charming. I became a nicer person, a better person. I started to become someone I liked. Before graduating, I was dating the man I’d marry. I was excelling in classes. I was making friends—friends who didn’t know about my past, about my dad. I even forgot about that persistent call of death. I was so full of life that I couldn’t hear its cries anymore. I stopped looking for the signs in people's eyes.
The summer after I graduated, I returned home for just a stretch. It was difficult to be in that place again. And it was strange, too, to see the changes: the kitchen remodeled, the walls painted, the furniture new. Still, I’d look at the floor and think, That’s the spot. And I slept in my old bed, staring up at the same cracks in the same ceiling as when I was a scared little girl, listening to my parents fight.
I started spending as little time at home as possible. Mabel was in a convalescent home now, death murmuring all around her—but I pretended that the murmurs were just the whispers of her elderly neighbors. That the chill all around us was just the air conditioning. I buried the terrible knowledge that I had: that this was death’s stomping grounds. I sat at Mabel’s bedside and read her some of the short stories I’d been working on for class. After a bit, though, she clutched me with cold hands.
“Dear,” she said. “It’s a shame about that boy. Such a shame.”
Ethan, she means, and his short road. “It is. I haven’t forgotten him.”
“Well, of course not,” she said. “Of course not. Not when death is still hunting for him.”
My body quaked. Still hunting. “No, Mabel, Ethan’s dead. Been dead for six years.”
Mabel smiled sadly at me, her icy fingers wrapping about my arm. “Oh, of course,” she said. “So he is.”
But I could tell; I could see it in her eyes. It wasn’t Ethan that she spoke of.
The next day, I was nervous to meet Joanna for lunch. To be honest, I’d been a shitty friend; I was too immature to handle my hurt over Aaron. I’d celebrated with her when they started dating. But as soon as I moved, I pulled away and kept in touch through only the barest of digital correspondence.
She was already seated when I walked into the restaurant. Yet with a squeal, she shot up and launched herself into a hug that I heartily reciprocated. As we pulled away, I was surprised to see that Aaron had tagged along.
“Look at you!” I exclaimed, then added, perhaps tactlessly, “Twenty-two and still alive!”
We clapped hands and bumped fists, and he mostly ignored my jab.
Though it’d been years, seeing them again, talking with them, joking with them—it was like old times. A nostalgic comfort washed over me. These are my people, I thought. They always will be.
“We’re going camping next week out by Kern River,” said Joanna, as the meal wound down. “You should come.”
I smiled and declined as gracefully as possible—and, if I were being totally honest, probably exactly as I was expected to. “Oh, no. I’ve got to get back to Boston. I have some job interviews lined up.”
“That’s amazing,” said Joanna. “Already moving and getting into your career! While I’m still heading back to school.”
“No way! Your program sounds amazing! Truly, congrats on getting in.” Then I turned to Aaron. “What about you? What’s next for Aaron Navarro?”
He just grinned. “The future’s wide open.”
In the parking lot, Joanna and I shared a tight embrace. As we parted, Aaron threw his arms up and we shared a hug for the very first time.
“I can’t believe you’re taller than me now,” I laughed.
“I have been, for like eight years,” he said, rolling his eyes. And that was when I heard it again.
Just a whisper. Barely audible. Incomprehensible. But I knew the sound.
I tried to keep my face even but that raw, jagged bite shook me. “Aaron, you take care of yourself,” I said. “Be safe.”
He nodded, wearing that same serious demeanor that I remembered from our school days.
I got to my car, watching as they entered theirs and pulled away. Then I just broke. All the fear, the sorrow, the anguish came tumbling back to me. I spent four years numbing myself to death and its vicious threats but now here it was. It had never left. And it still had its appetite.
When my tears finally dried, I navigated my way back to the convalescent home. All through the halls, death murmured to me as it waited for its moment to strike. When I stood in Mabel's doorway, she nodded, a simper on her lips.
“Mabel,” I said, “please. Tell me how. How can we change this?”
The old woman frowned, shaking her head. “Death wants what it wants, Little Sunshine. And that boy was already granted a reprieve. You know as well as anyone how particular death’s taste is.”
“But- there’s got to be a way. You said that day- you said that it was my mom or my dad. That it was one or the other. And I made a choice that saved my mom. There’s got to be a way.”
Hush now, child,” Mabel’s voice was harsh and her eyes wide; deep crevices cracked her skin. “You don’t know what you’re saying. You don’t know what choice you’re begging to make. What horrible choice.”
It struck me all at once what I was saying. What I was really saying. Who can I sacrifice in his place?
“He’s a good person,” I whispered.
“Yes,” she agreed. “And the world will be the dimmer for his loss.”
But she granted me no comfort. There was none to be had.
That chill lingered with me. Even when I went home, staring up at my cracked ceiling. Even as I roamed the airport, boarded the plane, and crossed the country back to my little Somerville efficiency. The memory of that ragged hiss of death played in my ears.
I went back to my bookstore job, went on interviews, met-up with Chris and we tossed around the idea of moving in together. I tried to forget about that sound, that threat. I nearly succeeded.
But two weeks later, I opened my email to find a message from Payush—Aaron’s old friend.
“We need your prayers,” said the title.
All warmth fled my face.
We’re still looking.
We haven’t given up.
Aaron, twenty-two, newly-graduated, and celebrating with his friends; Aaron, who couldn’t swim, who was terrified of water, who for reasons I still don’t understand didn’t have a life jacket; Aaron, who in another month would’ve turned twenty-three—Aaron had fallen into the deceptively calm waters of the Kern River just 200 yards above Class IV and V whitewater rapids.
We remain hopeful, please keep your thoughts on him and his family.
I closed my laptop and hung my head, pale, cold, trembling. Because I knew- I knew that thoughts and prayers wouldn't be enough. Thoughts and prayers wouldn't satisfy death.
submitted by hamsterwheelers to SpinningHamsterWheels [link] [comments]


2019.12.30 23:36 MLK-Ashuroyo On Assyrian continuity - ܡܟܬܪܢܘܬܐ ܣܘܪܝܝܬܐ

Please find below a few extracts from papers or books dealing with Assyrian continuity. Probably some of us are already familiar with some of the papers. But I think it's still good to share and google might index this post. It's quite a long post and probably deserved multiple posts and proper english, but it is worth it for many of us interested in our history and I hope some will be inspired and update the wikipedia pages about our people, anyway...
Remembrance at Assur: The Case of the Dated Aramaic Memorials, Alasdair Livingstone:
This first paper deals with the Aramaic inscriptions found in Assur, especially the relevance of the dates with the Neo-Assyrian calendar and festivities. The inscriptions are dated after the seuleucid era around 200 AD of Christianity and you can actually check them here along with some engraving of the people / priests (which are in my opinion quite similar to those found in Edessa), note also the script slightly different than Edessa's Syriac. Also one should mention that these inscriptions (around 15-20) were actually first studied in 1920. Moreover, I think most of you will recognize the name of the months which are still the same today. Note also the names, dated 200 AD and it's really striking how as the author said:
The gods invoked in these inscriptions are consistently Aššur and his consort Šerua and the onomasticon has a sprinkling of names that sound or could be thought to sound Neo-Assyrian and as if they could have been heard on the streets of Nineveh in the 7th century bc.
The Aramaic form of the god Assor has been replaced by the Akkadian form Aššur for the sake of clarity and minor differences in the vocalisation of what are certainly the same Aramaic names have been standardised.
We'll discuss this name of Assor further below with materials from a book
On the 8th day of Nisan in the year 532 Ellay the son of Ebadebuh the son of Mlabel and Hanna the son of Ahhiy-Aššur and Aššur’aqab the son of Ahhiy-Aššur were remembered before the god Aššur and the goddess Šerua favourably and for benefit forever
On the 24th of Shebat in the year 531 Hayyana the son of Ahhiy-Aššur and Qib-Aššur the son of Qassma were remembered before Aššur and Šerua favourably and for benefit … and one as per group of artisans.
After 189 AD On the 10th day of Nisan in the year 500 [+…] Hayyana the son of Ahhiy-Aššur was mentioned favourably. And Mlabel and Basru and Ahhiy-Aššur the son of Hannana.
March/April 200 AD On the 10th day of Nisan in the year 511 Aza the son of Aššur-dayyan was mentioned favourably before the Lady.
No date by year On the 9th day of Nisan Aššur-dayyan the son of Aššur-tares was mentioned favourably.
further in the article, the author talks about the date of the inscriptions and how they match with the festivities that were held during the neo-Assyrian empire era.
And there's also this custom, that is or something similarly still held when we lost some close one. We, in the Syriac Orthodox Church point of view speaking, ask the priest a prayer to remember our dead and we offer breads to the congregation.
There is however a connection. As demonstrated by Radner, the kispu ritual did not only involve the offering of food and drink, but also had a spoken elementThe names of the deceased needed to be spoken out and in this respect, like the Aramaic memorials, ensured a remembrance
A NEO-ASSYRIAN DOCUMENT ON TWO CASES OF RIVER ORDEAL, Laura Kataja - Helsinki:
The second article is quite short and a bit funny in my opinion, we're in the neo-Assyrian period, two cuneiform tablets from the British Museum are examined.
The text published here with the kind permission of the Trustees of the British Museuml records two denunciations made by a certain Asalluhi-nadin-ahi. In spite of its shortness it is unique in a number of respects. Texts of this type are rare but not totally unrepresented in the Neo-Assyrian text corpus.
Translation 67 Asalluhi-nadin-ahi, an official [in the service of] Milki-mlri, (is) the informer who cited "the king's word" against Summa-ilani, the ruler of the city of Arkuhi in Kasiari9 , (saying): (6) Summa-iHini says: "after my son has been born, I shall name him Ashurbanipal". (8) They went to the ordeal and Summa-ilani turned back. (9) The same Asalluhi-nadin-ahi, who cited the "king's word" against Ahu-erjba, the [ '" ] of the chief cupbearer, (saying): (12) [the name] of Sennacherib (two untranslatable lines) (r.2) [ ... ] he decides (3) [Ahu-erjba, against whom] he said this, turned back.
As you read, Asalluhi-nadin-ahi reported to Milki-mlri who is:
The official mentioned in line 2 (Milki-niiri) is probably to be identified with a prominent eunuch of the same name known from several Ninevite documents dating from about 670 B. C. 8.
so, the ruler of the town of Arkuhi in Kasyari proclaimed that he will give the name Ashurbanipal to his son and it seems that such names are kinda taboo or forbidden. So the ruler of this town got arrested and his case settled with a river-ordeal. But what is striking here, and I think if there's some Suryoye reading here, they will notice the name of the town: Arkuhi. If some aren't familiar with the name Kasyari, it was the name of the area that corresponds to today's Tur'Abdin:
Aššur-reš-iši I and Tiglath-pileser I16, are reported to have fought the Aramaeans in the Euphrates valley between Tell Ashara and Karkemiš17, in the western Jazira, as well as in the Kašiyari (Tur Abdin) mountains.
page 230, chapter 4, 4.2 from the book: A Political History of the Arameans: From Their Origins to the End of Their Polities: This designation seem to indicate that there were Aramean groups that settled on the southern side of Moun Kašiyari (Tur'Abdin).
And this Arkuhi is most likely the village of Arkah, sadly there's no english wikipedia page, but here's a video from SuryoyoSAT, they've done a wonderful job for those of you who want to see the beautiful villages of Tur'Abdin, do not hesitate to check their youtube channel. Note that this is not the only village mentioned in cuneiform tablets, many other villages of Tur'Abdin and surrounding towns are mentioned, HOW TO REACH THE UPPER TIGRIS: THE ROUTE THROUGH THE ŪR `ABDĪN, Karen Radner.
And now a book in French, but I'll provide a traduction using deepl for those of you who don't know French.
De l'araméen à l'arabe: l'étymologie de Ziry?b & Survivances onomastiques, author: Michel Nicolas
This book is very very interesting and it goes in depth, in terms very technical (linguistic) and demonstrate how many names of people and town got passed down from the Akkadian to the Arabic via Aramaic.
Despite many other very interesting things, I'll focus on one thing, on the hypothesis of the meaning of the name Charbel, the priest and martyr of Edessa.
Page 62:
Le nom propre akkadien Assur-bel : "Assur est seigneur " (bel pour belu à l'état absolu d'où la chute de l'accent final "u", cas bien attesté) ou à l'état abrégé "apocopé" qui suppose pour la partie omise plus d'une possibilité: Assur-beli: "Assur est mon seigneur" (avec la chute de la "ï") comme Assur-rabbi (du même sens), ou encore à ce même état: Assur-bel-kala: "Assur est seigneur de tout" ou: Assur-bel-ilani : "Assur est seigneur des dieux ", ou encore: "Assur-bel-zeri: "Assur est seigneur de la descendance ", est passé en araméen avec toutes les formes de la prononciation du nom du dieu Assur que nous trouvons dans les inscriptions araméennes notamment des villes d'Assur et de Hatra. La forme la plus usitée en araméen est Sarbil. Mais nous trouvons le nom muni de l'attaque vocalique au début, donc sous une forme plus ancienne que celle que nous venons de mentionner, dans les inscriptions de Hatra, srbl. Et, en dépit de l'origine anté chrétienne du nom, celui-ci est devenu chrétien et exclusivement, depuis la conversion au christianisme d'un célèbre Sarbil grand-prêtre païen à Edessa, et son martyr en conséquence par les romains qui occupaient la Haute Mésopotamie sous l'empereur Trajan. Le nom devient d'usage chez les Chrétiens d'Orient.
Deepl translation:
The Akkadian proper name Assur-bel: "Assur is lord" (bel for belu in the absolute state hence the fall of the final accent "u", a well attested case) or in the abbreviated state "apocopé" which supposes for the omitted part more than one possibility: Assur-beli: "Assur is my lord" (with the fall of the "ï") as Assur-rabbi (in the same sense), or again in this same state: Assur-bel-kala: "Assur is lord of all" or: Ashur-bel-ilani: "Ashur is lord of the gods", or again: "Ashur-bel-zeri: "Ashur is lord of the descendants", is passed into Aramaic with all the forms of pronunciation of the name of the god Ashur that we find in Aramaic inscriptions, especially of the cities of Ashur and Hatra. The most common form used in Aramaic is Sarbil. But we find the name with the vowel attack at the beginning, therefore in an older form than the one we have just mentioned, in the inscriptions of Hatra, srbl. And, in spite of the ante-Christian origin of the name, it became Christian and exclusively, since the conversion to Christianity of a famous pagan high priest Sarbil in Edessa, and his consequent martyrdom by the Romans who occupied Upper Mesopotamia under Emperor Trajan. The name became customary among the Christians of the East. Translated with www.DeepL.com/Translator (free version)
To put it simple, the author equals Sharbel with Assur-bel. Obviously such thing about the name Assur isn't new and the author is citing MANY sources, among them the first paper I talked about where the name Assur is in fact written sr and sometimes shr (shin + rish). And he details two another hypothesis about the name Sharbel which he links with the god Bel, either "gathelead O Lord" or "Protected from Bel", as he said the usual meaning "God's good news" that is given to Sharbel doesn't make any sense considering the background of the martyr, the context and the knowledge that we have access to now.
UPDATE 30/01/2020:
About the names Narsay, Ablahad, Sarhad, still on the same book in french, page 65:
Other surnames or first names of Akkadian origin have survived until a relatively late period and there are names that survive to the present day, often with deformations or letter falls, especially final ones, such as Qī šat "gift" deformed into Qašat ; šangû (undeformed) which means "priest" in Akkadian (from the Sumerian Sanga); Sarhad (Asarhaddon) from the Akkadian Aššur-ah(a)-iddin : "the god Aššur gave a brother"; Dannu (undistorted): strong in Akkadian; Narsai (name of a famous Christian author-poet from Upper Mesopotamia, 5th century). Some explain it by the name of the narcissus flower, a word of Greek origin, which is unlikely given its absence from Syriac vocabulary in a similar form. In Syriac, the word of Greek origin for the flower in question is narqīs and narqos. The name Narsai would be composed of two terms, the second of which would be Sīn the moon god in Akkadian and which is in all periods frequently used, from which the last letter has fallen (well-known cases), and to which the hypocoristic suffix "ay" has been added. The first term would be nūr: "light" in Akkadian, in the constructed state, which also enters many also in compound proper nouns. Narsai would therefore be : Nūr-Sīn "light of Sīn"; as we find Nūr-šamaš "light of šamaš" and Nūr-Ištar "light of Ishtar". The transformation of the vowel "ū" into "a" would be under the influence of the "a" in the hyppocoristic suffix "ay": Nūrsīnay>Nūrsay>Narsay. The name known among the Mesopotamian Christians Api(a)lḫad is the Akkadian Aplu: "son" and ḫad is the name of the well-known god (Thunder / storm god Adad/ḫadad/ḫaddu); it is therefore: "son of ḫad". Aplu in the constructed state becomes: Apil..., less frequently: Apal...: "son of ...". It enters in the composition of other names like: Apil-Sin: "son of Sin"...
Translated with www.DeepL.com/Translator (free version)
From the French:
D'autres noms patronymiques ou prénoms d'origine akkadienne ont subsisté jusqu'a une époque relativement tardive et il est des noms qui subsistent jusqu'à nos jours avec souvent des déformations ou des chutes de lettres notamment finales, tels que Qī šat "don" déformé en Qašat ; šangû (non déformé) qui veut dire "prêtre" en akkadien (du sumérien Sanga) ; Sarhad (Asarhaddon) de l'akkadien Aššur-ah(a)-iddin : " le dieu Aššur a donné un frère " ; Dannu (sans déformation) : fort en akkadien ; Narsai (nom d'un célèbre auteur-poète chrétien de la Haute Mésopotamie, du cinquième siècle). Certains l'expliquent par le nom de la fleur narcisse, mot d'origine grecque, ce qui est peu vraisemblable vu son absence du vocabulaire syriaque sous une forme proche. En syriaque, le mot d'origine grecque désignant la fleur en question se dit narqīs et narqos. Le nom Narsai serait composé de deux termes dont le second serait Sīn le dieu Lune en akkadien et qui est à toutes les époques frquemment usité, duquel la dernière lettre a chuté (cas bien connus), et auquel le suffixe "ay" hypocoristique a été ajouté. Le premier terme serait nūr : "lumière" en akkadien, à l'état construit, qui entre beaucoup aussi dans des noms propres composés. Narsai serait donc : Nūr-Sīn "lumière de Sīn" ; comme on trouve Nūr-šamaš "lumière de šamaš" et Nūr-Ištar "lumière d'Ishtar". La transformation de la voyelle "ū" en "a" serait sous l'influence de la "a" dans le suffixe hyppocoristique "ay" : Nūrsīnay>Nūrsay>Narsay. Le nom connu chez les chrétiens mésopotamiens Api(a)lḫad est l'akkadien Aplu : "fils" et ḫad nom du dieu bien connu (Thunder / stor god Adad/ḫadad/ḫaddu); c'est donc : "fils de ḫad". Aplu à l'état construit devient: Apil..., moins fréquemment: Apal...: "fils de ...". Il entre dans la composition d'autres noms comme : Apil-Sin : "fils de Sin"...
UPDATE 01/02/2020:
Regarding the name Balai, Babai, Addai:
Page 57-58:
Hypocortical Form The use of the hypocortical form is known in the apocope in particular. This is why we speak at the end of this list of apocopoeial forms of proper names. We find a common usage in Akkadian and Aramaic passed from the former to the latter, and sometimes in Hebrew. For the Akkadian, it is the neo-Babylonian and neo-Assyrian period in which the use of apocopated proper nouns abounds, which knows the hypocoristic form that we are going to examine. This form is expressed in Akkadian by adding the suffix "ya" (feminine: "yatu") to the proper noun; example: Ṭāb-ya (from ṭābu "bon", verb and adjective). Late, the suffix that loses its final "a" becomes "ay"; the passage through "y" is phonetically unavoidable: ya > *y > ay, as Iqīšay; iqus is an accomplished verb of qāšu "to offer", in the third person singular of the masculine singular: "he has offered". To be heard in this noun, as in Iddin "he gave" used alone (see heading "e"), a divine subject and a direct jobjet complement both omitted. Šamaš-ay: Šamaš, the god Solei, to imply the verb "gave..." omitted (see heading "i"). We also find Zēr-ay (written zēr-ai) where the divine noun complement, is omitted: "the descendants of ...". (see heading "d"). In Aramaic and post-Christian times, this same hypocoristic suffix "ay" is found in many names like Adday (Add-ay), usually transcribed as Addai. In this person's name there is the name of the god Adad which has multiple forms mentioned above. Balay (Ba(ā)al-ay) writes Balay. This name would also be a theophore containing "bel" "lord" (well-known Semitic root b'l); to hear "the Lord" qualifying a deity. The verb and the direct object complement of these subjects are: gave a descent, to imply. Babay (Bāb-ay) writes Babai: this name would be the Akkadian babu "little child"; it also appears in the Aramaic form Baba and without the hypocortical suffix "ay". And there are other examples in Semitic of the use of a term with this meaning as a proper noun: in Arabic Gulām and Walīd; in Syriac Ṭalya. Kummay: this name would be the Akkadian kummu "sanctuary, temple" with the suffix "ay"; the Arabic use of Haykal in the same sense, as a proper noun, is the equivalent.
Translated with www.DeepL.com/Translator (free version)
From the French:
Page 57 Forme Hypocoristique L'usage de forme hypocoristique est connu dans l'apocopé en particulier. C'est pourquoi nous parlons à la fin de cette liste de formes apocopées de noms propres. Nus trouvons un usage commun en akkadien et en araméen passé du premier au second, et parfois en hébreux. Pour l'akkadien, c'est l'époque néo-babylonienne et néo-assyrienne dans laquelle abonde l'usage de noms propres apocopés, qui connaît la forme hypocoristique que nous allons examiner. Cette forme est exprimée en akkadien par l'ajout du suffixe "ya" (féminin: "yatu") au nom propre ; exemple : Ṭāb-ya (de ṭābu "bon", verbe et adjectif). Tardivement, le suffixe qui perd son "a" finale, devient "ay"; le passage par "y" est phonétiquement inévitable : ya > *y > ay, comme Iqīšay ; iqus est un verbe à l'accompli de qāšu "offrir", à la troisième personne du masculin singulier : "il a offert". A entendre dans ce nom, comme dans Iddin "il a donné" utilisés seuls (v. rubrique "e"), un sujet divin et un complément d'jobjet direct tous deux omis. Šamaš-ay : Šamaš, le dieu Solei, à sous-entendre le verbe "a donné..." omis (v. rubrique "i"). Nous trouvons aussi Zēr-ay (écrit zēr-ai) où le nom divin complément de nom, est omis: "la descendance de ..." (v. rubrique "d"). A l'époque araméenne et post-chrétienne, ce même suffixe hypocoristique "ay" se rencontre dans de nombreux noms comme Adday (Add-ay), transcrit généralement Addai. Dans ce nom de personne il y a le nom du dieu Adad qui a multiples formes mentionnées plus haut. Balay (Ba(ā)al-ay) écrit Balai. Ce nom serait aussi théophore contenant "bel" "seigneur" (racine sémitique bien connue b'l); à entendre "le Seigneur " qualificatif d'une divinité. Le verbe et le complément d'objet direct de ces sujets sont : a donné une descendances, à sous-entendre. Babay (Bāb-ay) écrit Babai : ce nom serait l'akkadien babu "petit enfant"; il apparaît aussi sous forme aramaisée Baba et sans le suffixe hypocoristique "ay". Et l'on trouve en sémitique d'autres exemples de l'usage d'un terme avec ce sens comme nom propre : en arabe Gulām et Walīd ; en syriaque Ṭalya. Kummay : ce nom serait l'akkadien kummu "sanctuaire, temple" avec le suffixe "ay", l'usage en arabe de Haykal au même sens, comme nom propre, en est l'équivalent.
To sum up this book, we have the following about our historical names that originate from the Akkadian:
  • Sharbel -> Assur-bel (Ashur is Lord + eventually something as in Ashur-bel-kala Ashur is lord of all or Ashur-bel-Ilani Assur is lord of the gods). Most likely an abreviated name just like we have with Gabro, 'Abdo, Hanno, Lahdo, etc
  • Sarhad -> Assur-Ah-iddin (Assarhaddon).
  • Ablahad -> Api(a)lḫad (son of Had) had here is Adad / Hadad the storm / thunder god (it's only with Islam and Arabisation that it came to be / confused with 'Abd-al-Ahad servant of the One and only God). Note also that in western sureyt it's abreviated as Lahdo and 'Abvdo.
  • Addai -> Adad gave, it's the name of Addai the apostle among other historical figures of our people
  • Balai -> Baal / The lord gave, it's the name of the poet Balai of Qeneshrin
  • Babai -> Babu : Meaning gave a child, it's the name of a famous church of the east scholar, Mar Babai the great
  • Narsai -> Nur-Sin-ay light of Sin name of many east syriac martyrs and historical figures
  • Nashiram -> from the akkadian "turn to me" the name of the mother of Bardaisan
About Nebo / Nebu / Nabu in Syriac literature, Cults and Beliefs at Edessa, 2015, H. J. W. Drijvers, page 75:
Moreover, the Syriac tradition knows Nebo as the inventor of the art of writing, or in an euhemeristic way, as the first school-master.
Liber scholiorum, Theodore Bar Koni:
ܢܒܘ ܕܝܢ ܓܒܪܐ ܗܘܐ ܣܦܪܐ ܕܛܠܝܐ ܡܢ ܡܒܘܓ ܡܕܝܢܬܐ܀ܘܚܕ ܡܢ ܛܠܝܘܗܝ ܒܕܢܫܬܦܪ ܠܗ ܒܕܣܓܝ ܚܪܡܢ ܗܘܐ܀ܚܫܠ ܠܗ ܨܠܡܐ ܘܣܓܕ ܗܘܐ ܠܡ܀ ܕܢܫܟܚ ܢܪܝܚ ܚܡܬܗ ܕܢܒܘ܀ܡܢ ܒܬܪ ܕܪܐ ܕܝܢ ܛܥܘ ܒܗ ܐܢܫܐ ܘܫܡܗܘܗܝ ܠܨܠܡܐ ܐܠܗܐ
More on who's Nabu:
After Marduk, Nabu was the most important god of the Babylonians and became so popular he was adopted by the Assyrians and known as the son of their god Ashur. Even after the fall of the Assyrian Empire in 612 BCE, Nabu - unlike many of the other Assyrian gods - continued to be worshiped until at least the 2nd century CE
some of my old comments regarding Assyrian continuity:
Two clerics named Sargon in two manuscripts from the 13th and 6th century
Tatian and Lucian of Samosate
The Syriac Orthodox Priest Nabukhadnassar and the Patriarch Philoxenus Nemrod
David bar Pawlos dialogue poem between the Vine and Cedar.
Quick link to the The Dispute of the Months in Sureth and Its East-Syriac Vorlage
To finish, one should remember what Mor Mikhael Rabo said in his chronicle: We lost our history and knowledge of the past when we became christians as our forefathers burnt down all the books they had about their pagan past.
Aramaic / Syriac / Assyrian / Suryoyo / Arameans / Assyrians / Syriacs / Aramean
submitted by MLK-Ashuroyo to Assyria [link] [comments]


2019.12.29 21:20 packmanwiscy [OC] Who's in line to make the 2020 Olympic Field: Part 2

With the Christmas break in full swing (golf pun), most of the major world tours off and many of the top players relaxing in their offseason, it’s a great time to look at Olympic Qualifying. A lot has changed in the 4 months since I last posted. As a reminder, Olympic Qualifying ends on June 22nd and will take the Top 60 players in the Official World Golf Standings (OWGR), with each country getting a maximum of two slots, unless they have more than two players in the Top 15, which in case they can send a maximum of four players. These rules are fairly simple to follow if you aren’t following this wordy explanation, you’ll see how it works as I go along. I’ll be going continent-by-continent grading players on the likelihood that they’ll qualify. A “Virtual Lock” means they’re almost guaranteed to make the Olympics. Someone “On The Inside Track” means they will likely make the Olympics if they continue their form of play in the future. A “Bubble Boy” is someone on the edge of qualifying that needs to pick up the pace to ensure their spot or else they’ll need others to play even worse to qualify, and finally an “Outside Shot” has a small chance but needs either a watershed victory and/or declines from people above them to make the Olympic Field. These of course are not final, a lot can change in six months. People who are virtual locks may still fall out if their play drops off (as some have fallen in rank since September) and people who aren’t even on the radar can still sneak into the Olympic Field.
North America:
Canada: INSIDE TRACK: Adam Hadwin (currently 49th in the world), Corey Conners (60). OUTSIDE SHOT: Nick Taylor (234), Roger Sloan (249), Mackenzie Hughes (263),
Hadwin and Conners have kept up their play in the downs season, Hadwin has two Top 5 finishes and Conners in a four tournament Top 20 streak. Still, six months is a long time and the other three Canadiens on tour still can weasel their way into the field. Conners himself jumped 100 spots with his win at Pebble in February, one of these guys could jump in a similar manner and edge out the others. Still, Conners and Hadwin are definitely favorites
MEXICO: VIRTUAL LOCK: Abraham Ancer (37). INSIDE TRACK: Carlos Ortiz (144).
Being a Top 50 player from a weaker golf country like Mexico puts Ancer firmly in the Tokyo Field. Since his great performance in the playoffs last year, Abraham has continued his good form with a T4 at the HSBC and a T8 at Mayakoba. Carolis Ortiz also had a strong showing in his home country with a T2, and additional T4’s in Houston and in the Sanderson Farms has put him in the Top 150 in the world. This gives him a lot more of a safety net to work with. It’s not a sure bet, but Ortiz has done a lot in the past two months to guarantee Mexico has two representatives in Tokyo.
PUERTO RICO: OUTSIDE SHOT: Rafael Campos (521). Campos just got his Tour card by finishing in the Top 25 in the Korn Ferry Tour season, and hasn’t looked awful in his appearances on tour. He is very far down on the pecking order at the moment but I still think he has a chance of getting a couple good finishes and sneaking his way into Olympic consideration.
USA: VIRTUAL LOCK: Brooks Koepka (1). BUBBLE BOY: Justin Thomas (4), Dustin Johnson (5), Tiger Woods (6), Patrick Cantlay (7), Xander Schauffele (9), Webb Simpson (11), Patrick Reed (12) OUTSIDE SHOT: Bryson Dechambeau (14), Tony Finau (17), Gary Woodland (18),
Not a whole lot has changed, the US is still the strongest golf nation and so many great players could find themselves in the Top 4 and work their way into the Olympic Field. Koepka’s lead as the No.1 player in the world is so massive I have to think he only won’t be in the Olympic Field if he chooses not to go. DJ hasn’t played since the Tour Championship and recent wins by JT and Tiger has made me downgrade Johnson to a bubble boy. For the guys on the outside shot, I only listed guys currently in the Top 20 just because anyone further back would jump a lot of guys, but anyone in the top 40 or so could get hot and win 2-3 times and sneak in at the right time. The USA is just so stacked.
South America:
Argentina: INSIDE TRACK: Emiliano Grillo (104). BUBBLE BOY: Fabian Gomez (231), Nelson Ledesma (299)
Grillo may be falling out of the Top 100 for the first time in a while but he should be good for the Olympics. Still, the fact that he has only 1 Top 10 in a year has me concerned, which is why he goes from a Virtual Lock to being on the inside track. Fabian Gomez finished second in the KFT Finals and 7th in Bermuda to jump into Bubble Boy status. Ledesma hasn’t won OWGR points since July but his PGA Tour card will go a long way for Olympic qualifying. He’s still very much a bubble boy despite a slow start to the season
Brazil: OUTSIDE SHOT: Adilson da Silva (337).
Brazil’s 2016 Olympian picked up a solid T2 in Taiwan, but his ability to pick up OWGR is limited by playing primarily in Asia and Africa.
Chile: VIRTUAL LOCK: Joaquin Niemann (57). OUTSIDE SHOT: Huge Leon (378)
Niemann wasn’t in doubt to make the field in August, but his win at the Greenbrier vaulted into the Top 50.. Leon has two Top 10 finishes in the last couple of months but unfortunately that wasn’t enough to keep is European tour card (he was the literal bubble boy, finishing 116th when the top 115 keep European Tour membership), so he very much stands on the outside looking in.
Colombia: ON THE INSIDE TRACK: Juan Sebastian Munoz (105).
Munoz went from a Bubble Boy to pretty solidly in the field with his win at the Sanderson Farms, and his T3 at the RSM a couple of weeks ago certainly didn’t hurt him either. I might be tempted to say he’s a lock, but I’ll be on the cautious side. He can’t grow complacent or else he just might lose his spot.
Paraguay: BUBBLE BOY: Fabrizio Zanotti (283).
A bad spring and summer resulted in Zanotti falling more than 100 spots in the OWGR, but a couple decent results this fall have helped him recover some ground. The 2016 Olympian is still very much battling for a return.
Venezuela: INSIDE TRACK: Jhonattan Vegas (155).
Jhonny Vegas is still struggling to put together good weeks on tour. I’ve downgraded him since if he continues his fall, Venezuela might fall completely out of the Olympic field.
Europe:
Austria: VIRTUAL LOCK: Bernd Wiesberger (22). INSIDE TRACK: Matthias Schwab (80). OUTSIDE SHOT: Sepp Straka (209)
Wiesberger was outside the Top 350 in the world in Early May. Since then he’s won three times on the European Tour, two of which are Rolex Series wins, and four other Top 10 finishes has put him into the Top 25 in the world. Schwab has placed better than T8 six times in his last 9 tournaments to similarly jump into the Top 100. Both of them should be very solidly in the field, but Sepp Straka is a promising young player in the US that could very well make a jump this year. If Mattias can’t keep up his hot streak he could be in danger of a surging Sepp taking his Olympic spot.
Belgium: INSIDE TRACK: Thomas Pieters (84) Thomas Detry (118). OUTSIDE SHOT: Nicolas Colsaerts (181)
I said that Colsaerts could sneak his way into the field with a return to form, and he delivered with a win in France to move inside the Top 200. To be fair, Dentry has also stepped up his game with three Top 4 finishes in his last four tournaments. Still, Pieters and Dentry are still the favorites to come out of Belgium, but it’s much more in the air. I’ve moved Pieters down from “lock” to “inside track”
Denmark: VIRTUAL LOCKS: Lucas Bjerregaard (79), BUBBLE BOYS: Thorbjorn Olesen (92), Joachim B Hansen (147), Rasmus Hojgaard (196). OUTSIDE SHOT: Jeff Winther (323)
Thorbjorn Olesen is facing sexual assault charges and the European Tour has said that Olesen will be suspended indefinitely, at least until his trial is finished. This will last until May 2020, so Olesen will drop in the OWGR until then. How far he will sink and how many tournaments he will play after he is unsuspended is an open question. Meanwhile, Beer Garden is still a lock and Hansen looks to be the top candidate to take advantage of Olesen’s alleged misconduct, but Hojgaard’s win in Mauritius on the European Tour certainly vaults him into the conversation.
Finland: INSIDE TRACK: Mikko Korhonen (140), Kalle Samooja (178), OUTSIDE SHOT: Tapio Pulkakken (385)
Korhonen hasn’t placed a Top 10 since his win in China in early May, so I’ve downgraded him from a lock to the Inside Track. Samooja placed 2nd at the European Masters and several other decent finishes has made his position in the field a little more secure. Tapio is the only other Finn to keep his European Tour card, and he could wiggle his way to Tokyo if one of the others has a drop off.
France: BUBBLE BOYS: Victor Perez (45), Mike Lorenzo-Vera (70), Benjamin Hebert (97), Romain Langasque (111).
I said this was one of the juiciest races, and it hasn’t disappointed. Perez, who I initially said had an Outside Shot, won at the Dunhill Links, finished T4 at the WGC-HSBC, and T2 in Turkey to be the current favorite to represent the French in Tokyo. Lorenzo-Vera hasn’t missed a non-major cut since last January and has maintained a Top 100 spot. Hebert finished 2nd in Turkey and 4th in Mauritius to keep within the Top 100. Langasque hasn’t been as good as the other three, but he’s still capable of a win in Europe and get himself in the Top 2 Frenchmen. These 4 have separated themselves from their other countrymen, but it’s still a toss-up for who is going to be in. I don’t think any of them are safe, not even Perez
Germany: VIRTUAL LOCK: Martin Kaymer (126). BUBBLE BOYS: Sebastian Heissele (191), Maximillian Kieffer (281),
I know Kaymer is below some on the inside track but I just can’t see the former World No.1 missing, it feels almost blasphemous to say otherwise. Heissele has four Top 3 finishes on the Challenge Tour in the last three months to get his way into the current field, but sustaining that success will be hard to come by. Kieffer, the only other German on the European Tour, will be the best person in position to supplant Heissele.
Great Britain: VIRTUAL LOCK: Justin Rose (4). INSIDE TRACK: Tommy Fleetwood (10). BUBBLE BOYS: Paul Casey (16). OUTSIDE SHOT: Matthew Fitzpatrick (25), Danny Willett (29), Matt Wallace (30), Tyrrell Hatton (32).
Rose is a Top 4 player in the world and will easily be within the Top 15 in the world even if multiple Brits somehow jump him. Fleetwood and Casey will battle it out for second place, but as long as both of them finish in the Top 15 in the world, they could both make it. Fleetwood is the favorite of the two, so I put him in the Inside Track and Casey as a Bubble Boy. The other four need a solid win or two to try and bump themselves into the Top 15 in the world. This is almost a carbon copy of what I wrote last time, not a whole lot has changed
Ireland: VIRTUAL LOCKS: Rory McIlroy (2), Shane Lowry (19). The current FedEx Cup Champion and Open Champion are clear favorites to represent Ireland in the Olympics, other Irish and Northern Irish golfers will likely need at least three major tour victories to have a shot at surpassing their OWGR totals, which won’t happen. Again, another straight copy and pace from a couple of months ago.
Italy: VIRTUAL LOCK: Francesco Molinari (15). BUBBLE BOYS: Andrea Pavan (75), Guido Migliozzi (110), Francesco Laporta (122).
Molibot has been on track to be the Italian representative since his Open win last year. He’s had a bit of a down year but his accrued points will be more than enough. Both Pavan and Migliozzi have been pretty strong in the hope stretch of the Race to Dubai, but Laporta is the real story with two wins and two T3’s on the Challenge Tour to get his European Tour card. As we’ve seen with some other players, maintaining the same amount of OWGR points on the main tour is easier said than done, but Laporta has played himself into contention for a ticket to Tokyo
Netherlands: VIRTUAL LOCK: Joost Luiten (84). BUBBLE BOY: Darius van Driel (177), Will Besseling (250).
Luiten has been on the top of Dutch golf for years and this shouldn’t change for 2020. Van Driel is a solid player but has been inconsistent since his win on the Challenge Tour in August, allowing Besseling to get into Bubble Boy status. Besseling finished the back half of the Challenge Tour season with six Top 15’s and picked it right up on the European Tour with a T3 at Dunhill.
Norway: VIRTUAL LOCKS: Viktor Hovland (93). INSIDE TRACK: Kristoffer Ventura (165)
Perhaps I was a little optimistic to anoint Hovland and Ventura as sure bets for Tokyo, as both have kind of stalled in OWGR. Hovland is still a virtual lock as he’s in the Top 100 and all of his points will still count come June, but Ventura is a little more precarious, so I’ve downgraded him to the inside track.
Poland: BUBBLE BOY: Adrian Meronk (215)
One of 2 new countries listed here, Adrian Meronk became the first Polish golfer to win a European Tour Card. I dismissed the Pole from my initial rankings but he proved me wrong with a win in Portugal and four Top 10’s on the Challenge Tour to vault into Bubble Boy status. Maintaining his world ranking on a higher tour can be tough but Meronk looks decent enough. Really hope he gets in, Eastern Europe has few high profile golfers and a trip to the Olympics could be huge for them.
Portugal: BUBBLE BOYS: Ricardo Santos (261), Jose-Filipe Lima (316)
These two have been in the 225-325 range almost all year, the more consistent bubble boys. Not a whole lot to add here, just seems like a good finish at the right time will be the difference between making it and not making it. Santos and Lima are still the only Portuguese golfers in the Top 500 of the World Rankings, so there won’t likely be anyone usurping them here.
Slovakia: VIRTUAL LOCK: Rory Sabbatini (84).
The former South African married a Slovakian and adopted her nationality to have a better shot at making the Olympic team, and it’s worked to perfection. If he still represented South Africa he’d be in a dogfight, with the Slovakian flag flying by his name he should coast to Japan.
Spain: VIRTUAL LOCKS: Jon Rahm (3). BUBBLE BOYS: Rafa Cabrera Bello (39), Sergio Garcia (41). OUTSIDE SHOT: Jorge Campillo (90), Adri Arnaus (115).
Still pretty self explanatory. Rahm already has a bunch of points locked up already, he will play in Tokyo as long as he wants to. Sergio won at the KLM and finished T6 at Dubai, but Rafa has kept pace with a solo 2nd in the Open de Espana and a T6 at the BMW PGA. I can’t imagine both of these guys if Speith can fall 30 spots in six months than these guys can too I guess. Neither Arnaus nor Campillo have been particularly good, but Arnaus did finish T6 in Spain so he’s for sure the “hotter” of the two and if anyone is going to catch Serg and Rafa it’d probably be him.
Sweden: VIRTUAL LOCKS: Henrik Stenson (26). BUBBLE BOYS: Alex Noren (73), Marcus Kinhult (83). OUTSIDE SHOT: Sebastian Soderberg (135), Joakim Lagergren (173), Alexander Bjork (175).
The Rio silver medalist is almost assured of defending that medal and mounting an attempt to upgrade to gold. Meanwhile Noren, who was a Top 10 player three years ago, has been downright awful. He’s dropped from 19 to 73 this year and has opened the door for other Swedes to win a ride to Tokyo. Kinhult’s recent solo 2nd at the Nedbanks has allowed him to almost draw even with Noren, and others such as Soderberg, Lagergren, and Bjork have a real chance of getting a couple good results and weaseling their way into the field.
Africa:
South Africa: INSIDE TRACK: Louis Oosthuizen (20). BUBBLE BOYS: Erik van Rooyen (50), Shaun Norris (58), Justin Harding (72), Christiaan Bezuidenhout (87), Dylan Frittelli (102), Branden Grace (125).
Oosty has separated himself from the other South Africans, but after that it’s a mess. Rooyen’s win in Sweden and T2 in Turkey has helped him edge out the second spot as of now but others are hot on his tail. Norris has the hot hand as of late, being on the Japan Tour limits his OWGR ability but since October he has one win, three 2nd, and two other Top 10’s. I’m not sure if he can keep it up in 2020 but he’s at least banked a good amount of points and carried the momentum into the next year. Bezuidenhout has put himself in serious contention with a 3rd at the BMW PGA but other than that he’s been inconsistent. Harding failed to get a PGA Tour card but he’s put up a pair of T7’s in Europe, but that hasn’t been enough to hold onto the second RSA spot since the last time we looked at the Olympic standings. Frittelli also has a pair of Top 10’s since September, but his PGA Tour card helps him out compared to Harding. And Branded Grace is still a former Top 10 player in the world and absolutely has the potential to get hot. There’s so many South Africans that could easily snag that second spot.
Zimbabwe: INSIDE TRACK: Scott Vincent (130)
Scott Vincent doesn’t have a worldwide win outside of the Japan Development Tour, but several Top 10’s on the regular Japan Tour has helped him remain around a steady 150th in the World. Maintaining this should easily result in being the only Non-RSA African in the Olympic field
Asia
China: VIRTUAL LOCK: Haotong Li (68). INSIDE TRACK: Zhang Xinjun (131). OUTSIDE SHOT: Yuan Yechun (301)
Li is the best player from China and will be invited to Tokyo barring something wild. I was skeptical of Xinjun sustaining his Top 150 ranking into the PGA Tour but he’s proven me wrong with a T7 at the Safeway and a T4 in Houston. He’s still in the inside track I’m much more optimistic about his chances. The 21 year old Yuan Yechun was outside the Top 400 but good performances at the WGC-HSBC, China Tour Championship, and the Australian Open has propelled him at least into the conversation.
Chinese Taipei (Taiwan): VIRTUAL LOCK: CT Pan (69)
The former World No.1 Amateur won for the first time on the PGA Tour this season to jump into the Top 50 in the world and will likely represent the island nation in the Olympics once again. Nobody else is in the Top 400 in the world for the island nation. Not much has changed since September.
Hong Kong: OUTSIDE SHOT: Kwanchai Tannin (329)
If you go to the OWGR page for Hong Kong, you won’t see anyone within the Top 300. But the International Golf Committee standings, which posts a virtual Olympic Field every week, lists Kwanchai Tannin as a member from Hong Kong. On the OWGR website he’s listed as Thai, but I’m gonna side with the IGC and say he’s representing Hong Kong. Tannin hasn’t been too good recently but a couple Top 10’s on the Asian Tour at least put him in the conversation.
India: BUBBLE BOYS: Rashid Khan (210), Shubhankar Sharma (246), Shiv Kapur (292), Ajeetesh Sandhu (320), Gangajeet Bhullar (334). OUTSIDE SHOT: S Chikkarangappa (365), Anirban Lahiri (402).
I severely underestimated how much of a clusterfuck India would be for Olympic qualifying. Nobody has separated themselves from the pack and a bunch have played themselves into contention. Khan has five worldwide T10 since August, but some have been on the Indian Tour which dishes out very few OWGR points so he’s only climbed to around 200th in the world. Sharma and Bhullar are the only two with European Tour cards so they probably have the best potential to make the Olympic field but none have been particularly impressive as of late. Sharma does have two T7’s one in Italy and another in Turkey, but still way too inconsistent to really say anything. Kapur and Sandhu have been bouncing between developmental tours picking up points but like Khan picking up OWGR points are going to be hard. The last person to note is Lahiri, who is the lowest in OWGR but is the only one to have a PGA Tour card. He’s a former Top 50 player in the world and very much has the skill of getting back into the Olympics, he just has to show it.
Japan: VIRTUAL LOCK: Hideki Matsuyama (21), Shugo Imahira (31).
You could make an argument that Shugo Imahira has been the best player in the world since the end of the Tour Championship. After that date, Shugo has 10 Top 10’s on the Japan Tour, including two wins and three 2nds. Granted it’s in Japan, but that’s still the third best tour in the world and I’m not sure even Top US golfers could do that. There are many good golfers but the sheer dominance that Imahira has displayed I think puts two locks for the host country.
Korean Republic (South Korea): INSIDE TRACK: Sungjae Im (34), Byeong Hun An (42). OUTSIDE SHOT: Sung Kang (86), Junggon Hwang (96), Si Woo Kim (97), Joohyung Kim (158)
Im hasn’t missed a cut since the Open, won at the Genesis on the Korean Tour, and placed 2nd at Sanderson Farms and 3rd at the ZOZO. An finished 3rd at the Sanderson Farms and has had 2 other Top 10’s on the PGA Tour. Both placed inside the Top 15 at the WGC-HSBC. As a result, both of them are now the clear favorites to play in Tokyo. The others certainly have a shot if either fall off (including the 17 year old Hookyung, don’t @ me. He hasn’t missed a cut since February and won an Asian Tour event. I’m calling my shot).
Malaysia: BUBBLE BOY: Gavin Green (227).
Green has been around 175-225 in the world for the past couple of years, which might be seen as a disappointment for the young Malaysian but it’s still good enough to be the best in the country and good enough to consistently be in the Olympic field. However, if can’t sustain this pace he could fall out, which is why he’s still on the bubble. This is exactly the same stuff I wrote in August.
Philippines: BUBBLE BOYS: Miguel Tabuena (258). OUTSIDE SHOT: Angelo Que (340), Juvic Pagunsan (370)
Tabuena has been decent since August, his T2 at the Taiwan Masters has helped him maintain his Bubble Boy status. On the other hand, Que has fallen off in recent weeks which downgrades his status. Juvic placed 2nd at the Segasammy Cup in Japan in August but has picked up very few OWGR points since.
Thailand: VIRTUAL LOCKS: Jazz Janewattananond (40). INSIDE TRACK: Kiradech Aphibarnrat (106). OUTSIDE SHOT: Gunn Charoenkul (152)
Jazz didn’t make the President Cup team, and took out his frustration by winning twice on the Asian Tour on consecutive weeks to finish the year inside the World Top 50 (The President’s Cup was the same week as the Japan Tour Finals idk if he wanted to play in it anyway). Barn Rat has been less than stellar, falling outside the Top 100 for the first time in several years, but he has a Tour card in both the PGA and European Tours so I am pretty confident that he should be the second Thai player in the field, but if he can’t climb back this opens the door for Charoenkul, who has four Top 10’s on the Japan and Asian tours since October
Oceania
Australia: INSIDE TRACK: Adam Scott (13). BUBBLE BOY: Marc Leishman (28). Jason Day (37). OUTSIDE SHOT: Cameron Smith (53).
These standings are static from August. Scott is a clear favorite, Leishman and Day could easily make the field depending on who's playing better at the time,, and Babyface Cam needs to ball out or hope both fall out to supplant them.
New Zealand: VIRTUAL LOCKS: Danny Lee (91). INSIDE TRACK: Ryan Fox (146)
I said these guys were both locks in August. Danny helped me out with a 2nd at the CJ Cup and a T10 at the ZOZO but Ryan Fox hasn’t had a Top 10 since his win in Perth in February. You don’t necessarily need Top 10’s on the European Tour to get enough OWGR points to stay in the Olympic field but you’d like to see some better finishes from the long driving Fox. I can’t see another New Zealander taking his spot, so as long as Foxy stays within the Top 200 in the world he should be fine, but the rest of the world is always catching up
Here’s a recap of all the locks, inside tracks, bubble boys, and outside shots. There are 42 Inside tracks or better, meaning the 47 bubble boys are going to be competing for 18 spots, with the outside shots looking to grab any of the spots if they falter
  • VIRTUAL LOCK (21): Abraham Ancer, Brooks Koepka, Joaquin Niemann, Bernd Wiesberger, Lucas Bjerregaard, Martin Kayer, Justin Rose, Rory McIlroy, Shane Lowry, Francesco Molinari, Joost Luiten, Victor Hovland, Rory Sabbatini, Jon Rahm, Henrik Stenson, Haotong Li, CT Pan, Hideki Matsuyama, Shugo Imahira, Jazz Janewattananond, Danny Lee
  • INSIDE TRACK (21): Adam Hadwin, Corey Conners, Carlos Ortiz, Emiliano Grillo, Juan Sebastian Munoz, Jhonattan Vegas, Matthias Schwab, Thomas Pieters, Thomas Detry, Mikko Korhonen, Kalle Samooja, Tommy Fleetwood, Kristoffer Ventura, Louis Oosthuizen, Scott Vincent, Zhang Xinjun, Sungjae Im, Byeong Hun An, Kiradech Aphibarnrat, Adam Scott, Ryan Fox
  • BUBBLE BOY (47): Justin Thomas, Dustin Johnson, Tiger Woods, Patrick Cantlay, Xander Schauffele, Webb Simpson, Patrick Reed, Fabian Gomez, Nelson Ledesma, Fabrizio Zanotti, Thorbjorn Olesen, Joachin B Hansen, Rasmus Hojgaard, Victor Perez, Mike Lorenzo-Vera, Benjamin Hebert, Romain Langasque, Sebastian Hessele, Maximillian Kieffer, Paul Casey, Andrea Pavan, Guido Migliozzi, Francesco Laporta, Darius van Driel, Will Besseling, Adrian Meronk, Ricardo Santos, Jose-Filipe Lima, Rafa Cabrera Bello, Sergio Garcia, Alex Noren, Marcus Kinhult, Erik van Rooyen, Shaun Norris, Justin Harding, Christiaan Bezuidenhout, Dylan Frittelli, Branden Grace, Rashid Khan, Shubhankar Sharma, Shiv Kapur, Ajeetesh Sandhu, Gangajeet Bhullar, Gavin Green, Miguel Tabuena, Marc Leishman, Jason Day
  • OUTSIDE SHOT (32): Nick Taylor, Roger Sloan, Mackenzie Hughes, Rafael Campos, Bryson Dechambeau, Tony Finau, Gary Woodland, Adilson da Silva, Hugo Leon, Sepp Straka, Nicolas Colsaerts, Jeff Winther, Tapio Pulkakken, Matthew Fitzpatrick, Danny Willett, Matt Wallace, Tyrrell Hatton, Jorge Campilo, Adri Arnaus, Sebastian Soderberg, Joakim Lagergren, Alexander Bjork, Yuan Yechun, Kwanchai Tannin, S Chikkarangappa, Anirban Lahiri, Sung Kang, Junggon Hwang, Si Woo Kim, Joohyung Kim, Gunn Charoenkul, Cameron Smith
submitted by packmanwiscy to golf [link] [comments]


2019.10.24 22:40 dourdan Mystical Trash ch2

previously:
https://www.reddit.com/sexstories/comments/dkekn0/mystical_trash_chapter_1/
I would ride with Jahil back to my house, to help him locate the address. “I can drive if you like,” I offered. “I have my license.”
Jahil nodded. “That would be nice, I could use the rest.”
The large Hispanic man closed his eyes and went to sleep for the short ride. It was a little scary how quickly he fell asleep but he looked so peaceful. I pulled into the driveway behind my mom’s minivan. I was tempted to just let him rest, but he suddenly started to cough. Like before, the cough was deep and intense. Jahil gripped his chest in pain as he struggled to take in air.
“Are you ok?” I asked. “Do I need to get Austin?”
“I just need a moment.” Jahil flexed his shoulder. He winced in pain, but suddenly his lungs were stable.
I sighed as I exited the truck to open the door for him. His was truly a hellish existence.
As if on cue Austin came out to help and together we got Jahil to the bedroom. Elena instructed him to undress while she retrieved the tools necessary to treat him.
When he was finally able to take in air Jahil began speaking to his son in Spanish. They spoke openly in Spanish, wrongly assuming that I couldn't understand them. I had taken Spanish every year since I was a freshman.
Jahil unbuttoned his shirt as he sat on my mother’s bed. “Austin, ¿qué sabes de la chica?” With an audible flop the man quickly laid down on the dark red comforter.
I chuckled slightly; Jahil was attempting to learn what Austin knew about me, which wasn’t much since we weren’t friends. I went to work removing Jahil’s shoes and socks. His brown leather work boots had cracks in the soles.
I opened his jeans undressing him down to his underwear, a pair of grey boxers that had seen better days. Under the guise of making sure he was comfortable, I began to explore his body.
Jahil’s physique was absolutely breathtaking. His broad chest was muscular and well defined, his dark skin had little to no body hair. My fingers moved to his stomach, his thick muscular core.
Austin had been silently observing our interactions. “Sunny es inteligente. Ella es un poco solitaria, pero creo que porque echa de menos a su padre.”
I smiled slightly, biting my lip. I didn’t expect Austin to call me smart. But then again what else could he have said? I certainly wasn’t pretty or popular or even athletic. But the part about me being a loner because of missing my dad? I assumed that came from my mom because I sure as hell never discussed my father with Austin. I had to admit, his answer was sweeter than I expected, especially considering the way he acted around me. I didn’t truly hate him per say. I hated his personality, I hated the fact he was dating my mother, the fact that she was so in love with him.
As I shifted the blankets under Jahil’s back my hands grazed over what felt like dense scar tissue. He had other scars on his body, but none that felt so raised and prominent. I was curious but I didn’t want him to feel self conscious. “Try to relax your body.” I wanted so badly to crawl into bed with the man, just to hold him.
I went to the bathroom and brought out a warm wet towel and proceeded to wash and massage Jahil’s feet while they spoke.
Jahil closed his eyes. “Qué le pasó a su padre?”
What happened to my father? Did Austin have an answer?
Austin sat on the opposite side of the bed holding his father’s hand. “Elena es una súcubo, ¿qué crees que pasó?”
My mother is a what? That was the first time I heard someone refer to my mother as a succubus. I began to massage Jahil’s ankles. I made sure to use deep consistent pressure on his tight muscles. It was clear this part of his body carried a lot of tension.
Jahil bent his knee upward. His hand rubbed against his thigh, inviting me to examine his scars. “¿La chica sabe?”
Do I know what? Do I know my mother is a succubus?”
Austin moved closer. “No, ella piensa que su madre es una bruja blanca.”
Yes, I think my mother is a white witch because she is! She’s a healer! I could tell Austin wanted to get a better look at his father’s leg but I shoved him away. “It’s rude to speak in other languages to cut people out of the conversation.” My words only applied to Austin. Jahil’s deep voice, when he spoke Spanish made me weak in the knees.
My fingers caressed Jahil’s inner thigh. The scars looked horribly painful, as if someone had attempted to butcher his leg. I could tell the wounds had been cauterized. The broken bones had possibly been set with a splint but a fracture of such severity would have required a cast as well as a few months of physical therapy. “So what happened?”
Austin took a seat on my mother’s office chair. “A bullet tore through my father’s leg. It broke his femur and ruptured his artery. I had to cut it out to stop the bleeding.”
“Cutting out the bullet would not stop bleeding,” I pointed out, “especially with how bad of a job you did.”
Austin shook his head. His dark eyes glared with an unnatural intensity. “What would you have done? I cauterized the wound right after!”
“Go to a hospital maybe?” I immediately regretted my choice of words. What Austin did took a lot of courage. More courage than I would have been able to muster if it had been my father bleeding out in front of me. Part of me even considered apologizing.
But then Austin started to laugh, he raised his chin, and muttered three little words, “White privilege bitch.”
I raised my eyebrow. “Oh you want to play that game? Ok- my turn ‘homeless, wet-back, sex addict…’”
“Children stop this,” Jahil groaned.
Austin was playing with items on my mother’s desk. He dumped out a pile of pencils and proceeded to try to stack them in alternating diamond patterns. “You are such an idiot Sunny. My father works in this country illegally. Taking him to a hospital in a non-sanctuary city is a great way to get him deported. I’ve seen it happen over and over; migrant workers with life threatening injuries or illness going to the emergency room and leaving in handcuffs.”
I gave no response. I was focused on Jahil’s scar tissue. I massaged his leg, concentrating on key pressure points. I could feel the man reaching for my hand.
Austin sighed, “I guess it’s not your fault the world isn’t fair.” He flicked his finger at the tower of pencils, knocking it over.
My mother entered the room with her wooden box of tools. She took a seat beside me on the bed. “From the condition of the scar tissue I can see severe nerve damage, along with a fracture to the femur. To make a full recovery the bones would have to be reset, requiring extensive surgery. Unfortunately such treatment is beyond my abilities. For now I will do my best to treat the pain. Sunny have you identified the key tension points?”
I moved my fingers over the muscle groups that needed the most relief. “I believe the needles would be most beneficial here and here. These areas have the most viable nerve endings.”
Elena took a series of crystal needles placing them at key points. “Jahil, I’m going to need you to flex your thigh muscles.” The needles had been created from healing oils infused with her energy. She waved her hand over them, melting the material into his flesh.
I had helped my mother with this procedure in the past. Usually the melting of the needles signified the end of it. I would offer the patient some tea or water as they recovered. But Elena had something more in store.
Elena placed two fingers to Jahil’s lips. “Now comes the part where I’m going to touch you. I want you to remain calm and relaxed. This is all part of the healing process.”
I cringed as she reached her hands into his boxers.
Elena removed his underwear, leaving him completely exposed. “I’ve wanted to do this for you since the moment we first met.”
Jahil gasped as he felt her hands between his legs. “Elena,” he moaned as his thick fingers met my mother’s touch, “Your hands feel like heaven.”
Elena clicked her tongue. “Why thank you Jahil- tools of the trade.” Her left hand continued to touch Jahil, teasing up and down his thick uncircumcised shaft, while her right hand opened her box of essential oils.
My mother opened a bottle of lavender-sage oil, unscrewing the top with her teeth. With a medicinal droplet tool she placed a few drops of oil on to his forehead. “This will help with the headaches and the exhaustion.” She kissed him, her tongue opening his mouth. I watched as her sparkling white energy flowed in to his lungs.
Next she took out a collection of oils and created a pentagram on his chest. Each point of the star was created with different oil. “This treatment will go a long way towards helping with the chronic pain in your lungs.” She waved her hand, the star glowed white before fading.
I watched as Jahil took a deep soothing breath.
Elena began to undress in front of him. She unbuttoned her blouse, and let it fall to the floor, revealing her black bra. She unzipped her skirt revealing the wet perfectly waxed pussy Austin had plowed earlier.
I shook my head as I backed away slowly. “Mom, are you serious?”
Her long dark hair had been in a bun for the panel. She removed the hair tie letting her soft waves flow down her shoulders. “I need to bring his natural energy to the surface, and during sex is when our body’s energy chakras are the most open and exposed.”
I crossed my arms. “You made that up!” You’re already fucking his son. You don’t deserve a man like Jahil!
Elena laughed. “Watch and see for yourself.”
She crawled into bed with him, leaving her bra on. “Sunny, would you like to help me put the condom on?”
“Fuck no! Are you serious?” I cried. “This is disgusting.”
Jahil was so hard. He had to be at least nine inches if not more. Elena’s hands sparkled as she put the condom on him. “To touch someone with the intent of bringing them pleasure is never disgusting.” She kissed Jahil’s forehead. “I’m going to lower myself on to your cock.” She kissed the bridge of his nose. “I’m going to ride you like the stallion that you are.” Her tongue grazed his lips. “But the moment you feel strong enough I want you to take control.”
Elena rode Jahil for only a few moments. From all of the attention his body had received Jahil was more than ready to take control.
Austin motioned for me to sit on his lap.
“Ew, no!” I backed myself into a corner. “How are you even comfortable with this?”
“I’ve seen my father’s body before,” Austin said dismissively. “Who do you think keeps his wounds clean?”
Wounds?
As Jahil rolled Elena over, thrusting into her deep and hard, I caught a glimpse of his scarred back. The skin was covered primarily in burn scars, as if someone had poured gasoline on his arms and back. But there were other, more terrifying scars: deep long gashes. The man had been beaten, if not tortured. Jahil wore the scars of a slave.
I placed my hands over my mouth. I looked to Austin. He had his arms out as if offering a hug. I begrudgingly made my way over to him.
“What happened to him?” I asked in a whisper, my voice was choked in my throat.
Austin patted his knee. “My father is a warrior, he’s a survivor.”
I sat on Austin’s lap, letting him hold me in his arms. I could feel tears streaming down my face. Was this was why Jahil and his son were homeless? Why they had only recently arrived in Wisconsin? Had they been forced to flee for their lives?
Jahil leaned in to kiss Elena and as he did, he used his free hand to fold the comforter over their bodies.
“Are you cold?” Elena asked, “I could have Sunny turn up the thermostat.”
Jahil continued his rhythm. “I don’t want to make Sunny or Austin uncomfortable.”
“Dad, I’ve watch you and mom have sex plenty of times. And I’ll make sure Sunny is plenty comfortable.”
“Austin,” Jahil looked down, focusing on my mother’s face, “you know that’s not what I meant.” The blanket was already slipping down his broad shoulders.
I didn’t notice Austin put two fingers down my panties. All I could focus on was Jahil’s back. His scars looked painful, but Austin was right, Jahil's scars represented his strength. I also sincerely hoped Austin was kidding about his previous statement! It’s one thing to watch your Dad have sex with your girlfriend, who just happened to be my mother, but both parents- that would be a little much.
Mentally I was erasing my mother from the scene. I started to imagine what it would be like to have him naked in my bed. Although Jahil’s face was stunning in my fantasy he was sleeping on his side facing away from me. I would trace my fingers down his back. I would kiss his shoulder. Then I would pick a place to start and just move my lips over his scars. There was one on his shoulder that looked like a rose. I could make out distinct lines that created the illusion of petals, petals that were beginning to sparkle.
Jahil’s back was developing strange golden markings. He pulled my mother close to kiss her lips, opening her mouth with his tongue. As they kissed similar silver markings were appearing on Elena’s body.
I wanted to worship the beauty of his scars. “Jahil…”
Austin spread me open like a flower. “Yeah, you wish that was you. You want my daddy’s big, thick, uncut…”
Elena gripped Jahil’s back, moaning. She arched her neck, closing her eyes, “Such power.” She wrapped her legs around him, “Fuck me harder, you Mayan God.”
Jahil didn’t disappoint. He positioned her legs over his shoulders, “I want you to experience everything I have to offer.” He held on to the headboard as he pounded in to her harder and faster.
Austin put his other hand under my shirt groping my breasts. “I guess you didn’t inherit your mom’s porn-star tits.”
“My mother does not have porn-star tits,” I muttered. “And were you seriously describing your dad’s cock?”
Austin worked his hand under my sports bra. “My dad’s cock is impressive and you’re a little slut just like your mother.”
In my mind I could feel Jahil’s hands touching me. Austin inherited his large hands, think callused fingers from working in the fields.
It didn’t take much to make my body tense up with extreme pleasure. Jahil was stunning, yes I wanted him. I wanted to give myself to him; I wanted to be the one to love him.
I could feel Austin was painfully hard. And even though he knew he would eventually get his turn with my mother he still felt the need to ask me for a favor. “Is there anything you want to do for me?”
"I'm a virgin," I said quietly.
Austin removed his fingers from my panties and licked them clean. “I figured as much, but I can take care of that real quick.”
I immediately got off his lap. “And I find you repulsive.”
Austin smirked. “Like hell you do.” He held up two fingers and stuck out his tongue.
I reached for the doorknob. “Immature little child!” Every part of me was screaming at my legs to leave the room. But I couldn’t. Looking back at the bed, my eyes were locked on the beautiful specimen that was truly not of this world. “Jahil Lopez,” I whispered softly. “You are the most beautiful creature I have ever seen.”
Jahil made my mother cry out in intense pleasure over and over, the markings on both their bodies glowing brighter and brighter. He didn’t speak dirty, nor did he moan like a lion eating a gazelle. What I was witnessing was an exchange of power. When Jahil was finished his body glowed with vibrant energy.
“Babe, is it my turn now?” Austin asked. He was already getting undressed. As Austin took off his pants I noticed he had fresh welts across his lower back, down his thighs.
Knowing what your father endured how could you have a fetish for being beaten?
Jahil got dressed. He put on his jeans, without his underwear, adjusting his cock as I watched. I wanted so badly to touch him. He put on his flannel shirt leaving it unbuttoned as he walked to the backyard. He was in less pain, using his cane only for stability.
The moon was full in the heavens and the stars sparkled like diamonds. Jahil stood facing away from me, looking up at the night sky. “So this is where your mother grows her herbs?”
I took a step closer. “How did you know I would follow you?”
He turned to me, “Because you care.”
I was blushing. “God, you’re beautiful, Jahil.” I covered my mouth, hoping I had only said those words in my head.
“Did your father build this for her?” he asked, of the enclosed garden. There was a white fence with various pots: herbs and flowers on creeping vines reaching towards the sky.
“Yeah he did. Every time I look out the kitchen window I’m reminded of his absence.”
Jahil walked to the porch. He tried to lower himself to sit. I ran to help him, positioning his leg. We sat in silence looking up at the stars.
I could see the scar tissue on Jahil’s arm. I instinctively held his hand. “I like to think my dad is up there watching over me.” My father was gone, he didn’t leave, and he wasn’t missing. I knew he was dead, because he would never have abandoned me. “Do you think your wife is up there?”
Jahil let go of my hand. There were tears in his eyes. “My Helen is among the angels, but at the rate I’m going, I will see her soon.”
“What are you talking about?” I asked. Moments ago his skin was lit up like a Christmas tree. There was clearly more than enough energy present in his body to sustain his life. “Didn’t my mother’s treatment help at all?”
Jahil put his arms around me. “I have less discomfort, for that I am grateful.” He looked up at the stars, the tears in his eyes shimmered under the light of the moon. “As you have seen, my struggle with chronic pain is a constant balancing act. My back, and leg, and the unpredictable nature of my fevers; even with your mother’s white magic my body will struggle until the day my red magic is no more.”
“What happened to you?” I asked. I was unsure of I was mentally prepared for the answer. He had magic, very powerful magic. Whatever was happening went beyond just an injury, this felt like a curse.
Jahil pursed his lips. “I don’t wish to burden you with that information. I am already enough of a burden to my son.”
“Austin loves you.”
“Perhaps too much.” As I held him close, I could feel him sobbing into my shoulder. “There was this one time, before he met your mother. Austin came home to find me having a seizure. I can recall the horrible pain my chest. Unable to stand, I hit my head and blacked out. When I regained consciousness he was holding me. He offered to drop out of school and care for me full time.”
This was the first time I had ever seen a man cry. “That’s sweet of him.” It was sweet, and rather heroically selfless of Austin. Although a little surprising considering the day’s events, but I could chalk that up to sympathy fatigue. Or perhaps Austin didn’t come to father’s aid, because he assumed I would.
By the look on Jahil’s face I could tell my response was incorrect. “The last thing I would want would be for Austin to have to leave school to support me.”
I nodded. “Yeah, I can understand that.” Austin carried his hopes and dreams. Austin had a future.
“I’m so grateful for my son: I would rather leave this world then force him to abandon his academic ambitions.”
Jahil’s love for Austin was so endearing, as I closed my eyes I could picture him holding his infant son in his arms. “Is Austin a lot like his mother?”
He nodded. “My boy, he’s brilliant, he’s got an amazing talent for science and mathematics. He’s going to be somebody.” Jahil started to smile then laugh as we could both still hear Austin and Elena having loud sex.
I opened my eyes. It was only then I noticed I was on his lap, my lips inches away from his. “I think we can agree Austin has an amazing talent for a good many things.”
I touched his face: his cheekbones, his jaw line. His facial hair felt course and rough, but that only added to the appeal. I place two fingers to his lower lip, remembering the moment when he kissed my hand. I could feel his breath, warm and sweet. I kissed the tears off his cheeks, moving closer and closer to his mouth. Our lips touched. I never questioned his red energy or why his body glowed during sex. I had been raised with the idea that magic is real. But there was something supernatural that drew me to him.
He closed his eyes, and chuckled, “Maybe in another life.”
I kissed him again, longer, tasting his tongue. I reached my hands under his shirt caressing his scars. I needed to know his story, because I wanted so badly to be the one to ease his pain.
I reached for his zipper. My fingers caressed his shaft. I kept one hand between his legs, exploring further. Jahil grasped at his chest.
“Are you okay?”
“I fear the pain in my chest has returned.” Jahil once again called upon the red energy, moving the pain from his chest to his leg.
“Would it help of I touched you?” I wanted to hold him. I wanted to whisper in his ear, ‘You’re safe here. I will be the one to love you.’
“It’s worth a try.”
With my hand already inside of his pants I moved my fingers from his hip to his thigh. “I think you and Austin should come live with us.” I had lost my dad, I had lost my boyfriend; I needed Jahil in my life. With my free hand I pulled him close to kiss his lips. I knew didn’t have my mother’s magic but I didn’t care. Someway, somehow, I would be the one to save him.
His hands were under my shirt, holding my waist. “Shouldn’t you ask your mother?”
I was still wet from letting Austin touch me. “I have a feeling she’ll love the idea.”
Elena, for her there would be more sex, more mind-numbing orgasms. But if that equated to more strength for Jahil I would find a way to be okay. Afterwards we could have moments like this; moments where it was just us.
His lips met mine over and over. My yoga pants were so tight and wet. I rubbed my covered sex against his exposed cock. I could feel the sensual texture of his shaft. As I looked down I could see beautiful gold lines start to appear along his hips.
Jahil began kissing my neck. He paused to whisper in my ear, “Have you taken a lover?”
My body froze. I shook my head. I stopped moving my hips and released Jahil’s cock. The thought passed through my mind: I had never even touched Tony. “The only boy I ever loved was very ill. His father had been beating him for years, so even when he was finally able to escape that hell he was so broken.”
Jahil moved to look into my eyes. “Is he also among the stars?”
The man’s eyes were so gentle. I knew in my heart Jahil of all people would understand my pain. “No,” I said as I caressed his rough cheek. “Tony is someplace far worse: he’s lost.”
I could still remember the way Tony kissed. His eyes, his lips, the way he touched me. “The closest I came to giving myself to him was to lie in bed holding him,” I said, as I wiped tears from my eyes.
Jahil took off his shirt placing it over my lower body. He leaned back, motioning for me to lie on his chest. “Anything lost can one day be found.”
I nodded, trying to be polite. But in my heart I didn’t believe him. Tony was as dead as Helen. The warmth of his skin, the sound of his voice; he was gone. “I loved him with every beat of my heart: I would have married him.”
Jahil held me. I was thankful he had no follow up questions such as, ‘When was the last time you saw Tony?’ or ‘Does Tony still live in Wisconsin?’
It was then Austin came outside with Elena. He wore just his jeans and Elena was wrapped in a bed sheet.
I wiped my tears. “Mom, I think Jahil and Austin should come live with us.”
Elena turned to me. She noticed the location of Jahil’s shirt and giggled. “I think that’s a great idea.”
submitted by dourdan to sexstories [link] [comments]


2019.10.14 18:13 modernmedusaa Pet peeves in men's dating bio's

Ok ngl I personally don't find OLD useful for finding a partner, but it can be good for dating practice and the odd FWB. Men will usually conceal their misogyny in the beginning, but often you can pick up subtle ques in their bio's online to save you some time- these are personally some of my turn offs.
'I want a down to earth girl'
Is it me or is this just redpill men's discreet way of saying they want a pick me who knows her place and acts 'humble' aka doesn't know her worth, and isn't expecting much from him? Basically these sort will expect an attractive girl to act like they don't know they're attractive. Its often code for him not wanting a 'high maintenance' chick, which in men's terms often means, a woman that has standards.
SheRaSeven1 talks about this in her videos and how men will often say 'oh baby you don't need that makeup I like you natural etc' as a way to mate gate women, aka they know if you make an effort with your appearance you will get men swarming over easy no problem & they know they can't stop you from getting that attention when you walk out the door. I think there is a lot of truth to that! Think about it. I meet super stunning well groomed girls all the time, that don't use this to their advantage and feel down on themselves cos of the guy they're with. My advice to women, is always act like you know it. Higher value men love confident women, this inflates their esteem (ooo she chose me!!), instead of making them paranoid. Don't be afraid to glance over at a couple of guys looking at you on a date (men do it anyway). You want him to know you're aware of the attention in subtle ways, this will activate his 'manly' instincts to chase /protect & make him aware of his competition.
'don't want any drama'
These type tend to have the 'goldigga fear' imo & it gives me super red flags they've been cheated on, rocky divorce etc so they're going to be paranoid, or over emotional wimps with mommy issues. Could also mean they're a fuckboy and the type to tell you their ex was a 'psycho' on their 2nd date. I'll pass
'not here for netflix and chill!'
Yeah, course mate, isn't everybody. Be very wary of these men claiming they're only after something serious in their bio's- this is exactly what women want to hear and so will probably increase his matches by default (he could easily state his intentions in a convo). Does not mean he means it however.
The things I look out for in men's bio's is something original that shows they've thought on their feet to get a girl talking, and I look out for pics of them travelling/in the outdoors doing manly shit. I stay well away from posey men and look for men in suits. No OTT 'cutesy' pics with their pets etc as I can tell they'll be a simp, and I swipe left on any guy that has pics with girls well out of his league as if he's trying to imply this is his 'standard' lmaoo.
Whats your personal turn offs?
submitted by modernmedusaa to FemaleDatingStrategy [link] [comments]


2019.10.10 16:24 ProgramacaoPratica [Udemy] Lista de Cursos Gratuitos em Inglês [05-10-2019]

Lista com novos cursos da Udemy que foram lançados ou que tornaram-se gratuitos de 29-09-2019 até 05-10-2019. Todo sábado (ou domingo) novos cursos gratuitos são postados no repositório do GitHub do Programação Prática. Para acessar o repositório clique aqui!

Lista criada em 05-10-2019.
Entre no grupo do Telegram para receber avisos sobre as atualizações das listas. No grupo serão compartilhados cupons de desconto disponibilizados por alguns instrutores da Udemy. Entre no grupo agora mesmo: Grupo no Telegram

Negócio

Design

Desenvolvimento

Saúde e Fitness

TI e Software

Estilo de Vida

Marketing

Música

Produtividade no Escritório

Desenvolvimento Pessoal

Ensino e Estudo Acadêmico

Entre no grupo do Telegram para receber avisos sobre as atualizações das listas. No grupo serão compartilhados cupons de desconto disponibilizados por alguns instrutores da Udemy. Entre no grupo agora mesmo: Grupo no Telegram
Bons estudos!
submitted by ProgramacaoPratica to u/ProgramacaoPratica [link] [comments]


2019.09.20 10:18 seeker135 Sometimes the truth is hard to believe. Even if you are the one living the story.

“Life is a comedy to those who think, a tragedy to those who feel.” ― Jean Racine
Et bien, Monsieur Racine, mais que peut-on faire pour quelqu'un qui pense et ressent?
What can be done for one who both thinks and feels?
Mom took a prescription overdose of painkillers when I was fifteen. By the time I was eighteen, my alcoholism had progressed to daily drinking. I was a late-bloomer anyway, this didn't help. I knocked up a woman I was dating. I was 21. The marriage lasted two years. Next to "Classic 'Woman Scorned' in the dictionary" is a picture of my first wife. When Dad's final heart attack killed him at 43, I was 23. No brothers, one sister nine years my junior. Nine months later my new girlfriend, a co-worker I had been in love with for almost a year said "Yes" to being exclusive.
This was a special person. She did volunteer work reading to the blind, and at the local family planning clinic, worked for a political candidate she believed in. She was stunningly beautiful and in her early twenties did not fully understand her effect on men - no, not kidding. She once moved to a sketchy neighbor hood and started working at the local greasy spoon. She had to be apprised of what her nearly waist-length hair, and a shape reminiscent of young Brigitte Bardot could do. Again, no. Not kidding. She did not have BB's fine facial bones, but had a more Nordic beauty. And that does not begin to describe her radiance. Have you ever met someone who just shines? A person who when they enter a room full of people standing and talking at a party, cause a shift in how people move around the room? The draw certain people toward them, both men and women? I've seen this described, usually attributed to a strong spiritual bond, almost Shamanic, as it was with her. Smart, beautiful, funny, possessed of some level of magic. As well as my heart.
I was soul-sick. The suicide had blown my head off, watching my beautiful, 36-year-old mother take her last breath on the living room floor. Dad was a genius, a legit Renaissance man, my rock. His death seven years later had left me gutted. Admiring her, spending lunches with her, I felt better, physically and mentally. Her Shaman rubbing up against my wounded empath. I was crazy in love. We were both 23.
I had been being a friend, a secret admirer. The only way I managed was because I wanted her so badly that I figured out the only path to her heart lay in acting exactly as if I had no designs on her at all. None. And I made it work. No one knew (other than the intermittent guy-to-guy expressions of appreciation for such a beauty) I had any interest, although I'm pretty sure my poker face doesn't extend to having a lunch by the river with the girl of my dreams. But she was cool. She waited until I asked to let me know she'd been looking my way, too. I suspect I was the straw that broke the back of the camel that was her LTR. She'd met him at sixteen, and had outgrown him. I asked her to be mine on a Thursday, and she swore me to secrecy. I didn't know it was so she could go talk to her quasi-ex boyfriend to make it official that he was through, whether or not he was done. She gave him a poem she had written including the line "love each other enough to set the other free" on Friday.
On her way home late Monday night she was brutally stabbed to death, one of the wounds piercing her heart. She was left to die in a snowbank beside the road.
I hadn't even kissed her.
Sometimes someone else writes the song your soul is singing... And the timeline makes no sense at all. But the line about "take a bath..." Yeah. I'm right there. I have encountered great beauty..., but the Japanese have a word, shibumi, that means "effortless perfection" -'a simplicity of spirit; an attitude of refinement without pretension, honesty without apology, beauty without artifice'. Yes. If you were given that description, and she was in a group of two dozen women, you would pick her out.
Having been inoculated against suicide by my Mom, I kept existing, and met and got involved with crazy, who before she left the area, fucked my entire social circle, including my wife-to-be.
For a few years, I owned a very distinctively numbered cab medallion, which would later be worth a quarter-million dollars. The daily drinking had led to poor decision-making, and the cab was running uninsured. I was in the bar playing pinball when I realized that I had enough equity to not only insure the cab, I could, given the cab medallion market at that time, buy another medallion and car. With the two-cab setup, one would always be on the road. I was saved!. I was having a self-congratulatory beer and pinball game when the barman called out my name. I had a call. It was the cab dispatch office. My then-girlfriend had run a stop sign driving my cab and T-boned a car. I was done. Lost my equity, everything. I went from being an employer to an employee in three seconds.
Found a woman who wanted me for me, smart, principled, sexy,- got married, drank a bunch and then quit together, had a baby girl, bought a house, custom pickup, minivan, three dogs, and managed fifteen good years. And then first her workplace, then mine, conspired to fire us. The Dept. of Unemployment Assistance adjuster agreed with me and no one else showed at the hearing, so I won. My Bride won her unlawful dismissal by way of hostile workplace suit. But we still lost the house, truck, perfect credit rating, all our savings, fenced (at our $7000.00 expense) yard, above-ground pool and deck I built, ~20k worth of landscaping...and then the Government and the banks conspired to break the law, and re-write the law because the robo-signing of all the foreclosures was illegal, and would have essentially invalidated the process. So the banks had the congress pass a law retroactively shielding the banks from lawsuits. Five million, nine hundred thousand, nine hundred and ninety-nine other homes were likewise stolen.
As we're actually moving out, we lose the moving van and crew because no checks. I had one sixteen-year old boy, my daughter's boyfriend, and me, to move a three-person household. And my Bride, who has filled out seven separate sets of mortgage application papers over the previous two years at the request of motherless droids at the place that rhymes with Mel's Cargo, is sitting in the middle of the empty living room, sorting colored pens and markers. I ask, "Honey, don't you think there's a better use for your skills than that?" and she replies, "Well, if I don't manage them here, I'll just end up managing them on the other end". That's when I realized that her diagnosis of ADD-I(nattentive) actually had teeth. The thirty straight hours of moving was an experience I am no longer capable of.
We move into the new place, I'm working. Huge fights, she is so shattered by losing the house that she has to blame me, and as a result is lashing out constantly. I move into the attic. Run multiple extension cords, built a room with insulation and wood that we had been forced to move to the new place. Did everything but sleep up there for about six months. I get injured on the job, and everything gets bollixed up at the start, leading to prolonged lack of income. After rehab, I'm done working. 100% disability retirement. At 61.
Years later, my bride's memory is malfunctioning. She described one aspect of the change she has experienced. She can look at the clock in the car and realize that the bank is closing now, and she's 5 minutes away. "I can still make it", she thinks, and continues on. Any kind of stress eliminates competent decision-making. Her personality has gradually acquired a more juvenile aspect. Doing an hour's worth of errands takes her four-five hours. Four stops within two miles, grocery, drug store, etc. The apartment (as did the house during the last year) looks well on the way to "Hoarders" territory. We have been headed for a split for about a year.
In May I got around to doing the bloodwork I was supposed to have drawn last November. Something abnormal, Primary sends me to a urologist. Biopsy. Prostate cancer. Slow-moving. Treatable. Except mine's a little "hot", and has already metastasized into the seminal vesicles. MRIs, CT scans. Radiation incoming. No chemo. Yet.
Well, now we know what happens when one of the seeker135 males makes it to 65.
There's more. There will be a book. Working title: "Irony".
submitted by seeker135 to self [link] [comments]


2019.09.01 13:01 jw_mentions Possible Discussion on /r/atheism in post "I'm a Jehovah's Witness and I need help."

I am a bot! Please send me a private message with any comments or feedback on how I work.
EDIT: As of Wed Oct 09 13:38:13 EDT 2019, the post is at [15156pts32c]

About Post:

--- --- Notes
Submission I'm a Jehovah's Witness and I need help.
Comments I'm a Jehovah's Witness and I need help.
Author jos_the_boss
Subreddit /atheism
Posted On Sun Sep 01 05:43:05 EDT 2019
Score 15156 as of Wed Oct 09 13:38:13 EDT 2019
Total Comments 1035

Post Body:

I'm currently on a public library computer using free wifi, because my rich stingy parents haven't bought me a device of my own. This is my only escape to the outside world.
I come from one of those "conservative" JW families, where if you're not reading the Bible, you're perusing the watchtower magazine, praying or 'witnessing to' (annoying the hell out of) the neighbourhood.
I feel like I'm an outcast in prison.
We don't have internet. No TV. No cell phone. My mum won't even let me check the letterbox incase there's 'something explicit' in there. I am forced to attend meetings I don't like. I am forced to pray to a being who I don't think exists. I'm smart, but I'm not allowed to study for school because that's "the evil, transient things of this world".
Why don't I leave? I'm 16. A lanky, bowl-cut teenager cannot face the world alone with no money.
Why don't I leave when I get to 18? I've seen what happens to a close friend. Her family disowned her. Her other friends acted like she didn't exist. I tried to keep contact, but if I show my sympathy with her, I will be severely punished. She tried to get jobs, but it's hard with no experience or life skills.
Guys, what do I do? How do I break free?
Edit: My free wifi is about to terminate, so I'll have to come back tomorrow (if I can).
Update: My free internet finished when I had 1 comment and 4 upvotes. I have to admit when I logged back tonight on I got a little overwhelmed at the response. The librarian asked me if I was okay. Like you guys advised, I told him what was going on, and he's promised to try and help, whilst warning he's not sure what he can legally do, if it's without parental permission. Here's my plan, and it's kind of a compilation of all your ideas:
I'm going to read up on personal image, employable characteristics, do some extra reading for school (I'm home schooled) so hopefully a university/employer will accept me at some point. I have a dream of becoming a psychologist, so I can help to deal with people's personal issues, which is naturally something I have great sympathy for. Might do some research on that as well.
The only problem is I don't get much free time; about an hour at the start of the day and maybe an hour at the end. This is when my parents are off doing something (not sure what) and they dump me at the library with the latest watchtower.
The librarian is going to talk to my parents about getting a small job I can do at the library (cleaning, stacking/moving books, maybe even some desk work). Over time I should be able to accrue some funds (not sure where I'll keep them yet). It's going to be a steep climb, but you guys have inspired me to start the journey, and for that I could not be more grateful.

Related Comments (32):

--- --- Notes
Author Sigh_2_Sigh
Posted On Sun Sep 01 10:48:28 EDT 2019
Score 17 as of Wed Oct 09 13:33:04 EDT 2019
Conversation Size 0
Body link
Are you on exjw reddit? There was someone there looking for a meet up in the GTA area a few weeks ago.
--- --- Notes
Author skoolhouserock
Posted On Sun Sep 01 10:32:20 EDT 2019
Score 7 as of Wed Oct 09 13:33:04 EDT 2019
Conversation Size 0
Body link
I'm in Toronto as well. Not ExJW or anything, but happy to help in any way I can.
--- --- Notes
Author roseofjuly
Posted On Sun Sep 01 13:09:08 EDT 2019
Score 13 as of Wed Oct 09 13:33:04 EDT 2019
Conversation Size 0
Body link
The ex-mormons and we exJWs call each other cousins, lol.
--- --- Notes
Author RobynStarliteHope
Posted On Sun Sep 01 08:49:15 EDT 2019
Score 21 as of Wed Oct 09 13:33:04 EDT 2019
Conversation Size 0
Body link
I’m am an ex-jw. For me, education was my path to freedom. I knew I needed to be financially independent and that focusing on my education was my path out. My family supported me going to college and received a lot of heat for it. Your conservative family probably won’t be so kind. Can you talk to a school counselor? He/she should be able to help you apply to colleges.
--- --- Notes
Author jas_the_j_is_spanish
Posted On Sun Sep 01 11:42:24 EDT 2019
Score 8 as of Wed Oct 09 13:33:04 EDT 2019
Conversation Size 0
Body link
A quick note about self-doxxing from a helpful exmormon.
In posts like this include as little information as possible. I'm not sure if the Jehovah's Witness community is the same, but there are literally people who scroll through exmormon, find posts like these, and then try to figure out who the kid is so that they can tell their parents.
Picture if someone in your congregation heard that somewhere in the world a lanky 16 yr old with a bowl cut who knows someone who was shunned at 18 was in the library today trying to leave the religion. Upon hearing that, would they instantly think of you? Then that's too much information.
Be careful. Getting outed early would be terrible. The internet is not always a safe place. Don't give out details that aren't necessary to the story. Mix in a few false facts to throw people off.
A few people have suggested reaching out to the exmormon community and groups like tapir signal. Do that too. Our experiences are similar and the exmo community is a bit better established.
This random stranger from the internet is proud of you for taking action at such a young age. You're going to get through this. There will be very difficult times, but one day you will find that it was all worth it.
Final note. If you decide to edit out the details I mentioned, drop a comment here or send me a message and I'll delete that part of this comment. Really gotta protect that identity.
--- --- Notes
Author Genuine-Risk
Posted On Sun Sep 01 09:46:26 EDT 2019
Score 30 as of Wed Oct 09 13:33:04 EDT 2019
Conversation Size 0
Body link
Hi, am an exjw but just north of Toronto. Saying hi. If you need anything please reach out, and send a dm. Not sure exactly what you need but Toronto has a lot of services for youth.
https://www.toronto.ca/community-people/children-parenting/youth/find-youth-services/
Hope you hang in there. Be strong.
--- --- Notes
Author aequitas3
Posted On Sun Sep 01 10:34:20 EDT 2019
Score 40 as of Wed Oct 09 13:33:04 EDT 2019
Conversation Size 2
Body link
Just a heads up, it's way faster to type in the sub name like "exjw" (or /exjw if you never broke the formatting habit when that only worked) as it'll auto link the sub
--- --- Notes
Author ImNoScientician
Posted On Sun Sep 01 10:29:25 EDT 2019
Score 807 as of Wed Oct 09 13:34:09 EDT 2019
Conversation Size 43
Body link
Ex-JW here. I have a lot of sympathy for what you're going through. As bad as your situation is, what you have going for you is that you've decided to get out young. The best thing that you can do right now is set yourself up for success for your future life free from the cult. It's coming up quickly.
You're apparently still in school (hopefully you aren't home schooled). Your parents most likely are strongly against higher education Ignore that. Start preparing for college. Talk to school counselors, your teachers, whoever you can to help you get into college, hopefully with a lot of financial aid. The resources are out there. Tell then about your situation. Education professionals will not be sympathetic to parents that actively discourage education. Make them your allies. Do not tell your parents about your college plans until you absolutely have to. (Of course none of this applies if your parents are actually pro-college, as I understand some JWs actually are now).
If you can't take it any more than do as others have suggested and try to get child services involved as others have suggested. I don't have any experience with that, that's up to you to decide if that's a step that you need to take. I second exjw as a great and supportive resource. You didn't say where you were located but on the odd chance that you happen to be in Central Texas and want to meet up with some sympathetic ex-JWs I'd be happy to introduce you. If you're not then the folks at exjw can probably help you meet some others that have been through what you're going through in your area.
Above all try to stay positive. This part of your life will be over soon. There's a whole big exciting life waiting for you after you get out. Start preparing now. Feel free to PM me if you need to chat.
Edit: Someone has cross posted this over at exjw. There's already a lot of support for you over there make sure you check it out.
--- --- Notes
Author All-Iwantisthetruth
Posted On Sun Sep 01 08:47:41 EDT 2019
Score 3 as of Wed Oct 09 13:34:09 EDT 2019
Conversation Size 0
Body link
Good for you for figuring this out now. I grew up Jw and it took me until my 30’s to figure it out. I saw my older sister’s life destroyed when she got kicked out. I was isolated and “homeschooled” if you can call it that. Which really makes it hard to get ahead. I think there’s a pretty big exjw community in Toronto. You can connect with some people in your area and start making a plan to get out. Use whatever resources through the government that are available. It sounds like you already know not to discuss your lack of beliefs with your parents. exjw is a great sub for support and advice.
--- --- Notes
Author fencerJP
Posted On Sun Sep 01 07:59:55 EDT 2019
Score 134 as of Wed Oct 09 13:34:30 EDT 2019
Conversation Size 7
Body link
OP, this is a shitty situation that your parents have put you in. It really really sucks that they're forcing you to choose between your family and your beliefs, but unfortunately everyone still in the JW community is likely to shun you, ironically because they're terrified of being shunned in turn.
You need to be aware that life is probably going to suck for years to come if you do go through with this. It's going to be hard, and lonely, and you may never see some of your family again. That's the awful truth.
If you do continue with this, make sure you find people you can talk to and rely on for the support that you need. Your friend that left, along with exjw and some of the support groups mentioned by others will all be good starting resources.
You'll need a job. Apply for anything and everything, starting with fast food, even if you aren't entirely qualified. Sometimes you'll be surprised where you get a bite. Get a job, and once you have that under your belt, start working to improve your skills for something better. Go to college if you can afford it, or take a look at the free courses available online. Study your ass off, and you should be able to improve your life little by little. Trade school is another great option!
You'll need a place to stay. I don't have any recommendations on this, but perhaps those support groups can connect you to somewhere.
Good luck, OP. You're going to need it!
--- --- Notes
Author Onegooodapple
Posted On Sun Sep 01 09:07:21 EDT 2019
Score 3 as of Wed Oct 09 13:34:30 EDT 2019
Conversation Size 0
Body link
I grew up as a witness, my dad was the PO of the Kingdom Hall. I was baptized at 15. I will tell you there is sure fire to escape and not lose your family. The answer is education. Your family doesn’t want you to go to college probably, like mine. Go to college, no matter how hard it is just go. Go to community college and study English. You’re family will let you go attend college if you tell them you want to be a teacher and not an anthropologist. Don’t settle for trade school, you will love learning. Use the knowledge you gain to slowly distance yourself while trying to be respectful of their beliefs. Please feel free to message me if you want to talk more. Study other religions, show your family the commonalities respectfully. My parents still try to witness to me about armageddon, I respond with global warming and the browning of the earth and how we need to do something now and not keep waiting for Jesus to return. All the best good buddy!
--- --- Notes
Author Wcirmfpwr98
Posted On Sun Sep 01 13:40:12 EDT 2019
Score 29 as of Wed Oct 09 13:34:30 EDT 2019
Conversation Size 0
Body link
As an ex JW the above advice is very sound. Begin to prepare for your exit. Is it difficult- YES! Leaving what you know and your family to start a life of your own. Yes very difficult but it is SO worth it! There are many of us that have been in your shoes and will help. I’m in Northern California so if your around here give ma a shout. The hardest part is over. You have chosen to wake up. Good luck and I hope we get to hear updates.
--- --- Notes
Author maefloofbooty
Posted On Sun Sep 01 08:13:38 EDT 2019
Score 21 as of Wed Oct 09 13:36:08 EDT 2019
Conversation Size 9
Body link
Tell tale is a great source to learn about some the things certain cults have done, hes a ex jw. I would say if possible try to make a freind outside the jehovah's witnesses, makes sure nobody knows you 2 are freinds. Make sure you can trust them and when you can leave ask them to help house you while you can get a job and start saving money for your own place. I'm sorry my advice may be bad considering I'm trying to leave a cult too so I wish you luck.
--- --- Notes
Author torotech
Posted On Sun Sep 01 09:28:43 EDT 2019
Score 3 as of Wed Oct 09 13:36:08 EDT 2019
Conversation Size 0
Body link
I feel for you. I'm so sorry you have to go through this. You're not alone and it will get better. I was lucky as a JW in that my dad was a non-believer and so my parents weren't very strict. But I did still bear witness to the extreme gas-lighting and brainwashing that happens especially with the super strict parents. I really hope you can escape and break free, and now. So I'm not going to discuss that since others already have. I'm going to discuss what to do if that doesn't happen. Plan B.
Look at these next few years, not as a prison sentence, but as a learning experience. An opportunity to build yourself. Your life is your story to tell, not theirs. Don't let anyone put your story on hold. Maybe you lack control of your physical presence, but you can control your mind. Trust me, when I broke free at 18 I was an expert at focusing my mind past/through distractions.
Immerse yourself in the stories of others that have had to endure struggles against their own will. "Obstacle is the way" and "Art of Living" are good entry-level books.. Study stoicism which helps you detach from the never-ending judgment that you are going through. To gain perspective into cultivating mindset Read "Long Walk to Freedom" about Nelson Mandela. Maybe you can tell your parents they're required reading for a school project. If my experience is similar, you're an expert at lying to your parents and elders so I'm confident you'll find a way. It'll be hard, but this is your story to tell OP. If they're going to imprison you, be the hero, don't let it break you down, let it build you up.
Best of luck!!!
--- --- Notes
Author Paulemichael
Posted On Sun Sep 01 05:51:29 EDT 2019
Score 4557 as of Wed Oct 09 13:37:42 EDT 2019
Conversation Size 148
Body link
Ask for help/advice on exjw. Good luck. You are not alone.
--- --- Notes
Author Merari01
Posted On Sun Sep 01 06:46:41 EDT 2019
Score 168 as of Wed Oct 09 13:37:42 EDT 2019
Conversation Size 0
Body link
also post to exjw
--- --- Notes
Author Orangyfrreal
Posted On Sun Sep 01 09:06:22 EDT 2019
Score 5 as of Wed Oct 09 13:37:42 EDT 2019
Conversation Size 0
Body link
OMG that's terrible. My girlfriend grew up with a mom that is a Jehovah's Witness and a dad that wasn't, but he died when she was thirteen. Her two year younger sister got baptized. My girlfriend got kicked out at sixteen because she refused to get baptised. Luckily she has an aunt on her late dad's side that lived close that she could stay with. Her younger sister ended up getting pregnant out of wedlock. So she was excommunicated. Her mom still talks to her, but pretty much only to watch her son, which she charges her for.
Her mom still talks to my girlfriend, even though she wasn't married to our daughter's dad because she never got baptized. I started dating her when she was two months pregnant and our daughter is almost a year. Her mom still thinks I'm going to "use her for sexual pleasure," because I'm an atheist and not the real father.
I just know that my girlfriend and her sister are super close now that they're in their thirties. It's heartbreaking that your parents could turn a sibling against you.
--- --- Notes
Author Turbopowerd
Posted On Sun Sep 01 09:35:12 EDT 2019
Score 3 as of Wed Oct 09 13:37:42 EDT 2019
Conversation Size 0
Body link
It seems I understand why Jehovah’s Witnessism is prohibited by law in some countries. Hope you’ll succeed in getting out of the fanatics circle.
On the other hand I sometimes turn off all electronics because there are so much useless information and shit of the world... and you stream it through your brain and it changes you making anxious, nervous and unsure...
--- --- Notes
Author [deleted]
Posted On Sun Sep 01 13:28:39 EDT 2019
Score 78 as of Wed Oct 09 13:37:42 EDT 2019
Conversation Size 6
Body link
Not an exjw, but a “run away”. Find out exactly what info you will need for college and get it before you leave. I had to wait till I was 25 till I could file for financial aid because my mom wouldn’t give me her social to apply, and I wasn’t emancipated so I couldn’t apply without it till that age.
I hope to hell I’m wrong and that this has changed since then because it put me on one hell of a detour through life.
--- --- Notes
Author GorbachevTrev
Posted On Sun Sep 01 08:38:32 EDT 2019
Score 199 as of Wed Oct 09 13:37:42 EDT 2019
Conversation Size 1
Body link
I live near Yonge and Bloor, if I you'd ever need a friend and a listening ear. There's also a small monthly meetup for ex JWs in Toronto. It's free.
I escapeed the Watchtower in 2005. Am happy I did.
--- --- Notes
Author Its_the_brain_pain
Posted On Sun Sep 01 10:11:51 EDT 2019
Score 338 as of Wed Oct 09 13:37:42 EDT 2019
Conversation Size 0
Body link
This.
Please don’t hesitate because you’ve been conditioned to think that clicking on that link is the equivalent of entering Satan’s lair. ExJW is nothing but folks just like you who are either struggling through the same thing or have made it through to a normal, happy life and want to help others.
Only people who’ve done what you’re trying to do can help you do it. I wish I did at your age instead of wasting another 18yrs in misery. Hang in there, and know that your life really can be whatever YOU choose.
--- --- Notes
Author RavenApocalypse
Posted On Sun Sep 01 08:42:23 EDT 2019
Score 13 as of Wed Oct 09 13:37:42 EDT 2019
Conversation Size 0
Body link
The next time you are at the library, check out the YouTube channel telltale atheist. He is an EX-jw and has some videos explaining what to do.
--- --- Notes
Author Its_the_brain_pain
Posted On Sun Sep 01 10:34:16 EDT 2019
Score 470 as of Wed Oct 09 13:37:42 EDT 2019
Conversation Size 6
Body link
I can’t speak for other religions, but it’s unfortunately very necessary for this one: Jehovah's Witnesses, Shunning and Suicide
Edit: added link
--- --- Notes
Author svenmullet
Posted On Sun Sep 01 09:19:16 EDT 2019
Score 6 as of Wed Oct 09 13:37:42 EDT 2019
Conversation Size 0
Body link
A heads up: Your parents/friends are going to do everything they can to pull you back into it if you leave. They will use guilt, shame, fear, emotions, anything to make you feel helpless and alone, they'll tell you that you're making a fatal mistake, and you need Jehovah, etc.
Don't let it get to you. They can't help it; they've been conditioned to do this, as you know. Things will get better. Reality will begin to replace the fantasy that was your religion/life. Your "family" and "friends" will shun you, because a creepy man at their "Kingdom Hall" (it's not a church! because reasons!) told them to. What kind of mind-control bullshit would make a parent shun their own child? That is all you need to know about Watchtower Bible and Tract Society of Pennsylvania. They are a cult, they use brainwashing techniques to groom and control people for their benefit. Get as far away from them as you can, don't ever look back, and if you can save friends and family from them, do it, but some people are just hopelessly lost in it...
--- --- Notes
Author Gumbybum
Posted On Sun Sep 01 10:06:55 EDT 2019
Score 6 as of Wed Oct 09 13:37:42 EDT 2019
Conversation Size 0
Body link
Hi there. I'm an ex-JW. I was disfellowshipped (technically disassociated) at age 21. I'm now 35, and I can tell you it gets better. If your congregation is like mine, you are taught your whole life that worldy people will never care about you, that your only true friends are in the congregation, etc. This is not true. I have a great husband and very supportive group of friends now. Even though my family and former JW friends don't talk to me anymore, I do not feel like my life is worse for it.
I know that at 16, you won't be able to do the things I could do at 21, just from a legal standpoint. Perhaps you can emancipate yourself from your parents? I'm not sure how the procedures for that work.
Please feel free to reach out to me if you want any help, advice, or commiseration. I'm always happy to help JWs who find themselves struggling with leaving.
--- --- Notes
Author PumpkinSpiceAngel
Posted On Sun Sep 01 21:05:44 EDT 2019
Score 4 as of Wed Oct 09 13:37:42 EDT 2019
Conversation Size 0
Body link
There's always exjw if you need people who have been through similar situations. I cannot really give you more help than that, since I was not raised in the organization. Best of luck to you in your journey out, friend.
--- --- Notes
Author haylurone
Posted On Sun Sep 01 11:57:19 EDT 2019
Score 3 as of Wed Oct 09 13:37:42 EDT 2019
Conversation Size 0
Body link
My dad was raised as a Jehovah's Witness. When he was 18, he got a job and moved out. When he was ready he went to the kingdom hall and told them he was leaving, and he did. It took a long time but he finally went to college in his late 20s after he'd been discouraged from attending college for his whole life. His family was dirt poor so he didn't have to give up much when he left but he did lose his family who disowned him. He was still allowed to talk to them but it ruined the relationship. His mother didn't attend his wedding, etc. His brother left too but in a more dramatic fashion and he was disassociated so no one could speak to him.
Anyway, point is, it was hard and he had to do a lot on his own. But with hard work and saving and courage, he built a wonderful life for himself. He's been married for 35 years, has a loving family, a home, a boat, plenty of friends, and freedom from religion. His brother who left also built a wonderful life of his own with a wife two daughters, a home, freedom from religion, etc.
The reality is that when peoole go to college they make new friends and often leave the high school friends behind anyway. So it'd be pretty normal to lose touch with your friends anyway.
I'd say save what money you can, get a job, save more money, get your own place, go to community college first, then transfer to a 4 year school, get a therapist, and be brave. It'll be hard but you can do it if you want to. You will lose some important things and people, no doubt, but you will build something even better of your own.
--- --- Notes
Author por_que_no
Posted On Sun Sep 01 08:05:52 EDT 2019
Score 300 as of Wed Oct 09 13:38:01 EDT 2019
Conversation Size 13
Body link
I was in a similar situation although not as strict as JW, just hard-core Southern Baptist. I played their game, didn't rock the boat, read every book I could get my hands on and left home at 18 when I had a job that would pay the rent. The people who will break contact with you are the exact ones you don't want in your life. Start imagining your plan for how you'll get away. It's going to be tough but thousands before you have done it.
I agree with the other poster about checking out exjw Best of luck.
--- --- Notes
Author patafla
Posted On Sun Sep 01 08:50:53 EDT 2019
Score 6 as of Wed Oct 09 13:38:01 EDT 2019
Conversation Size 0
Body link
Hey, I hope you get a chance to see this soon. I also grew up as a Witness, getting out isn’t easy but it’s worth the effort even more than you can imagine!
I found a lot of great help at exjw, they’ve all been through it too.
Some quick advice, be as vague as you can about giving personal details away online, especially location or identifying information. If an active Witness finds it they will report back to your local elders.
If you are not homeschooled, go to a teacher or school councillor that you trust and tell them that you stuck in a high control cult. If you are homeschooled maybe your local social services.
When you do get out, don’t expect your family and friends to keep you in their life. You don’t control them, you control you, so go out and make new friends wherever you want. One of the greatest realisations I had when I left was that any person I met could be a potential friend. I have a great group of unconditional people in my life now, something that isn’t possible when you’re still in.
Feel free to message me if you need to.
Best of luck!
--- --- Notes
Author chezzuschrist
Posted On Sun Sep 01 12:00:28 EDT 2019
Score 3 as of Wed Oct 09 13:38:01 EDT 2019
Conversation Size 0
Body link
I was a JW in the same situation as you are right now. I was disowned and had no friends. Here is what helped me.
  1. Move out when you are 18 yo, but first find a job.
  2. Apply for financial aid and let your school know specifically about your situation. You may have to take few loans.
  3. Inquire about jobs located on the school campus as those positions are there to help students.
  4. Join a club and get as active as possible. You will definitely meet awesome people!
  5. Look into seeing a therapist as it is hard ASF being disowned by your family.
Please let me know if you have questions. Hope everything works out for you!
--- --- Notes
Author T1mac
Posted On Sun Sep 01 09:01:27 EDT 2019
Score 9 as of Wed Oct 09 13:38:07 EDT 2019
Conversation Size 1
Body link
exjw
--- --- Notes
Author wipeoutpop
Posted On Sun Sep 01 08:53:46 EDT 2019
Score 161 as of Wed Oct 09 13:38:13 EDT 2019
Conversation Size 4
Body link
Hello fellow Torontonian. First things first, please know that you're not alone. My wife's family are Jehovah's Witnesses, but she is not. Her situation is different from yours, but believe me, I understand what you are going through.
As a 16 year old, you are in a very tricky position. As you know, you are now old enough to be disfellowshipped. You don't want that to happen. Instead, you want to disassociate, on YOUR terms, once have established some personal security. So for now, you need to continue to walk the talk, and use resources you can trust to help you organize an exit strategy.
Your top priority is housing, and that's also your biggest challenge. Trying to find a decent place to live in our very expensive city, at your age, will be extremely difficult. Your best bet, and the one that most young people start with, is a residence at their college or university. You mentioned in your post that you're not allowed to study for school, but are you in school? If so, I suggest talking to your Guidance Department about your college/university application, AND start looking for bursaries and financial aid options for postsecondary students who do not have parental support.
I know that waiting until you finish high school might seem impossible, but in the long run, I really think it's your best bet. I should add that, in addition to being someone who lives in the same city as you, I'm also a high school teacher. I have taught some kids who are on their own, and their situations were extremely precarious. You need to avoid this if you can.
Think of it this way: you are not just planning an escape right now. You're planning the rest of your life, so starting off on the right foot is absolutely vital.
submitted by jw_mentions to jw_mentions [link] [comments]


2019.09.01 09:38 Hergrim A Reply to Shadiversity - Part 2: The Evidence

Part 1

A Reply to Shadiversity - Part 2: The Evidence

Introduction
It’s been a long time since I wrote the first part of my reply to Shad. Originally I was going to get this out much quicker, but a variety of things, most of them unrelated to this post, mean that I haven’t been working on this post consistently over the last year and a bit. However, I recently met Shad at the Abbey Medieval Festival, apologised in person for my original post and received some encouragement from him to continue writing this reply, which gave me the boost needed to finally finish writing this post.
On the bright side, while it has been a long time in the making, the extra time has allowed me to find evidence that I didn’t know had existed before and to consider the evidence more closely. It hasn’t changed my views on leather armour over all - that it was common and relatively cheap - it has helped me consider the issue with more nuance.
This current post is all about the evidence for textile and leather armour. I’ve searched through the available manuscript miniatures on manuscriptminiatures.com, been through all the images on warfare.gq, scoured books for additional references, both artistic and literary, and located all the archaeological information I could find. Nothing much in terms of physical and artistic has been added to my prior post, but I have added more and better sources about infantry armour specifically.
This does mean that I have been unable to answer Shad’s challenge to find archaeological evidence of leather chest armour. However, Shad has also not shown an artistic representation or archaeological remains of textile armour prior to the mid to late 14th century. All his artistic examples of textile armour have been from the late-14th, 15th or early 16th centuries, and the extent physical remains date from the mid-14th century (in one case), the mid-15th century (four cases) and the 16th century (one case, though I don’t know if Shad is aware of the Rothwell Jack). I intend to go into this further in the relevant section, but I want to emphasise that while I’ve acknowledged the flaws in my evidence Shad did not address the flaws in his evidence that I raised in my initial post.
I should note that I did send Shad a copy of my first draft a month and a half ago so that he could check and see if I’d misinterpreted any of his arguments. I sent it via his email address, which he had given to me in Messenger, but I’ve not heard back from him since, in spite of a follow up email and two messages via Messenger. I’m not sure whether he received the original draft or not, but I am satisfied that I did my best to ensure that I was understanding his arguments and position correctly this time around.
As a final note, I’d like to thank Sean Manning and all the other contributors to this thread over on the Armour Archive forums. While I would have found (and, for that matter, did find) all the references I’ve used in this particular post independently of the thread, the compilation of references assured me that I wasn’t missing any well known texts, put the lack of descriptions of infantry armour into more context for me and has provided some extremely useful sources that I wouldn't have discovered on my own for the fourth part of the series, when I discuss construction and economics.

Part 1 - Textual Evidence

This is the most abundant form of evidence, spanning from the mid-12th century to the mid-13th century. It includes information from romances, poems, chronicles, legal texts and administrative texts. As mentioned in my first post in this series, I’ll attempt to provide both the original text and a translation wherever possible. You’ll also notice that this list of examples is different from that provided in the original post, as further research and looking at the original texts has resulted in some additions and removals. I’ve also chosen to focus on texts specifically about the armour of the lower classes, since this is a major point of contention between Shad and myself. In that vein, not only is armour connected with knights not mentioned, but also armour connected with infantry who are also wearing mail, as they are clearly not poor soldiers but wealthy individuals.
Leather Armour
And they were girt and protected with these arms: with coats of felt dipped in pitch and resin and incense, or tunics of strongly cooked leather
(Miller, p29; “strongly cooked” substituted for “strongly made” as per below)
hujusmodi armis praecincti et muniti; cum feltreis togis pice et resina atque in thure intinctis, seu cum tunicis ех coria velde coctis
(Hardy and Martin, p361)
This is the oldest mention of either leather or textile armour that I’ve found to date, with modern experts putting the date of composition as some time between 1109 and 1131. I’ve chosen to go with the transcription of Hardy and Martin here, as opposed that undertaken by Miller, because “coria velde coctis” (“leather strongly/powerfully/greatly cooked”) makes more sense than the literal translation of “coria velde cortis” (“leather strongly enclosed”), which is Miller’s transcription.
In the context of this passage, the inhabitants of “Scaldemariland” (possibly the islands of the Scheldt estuary) are arming themselves in order to attack the army of Flanders. In addition to their armour, they’re equipped with spears studded with bent nails so that when fighting they can thrust, pull away (possibly pulling away a shield or pulling their opponents off balance) or strike (presumably as a club) and three or four javelins apiece. Only one man in three has a shield and axe or sword. These are not, then, knights, burghers or wealthy peasants, but quite poor peasants, and their choice of armour is either a felt based armour or hardened leather.
(with thanks to Len Parker, who originally posted the source on myarmoury.com)
Therefore, when he perceived the mobility of the foreigners, he selected for the mission soldiers who fought in the same way, since he resolved that they were to engage in battle practise in light armament, assaulting in rawhide boots, chests covered by hardened straps and hides, throwing up small light shields against the missiles, and at one time hurling javelins, at another employing swords against the enemy.
(Nederman, p113-114)
Cum ergo gentis cognosceret leuitatem, quasi pari certamine militiam eligens expeditam, cum eis censuit congrediendum leuem exercens armaturam, peronatus incedens, fasciis pectus et praeduro tectus corio, missilibus eorum leua obiectans ancilia et in eos contorquens nunc spicula, nunc mucronem exerens, sic fugientium uestigiis inherebat ut premeretur
(Webb, p19)
The Policraticus was written by John of Salisbury between 1156 or 1157 and 1159. John was a churchman, philosopher and historian, whose intellectual work would have a significant effect on those who came after him. This doesn’t necessarily make him a good source, by John Hosler has recently made a strong argument for his being very knowledgeable with regards to war and warfare (Hosler, 2013).
The most important part of the text is the phrase “fasciis pectus et praeduro tectus corio”. While Nederman has translated this as “chests covered by hardened straps and hides”, my own preference is for “chests covered by a band of very hard leather”.
While the Welsh and their heavily pastoralised economy probably falls into one of Shad’s exceptions, it’s likely that John was actually writing to encourage the Anglo-Norman knights to abandon their heavy armour and reliance on their horses in order to better pursue the Welsh, rather than referring to an event that took place a century earlier. A similar idea is expressed by Gerald of Wales, although he seems to favour mercenary infantry over knights changing their equipment (Thrope, p266-270).
Some had fine leather jerkins, which they had tied to their waist, many had on a doublet and they had quivers and sheaths girt about them.
(Van Houts, p177)
Alquanz orent boenes coiriees, qu'il ont a lor uentres liées; plusors orent uestu gambais, colures orent ceinz et tarchais;
(Andresen, p334-335)
Written later than his Roman de Brut, Wace’s Roman de Rou was composed some time during the 1160s and 1170s, when he stopped composition (c.1175). Apart from the reference to leather armour, it’s also the earliest use of the word “gambeson”. While Elizabeth van Houts has translated “coiriees” as “leather jerkins” and “gambais” as “doublet”, she appears to be using an older dictionary, rather than the more recent Anglo-Norman Dictionary, which makes it clear that the 12th/13th century “gambeson” is not the same as a 16th century “doublet” and does not assign the term “jerkin” to “cuiries” (the standardised spelling of “coiriees”).
The specific reference is to the Norman foot soldiers, who were also described as being armed with a sword and bow. I’m not entirely sure whether or not the text is saying that the cuiries were worn by some of the archers along with gambesons, or whether some archers wore cuiries and others wore gambesons. Either way, these are not knights or members of the nobility, but neither are they poor peasants as Shad has indicated most infantry were. Rather, they represent the more typical mercenary, member of a civic militia or wealthy free peasant who made up most offensive armies of this period.
Our King Henry II also banishes from all his lands that most mischievous sect of a new heresy, which with its mouth to be sure confesses of Christ what we do, but (in act) gathers bands of many thousands, which they call routs, who armed cap-à-pie with leather, iron, clubs, and swords, lay monasteries, villages, and towns in ashes, and practise indiscriminate adulteries with force, saying with all their heart, 'There is no God.'
(James, p119)
Rex noster eciam Henricus secundus ab omnibus terris suis arcet hereseos noue dampnosissimam sectam, que scilicet ore confitetur de Christo quicquid et nos, sed factis multorum milium turmis, quas ruttas uocant, armati penitus a uertice ad plantas corio, calibe, fustibus et ferro monasteria, uillas, urbes in fauillas redigunt, adulteria uiolenter et sine deletu perpetrant, pleno corde dicentes 'Non est Deus'.
(James p118)
Walter Map was a Welsh lay cleric of the 12th century who rose to quite high office under Henry II and composed a loosely series of works that he later combined into a book. It wasn’t very widely circulated, probably because it had a very uneven tone, not deciding whether it was going fully fantastical or fully historical, and was only rediscovered in the 19th century. Most of the book was written in the early 1180s, but it was worked on through into the 1190s. While Map is frequently unreliable, his sections on English history from the 1130s on are mostly correct. His section on the armour of the Brabacon mercenaries employed by Henry II is therefore probably mostly correct.
Although some have interpreted the “leather” part of “leather and iron” as being a gambeson (see, for example, Fig. 42 from Ian Heath’s Armies of Feudal Europe), there’s no textual evidence for this. Given that leather armour separate from textile armour is present in the Gesta Herewardi and Roman de Rou, I believe it is more likely to be ordinary leather armour rather than a gambeson with a leather facing.
The next solid reference that I’ve been able to find involving leather armour for non-nobles. I’m not confident in reproducing the table, so I’ve taken a screenshot for you instead (Bonds 1969, p133). A couple of things stand out. Firstly, the only times a corellus (cuirass) has a higher median price than a panceria (gambeson) is 1225 and 1250. At all other times, it is either equal in price or less than a panceria, in some cases significantly so (1222).
Secondly, wherever we have a price for a hauberk, the median price is at least double than of a panceria. This rules out the corellus being a coat-of-plates or something similar, since where we have prices for coats-of-plate in the 13th century (admittedly at the end rather than the start), the average price for a coat-of-plates is higher than for a hauberk. While I think a tenuous argument could be made that the corellus is simply a cheap coat-of-plates rather than leather armour, I disagree due to the early dated use of the term (prior to use outside of the wealthiest nobles and knights) comparative rarity of metal armour in the Bolognese armed societies (see below).
Dr Jürg Gassmann has recently published an article on the armed societies of Bologna between 1230 and the early 1300s, and part of the article is a breakdown of the types of armour required by members of the armed societies, one of which had leather armour as an option for torso armour (Gassmann 2014, p227-228). The society was that of the Cervi, and the regulations were laid down in 1255. Other options included two types of textile body armour (the zuppa and the guayferia; what the latter is isn’t known, as it seems localised to Bologna with no descriptions available of how it was made) and a coat-of-plates (“lameria”).
Now, with metal body armour an option, it might be suggested that the leather is also an expensive option. However, only four other societies list metal armour (either a coat-of-plates or a hauberk) and none of them permit leather helmets, which the Cervi and only one other society (the 1256 Vari by-laws) does. What does this suggest? Well, firstly it suggests that leather was likely a cheaper option that steel, but probably also less prestigious, since only two of the societies permitted leather helmets.
Secondly, given the context of the societies - a period where there was a need to integrate freed serfs and craftsmen from other cities into the community - it’s probable that the required arms are minimums and that some societies were more thorough than others in listing possible armour. This would explain why only a handful of guilds list anything other than textile armour. This thoroughness probably extended both ways, to the poorest members as well as the richest, with the Cervi and could well suggest that the leather armour was for the poorer members.
I know that this is speculation, but taken together with the prices for leather armour from Genoa at the same time (cheaper or equal to textile armour), as well as the low price of leather armour in late 13th century England (bearing in mind that English currency had an exceptionally high silver content), I think it is reasonable speculation. The fact that no other societies had leather armour as an option may be as simply as leather armour being a sign of a poorer man, or simply because it didn’t have as much space to put the society’s insignia on it.
I want to stress here that this is not the sum total of references to infantry wearing leather armour, merely those which are unambiguous (perhaps excepting Walter Map) and which I’ve been able to double check in the original language. I’ve not been able to verify David Nicolle’s belief that leather armour was common for infantry in Spain and Italy during the 12th and 13th centuries, since I can’t read Spanish or Italian, and that’s what his sources are written in (Nicolle 2002, p209-10). I see no reason to doubt him but, without being able to read what he’s basing his statements on, I’ve decided to leave them out of this discussion.
Textile Armour
As you’ll have noted above, the Gesta Herewardi, Roman de Rou, Genoese records and Bolognese armed societies all mention textile armour, and I won’t reproduce them here.
gur scoilset a sceith. gur leadairset a luirecha. gur coimrebsad a cotuin.
(Bugge 1905, p47)
they cleft their shields, and cut their armour into pieces, and tore their aketons
(Bugge 1905, p106 - modified translation)
Ocus mar do bhadar annsin co bhfacadar na .V. catha coraighthi ar lar an muighi fo glere sciath 7 lann 7 luirech fo ghlere shleagh 7 chotun 7 cathbarr
(Bugge 1905, p54)
And as they were there, they saw five battalions drawn up in the middle of the plain with choice shields, and swords, and coats of mail, and with shinning spears, and aketons, and helmets.
(Bugge 1905, p114 - modified translation)
The Caithréim Chellacháin Chaisil is an anonymous Irish text likely written sometime between 1127 and 1134, and is the second oldest reference to textile armour that I’ve been able to find. I have modified Bugge’s translation of “cotuin”/”chotun” from the original “target” to “aketon” on the basis that the Electronic Dictionary of the Irish Language (eDIL) only lists “cotún” as a word for “targe” in one case, namely Bugge’s translation. In all other cases it refers to textile armour. Similarly, none of the words for “targe” are similar. I’ve therefore amended the translation on the basis of probability.
Although this work is set in the 10th century, the equipment referenced, as with most medieval texts, are more likely to be contemporary rather than those of the past. We should consider the reference to textile armour as reflecting the situation in the early 12th century rather than in the 10th century.
This is one of the most famous and commonly cited texts in the field of medieval military history, so I don’t see any reason to quote the Latin as well as the translation (which is from Wikipedia to save me typing it out myself).
  1. Whoever possesses one knight's fee shall have a shirt of mail, a helmet, a shield, and a lance; and every knight shall have as many shirts of mail, helmets, shields, and lances as he possesses knight's fees in demesne.
  2. Moreover, every free layman who possesses chattels or rents to the value of 16m. shall have a shirt of mail, a helmet, a shield, and a lance; and every free layman possessing chattels or rents to the value of 10m. shall have a hauberk, an iron cap, and a lance.
  3. Item, all burgesses and the whole community of freemen shall have [each] a gambeson, an iron cap, and a lance.
The third item, featuring the townsmen and rural freemen, is where our interests lie. On the surface, it appears that gambesons were cheap enough that every freeman could afford one, but it’s necessary to look at later modifications to the laws to get the full picture. For instance, in 1230 the freemen were divided into two groups: those who earned 40 shillings or more were required to have the equipment of the 1181 Assize, and those who had between 20 and 40 shillings were only expected to have an axe or lance (Powicke 1962, p85-6). Then, in 1242, the category for mandatory ownership of textile armour was raised to 5 pounds income/20 marks in goods and chattels (approximately 13 pounds; Powicke 1962, p88-89). I’ll go into this in greater detail in a later part, when I discuss military service, but it can be seen from the gradual increase in wealth - even taking inflation into account - required for a gambeson that it was expensive enough that only a minority of farmers were expected to be able to afford one.
Que cascus d'els aporta complida garnizo o escut o capel, perpunt o gonio, e apcha esmolua, aucilha o pilo, arc manal o balesta o bon bran de planso, o cotel o gorgeira, capmailh o alcoto.
(Tudèle 1875, p218)
...each with his full equipment, be it shield or iron hat, tunic or pourpoint, with sharpened axe, scythe-blade or javelin, handbow or crossbow, good lance, knife, gorget, mail-hood or padded jacket.
(Shirley 2017, modified translation)
The Song of the Albigensian Crusade is a text about the wars in southern France at the start of the 13th century and was written by two authors. The first was written by William of Tudela around 1213, and it was continued anonymously afterwards, taking up the narrative from 1213 to 1219. The section quoted is from the second author, who was probably a native of Toulouse and describes the town of Toulouse preparing to fight the Crusaders. Interestingly, it refers to two types of textile armour: the pourpoint (“perpunt” - Shirley seems to have translated it as “tunic”) and the aketon (“alcoto”), although it doesn’t distinguish between classes or offer any information to discern a different construction. However, the “gonio”, which Shirley has translated as “leather jacket”, more likely means “tunic”, or perhaps “coat”.
The Song of the Albigensian Crusade is the last text, excluding the previously cited English and Italian sources, before the 1260s which list mention textile armour worn by foot soldiers, and it is the last narrative source which describes their armour. After this point, I’ve been unable to locate anything but regulations which describe the kind of armour the infantry wore. As this is at the end of the period where I think leather armour was commonly worn, I won’t list them, although I may discuss them later when I talk about medieval infantry soldiers. If I do, I’ll be sure to quote them in full there.
I’ve also omitted two references to English foot soldiers wearing textile armour in conjunction with mail during the Third Crusade, since this is a discussion about the lower end of the infantry scale, and several references to knights wearing only textile armour, again, for the same reason.

Part 2 - Visual Evidence

Leather
This is, as I mentioned in the original post, a rather small list. What is probably the clearest example is f.027v of the Morgan Bible, which features a soldier sitting in the cart, holding a banner and wearing what is probably a cuirie and a leather cap. Shad has cast doubts on it being leather and speculates that it could be a thick gambeson (27:21-27:2), but I see no reason why the very careful and skilled artist would suddenly decide to omit the quilting lines he has drawn on almost every single piece of textile armor for this one piece of armour that looks nothing like a gambeson. Yes, there are a couple of instances where the quilt lines haven’t been drawn on the infantrymen, but they’re clearly wearing textile armour, while the figure in f.027v wears nothing like any gambeson shown, which tend to be depicted as stiffened tunics, with all the bunching and folds associated (see f.003v, for instance). It might not be 100%, but it’s far from 50/50.
In addition to the images mentioned in my first post, I have also found f.093 of the Moulins BM Ms.01 Bible Souvigny. This is so heavily influenced by Byzantine art styles, that I wasn’t entirely sure if I should include it. However, it does also feature the earliest example of textile armour (worn beneath the leather breastplate) in Western art that I’m aware of, so I’ve decided to include it in order to point out that only David is shown wearing Western European armour (the scene shows two Davids: one in Saul’s armour and one without), while everyone else is clearly portrayed as an Eastern “Other”. It therefore shouldn’t be used to support the existence of either leather or textile armour.
Textile
The earliest claimed representation of textile armour that I’ve found is Figure 22 from Ian Heath’s Armies of Feudal Europe, which is supposed to be based on a 12th century sculpture. However, as I have been unable to find the original image and as the diamond pattern is not an uncommon representation of mail in the period (sculpture, fresco, illumination), I don’t believe it can be taken at face value. However, if the original sculpture was genuinely depicting a gambeson, this would be the only image of one before the very end of the 12th century. Thanks to a comment, I have tracked down the image in question and discussed it further here. I'm even more convinced now that the armour is mail, not textile.
The next possible depiction of textile armour that I know of comes from Verona and was created around 1200 (Nicolle 2002, p12). The baptismal font in the Verona cathedral, depicting the Massacre of the Innocents, shows two soldiers wearing short sleeved, short bodied garments that are clearly quilted. I do find the turban and archaic swords somewhat out of place, and they do raise the possibility that the carving is not depicting contemporary fashions, but is creating an Eastern “Other”, much as the Moulins BM Ms.01 does. However, it also can’t be discarded as evidence either, just treated with caution.
Following the baptismal font, the next artistic depiction of textile armour, which is also the clearest, is the well known Morgan Bible, which is honestly one of the greatest works of medieval art.
After the Morgan Bible, there is f.011v in the Besançon BM MS.54 Psalter Bonmont which, apart from the highly Eastern armour of the far left hand figure, does show an infantry soldier in a gambeson, and f.011r, f.012r, f.014r and f.015r of the WLB Cod.Don.186 Psalter, which similarly show infantry wearing textile armour. Finally, this late 13th century mural from Spain, while not showing any quilt lines, almost certainly has several instances of textile armour to judge by the collars and two piece construction of what several soldiers are wearing.

Part 3 - Archaeological Evidence

There are only two pieces of archaeological evidence for our period (c.1100-1250) that I’m aware of: the Sleeve of St. Martin of Bussy, which dates to some time between 1160 and 1270, and some fragments of leather from an excavation in Dublin, dating to between 1150 and 1200. In both cases, the garment was certainly textile based, as the leather was clearly intended to function as the top layer for a quilted garment. Additionally, we can tell that the Sleeve of St. Martin was an aketon and intended to be worn under armour.
The Sleeve is quite an interesting garment. Although it offers next to no protection in and of itself (it’s a mere 8mm thick at the thickest point and has only 4 layers of textiles), there is a clear reduction of thickness from the upper arm to the forearm, almost a halving of width, which may show an expectation that the worst blows would be expected above the elbows. It also tallies quite well with the 2-3 pounds of cotton that Sean Manning has shown to be the most common weight of filling in 14th century aketons/arming doublets which, in turn, suggests that 13th and possibly even 12th century aketons were constructed in this manner as well.
The Dublin fragment is harder to interpret, as we don’t know whether it was the face of a stand-alone piece of armour, or if it was the face of under armour padding. I suspect that it probably comes from a stand-alone piece of armour, as we have a 15th century French (Ffoulkes 1912, p87) and a 16th century English source (Skene 1837, p229n.1) describing jacks with a layer of deerskin as the top layer. These are considerably later sources, but nonetheless present a more plausible interpretation or the archaeological find to my mind than the idea of it being part of padding does.
Shad did mention a 14th century leather breastplate found in the Netherlands (15:31-15:46), however the two pieces originally thought to have been a breastplate and backplate has since been demonstrated by Chris Dobson to have been a pair of cuisses, not a breastplate (Dobson 2018, p44), so I say with some regret that there is not even any archaeological evidence of leather chest armour after the period I'm considering.

Part 4 - Interpretations

One thing that has become obvious to me while researching this post is just how little specific evidence there is for infantry armour in general. We have four narrative and two administrative/legal accounts of leather armour, and four narrative and five administrative/legal (3, if you lump all the English accounts into 1) accounts of textile armour for the whole period of 1100-1255. And, in terms of artwork, we can be certain of only 3 manuscripts showing textile armour in the same period, with two carvings potentially also showing it. The evidence for leather armour is even bleaker, with just one manuscript showing what might be one worn by a foot soldier.
Of course, what evidence we have is informative to some degree. The Gesta Herewardi, for instance, associates textile and leather armour with the poorer class of soldier, while John of Salisbury associates leather armour with foot soldiers rather than knights, whether he actually meant the Welsh or not. Wace and Walter Map also see leather armour as a feature of Continental mercenaries, and these were the best infantry of the day, although their equipment is not very well known. The Genoese source suggests it was common in Northern Italy between 1220 and 1250, it offers a slightly different look in terms of relative cost, showing that while leather armour was typically cheaper than textile armour, it was often not by much. The Bolognese sources, however, offer an interesting contradiction in that leather armour was only considered appropriate in one case.
When it comes to textile armour, the evidence is also informative. Between the Gesta Herewardi and Caithreim Cellachain Caisil, we can date its use to at least the 1130s, and the fact that “cotún” was in the Irish vocabulary at this early date, before the Norman invasion, suggests that aketons were widely used and known across Europe by this date. Wace adds the information that they were one choice, or perhaps the base layer, of mercenary infantry, and the Song of the Albigensian Crusade places it as an option for town militias to wear in Southern France. The Genoese source highlights the difference in price between textile and mail armour, while the English and Bolognese sources present an image of textile armour being the primary entry level armour.
Naturally, these sources are not easy to interpret as a whole. Leather armour was common in Genoa, but apparently not in Bologna at the same time. Leather armour was the primary choice for mercenaries in the mid-to-late 12th century, yet by the end of the 12th century textile armour was the legal minimum. Judging by the men who wore leather armour in the 12th century sources, leather was quite cheap, but the 13th century Genoese source raises questions about whether it was really that much cheaper than textile armour, and certainly suggests that it wasn’t a “poor man’s armour”.
One possible reason for leather’s popularity in the 12th and 13th centuries could be that, covering only the torso and being relatively light (perhaps as little as 2kg), it was more comfortable to wear for a long period and on a long journey than textile armour which, even if it didn’t weigh much more, surely would have trapped a lot of heat during long marches. Covering only the body, it would also have restricted archers less. However, offering less coverage, you could say that textile armour would be cheaper for a given area and, protecting more of its owner, would seem a better choice for those in command who wanted their heavy infantry to be as well equipped as possible.
Another possibility is that there were “cheap” forms of leather armour which common soldiers might have worn, as well as more expensive versions that merchants chose. While there are several examples of hardened leather armour that are only made from one thickness of leather - such as those detailed in Marloes Rijkelijkhuizen and Marquita Volken’s paper, cited by Shad - Chris Dobson has detailed a number of pieces which were constructed with two layers of cowhide (Dobson 2018, p61). Similarly, a 15th century description of how to make a hardened leather breastplate calls for two layers of cowhide to be used (Black 1845, p1221). If there were two levels of protection offered, then the cheap one worn by thepoorer members of society may well have been made from one layer and cost less than textile armour as a result, but offered less protection, while the more expensive one may have been made from two layers and had a similar cost to textile armour, but protected less of the body even if it offered similar protection.
These are, I stress, merely two possible interpretations of the evidence, and I’m open to alternatives. They do, however, explain some of the contradictory evidence, although it must be said that they don’t really explain why leather armour declined in use and ceases to show up in records beyond the 1250s.
If we accept, then, that textile and leather armour were in common use during the 12th and early 13th centuries, although without establishing their precise relationships or relative ratios, the question becomes: why don’t we see more of them? It’s not as if we don’t have good depictions of infantry during the period. The Basilica of San Zeno in Verona, for instance, is an excellent and, so far as we can tell, accurate representation of the city militia, yet in spite of Italy’s strong links to the Byzantine Empire and the Islamic world (who both had textile armour), there is only infantry wearing mail and infantry wearing tunics. Even in the late 12th century, the militia of Milan are shown in the Porta Romana as either armoured or unarmoured, with no textile armour.
It’s not just Italy. England, Germany and Spain all have manuscripts that contrast armoured men-at-arms with unarmoured infantry, while France omits the lesser infantry altogether - I’ve had no luck finding infantry in French artwork who aren’t wearing mail before the Morgan Bible.
The lack of representation doesn’t just encompass infantry armour, since under armour padding is missing from even the Morgan Bible (f.003v, f.028r), a manuscript whose illuminations are considered some of the most accurate illustrations of medieval arms and armour. As I noted in my original post and again in the first part of this series, so far as medieval artists were concerned, under armour padding didn’t exist until the end of the 13th century, in spite of what the literary sources say.
And this is the problem with Shad’s appeal to artwork (11:50-12:30, 14:16-14:40, 27:08-28:01) in proving that leather armour wasn’t common. Medieval art was never intended to be 100% true to life and there are greater and lesser degrees of stylisation, to the point where it contradicts archaeological evidence (the Sleeve of St. Martin) and literary sources (which make it clear that aketons were worn under mail). If even well attested armour components aren’t shown in medieval art, how can you rule out a particular piece of armour, especially if it belongs to a class the artist isn’t interested in?
A similar issue arises with archaeological evidence. It can be used to rule things in - that is, to say that we definitely know an object existed and what its form was - but it’s very hard to use it to rule things out. Shad is right that there’s no archaeological evidence of leather torso armour (14:22-15:13) in spite of other leather objects being preserved, but he fails to apply the same standard to textile armour. Namely, we have no textile armour from the 12th or 13th centuries (the Sleeve is padding, not armour, and the Dublin fragment is ambiguous), in spite of plenty of textile fragments - including layered linen - surviving. If gambesons were so common, to the point where the vikings wore them (Why Vikings DID wear padded armor / gambeson), why don’t we have any before the 14th century?
The answer is, in the first place, armour was not as common as other everyday objects, and so is already at a disadvantage in terms of preservation. I’ll go into this more in my next part. Secondly, the armour not only needs to be buried ground that is suitable for preservation, but it needs to be where archaeologists will find it. This is a big reason why we have such a small amount of armour and equipment from the 12th and 13th century. Sometimes, preservation just doesn’t happen.

Conclusion

The evidence for infantry armour in the 12th and mid-13th centuries is sparse and often contradictory. For whatever reason, the artists of the period chose not to depict it, and the literary sources are difficult to reconcile, as they make it clear both that textile armour was the preferred minimum level of armour, but also that leather armour was commonly used. They offer no easy explanation for why leather armour wasn’t considered an appropriate minimum armour, while also showing that it was, in general, cheaper than textile armour. Archaeology, as with art, has little to offer in the solving of this problem, and it cannot be used to support either leather or textile armour as common.
In my next part I will break down who made up the bulk of medieval armies, how they compared in wealth to the average peasant, and why Shad’s view of the poor man with only one cow is not a correct representation of medieval warfare. Unlike this present part, it won’t take a year to write, but it is going to take a couple of months as I hunt down the appropriate sources to avoid focusing too heavily on medieval England.
Until next time!

References

In the comments, as this post was too long to put them in the main body.
submitted by Hergrim to badhistory [link] [comments]


2019.05.03 08:22 Ankharas [CC] The flock of vampires consider you their prophesied master, the hunter wants to kill you, the police think you are a murderer and a real serial killer is following in your footsteps. No one believes you are just a normal person and it's frustrating, to say the least.

Careless
Chapter 1
A loud thunk across from me distracted me from my blank sheet of paper. I glanced up and watched as my 'sometimes' best friend Pete struggled to stack several more boxes and totes full of paperwork on the table across from me. As he paused to wipe the sweat from his forehead he caught me watching. "Thanks for the help, asshole."
"Don't mention it. I'd ask 'what'cha got there,' but it looks like something you need to sucker someone into helping you with, and as you can see, I have some really, hard work of my own over here." I grinned back at him as he glanced skeptically at the blank note paper in front of me.
"Rii-ight. Really hard looking work you got there." he said.
"Yep. Doctor prescribed even."
"Doctor prescribed? Wait, What? I'm confused. What doctor? What are you working on?
"Ah, well,... you remember that really hot girl we saw at the club last week?"
He laughed, " The one who gave you the number to a shrink's office?"
I glared at him, "Yes, that one." I sulked for a second at his amusement before continuing. "Anyway, I got to thinking that maybe it wasn't a brush off, maybe she works there. So, I decided to call the number and invite her out to lunch."
"Well, I've been telling you for years that you need to see a shrink. I originally, meant as a patient, but in retrospect, as messed up as your life is, you probably need a lifetime commitment with one." he laughed.
"Hey! I'll have you know my life is very normal, and boring, all things considered."
"Ha, my point precisely. Even your concept of what is normal is skewed. I mean your parents named you Barker for Christ's sake. Who the hell names their kid Barker."
"Aw geez. Not this again. I told you, my dad said my mom was really in to some game show or something, and my MOM confessed that she had loved paranormal romances. She said that it was really novel to read stories where the monsters weren't the bad guys. She hoped that with such a unique name that I would remember that things are never what they seem."
"Bet you got bullied with a name like that."
"Yeah, yeah. I'm a regular 'Boy named Sue.' Only, my dad didn't run out on us, he does research on ancient religions and their writings at the museum. And my mom is a school teacher, who volunteers as a den mother, or something like that, for some sort of once a month camping group. See! Perfectly normal family. Now, Do you really want to go over all this old news, or do you want to know what happened with the hot girl?"
"Hmm, let me think about this. Hear about a hot girl you probably got nowhere with, OR feel better about my life by pointing out how fucked up yours is? Have to say buddy, its a tough call."
I wadded up a couple sheets of paper and threw them as hard as I could at Pete while he laughed it up. "Fuck you and the horse you rode in on, Pete. Next time we hit the bars I'm telling everyone your gay." I laughed
"Aw hey now, just having some fun with you, no need to be a bitch about it." he pouted. "Okay, so lets hear about your future shrink/wife." He winked as he grinned at me to let me know he was just teasing, so I decided to let it go.
"Yeah well, turns our her first name is Ravana, not just Ana like she said at the bar, and she must have hired a dragon to guard her phone system, because let me tell you, the hag wouldn't let me just talk with her long enough to ask her out to lunch. Finally, I just made an appointment." I chuckled, "It's actually covered by my insurance, so if she said no...."
"Desperate much?" smirked Pete.
I aimed the sharp point of my pencil at him and prepared to launch it like a spear, but was satisfied by his flinch and the up flung arms that covered his face. "Anywa--ay, she said she couldn't go out with a client even though I explained why I had made an appointment and that I had no intentions of returning as a patient,..."
"Ha! Called it" Pete snarked then flinched when the pencil point dug in deep as it hit him.
"BUT she said she would be happy to go out with me some time this weekend. She did, however, insist that I should start a journal, because although I always say that I lead a perfectly normal, boring life, she felt like I might not be noticing things as well as I might if I were writing about my day."
"Wo-ow. Did you tell her about your antipathy towards all things that involve you writing?"
"I did."
"And...what did she say? Come on Barker, don't make me drag it out of you."
"Fine. She said, that sometimes you do things you don't like, like washing dishes. You may never really love it, but maybe you won't hate it as much and, it serves a purpose. If I don't like writing about myself then maybe I could write about what happens around me. By doing that, it could help me be more observant about my surroundings."
"Quite the philosopher you plan on dating. So, when is the first date?"
"Tonight."
"What! Tonight?! Why am I just hearing about this now? I can't find a date this fast!"
"Geezus Pete, calm down. This isn't a double date."
"What if something goes wrong? You don't really know her. She delves into the minds of psychos, Barker! Have you thought about that? What if all that psycho shit she hears every damn day has started to sound normal to her. For Christ's sake, Barker, you need to think about these things. Just... what the Hell!"
"Ye-es, in hindsight, I see the danger. I mean the news is just riddled with all the muscled pugilists being taken down by sexy women. Or was that a PlayBoy magazine? So easy to confuse the two." I laughed.
"Fuck you, Barker! I'm being serious here. I've been watching your back all this time. You have no idea of all the weird shit that goes on around you. I swear you're like a super magnet for the world of the weird and creepy. I could be wrong, and I hope you have a great date. Just know that I won't be there to help you out with all the weird shit that goes on around you. Who knows, maybe this is what it will take to get you to notice all the weird ass shit that goes on in your, so called, "NORMAL" life." Pete fumed.
I honestly had no idea what to say. I mean, were we after the same girl or something? Its not like we ask for each others opinions about our respective dates. He's just a co-worker, who turned out to be a good friend and a great drinking buddy. I just stared back at him for a second, stunned, until he turned and stalked out of the room. Fucker left for the day, because he didn't "feel well.' So guess who got stuck with all the paperwork on the table. That's right, me. That asshole.
Careless
Chapter 2
The date was going well. I think. I had taken her to a nearby steak house for dinner, where we had talked about our favorite foods and the different restaurants we had tried. Apparently, she wasn't one of those squeamish sorts, because she ate her steak rarer than I did. I mean, I like my steak pretty rare, but for hers to be any bloodier, they would have to have brought it out still kicking. Not sure how I felt about that after Pete's pre-date pep talk, but I guess his rant was coloring my evening. I'm pretty sure, normally, I would have been thinking dirty thoughts, not 'wow, the sight of lots of blood doesn't phase her.' By the time we were working on our desserts the conversation had changed to where we went for for fun as well as the craziest clubs we had gone to.
I laughed, "You know the craziest club that I've ever been to, was actually the one where I met you. Who would ever think that you would meet a psychiatrist at a goth club?"
"I noticed you weren't dressed for the club. So what brought you there?"
"A friend of mine was dating this girl whose "little" brother had started to hang around the place. She said she was worried about him and asked Pete, a friend of mine, if he would go with her, so she could scope the place out without being to obvious. Turned out he was working at the place for some extra cash, so she worried for nothing. He had invited me along to help check the place out and to give the illusion of a group of friends out on the town. How about you? You don't look the goth type."
"I'm a psychiatrist. I study people and their behaviors for a living. It can only help me to observe a wider variety of behaviors. Personally, I think the scariest deviants are the ones hidden in nice clothing and smiling faces. At least the ones who dress in weird clothes or mark their bodies are giving you a heads up that they don't play to the social norms."
"True. Although, they could just like the style or something."
"Maybe, but something about what it stands for called to them."
"So, are there any clubs you still haven't tried? Do you want to mark another one off your list, or have you had enough of me for one night?" I winked at her to show I was just teasing, but part of me wanted to know. Maybe the date wasn't going as well as I thought, basically, I was asking if she wanted to spend more time with me.
"I did hear of a club that opened up in the warehouse district. Not the best place to be at night, but I hear the entertainment is to die for. I loved to see for myself what kind of place it is."
"Okay. Sure, let's go. Do you know where it is?"
"Yes, I do. I had looked it up and was going to go there, but someone came to my work place and invited me out to dinner." she grinned.
"Some people." I said as I grinned back at her. "Well then, that person should make it up to you for changing your plans like that and take you there."
"Well I wouldn't want to impose...."
I laughed, "If your idea of imposing is to have a fun night of dancing and drinking, impose away."
I said that, but when I saw the place, something about it had me feeling like my spine was trying to crawl out of my body and hide in a dark corner far, far away. Despite its location and creep factor, it seemed to have attracted a pretty big crowd, so maybe the bad vibe was on purpose. No idea. The area we were in wasn't the kind of place where you felt comfortable dropping a lone girl off at the front while you parked the car, so I had driven around for a bit until, unfortunately in my opinion, a spot had opened up. As I was walking around the car to open her door, I couldn't help but think, this must be how deer feel walking across the meadows during hunting season. I swear I felt like I had a target on me. I even caught myself checking to see if their were gunmen on the roofs or anything out of the ordinary that could be making me feel that way. If there was anything, I didn't see it.
"Are you sure you want to go here? I've been to some pretty shady places but this is the first one that's got me rethinking about going in. Nothing about the name of the place, or the ad on that billboard, reassure me about the type of fun being offered here." I said as I turned to Ravana.
"It's definitely not my usual, but what do you mean about the name?"
"Well the billboard says, Come to Den of Iniquitous Escapes. We'll have lots of fun with you. I can't imagine that they took the time to spell "Iniquitous" right but forgot to say "The Den" If you consider the acronym, the ad says Come to DIE. We'll have fun with you, not that I will have fun. More like "I" am the entertainment. Pretty fucking creepy if you ask me. So, where did you hear about this place, anyway?"
She had the grace to look guilty as she said, "Okay, I'll be honest. A couple of my patients have mentioned this club was a turning point for them and I was hoping to do a little research on what goes on in there, but I didn't feel like I could walk in there without some muscle with me." She slid her hand up my arm as she said that, "I'll understand if you don't want to go in with me, but I hope you will. I can promise I won't stay for long and I am sorry that I turned our date into a research trip for my work." She frowned. "Come on, Barker, how risky can it be?"
"Aw, shi-it." I mumbled as I turned to walk with her to the entrance. I wondered if Pete would have found a way for us to avoid going in.
***
I woke up. Well, my eyes were still closed, but I was definitely aware. Wow! My head fucking hurt. I felt like I was spinning, but was pretty sure I was lying still. I opened my eyes slowly to the gloomy interior of the club in what was clearly after hours. No idea what time it was but, apparently, I wasn't the only person to have passed out from the illegal smoke that had filled every room. I could see some of the employees dragging the people out of the main bar room. And while I couldn't see what room they were taking them to I assumed it was someplace where they could sleep it off, while the employees cleaned up the bar. I figured I better get up and get my self out of there before I found myself in a dog pile of passed out drunks. It took me some time to stumble my way out of the bar, but I still I managed to slip out before the clean up crew returned from wherever they took the other drunks. Fuck my head.
Well, I made it home all right. My head still hurts and all these weird, swirly snippets of last night keep spinning around and around in my mind in this sickly nauseous way. No clue what type of second hand smoke was still making its rounds in my body, but I'm pretty sure it wasn't pot. I had tried that stuff as a teen, but it had never done anything remotely like this. While everyone else had gotten high and all mellow acting, for me it had been like smelling the smoke at a Bar B Que, only not as pleasant and it definitely had not gotten me high. Whatever, they had been smoking at the club though, made me see some strange shit. I swear to God at one point it looked like Ravana's head had done some sort of freaky stretchy motion and her teeth had got all sharp and scary. Actually, she wasn't the only one that had warped and went all weird looking. I could only imagine what I looked like to her.
"Oh Shit, RAVANA! Oh my God. I fucking LEFT Ravana there. I didn't even think to check to see if she was one of the people passed out on the floor. God damn it! I have to go back there." I ranted as I stormed towards my door. As I reached for the door handle I spotted several marks on my arm. "MOTHER FUCKING SONS OF BITCHES DRUGGED ME." I yelled. Well, my day just got more complicated. I realized that if I got pulled over there was a good chance that I might go to jail before I could get back to the club to look for Ravana. I grabbed some clothes and rushed to the bathroom to try to cover up the marks. I fumed some more as I noticed how many and how evenly spaced they were. They weren't just on that arm either, they were all over me. The bastards had to have shot me up while I was passed out, as there was no other way to place them so meticulously. And why would they go to that much trouble anyway? Unless, maybe, they just wanted me to see that I had been at their mercy for, however long it had taken them to shoot me up, with whatever they had put in me, as many times as they had. They were lucky I hadn't died from it. God, what if Ravana had passed out too and they had done the same and worse to her. Shit! I got dressed in record time, despite my distraction over the marks and headed back to the club.
When I got to the club, there were cop cars everywhere. And I do mean EVERYWHERE. The thought crossed my mind that if this is what Pete had been shielding me from, I owed him permanent best ever friend status plus something nice like a car I couldn't afford.

https://www.reddit.com/WritingPrompts/comments/bio6ce/wp_the_flock_of_vampires_consider_you_theiem76m5i?utm_source=share&utm_medium=web2x
https://www.reddit.com/WritingPrompts/comments/bio6ce/wp_the_flock_of_vampires_consider_you_theiem7gbdx?utm_source=share&utm_medium=web2x
I haven't really written anything like this before and I am wondering if I am wasting my time or if the story is worth continuing. I had plans for each chapter to introduce more parts of the original prompt until I can start tying up all the loose ends and bring the story to a conclusion.
submitted by Ankharas to WritingPrompts [link] [comments]


2019.04.01 18:00 EnjoyTroyBot Weekly Events for 04/1/2019

Hello! Here are the Troy events for this week, organized by category.

Art Events

2019-04-04

James Richards in Conversation

DESCRIPTION:

Artist in residence James Richards will be in conversation with curator Vic Brooks to discuss his approach to the production of artworks and collaborations within different curatorial frameworks. The event will include excerpts of his previous videos, sound installations and past exhibitions, as well as insight into the early stages of Richards’ new project, which will be developed during a series of production residencies at EMPAC in 2019 and premiered here in Spring 2020.
https://empac.rpi.edu/events/2019/james-richards

TIME: 10:00 PM

ADDRESS: EMPAC, 8th St, Troy, NY 12180, USA

-- END OF EVENT --

Art's Bar

DESCRIPTION:

Art's Bar: Time to Drink with Art!
Have a drink with art at Art's Bar, the region's hottest new cocktail pop up! Join us as we open our doors for the first time with regional cocktail master, Scott Colehamer and our program host Corey Aldrich. Funds from the bar will help support ongoing programming at The Arts Center of the Capital Region.
Held directly in the gallery space, this immersive art experience is envisioned to include pocket art projects, celebrity guests and a killer vibe all soaked in some of the regions best cocktails available. Much more to come as we roll out the program. Please drop in on our maiden event and have a sip, with ART!
https://www.facebook.com/events/308673779769314/

TIME: 10:00 PM

ADDRESS: Arts Center of the Capital Region, 265 River St, Troy, NY 12180, USA

-- END OF EVENT --

2019-04-05

Country Folk Art Craft Show

DESCRIPTION:

Come celebrate Spring at the Country Folk Art Craft Show. Our fabulous spring show will many feature top handmade artisans and craftsmanship from across the region! You'll love the huge array of unique and creative decorating accents such as: repurposed & vintage treasures, handcrafted furniture, farmhouse style originals, seasonal decor, textiles, framed art, quilts, florals, iron work, garden art, jewelry, candles, wearable art, candles, wine & gourmet delights and so much more!
http://www.countryfolkart.com/1901_troy_ap1901_overview.htm

TIME: 9:00 PM

ADDRESS: McDonough Sports Complex, North Dr, Troy, NY 12180, USA

-- END OF EVENT --

2019-04-06

Country Folk Art Craft Show

DESCRIPTION:

Come celebrate Spring at the Country Folk Art Craft Show. Our fabulous spring show will many feature top handmade artisans and craftsmanship from across the region! You'll love the huge array of unique and creative decorating accents such as: repurposed & vintage treasures, handcrafted furniture, farmhouse style originals, seasonal decor, textiles, framed art, quilts, florals, iron work, garden art, jewelry, candles, wearable art, candles, wine & gourmet delights and so much more!
http://www.countryfolkart.com/1901_troy_ap1901_overview.htm

TIME: 2:00 PM

ADDRESS: McDonough Sports Complex, North Dr, Troy, NY 12180, USA

-- END OF EVENT --

2019-04-07

Country Folk Art Craft Show

DESCRIPTION:

Come celebrate Spring at the Country Folk Art Craft Show. Our fabulous spring show will many feature top handmade artisans and craftsmanship from across the region! You'll love the huge array of unique and creative decorating accents such as: repurposed & vintage treasures, handcrafted furniture, farmhouse style originals, seasonal decor, textiles, framed art, quilts, florals, iron work, garden art, jewelry, candles, wearable art, candles, wine & gourmet delights and so much more!
http://www.countryfolkart.com/1901_troy_ap1901_overview.htm

TIME: 2:00 PM

ADDRESS: McDonough Sports Complex, North Dr, Troy, NY 12180, USA

-- END OF EVENT --

2019-04-08

Poetry Open Mic at Troy Kitchen

DESCRIPTION:

Poetry Open Mic tonight in the Lounge with our guest host. Sign ups start at 7pm.
http://troy.kitchen/

TIME: 11:00 PM

ADDRESS: Troy Kitchen, 77 Congress St, Troy, NY 12180, USA

-- END OF EVENT --

Festival Events

2019-04-06

Farmers/Makers Market

DESCRIPTION:

The biggest farmers/makers market in the Capital Region with over 100 vendors. Browse through crafts, food stalls, farm stands, jewelry and more in a community setting. Live entertainment every week.
https://www.troymarket.org/

TIME: 1:00 PM

ADDRESS: Troy Atrium, 4 3rd St, Troy, NY 12180, USA

-- END OF EVENT --

Kids Events

2019-04-02

Studio Sprouts

DESCRIPTION:

A unique drop-in program for kids 2-5 and their caregivers. Studio Sprouts celebrates children and their imagination with creative art exploration, music, and hands-on experiments. Our educators are artists that believe in creating a caring and safe community to make friends, play, and have fun!
April Theme: Fairy Forests
https://www.artscenteronline.org/studio-sprouts/

TIME: 2:00 PM

ADDRESS: Arts Center of the Capital Region, 265 River St, Troy, NY 12180, USA

-- END OF EVENT --

2019-04-03

Bored Games

DESCRIPTION:

Join us for board games on Wednesday nights from 5-7:30pm. Drop by the Young People's Room for some old and new favorites. For children and families.
https://www.facebook.com/events/225198765091470/

TIME: 9:00 PM

ADDRESS: Troy Public Library, 100 2nd St, Troy, NY 12180, USA

-- END OF EVENT --

2019-04-04

Studio Sprouts

DESCRIPTION:

A unique drop-in program for kids 2-5 and their caregivers. Studio Sprouts celebrates children and their imagination with creative art exploration, music, and hands-on experiments. Our educators are artists that believe in creating a caring and safe community to make friends, play, and have fun!
April Theme: Fairy Forests
https://www.artscenteronline.org/studio-sprouts/

TIME: 2:00 PM

ADDRESS: Arts Center of the Capital Region, 265 River St, Troy, NY 12180, USA

-- END OF EVENT --

Kids’ Craft Night: Origami

DESCRIPTION:

Bunnies, bookmarks, fortune tellers, and more! We will create a variety of projects through basic origami. Let the fun folding begin! For youth ages 4-12; children 7 and younger must have an adult present at all times. Children must be present in the program to receive program supplies. Registration is required.
http://engagedpatrons.org/EventsExtended.cfm?SiteID=4294&EventID=371615&PK=

TIME: 10:00 PM

ADDRESS: Troy Public Library, 100 2nd St, Troy, NY 12180, USA

-- END OF EVENT --

2019-04-06

STEAM-Powered Saturday -- Marshmallow Towers

DESCRIPTION:

Every 1st Saturday children ages 4-12 and their families are invited to join us for a fun, creative hands-on project. Brought to you through the generous support of the Albany Society of Engineers Foundations, these mind-expanding projects help children discover creative play through science, technology, engineering, the arts and mathematics.
This month's project is "Marshmallow Towers." Build a tower (or any other structure!) using mini marshmallows and toothpicks.
This project is FREE, but donations are welcome. This is a drop-in program with no pre-registration required.
https://www.tvcog.net/tvcogevents/g-27-2pg2ul69t1al0g82e8ld06q2mg_R20190105T150000_201904061400

TIME: 2:00 PM

ADDRESS: Tech Valley Center of Gravity, 30 3rd St, Troy, NY 12180, USA

-- END OF EVENT --

Music Events

2019-04-03

Vienna Boys Choir

DESCRIPTION:

Audiences and critics worldwide have praised the talented singers of the Vienna Boys Choir for their celestial voices, pure tone, irresistible charm, and above all a wide-ranging repertoire spanning centuries. With a rich history dating back more than 500 years, the Vienna Boys Choir has been associated with many of the world’s greatest composers, such as Mozart and Bruckner. Haydn and Schubert were themselves choristers.
The Vienna Boys Choir performs classical and contemporary works which vary each season. At their performance in the Music Hall, their program will include favorite Strauss waltzes, classical masterpieces by Mozart and Haydn, as well as folk songs from around the world.
http://www.troymusichall.org/shows_and_tickets/Vienna-Boys-Choir_336_event.htm

TIME: 11:30 PM

ADDRESS: Troy Savings Bank Music Hall, 30 2nd St, Troy, NY 12180, USA

-- END OF EVENT --

2019-04-05

Rocky Velvet/Surfer Joe

DESCRIPTION:

Rocky Velvet will reunite for ONE NIGHT ONLY at the Hangar in Troy, NY! They are joined by the international surf music ambassador, Surfer Joe from Italy! This is not a show you want to miss!
https://www.facebook.com/events/328554144458862/

TIME: 11:00 PM

ADDRESS: The Hangar on the Hudson, 675 River St, Troy, NY 12180, USA

-- END OF EVENT --

2019-04-06

Tchaikovsky's Violin Concerto

DESCRIPTION:

Lawrence Loh, guest conductor. Chee-Yun, violin.
Polina Nazaykinskaya: Fenix (World Premiere). Tchaikovsky: Violin Concerto. Mendelssohn: Symphony No. 4, “Italian”.
http://www.albanysymphony.com/upcomingconcerts/tchaikovskyviolinconcerto

TIME: 11:30 PM

ADDRESS: Troy Savings Bank Music Hall, 30 2nd St, Troy, NY 12180, USA

-- END OF EVENT --

Wyld Blue

DESCRIPTION:

https://www.dinosaurbarbque.com/location/troy-ny/live-music/

TIME: 1:00 AM

ADDRESS: Dinosaur Bar-B-Que, 377 River St, Troy, NY 12180, USA

-- END OF EVENT --

2019-04-07

Tchaikovsky's Violin Concerto

DESCRIPTION:

Lawrence Loh, guest conductor. Chee-Yun, violin.

Polina Nazaykinskaya: Fenix (World Premiere). Tchaikovsky: Violin Concerto. Mendelssohn: Symphony No. 4, “Italian”.

http://www.albanysymphony.com/upcomingconcerts/tchaikovskyviolin

TIME: 7:00 PM

ADDRESS: Troy Savings Bank Music Hall, 30 2nd St, Troy, NY 12180, USA

-- END OF EVENT --

Soul Sky

DESCRIPTION:

https://www.dinosaurbarbque.com/location/troy-ny/live-music/

TIME: 1:30 AM

ADDRESS: Dinosaur Bar-B-Que, 377 River St, Troy, NY 12180, USA

-- END OF EVENT --

2019-04-08

Jazz Night at Lucas Confectionery

DESCRIPTION:

7pm: Sketches of Influence
8:30-9:30: jam session
http://aplaceforjazz.org/04.htm

TIME: 11:00 PM

ADDRESS: Lucas Confectionery, 12 2nd St, Troy, NY 12180, USA

-- END OF EVENT --

Other Events

2019-04-02

DIY CRISPR Workshop with bioartist Marta de Menezes

DESCRIPTION:

Join us for a three-part DIY Workshop series on CRISP-CAS9, a genome editing system. Explore the possibilities modern science offers artists, with an internationally-renowned pioneer of biological arts.
Highly recommended: Attend All 3 Workshops! Monday, 4/1 [5:30 Lecture], 6:30-8:30 DIY CRISPR Workshop Part 1. Tuesday, 4/2: 5:30-8:30 DIY CRISPR Workshop Part 2 with guest Skype speaker, biohacker Josiah Zayner, founder of ODIN. Wednesday, 4/3 5:30-8:30 DIY CRISPR Workshop Part 3.
https://www.mediasanctuary.org/event/lecture-nature-with-bioartist-marta-de-menezes/

TIME: 10:30 PM

ADDRESS: The Sanctuary For Independent Media, 3361 6th Ave, Troy, NY 12181, USA

-- END OF EVENT --

Drinking History at The Ale House - Immigrant Stories

DESCRIPTION:

Please join us for an evening of Drinking History at The Ale House! Enjoy Rensselaer County Historical Society's Historian Kathy Sheehan discussing ‘Immigrant Stories: From the Irish to the Armenians.’
https://www.facebook.com/events/525519834521366/

TIME: 10:00 PM

ADDRESS: Ale House, 680 River St, Troy, NY 12180, USA

-- END OF EVENT --

TVCoG Social Night/Potluck/Open House

DESCRIPTION:

This is the PERFECT night to come by the Center of Gravity, get a feel for this amazing creative community, and tour our makerspace, coworking facilities and prototyping center. Come learn how you can get access to our 3D printers, laser cutters, fiber arts and electronics equipment, woodshop, welding area and metal shop, in addition to our children's makerspace and STEAM lab, The THINQubator.
https://www.tvcog.net/tvcogevents#year=2019&month=4

TIME: 10:30 PM

ADDRESS: Tech Valley Center of Gravity, 30 3rd St, Troy, NY 12180, USA

-- END OF EVENT --

2019-04-03

DIY CRISPR Workshop with bioartist Marta de Menezes

DESCRIPTION:

Join us for a three-part DIY Workshop series on CRISP-CAS9, a genome editing system. Explore the possibilities modern science offers artists, with an internationally-renowned pioneer of biological arts.
Highly recommended: Attend All 3 Workshops! Monday, 4/1 [5:30 Lecture], 6:30-8:30 DIY CRISPR Workshop Part 1. Tuesday, 4/2: 5:30-8:30 DIY CRISPR Workshop Part 2 with guest Skype speaker, biohacker Josiah Zayner, founder of ODIN. Wednesday, 4/3 5:30-8:30 DIY CRISPR Workshop Part 3.
https://www.mediasanctuary.org/event/lecture-nature-with-bioartist-marta-de-menezes/

TIME: 10:30 PM

ADDRESS: The Sanctuary For Independent Media, 3361 6th Ave, Troy, NY 12181, USA

-- END OF EVENT --

Purl & Play

DESCRIPTION:

Join the Just 'Unwind: Knitting, Crochet & Coffee' Meetup group at Bard & Baker for a relaxing & fun filled night of crafting & games!
Bring your crochet & knitting materials to hang out, meet new friends, & enjoy Troy's new board game cafe. All crafters are welcome. There will be plenty of food, pastries, coffee, tea, as well as beer, wine, & cocktails to enjoy while you Purl & Play!
*This is not an instructor run class, & no materials will be provided by the cafe. It is a BYO Meetup get together.
https://www.facebook.com/events/415522922515668/

TIME: 10:00 PM

ADDRESS: Bard and Baker Board Game Cafe, 501 Broadway, Troy, NY 12180, USA

-- END OF EVENT --

Dungeons and Dragons Group Play

DESCRIPTION:

This group is open to new players and non-CoG-members. Come any Wednesday evening! For more information, contact Steven Nordhauser at [email protected]. CoG members participate free; non-members pay a $5 weekly fee.
https://www.tvcog.net/tvcogevents#year=2019&month=4

TIME: 10:30 PM

ADDRESS: Tech Valley Center of Gravity, 30 3rd St, Troy, NY 12180, USA

-- END OF EVENT --

2019-04-04

Looking for Group Night

DESCRIPTION:

Join us on the first Thursday of every month for Bard & Baker's brand new Looking for Group Night!
Come solo, or bring a group, but get ready to meet new people & forge new gaming friendships! New to the area & looking for a great way to make new friends? Been in the area a while, but looking for a new gaming group? Everyone belongs & everyone is welcome!
Standard $5 per person cover charge to play games applies, along with plenty of food & drinks available for purchase. There will be specific tables dedicated to LFG night, along with plenty of other tables available for regular game play if you are not partaking in the event of the evening.
https://www.facebook.com/events/2119502658131317/?event_time_id=2119502668131316

TIME: 9:00 PM

ADDRESS: Bard and Baker Board Game Cafe, 501 Broadway, Troy, NY 12180, USA

-- END OF EVENT --

“How To Read A Protest: The Art of Organizing and Resistance” with L.A. Kauffman

DESCRIPTION:

In her new book, the mobilizing coordinator of the 2003-2004 Iraq War protests explains what makes today’s grassroots resistance different from past movements in America.
When millions of people took to the streets for the 2017 Women’s Marches, there was an unmistakable air of uprising, a sense that these marches were launching a powerful new movement to resist a dangerous presidency. But the work that protests do often can’t be seen in the moment. It feels empowering to march, and record numbers of Americans have joined anti-Trump demonstrations, but when and why does marching matter? What exactly do protests do, and how do they help movements win?
https://www.mediasanctuary.org/event/__trashed/

TIME: 11:00 PM

ADDRESS: The Sanctuary For Independent Media, 3361 6th Ave, Troy, NY 12181, USA

-- END OF EVENT --

2019-04-05

Little Rice Ball One Year Anniversary Party

DESCRIPTION:

We did it! We are celebrating our first year in business with all of the wonderful people we have met along the way! Join us for an evening of delicious food, both existing items and new treats. Menu will include sushi platters, gourmet rice balls, crab croquettes, takoyaki, and so much more!
There will be a cash bar for all of your wine, beer, sake, and cocktail desires! Additionally, each hour we will be doing a drawing to give away fabulous prizes for those in attendance.
https://www.facebook.com/events/368292000425690/

TIME: 10:00 PM

ADDRESS: The Little Rice Ball, 6 Franklin St, Troy, NY 12180, USA

-- END OF EVENT --

2019-04-06

Creatures of the Air

DESCRIPTION:

Learn about local flying animals through this interactive three part series focusing on Owls, Bats and Birds. Attend one or all sessions. Preregistration required for all programs at (518) 658-2055 or [email protected] .
Session 2: Bats April 6 ($3): Learn about native bats and what makes them special, complete a bat themed craft and play a game to enhance understanding of how bats hunt.
http://dykenpond.org/?page_id=3134

TIME: 5:00 PM

ADDRESS: Dyken Pond Environmental Center, 475 Dyken Pond Rd, Cropseyville, NY 12052, USA

-- END OF EVENT --

Amphibian Walk at Poestenkill Community Forest

DESCRIPTION:

First program of our Rensselaer Naturalist Series! We will check a pond and a vernal pool for early breeding frogs and salamanders. We will learn to identify calls and egg masses, and will discuss the differences in breeding and larval development between frogs and salamanders. If spring thaw permits, we will also look for wood salamanders and stream salamanders. Wear boots for walking in wet areas. Bring water and snack.
Meet at the parking lot of the Poestenkill Community Forest in East Poestenkill.
Suggested donation of $5 collected the day of the event.
https://www.renstrust.org/outings-events/23-outdoor-event/196-amphibian-walk-at-poestenkill-community-forest

TIME: 2:00 PM

ADDRESS: 220 Legenbauer Rd, Averill Park, NY 12018, USA

-- END OF EVENT --

Step and Stroll Competition

DESCRIPTION:

Presented by Black Student Alliance.
https://empac.rpi.edu/index.php/events/2019/step-and-stroll-competition

TIME: 11:00 PM

ADDRESS: EMPAC, 8th St, Troy, NY 12180, USA

-- END OF EVENT --

Flash Mob Workshop

DESCRIPTION:

All are welcome to participate in this Flash Mob Workshop! It’s all about having fun, getting a great workout, and working together as a team! A flash mob happens when one person starts dancing, hundreds of people join in, and then life goes back to normal. Over four sessions, your flash mob group will learn a dance that will be performed right in Troy, NY!
Here’s the twist, the flash mob location will be revealed to only those participating! So, jump in, sign up and let’s get dancing! Please register ahead of time so we can get the count of participants!
https://www.facebook.com/events/301935623755520/

TIME: 2:00 PM

ADDRESS: Arts Center of the Capital Region, 265 River St, Troy, NY 12180, USA

-- END OF EVENT --

The Bijou - An Adult Variety Show

DESCRIPTION:

Cherish Belly Dance Presents: The Bijou - An Adult Variety Show. Join us for an evening of smart, sexy & funny adult entertainment on Fri. April 5th at Elixir16. Acts include burlesque, belly dance & much, much more!
https://www.facebook.com/events/2277009152510455/

TIME: 1:00 AM

ADDRESS: Elixir 16, 45 2nd St, Troy, NY 12180, USA

-- END OF EVENT --

2019-04-07

Grow Your Own: Troy, NY

DESCRIPTION:

In this six-part workshop series, we'll be delving deep into how to get the best yields from your Edible Garden. Throughout the series, we'll be addressing the most fundamental issue of a great edible garden: Soil Health. Each installment will focus on best-care practices for your edible plants and how to prepare for a great harvest for the weeks, months and years ahead.
These workshops will be geared toward experienced home gardeners who are looking to skill-up on their techniques and increase their food-growing potential. Everyone regardless of experience is welcome.
These workshops are available at sliding scale pricing starting at just $5. Just like every event and market operated by the 2nd Street Farm, no one will EVER be turned away for lack of funds.
April 7th: Garden bed preparations: cover crop, soil amendments, compost, mulch. Starting your own June transplants and the best practices for up-planting. Early spring direct-seeds and wild harvests .Understanding edible plants: annuals, biennials, perennials.
https://www.facebook.com/events/2316213821933308/

TIME: 7:00 PM

ADDRESS: 2nd Street Farm, 492 2nd St, Troy, NY 12180, USA

-- END OF EVENT --

I am a bot, and this action was performed automatically.
submitted by EnjoyTroyBot to Troy [link] [comments]


2019.03.06 01:44 itsmor2os Unpopular opinion: don’t “wait till you’re ready” to come out

This is going to be long. Had to switch from my phone to my laptop to use this a long overdue therapy session. Also, this is my first time posting on Reddit, hurray!
I came back to this paragraph after writing this post. I insist, this is going to be long. For TL;DR head to "what have I learned".

Where do I start
Never would I have thought I'd create a post on here. Is it because I'm just out of the gym and the adrenaline is still pumping? Maybe. Is it because I've recently (about a week ago) discovered this community, and I'm super excited about it? Also maybe. Here's my first chance to thank you guys for being pretty awesome.

[Side note though - more gay people need to know about the existence of reddit, and especially this community. I mean what better way for a closeted person to open up, than to do it anonymously to a bunch of friendly people who feel exactly the same? Maybe we should crowd fund an ad campaign on Grindr about gaybros. Would add so much more value than seeing Candy Crush ads. But anyway, I digress]

The context
I'm your average 25 yo guy next door. First time I ever came out was no longer than a couple of years ago. I went on my first tinder date, and ended up staying with the chap for a year. The feeling I felt after that first date, the love I felt at the start of the relationship, was indescribable. It made me feel so alive. I also got cheated on, which was the lowest of lows. But looking back, feeling these emotions made me feel so. fucking. alive. I never imagined it would be possible to feel so strongly about anything.
I come from a relatively open-minded family, yet quite conservative (i.e. "being gay is okay. When it's not our kid". Or so I think: I have yet to figure that out), and grew up in a very conservative country as an expat. (The kind of place where being gay would cost you your precious willy. Or your life.). Before that tinder date, I had never so much as downloaded a dating app by curiosity, flirted with a guy, or talked about being gay with anyone. Not a single soul. (Yes I know this can also be referred to as "I was in the closet"). To all my friends (and family) I was (and still am for some) the quiet guy who doesn't disclose anything about his personal life. I had a couple of girlfriends in middle school. I don't even think we ever held hands. Let alone kissed. Then my university years went by, I'd get hit on by girls, make out drunk at your typical student night out, but never had sex. Not because I was disgusted, but mainly because I just lacked confidence. And well I guess I didn't really want it enough (surprise, surprise)
Yet, I've known I was gay probably since I was 14. You know, when you're watching straight porn just because the guy is hot. And you're convincing yourself you're just curious. And it's a phase. And you definitely love pussy (?). [Porn was obviously not available where I grew up, but VPN's and Torrents did the trick]

Why this opinion
Growing up (middle school/high school), I used to be fun, funny, happy to be around. One of the "popular kids", girls had crushes on me. I was surrounded by so many friends. I guess you can call it a good childhood. Then senior year in high school came. People talked about dating more, about girls, about sex. I'd just laugh along and take part in the discussion. I think "I was still bi" at the time. Now, looking back, I see myself just fading in the background of my friends. "I can't wait to go to University, it'll be a fresh start". It wasn't. I still couldn't come to terms with myself. "I can't wait for my year abroad in South America, it'll DEFINITELY be a fresh start". It wasn't. "I can't wait for my internship abroad, this time it'll definitely a fresh start". It took me 4 (of 6 in total months) to accept to go on a date during said internship abroad. So I guess it was kind of a fresh start.
And since then, for the past two years, I've been coming out slowly to the people around me (who are pretty much scattered around the world). All the people I told I was gay were either 1) surprised but curious or 2) did not give a shit. [Although I am a bit biased because I selected the handful of people from "my previous life" who now know I'm gay].
A year ago, I'm lucky enough to have moved to a city where being gay is a non-story. People are happy if you're happy. The kind of place where I got to be a part of the pride parade and it was an amazing feeling.
So what have the past few years looked like for me? I got to rediscover my friends. I'm rebuilding the relationships that I single-handedly destroyed (okay - maybe not destroyed. more like "did not invest in or contribute to building them"). I look at my friends now. I show them what Grindr looks like and think back, "a year ago, we were sat there smoking weed. Not talking about anything. I knew little about them, and they knew nothing about me. That was just what our relationship was". I look back on my years in University in the closet, and honestly all I could think is "I had a good time. But my god, it could've been so much better".
I have a job I love, I have an active social life, I'm healthy, have no family issues. But yet I still very often feel lonely and like I don't fit in. And I'm constantly finding a reason to why that is. I'm self-conscious about everything, and I'm always trying to "read into" situations (thinking I have mad skills when in fact I'm mostly self-conscious). You guys are probably the last people who I need to describe how lonely the closet is to. But it is. So fucking lonely.
I think it's important to say that coming out of the closet doesn't mean that just all goes away. (see the link to the article below). Being in the closet is a trauma. and recovering from it takes time. Obviously this doesn't apply to everyone, and possibly not even the majority of people. But leaving the closet means being confronted to another reality of the world, feeling lonely, and having trouble getting too close to people. We grew up in constant fear of being outed or "giving off the wrong vibe". Having to think about this every waking hour can, believe it or not, mess with your head on the medium term. Basically a kind of self-defence mechanism.
Does that mean there's no way out? Of course not. I think you just have to come to terms with this realization. And once you do, you're on an amazing journey of rediscovering yourself and letting your personality flow through. I want to believe that this very recent discovery is where my journey begins. [Not wanting to sound from the vegan yogi who just got back from 2 weeks in Bali].

Again, I need to insist on the fact that I'm biased. I ran away for so long, because I could. And I'm still running away now and don't think I'm ready to face my parents by telling them I'm gay yet. (Is it because we live on different continents? Maybe). I know that so many of you might not have this chance. So many of you are surrounded by people who have no clue what it's like to be gay, and are not ready to accept i. And that sucks balls.

I guess this post is more for people who have an accepting environment, but aren't ready to come to terms with themselves. Honestly, things get SO much better once you come out. They don't become perfect, but they do improve a lot. It's so easy to convince yourself that "you don't find a need to do it now" (as I am hypocritically doing it with my family...), but trust me, we've been carrying this weight on our shoulders for so long we don't even remember what lightness feels like. So many of us are on the same journey, and it's a long and sometimes painful one.
All I'm saying is that you might look back on the years you spent in the closet and think "what a waste of time". I know I do. But now there's a lot to look forward to. And here's my second thanks to you guys for making me realize that I'm not alone in this, and the way I've been feeling for so long is "normal" :)

What are some of the things I learned?
Reading certain posts on here have either opened up my eyes, or made them tear up.
Below are some links and general statements. I fully understand that not everyone relates to said statements. Everyone lives their being in the closet or coming out differently and there's no golden rule to any of this, but I'm sharing what struck me most. A lot of these ideas come from comments on previous posts btw. Que sera, sera.
  1. This video - apologies it's not gay specific, but one cannot talk about the closet without talking about loneliness
  2. This article (Together Alone on Huffpost) - it's a long read, but definitely worth it, it's captivating
  3. Mental Health IS an issue in the LGBT - this might seem obvious to some, but trust me, when you're not surrounded by the right information or people, it's easy to forget.
  4. We think moving to bigger cities will make us happier (you've probably seen the post I'm referring to)
  5. Being in the closet is likely to affect your mental health. We think that coming out is rainbows and butterflies, where in fact it's far from it.
  6. We tend to blame all our negative feelings or bad attitudes on the fact that we're gay or in the closet. ("I realize I'm behaving like this. But that's because I'm in the closet"; "I realize I feel sad, but that's because I'm in the closet")
  7. Being in the closet can strip us from our personality. We end up SO self-conscious and so afraid to reveal who we truly are that we end up burying it so deep, that it makes us become bland, self-obsessed and self defensive. This might sound extremely cynical, I know, but this is the kind of trauma you don't easily recover from, waking up one day thinking everything is alright. [Side note 2 - am I the only one who's been super proud of "my great body language analysis" and "being able to really read people" ? Evidently making me also extremely self-conscious ultimately realizing it's a curse not a blessing. Although I'm not as good as I thought I was. Just self-conscious]
  8. There is a fucking light at the end of the tunnel.

submitted by itsmor2os to gaybros [link] [comments]


2019.01.06 06:54 crikeyriley123 Update - Okay so now I'm totally befuddled

Long post! TL;DR: went on date. It was great, but i learned things that have made me want to take a step back. He ventured to set up a fourth date (for tomorrow am) in person, which I agreed to, then followed up by texting me the location and time, then before I had chance to reply he'd changed his mind about it. Things are a little vague now...

I posted about the guy I'm dating and his weird communication style here. Some people wanted an update on the date tonight so here it is...
Well, I went. We met at 3 and didn't leave each other until 11pm. I had a great time and learned a lot more about him. He was definitely sexually interested, at least at the beginning, and told me straight up he liked me and thought I was pretty. It was sweet. We kissed a little here and there.
Then we really got talking. He told me some things that have given me pause about where he's at, and the situation he is in with his wife. He's going to her country for two weeks shortly. She's there with an ill parent and her family don't know that they've split. He intends to register their marriage there so he can return to the country to work if he ever wants to. She's returning to the UK, and will be staying with him and his roommate while she finds a new flat for a few weeks. Apparently she's in a monogamous relationship with someone else, though I didn't ask why she wouldn't be staying at his place instead... He didn't have to tell me about this stuff, but obviously I'm glad he did. Clearly he has some unfinished business, and despite the attraction I feel for him, it made me think that jumping into bed with him would not be a smart idea. I do not need to battle brain chemicals on this one.
I got the opportunity to be really upfront with him about the choice I made to date one person at a time before I met him. He said he wasn't currently dating anyone else but seemed to want to keep his options open and also seemed to argue at one point that I should do the same, but then also seemed to understand my reasoning for not doing that this time. As yet I don't have any particular feelings about him continuing to meet other people but of course, at some point, if we're a few months in, I will. We were talking fairly philosophically about a number of things so at times it was hard to pin things down, but I get the sense he's been using Tinder, post breakup with his gf (who he had been seeing for a while but who didn't feel comfortable exploring sex parties), to explore sexually (he mentioned making friends with a bunch of people he's met at these sex parties), but that now it's calmed down. He mentioned that he was in a transitional period, where he'd learned that a lot of the sex party stuff actually wasn't for him, but he still really appreciated the openness and friendship of some of the people he'd met via the scene. I think he's felt a little out of step with people in the past and they were a 'bohemian' bunch who accepted him, whatever.
Honestly I think he's pretty lost. From our conversations he wants a long term, loyal and committed partnership that may open itself up to other sexual encounters but probably not other relationships down the line, or that may not. Yet, he doesn't seem quite ready to abandon the kind of sexual freedom he's been used to, or perhaps to write off the efforts he made to accept polyamory as an option when it was something he and his wife both wanted to try.
It became clear to me that he's all over the place and I have met him at a terrible time...
I was as honest as I could be about what my future happiness looks like to me, at this moment in time. I was clear about what I was looking for and hoping to find. I told him that I strongly doubted ethical non-monogamy or polyamory would ever be for me based on past experience and my intense loyal streak. It was clear throughout the whole date that we were two people trying to figure out if they could be in a relationship together. Though neither one of us wanted to own up to it, not now, is probably the answer.
That said, I haven't enjoyed someone's company like that for a while. I blinked and eight hours had gone by, which as we all know in DOT land, is not something to be sniffed at. I love how open he is, and he appears to enjoy that quality in me. We are attracted to each other, though I could feel him pulling away sexually based on our discussions of wants and needs. I guess he's aware he doesn't know quite what he wants, and that based on what I've told him there may be an incompatibility right now that could make him a total dick if he pursues me sexually. He's not a bad guy. Deep down he's a romantic who believes it is possible to be with one person; this is an incompatibility with his wife, who thinks that what he wants doesn't exist.
So, for the weirdness, because no online date is complete without it!
As the date was ending he asked me if I wanted to go to this thing with him tomorrow morning. I was surprised as we'd just spent so long together but up for it. We kissed goodbye then I was on the bus he texted me the link to the event and the time, but my phone was running low so I didn't reply. When I got home I saw 15 mins after that he'd changed his mind, saying he was exhausted and probably wanted a lie in tomorrow, that we should go to the event another time (it's regular, and I'd like it), that it was better not to disappoint, and that he had a 'grand time' and hoped to see me again soon.
I'd spent the whole journey on the bus feeling emotionally a bit spun around and that brought me back to earth with a real thud. It had seemed impulsive when he asked, but it sounded fun and I DID want more time with him. I was disappointed when he did a 180, and am not sure why he did it, though he had mentioned being an anxious person. Maybe I can take his explanation at face value: he did just get carried away and then realised plans for a Sunday morning were just not what he was going to want to do after a long day/night. Or maybe he realised he doesn't want to see me again so soon. Or maybe, he just doesn't want to lead me a merry dance based on everything we'd discussed.
I plan to leave the ball in his court after the fourth date invite/disinvite debacle. I have a trip coming up and so does he, plus there's the whole thing with his wife visiting. I'd like to see him again, and keep getting to know him, taking it on a date-by-date basis because I genuinely enjoy his company. I'm very busy at the moment so I'm fine for him to be the only guy I see in a friendly/maybe more date capacity, though I'm very reluctant to make our relationship physical. I know that if I sleep with him and the sex is good, I'm in trouble. I'm genuinely feeling pretty philosophical and que sera on this one.
I'm curious. What would you all do in my position?
submitted by crikeyriley123 to datingoverthirty [link] [comments]


2018.11.07 13:54 petarcticfox r/Conspiracy members who live in Honduras or Guatemala, what can you tell us about how, where, and why "the caravan" started?

All the "how/why it started" reasons I've come across so far are more theoretical: "it's a result of years of political injustice," etc. While this may be [edit: is definitely] true on one level, here, I'm trying to locate more concrete details about how it got organized: Who initiated the idea? Where, specifically, did it start? etc.
Edit: why ask about concrete details? So that I (and hopefully others) can differentiate between fact and fiction. Bc there's a lot of fiction flying around about this.

Maybe sub members could do some crowd sourced research?
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_newspapers_in_Guatemala
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_newspapers_in_Honduras
---
below are some articles - u/MrQuizzles commented that many of the ones below are about a Spring 2018 caravan (thank you) -- apparently there have been a number of caravans over the past few years. Why did this particular one in October receive so much press and grow into such a phenomenon...?

Edit: also, apparently the caravans happen annually in April and May during holy week:
throngs of Central American migrants crossing Mexico during Holy Week as they make their way north to the US border.
It's become an annual tradition, and getting publicity has always been a goal for this and other so-called "caravans" that periodically make their way through Mexico.
This year's journey is getting even more attention than usual after a series of tweets earlier this month from US President Donald Trump.
So how/why did one get started in October? This appears to be the first October caravan...
---
October 2018 caravan: The earliest mentions I can find is this associated free press announcement on October 12: https://translate.google.com/translate?hl=en&sl=es&u=https://www.debate.com.mx/mundo/cientos-de-hondurenos-inician-caminara-hacia-eeuu-sueno-americano-20181012-0183.html&prev=search
here are ap/reuters announcements in english on October 13:
https://apnews.com/20dcf65d203c44ae9858c9c35bde9730
https://www.reuters.com/article/us-usa-immigration-caravan/honduran-migrant-group-treks-north-as-u-s-calls-for-tighter-borders-idUSKCN1MN0RA
AP says:
The migration began swelling spontaneously Friday after local media reported on approximately 160 migrants who had agreed to depart together for greater safety from San Pedro Sula. The aspiring migrants organized via WhatsApp chats.
Can anyone find evidence of local media reporting on the migrants dating from October 12?
I found this:
Spanish: https://www.tribunanoticias.mx/2018/10/12/cientos-de-hondurenos-anuncian-exodo-hacia-eeuu-en-busca-de-sueno-americano/
English: https://translate.google.com/translate?hl=en&sl=es&u=https://www.tribunanoticias.mx/2018/10/12/cientos-de-hondurenos-anuncian-exodo-hacia-eeuu-en-busca-de-sueno-americano/&prev=search
Some 300 people, including families with small children, gathered at the bus terminal in San Pedro Sula, the second city in the country, located 180 km north of the capital, to depart early Saturday on the border with Guatemala.
---
THE ONE THING I DON'T GET IS: The Oct 13 Associated Press report says the caravan #s increased after "local news" reported the event, but the only evidence of "local news" i can find from Oct 12 are newswire reports by Agence France Press (AFP), like these:
https://www.tribunanoticias.mx/2018/10/12/cientos-de-hondurenos-anuncian-exodo-hacia-eeuu-en-busca-de-sueno-americano/
https://periodicocorreo.com.mx/anuncian-exodo-masivo-hondureno-por-el-sueno-americano/
There is no record of this report on the AFP.com website, which makes it *seem* like this story could have been engineered to some extent by non-local media...
---

Spring 2018 Caravan:
Apparently the story (edit about the Spring 2018 caravan) hit US news after a Buzzfeed post on March 30:
https://www.buzzfeednews.com/article/adolfoflores/a-huge-caravan-of-central-americans-is-headed-for-the-us#.kjVd5o4xK8

The supposed leader was Irineo Mújica of Pueblo Sin Fronteras
https://www.kpbs.org/news/2018/sep/05/migrant-activist-who-led-asylum-caravans-arrested-/

A similar caravan was organized by Pueblos sin Fronteras in 2017:
http://www.pueblosinfronteras.org/refugee_caravan_2017.html

According to this NYT article, caravans have been happening on an annual basis "for at least five years"
https://www.nytimes.com/2018/04/02/world/americas/caravans-migrants-mexico-trump.html

Here's a Feb 18, 2018 article in the Honduran newspaper La Prensa:
Spanish: https://www.laprensa.hn/honduras/1152091-410/caravana-migrantes-hondureños-mexico-marzo-tapachula
English: https://translate.google.com/translate?sl=auto&tl=en&js=y&prev=_t&hl=en&ie=UTF-8&u=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.laprensa.hn%2Fhonduras%2F1152091-410%2Fcaravana-migrantes-hondureños-mexico-marzo-tapachula&edit-text=

English translation (from Google Translate):
The organization People Without Borders is preparing the migrants' viacrucis, called the Right to Life. The departure from Tapachula, Chiapas, is scheduled for March 20.
The caravan, where migrants from Honduras, Guatemala and El Salvador participate, is a symbolic act that evokes the need for justice and solidarity among the Mexican people for the thousands of foreigners who annually cross Mexican lands.
"The Via Crucis is a peaceful demonstration, it is the struggle of the migrants who demand a better treatment, the cessation of the persecution of the authorities and protection from being victims of criminals, criminal groups and authorities," explained Irineo Mujica, defender of the migrants
From Tapachula, Chiapas, they will tour Coatzacoalcos, Veracruz and San Fernando and Matamoros, in Tamaulipas. "There are two key points where the Via Crucis will culminate, one is in Nogales, Sonora, and the other in Mexicali, sites that symbolize areas where there are more abuses against migrants, and that is why they are key," Mujica said.
Demands The defenders of migrants told the press that there are currently three migrant hunger strikes in Mexican prisons and six lawsuits have been filed for forced labor, separation of families and medical malpractice committed by the authorities in the centers. detention

Spanish (original):
La organización Pueblo sin Fronteras está preparando el viacrucis del migrante, denominado Derecho a la vida. Su salida desde Tapachula, Chiapas, está prevista el próximo 20 de marzo.
La caravana donde participan migrantes de Honduras, Guatemala y El Salvador es un acto simbólico que cada año evoca la necesidad de justicia y solidaridad en el pueblo mexicano para los miles de extranjeros que anualmente cruzan por tierras mexicanas.
“El viacrucis es una manifestación pacífica, es la lucha de los migrantes que demandan un mejor trato, el cese de la persecución de las autoridades y protección para no ser víctimas de delincuentes, grupos criminales y autoridades”, explicó Irineo Mujica, defensor de los migrantes.
Desde Tapachula, Chiapas, recorrerán Coatzacoalcos, Veracruz y San Fernando y Matamoros, en Tamaulipas. “Son dos puntos claves donde culminaremos el viacrucis, uno es en Nogales, Sonora, y el otro en Mexicali, sitios que simbolizan zonas donde más abusos se comenten contra los migrantes, y por eso son claves”, manifestó Mujica.
Demandas. Los defensores de migrantes relataron a LA PRENSA que en la actualidad hay tres huelgas de hambre de migrantes que se encuentran en prisiones mexicanas y además se han interpuesto seis demandas por trabajo forzado, separación de familias y negligencia médica que cometen las autoridades en los centros de detención
submitted by petarcticfox to conspiracy [link] [comments]


Is Shen Yue and Dylan Wang dating? - YouTube Guess Who's A Couple from a Group of Strangers (Alexa ... www.youtube.com A Dating Coach Guesses Who's Slept With Whom  Lineup ... Dating women made me understand men - YouTube Who is girl402928/Julia0077 - YouTube WORST DATING SIM! Hotdogs, Milkshakes, & Popsicles! OH MY ... Speed Dating 9 Guys Using 5 Senses  Versus 1 - YouTube How do I handle dating someone who is grieving? - YouTube Dating App First Dates  Truth or Drink  Cut - YouTube

Whos camila dating - Free Chat - PsicoPico

  1. Is Shen Yue and Dylan Wang dating? - YouTube
  2. Guess Who's A Couple from a Group of Strangers (Alexa ...
  3. www.youtube.com
  4. A Dating Coach Guesses Who's Slept With Whom Lineup ...
  5. Dating women made me understand men - YouTube
  6. Who is girl402928/Julia0077 - YouTube
  7. WORST DATING SIM! Hotdogs, Milkshakes, & Popsicles! OH MY ...
  8. Speed Dating 9 Guys Using 5 Senses Versus 1 - YouTube
  9. How do I handle dating someone who is grieving? - YouTube
  10. Dating App First Dates Truth or Drink Cut - YouTube

Just for FANS. don't take this video seriously. Cr. rightful owners Sponsor this series: http://www.cut.com/sponsorship Fear Pong is now a game! Get it here: http://www.fearponggame.com SUBSCRIBE: http://bit.ly/CutSubscribe W... Enjoy the videos and music you love, upload original content, and share it all with friends, family, and the world on YouTube. Sponsor this series: http://www.cut.com/sponsorship We know you're here for Lineup, but check out Truth or Drink: The Card Game - http://www.playtruthordrink... Thank you to Squarespace for sponsoring today's episode! http://Squarespace.com/Anna Since coming out as bisexual last year, I've been dating women! And thou... WTF WAS THAT.... The game is Who's Gonna Get the Girl Edition 1 (Xbox Live indie game) FACEBOOK: http://www.facebook.com/poppkell TWITTER: http://www.twitter... Thanks to your incredible support, our latest humangood collection is SOLD OUT! Follow humangood on Instagram and keep an eye out for our next drop: https://... Sponsor this series: http://www.cut.com/sponsorship Buy Truth or Drink: The Card Game - http://cut.games SUBSCRIBE: http://bit.ly/CutSubscribe Watch More Tru... If you want your personal life to be as successful as your professional life, find out about my sessions, books or courses here: https://www.JasminTerrany.co... I swear don’t search what meetws.com is just don’t I beg of you